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Field Descriptions
18 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Viola", Species = "howellii"
Violaceae
1. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Whidbey Island.
48.146201°, -122.552685°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 30000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Edge of prairie in woods. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 12223; Barcode: WTU-V-057538
N. L. Gardner s.n.    30 Apr 1897
1. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
12170 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
12223 
Barcode
WTU-V-057538 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
2. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard Jr., 1992. Remarks: CMC
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995. Remarks: Viola subsection Rosulantes. University of Michigan Herbarium. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
N. L. Gardner 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Apr 1897 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.146201°, -122.552685° 
Site Description
Edge of prairie in woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
2. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
About 3 miles north of Bingen.
45.752689°, -121.45921°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 6507 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
In open forest. Flowers pale or whitish. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 195088; Barcode: WTU-V-057541
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 10203    13 May 1919
2. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
12171 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
195088 
Barcode
WTU-V-057541 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
2. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard, 1992.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
10203 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 May 1919 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
About 3 miles north of Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.752689°, -121.45921° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
In open forest. Flowers pale or whitish. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
3. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle.
47.613617°, -122.310098°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 15750 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 12222; Barcode: WTU-V-057539
C. V. Piper s.n.     May 1883
3. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
12172 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
12222 
Barcode
WTU-V-057539 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. V. Piper 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
May 1883 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.613617°, -122.310098° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
4. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Fort Lewis; northeast end of Johnson Marsh.
Elev. 361 ft. 539600E, 5211400N. Georeferenced by Dan Post. Coordinate Source: Calc. from UTM.
Substrate gravel loam. Thuja plicata woods, with Osmorhiza chilensis, Adenocaulon bicolor, Sanicula sp., Trientalis latifolia, Linnaea borealis, Satureja douglasii, Galium sp., Polystichum munitum, Fragaria vesca, Lapsana communis, Oemleria cerasiformis. Plants locally abundant. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 331244; Barcode: WTU-V-057540
David Thysell 727    12 May 1994
4. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
12173 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
331244 
Barcode
WTU-V-057540 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Thysell 
Collection #
727 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 May 1994 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Fort Lewis; northeast end of Johnson Marsh. 
Elevation
361 ft. 
Coordinates
539600E, 5211400N 
Site Description
Substrate gravel loam. Thuja plicata woods, with Osmorhiza chilensis, Adenocaulon bicolor, Sanicula sp., Trientalis latifolia, Linnaea borealis, Satureja douglasii, Galium sp., Polystichum munitum, Fragaria vesca, Lapsana communis, Oemleria cerasiformis. 
Specimen Notes
Plants locally abundant. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
5. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Iceberg Point, Lopez Island. Lopez Village 7 miles SSE.
T34N R2W S24. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 300 meters. Georeferenced by Jim Duemmel. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Flowers purple violet. In a grassy meadow with Cerastium arvense, Plantago lanceolata. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 331913; Barcode: WTU-V-072999
Dorothy Naas 5695    21 Apr 1995
with Mildred Arnot
5. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
12174 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
331913 
Barcode
WTU-V-072999 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Dorothy Naas.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dorothy Naas 
Collection #
5695 
Other Collectors
Mildred Arnot 
Date Collected
21 Apr 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Iceberg Point, Lopez Island. Lopez Village 7 miles SSE. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T34N R2W S24 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Flowers purple violet. In a grassy meadow with Cerastium arvense, Plantago lanceolata. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
6. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Shoulder of Highway 3, ca 5 miles NW of Bremerton.
Elev. 350 ft. 47° 43' 3.8" N, 122° 40' 46.6" W.
Moist grassy bank with Valerianella locusta. Petals medium purple. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 353822; Barcode: WTU-V-057542
Ben Legler 346    3 May 2003
with David Giblin
6. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
26787 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
353822 
Barcode
WTU-V-057542 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 19 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
346 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
3 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Shoulder of Highway 3, ca 5 miles NW of Bremerton. 
Elevation
350 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 43' 3.8" N, 122° 40' 46.6" W 
Site Description
Moist grassy bank with Valerianella locusta. 
Specimen Notes
Petals medium purple. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
7. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Oregon, Douglas County:
At Roseburg.
43.219007°, -123.347918°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 4784 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Steep north slope. Flowers purple. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 142121; Barcode: WTU-V-057549
W. C. Cusick 3912    20 Apr 1914
7. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
105567 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
142121 
Barcode
WTU-V-057549 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
2. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard Jr., 1992. Remarks: CMC.
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995. Remarks: University of Michigan Herbarium 
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. C. Cusick 
Collection #
3912 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Apr 1914 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Douglas 
Locality
At Roseburg. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.219007°, -123.347918° 
Site Description
Steep north slope. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers purple. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
8. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Oregon
Near head of northwest of Klamath Falls.
Elev. 5000 ft.
Courtade ranch, yellow pine woods. Flowers always pure white. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 43055; Barcode: WTU-V-057544
Elmer I. Applegate 5416    20 May 1928
8. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
105572 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43055 
Barcode
WTU-V-057544 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
2. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard Jr., 1992. Remarks: CMC.
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995. Remarks: University of Michigan Herbarium. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elmer I. Applegate 
Collection #
5416 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 May 1928 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Near head of northwest of Klamath Falls. 
Elevation
5000 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Courtade ranch, yellow pine woods. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers always pure white. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
9. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Oregon, Douglas County:
Near Canyonville.
Wooded canyon slopes. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 15950JWT; Barcode: WTU-V-057545
J. William Thompson 10188    9 Apr 1934
9. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
105575 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
15950JWT 
Barcode
WTU-V-057545 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Milo S. Baker, 2 1940.
2. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard Jr., 1992. Remarks: CMC.
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995. Remarks: University of Michigan Herbarium. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
10188 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Apr 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Douglas 
Locality
Near Canyonville. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wooded canyon slopes. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
10. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Oregon
Salem.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 12319; Barcode: WTU-V-072998
O. B. Johnson 238    
10. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
105579 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
12319 
Barcode
WTU-V-072998 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola canina L. var. sylvestris Regel.
2. Viola howellii Gray.
3. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Harvey E. Ballard Jr., 1992. Remarks: CMC.
4. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by Nir L. Gil-ad, 1995. Remarks: University of Michigan Herbarium. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
O. B. Johnson 
Collection #
238 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Salem. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
11. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Ross Lake National Recreation Area. Random walk from Lightning Creek Campground to Cat Island along east shore of lake.
Elev. 1646 ft. 48.88402° N, 121.03805° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Mixture of seasonally inundated lake bottom, and rocky balds. Pinus contorta. Petals glabrous; petals with white coloring; growing in same area as Viola sheltonii. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 381936; Barcode: WTU-V-057547
Becky Peace 10-15    13 May 2010
11. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
177773 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
381936 
Barcode
WTU-V-057547 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 20 2010. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Becky Peace 
Collection #
10-15 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 May 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Ross Lake National Recreation Area. Random walk from Lightning Creek Campground to Cat Island along east shore of lake. 
Elevation
1646 ft. 
Coordinates
48.88402° N, 121.03805° W 
Site Description
Mixture of seasonally inundated lake bottom, and rocky balds. Pinus contorta. 
Specimen Notes
Petals glabrous; petals with white coloring; growing in same area as Viola sheltonii. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
12. Viola howellii Gray ?
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Ross Lake National Recreation Area. Random walk from Lightning Creek Campground to Cat Island along east shore of lake.
Elev. 1646 ft. 48.88402° N, 121.03805° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Mixture of seasonally inundated lake bottom, and rocky balds. Pinus contorta. Petals pubescent; petals with white coloring; growing in same area as Viola sheltonii. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 381935; Barcode: WTU-V-057548
Becky Peace 10-16    13 May 2010
12. Viola howellii Gray ?
Database ID
177774 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
381935 
Barcode
WTU-V-057548 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray ? 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray ? 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray ?.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 20 2010. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Becky Peace 
Collection #
10-16 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 May 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Ross Lake National Recreation Area. Random walk from Lightning Creek Campground to Cat Island along east shore of lake. 
Elevation
1646 ft. 
Coordinates
48.88402° N, 121.03805° W 
Site Description
Mixture of seasonally inundated lake bottom, and rocky balds. Pinus contorta. 
Specimen Notes
Petals pubescent; petals with white coloring; growing in same area as Viola sheltonii. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
13. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Mason County:
Tahuya State Forest. Oak Patch Lake, 0.5 kilometers west of Elfendahl Pass Road and Goat Ranch Road junction.
Elev. 289 ft. 47° 28' 32.3" N, 122° 55' 17.3" W.
Quercus garryana overstory with Rosa, Symphoricarpos, Pteridium and moss understory. Deep blue flowers; occasional. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 382726; Barcode: WTU-V-057543
David Giblin 04-8    16 Apr 2004
with B. Legler
13. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
178659 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382726 
Barcode
WTU-V-057543 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
04-8 
Other Collectors
B. Legler 
Date Collected
16 Apr 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Mason 
Locality
Tahuya State Forest. Oak Patch Lake, 0.5 kilometers west of Elfendahl Pass Road and Goat Ranch Road junction. 
Elevation
289 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 28' 32.3" N, 122° 55' 17.3" W 
Site Description
Quercus garryana overstory with Rosa, Symphoricarpos, Pteridium and moss understory. 
Specimen Notes
Deep blue flowers; occasional. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
14. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Iceberg Point, Lopez Island. Lopez Village 7 miles SSE.
T34N R2W S24. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 300 meters. Georeferenced by Jim Duemmel. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
On grassy meadow. Associates: Cerastium arvense, Plantago lanceolata. Scattered. Flowers purple-violet. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 387261; Barcode: WTU-V-057546
Dorothy Naas 5695    21 Apr 1995
with Mildred Arnot
14. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
183922 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
387261 
Barcode
WTU-V-057546 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dorothy Naas 
Collection #
5695 
Other Collectors
Mildred Arnot 
Date Collected
21 Apr 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Iceberg Point, Lopez Island. Lopez Village 7 miles SSE. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T34N R2W S24 
Site Description
On grassy meadow. Associates: Cerastium arvense, Plantago lanceolata. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered. Flowers purple-violet. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
15. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Along Oak Ridge Road.
45.827451°, -121.46941°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by Dan Post. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Ditchline with ferns, forbs, Douglas-fir forest. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 400765; Barcode: WTU-V-007282
David Gross 998    21 May 2014
15. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
192634 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
400765 
Barcode
WTU-V-007282 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by David Gross.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Gross 
Collection #
998 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 May 2014 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Along Oak Ridge Road. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.827451°, -121.46941° 
Site Description
Ditchline with ferns, forbs, Douglas-fir forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
16. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Lewis County:
Gifford Pinchot National Forest: along Forest Service Road 21 at bend in road 2.7 air km southeast of junction of Road 21 with Highway 12, south of Packwood.
Elev. 595 m. 46.565016° N, 121.665602° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 31 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Mesic soil in roadside ditch, shaded by Pseudotsuga menziesii and Acer macrophyllum. Flowers purple, spur ca 4-5 mm, shorter than petal blade; plants locally common in ditch. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU
Ben Legler 13552    10 May 2015
16. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
2782524 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii A. Gray.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2015.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
13552 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 May 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Lewis 
Locality
Gifford Pinchot National Forest: along Forest Service Road 21 at bend in road 2.7 air km southeast of junction of Road 21 with Highway 12, south of Packwood. 
Elevation
595 m. 
Coordinates
46.565016° N, 121.665602° W 
Site Description
Mesic soil in roadside ditch, shaded by Pseudotsuga menziesii and Acer macrophyllum. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers purple, spur ca 4-5 mm, shorter than petal blade; plants locally common in ditch. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
17. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Southeast slopes of Miller Hill, 1.5 air kilometers west of Kemp Hill, Cantonment Area, Joint Base Lewis-McChord.
Elev. 95 m. 47.0938° N, 122.5711° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Inconspicuous and uncommon in open forest, shaded, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus cornuta, Linnaea borealis, Maiananthemum stellatum, Adenocaulon. Flowers blue-purple, spur 4-5 millimeters, spurred petals 15-19 millimeters, lateral petals bearded, base white, with dark purple lines, sepals glabrous or ciliate. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 416816; Barcode: WTU-V-036447
Peter F. Zika 28723    16 May 2017
with Rod Gilbert, Sarah Krock
17. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
3192857 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
416816 
Barcode
WTU-V-036447 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
28723 
Other Collectors
Rod Gilbert, Sarah Krock 
Date Collected
16 May 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Southeast slopes of Miller Hill, 1.5 air kilometers west of Kemp Hill, Cantonment Area, Joint Base Lewis-McChord. 
Elevation
95 m. 
Coordinates
47.0938° N, 122.5711° W 
Site Description
Inconspicuous and uncommon in open forest, shaded, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus cornuta, Linnaea borealis, Maiananthemum stellatum, Adenocaulon. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers blue-purple, spur 4-5 millimeters, spurred petals 15-19 millimeters, lateral petals bearded, base white, with dark purple lines, sepals glabrous or ciliate. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Violaceae
18. Viola howellii Gray
U.S.A., Washington, Mason County:
Olympic National Forest. Cushman Lake Road.
Elev. 326 m. 47.49434° N, 123.2862° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
South-facing rocky balds covered in moss. Surrounding forest overstory of Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, and Arbutus menziesii. Uncommon in shady area; corollas yellow; rhizomatous. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 424769; Barcode: WTU-V-067983
David Giblin 5512    26 May 2015
18. Viola howellii Gray
Database ID
3274306 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
424769 
Barcode
WTU-V-067983 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Violaceae 
Name on Specimen
Viola howellii Gray 
Accepted Name
Viola howellii A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Viola howellii Gray.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 1 2019. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
5512 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 May 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Mason 
Locality
Olympic National Forest. Cushman Lake Road. 
Elevation
326 m. 
Coordinates
47.49434° N, 123.2862° W 
Site Description
South-facing rocky balds covered in moss. Surrounding forest overstory of Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, and Arbutus menziesii. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon in shady area; corollas yellow; rhizomatous. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.