Western Toad

Photo: Heidi Rockney
Photo: Heidi Rockney

Anaxyrus boreas

What they look like

  • 5-13cm
  • Wide variety of colors including: white, gray, reddish brown, yellow or green
  • Have black blotches with bumps that have small red centers
  • Have a light colored back stipe and large paratoid glands

All About Amphibians

Name: Western Toad (Anaxyrus boreas)
Order: Frogs (Anura)
Family: True Toads (Bufonidae)

Fast Facts

Where they live

  • View a map of where they live
  • Have a wide range in Washington state, although not generally found in southeastern portion of the state
  • Are land dwellers and can be found in woodlands, meadows and mountainous wetlands
  • Dig shallow burrows in loose ground or shelter under rocks or logs


  • Breeding season is February-April
  • Prefer slow moving, quiet waters, especially wetlands for breeding
  • Eggs are laid in strings in rows and hatch within 10 days
  • Tadpoles take up to two months to complete metamorphosis

Cool Biology Facts

  • Males do not have vocal sacs!  But they can make a chirping sound when captured.
  • In higher elevations, will hibernate in underground chambers near streams or take over other animal’s underground lairs.
  • Males have been observed fighting for the right to mate with females.


small brown salamander on bright green vegetation

Amphibians & Reptiles of Washington

Do you know where rattlesnakes live in our state? Or which salamander breathes through its skin? Explore the fascinating diversity of the 26 species of amphibians and 28 reptiles found in Washington state.