Name: Great Basin Spadefoot (Scaphiopus intermontanus)
Order: Frogs (Anura)
Family: Spadefoot Toads (Pelobatidae)
What they look like
- 3-6.5 cm
- Gray, brown or olive with hourglass markings on back
- Have a small digging spade on hind foot
- Underside is white
Where they live
- View a map of where they live
- In Washington State are found east of the Cascade mountains
- Live in dry or semi dry areas such as grasslands and prairies
- Prefer loose soil they can dig in and can spend several months buried underground
- Are terrestrial, do not rely heavily on water and are not found in water except in breeding season
- Breeding season is April-June after heavy spring or summer rain
- Eggs are attached to plants or small branches in temporary pools of water
- Eggs hatch within a few days and tadpoles complete metamorphosis in about one week
Cool Biology Facts
- They emit a smell when picked up that is similar to peanuts and can make you sneeze!
- They have vertical pupils, unlike most other toads that have horizontal pupils.
- Have the fastest metamorphosis rate of any North American anura
- There are currently no major threats to this species.