Name: Western Toad (Anaxyrus boreas)
Order: Frogs (Anura)
Family: True Toads (Bufonidae)
What they look like
- Wide variety of colors including: white, gray, reddish brown, yellow or green
- Have black blotches with bumps that have small red centers
- Have a light colored back stipe and large paratoid glands
Where they live
- View a map of where they live
- Have a wide range in Washington state, although not generally found in southeastern portion of the state
- Are land dwellers and can be found in woodlands, meadows and mountainous wetlands
- Dig shallow burrows in loose ground or shelter under rocks or logs
- Breeding season is February-April
- Prefer slow moving, quiet waters, especially wetlands for breeding
- Eggs are laid in strings in rows and hatch within 10 days
- Tadpoles take up to two months to complete metamorphosis
Cool Biology Facts
- Males do not have vocal sacs! But they can make a chirping sound when captured.
- In higher elevations, will hibernate in underground chambers near streams or take over other animal’s underground lairs.
- Males have been observed fighting for the right to mate with females.
- Main threats include Chytrid fungus, habitat destruction, introduced species and climate change. View their status on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.