Collections Database

Label Data
Download
Field Descriptions
12 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Tamarix", Species = "parviflora"
Tamaricaceae
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, Lincoln County:
Davenport.
47.65417°, -118.14889°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced. Cultivated.
WTU 148340
John Thomas Howell 28487    26 Jun 1952
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
105290 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
148340 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix pentandra Pall.
    Annotated by E. McClintock.
2. Tamarix parviflora DC.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: Jepson. Remarks: WTU 
Type Notes
 
Collector
John Thomas Howell 
Collection #
28487 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jun 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
Davenport. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.65417°, -118.14889° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
Yes 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
2. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Oregon, Gilliam County:
Along John Day River circa 4 miles south of McDonald Ferry.
Sandy Riverbank. Plants 8-12 feet tall, in large colonies, very definitely seeming to establish and spreading; petals 4, pink. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 179268
C. L. Hitchcock 20474    28 May 1955
2. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
105291 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
179268 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.
2. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
20474 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 1955 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Gilliam 
Locality
Along John Day River circa 4 miles south of McDonald Ferry. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Sandy Riverbank. 
Specimen Notes
Plants 8-12 feet tall, in large colonies, very definitely seeming to establish and spreading; petals 4, pink. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
3. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Oregon, Malheur County:
Three miles south of Adrain.
43.697352°, -117.070211°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Large clump by stream bank. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 12422JWT
Morton E. Peck 16076    20 Jun 1928
3. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
105345 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
12422JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Cupressus macnabiana A. Murr.
2. Tamarix gallica L.
3. Tamarix parviflora DC.
    Annotated by J. Gaskin, 2003. Remarks: USDA-ARS 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Morton E. Peck 
Collection #
16076 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1928 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Malheur 
Locality
Three miles south of Adrain. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.697352°, -117.070211° 
Site Description
Large clump by stream bank. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
4. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, Chelan County:
North side of highway 2 at Dryder Creek sign; north side of mile post 109; just east of small orchard.
47° 37.12' N, 120° 30.6' W; T24 R18 S27.
At long abandoned homesite. With probably 1 original plant and 10 smaller plants (natural regeneration) in 40 x 50 foot area under Populus nigra and Psuedotsuga. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 363700
J. Gaskin 4687    11 Jun 2004
with Haubrich
4. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
152845 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363700 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Gaskin 
Collection #
4687 
Other Collectors
Haubrich 
Date Collected
11 Jun 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Chelan 
Locality
North side of highway 2 at Dryder Creek sign; north side of mile post 109; just east of small orchard. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47° 37.12' N, 120° 30.6' W; T24 R18 S27 
Site Description
At long abandoned homesite. 
Specimen Notes
With probably 1 original plant and 10 smaller plants (natural regeneration) in 40 x 50 foot area under Populus nigra and Psuedotsuga. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
5. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive southwest, West Seattle.
Elev. 6 ft. T24N R3E S26. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Sand between drift logs, above high tide line. Flowers pink, mostly 4-merous (only one 5-merous flower found), dark purple twigs, wild shrub. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368643
P. F. Zika 15680    16 Nov 2000
with A. L. Jacobson
5. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
166649 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368643 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15680 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
16 Nov 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive southwest, West Seattle. 
Elevation
6 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R3E S26 
Site Description
Sand between drift logs, above high tide line. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers pink, mostly 4-merous (only one 5-merous flower found), dark purple twigs, wild shrub. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
6. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive southwest, West Seattle.
Elev. 6 ft. T24N R3E S26. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Sand and gravel beach. Flowers pink, 4-merous, wild shrub, above high tide line, 1 meter tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368710
P. F. Zika 15098D    6 Jun 2000
6. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
166792 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368710 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15098D 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Jun 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive southwest, West Seattle. 
Elevation
6 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R3E S26 
Site Description
Sand and gravel beach. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers pink, 4-merous, wild shrub, above high tide line, 1 meter tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
7. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive Southwest, West Seattle.
Elev. 16 ft. T24N R3E S26. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Flowers pink, 4-merous; Cultivated small tree 5 meters tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced. Cultivated.
WTU 368512
P. F. Zika 15023    25 May 2000
with A. L. Jacobson
7. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
169166 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368512 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15023 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
25 May 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near Lowman Beach Park, Beach Drive Southwest, West Seattle. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R3E S26 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Flowers pink, 4-merous; Cultivated small tree 5 meters tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
Yes 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
8. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Oregon, Benton County:
Corvallis, north end of Willamette Park, north of boat landing and adjacent to small pond.
Elev. 220 ft. UTM Zone 10, 479909E, 4933086N. Datum: NAD 27. Georeferenced by Dan Post. Coordinate Source: Calc. from UTM.
Dumped debris and rubble including chunks of asphalt and concrete. With Rubus armeniacus, Tanacetum vulgare, Hypericum perforatum. 3 shrubs circa 8 feet tall, covering an area 2 meters by 4 meters; flowers pink. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 378454
R.E. Brainerd 194    19 Apr 2002
8. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
174715 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378454 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R.E. Brainerd 
Collection #
194 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Benton 
Locality
Corvallis, north end of Willamette Park, north of boat landing and adjacent to small pond. 
Elevation
220 ft. 
Coordinates
UTM Zone 10, 479909E, 4933086N 
Site Description
Dumped debris and rubble including chunks of asphalt and concrete. With Rubus armeniacus, Tanacetum vulgare, Hypericum perforatum. 
Specimen Notes
3 shrubs circa 8 feet tall, covering an area 2 meters by 4 meters; flowers pink. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
9. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Idaho, Nez Perce County:
Mill Road. Pullout across from Potlatch Corporation in North Lewiston.
Abandoned lot. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382619
Sandra S. Robins s.n.    12 May 2006
9. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
178854 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382619 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sandra S. Robins 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Nez Perce 
Locality
Mill Road. Pullout across from Potlatch Corporation in North Lewiston. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Abandoned lot. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
10. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, Asotin County:
Highway 129 approximately 2 kilometers north of Asotin town center, east side of road.
Elev. 239 m. 46.34659° N, 117.06128° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Highly disturbed edge of road along bank of Snake River. Small grove of trees to 5 meters tall. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 404558; Barcode: WTU-V-012599
David Giblin 3535    9 Jun 2010
10. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
187412 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
404558 
Barcode
WTU-V-012599 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 28 2013. Sources: Jepson 2nd Ed..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
3535 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jun 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Asotin 
Locality
Highway 129 approximately 2 kilometers north of Asotin town center, east side of road. 
Elevation
239 m. 
Coordinates
46.34659° N, 117.06128° W 
Site Description
Highly disturbed edge of road along bank of Snake River. 
Specimen Notes
Small grove of trees to 5 meters tall. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Tamaricaceae
11. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Oregon, Sherman County:
West side of John Day River, ca. 6 miles above confluence with Columbia River.
45.679437° N, -120.557222° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS. Inverted longitude.
Densely vegetated bar in John Day River, with Lepidium latifolium and Phalaris arundinacea. Flowers pink.
WTU
Peter Dunwiddie PWD-17-91    9 May 2017
with Stacy Kinsell, Pam Camp
11. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
3232256 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD-17-91 
Other Collectors
Stacy Kinsell, Pam Camp 
Date Collected
9 May 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Sherman 
Locality
West side of John Day River, ca. 6 miles above confluence with Columbia River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.679437° N, -120.557222° W 
Site Description
Densely vegetated bar in John Day River, with Lepidium latifolium and Phalaris arundinacea. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers pink. 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tamaricaceae
12. Tamarix parviflora DC.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Cliff on north side of highway 14, 2.9 miles west of Sundale.¶
45.71138° N, 120.37226° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
On south-facing basalt cliff.¶ Flowers pink, 4-merous.¶
WTU
Peter Dunwiddie PWD-17-213    24 May 2017
with Peter Zika, Stacy Kinsell
12. Tamarix parviflora DC.
Database ID
3232821 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Tamaricaceae 
Name on Specimen
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Accepted Name
Tamarix parviflora DC. 
Annotation History
1. Tamarix parviflora DC.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD-17-213 
Other Collectors
Peter Zika, Stacy Kinsell 
Date Collected
24 May 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Cliff on north side of highway 14, 2.9 miles west of Sundale.¶ 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.71138° N, 120.37226° W 
Site Description
On south-facing basalt cliff.¶ 
Specimen Notes
Flowers pink, 4-merous.¶ 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tab-delimited Text File:
Download all 12 records as a tab-delimited text file. This file can be opened in Excel and viewed as a spreadsheet, or imported into a database or GIS software. Fields are delimited by a tab character, and not enclosed in quotes. The character encoding is UTF-8 and line endings are Windows-style (CR+LF).

PDF Document:
Download all 12 records as a PDF document, with the records formatted to resemble specimen labels. Thumbnail views of images are included for imaged specimens.

Google Earth KML File:
Download all 12 records as a Google Earth KML file. This file can be opened in Google Earth to visualize the spatial locations of specimens.

Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.