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Field Descriptions
36 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Solanum", Species = "nigrum"
Solanaceae
1. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Benton County:
Along banks of the Yakima River.
T10N R28E S31. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 800 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Growing in shady weedy areas. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 195879
Jared J. Davis 76    20 Jul 1952
with Monita Engvall
1. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
15532 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
195879 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jared J. Davis 
Collection #
76 
Other Collectors
Monita Engvall 
Date Collected
20 Jul 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Benton 
Locality
Along banks of the Yakima River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T10N R28E S31 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Growing in shady weedy areas. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
2. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
15th Ave S, north of S Dakota Street, Beacon Hill, Seattle.
Elev. 279 ft. T24N R4E S17. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
White flowers, yellow anthers 2.2 mm long, seeds 1.7-1.9 mm long, fruit black, slightly shiny, immature fruit not speckled, sidewalk weed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 346950
P. F. Zika 15585    25 Oct 2000
with A. L. Jacobson
2. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
15533 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
346950 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15585 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
25 Oct 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
15th Ave S, north of S Dakota Street, Beacon Hill, Seattle. 
Elevation
279 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R4E S17 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
White flowers, yellow anthers 2.2 mm long, seeds 1.7-1.9 mm long, fruit black, slightly shiny, immature fruit not speckled, sidewalk weed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
3. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
North side of the lake, Bingen.
45.715°, -121.46333°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Onthe bottomlands. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 228579
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 7639    1 Oct 1912
3. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
15534 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228579 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
2. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by R. Taylor, 19 1964.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
7639 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Oct 1912 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
North side of the lake, Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.715°, -121.46333° 
Site Description
Onthe bottomlands. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
4. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Ada County:
Meridian.
43.61222°, -116.39056°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 301405
Paul Terrell s.n.    24 Aug 1950
4. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128982 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
301405 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Paul Terrell 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Aug 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Ada 
Locality
Meridian. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.61222°, -116.39056° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
5. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
North of Forestry Building, Portland.
New sandy soil. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 18788JWT
J. William Thompson 3663    31 Aug 1927
5. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128984 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
18788JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
3663 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Aug 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
North of Forestry Building, Portland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
New sandy soil. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
6. Solanum nigrum L. ?
Canada, British Columbia
Around cabins, Sechelt.
Weeds. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 306507
W. G. D'Arcy 3692    31 Aug 1969
6. Solanum nigrum L. ?
Database ID
128986 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
306507 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. ? 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. ? 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. ?.
    Remarks: sensu strictu 
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. G. D'Arcy 
Collection #
3692 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Aug 1969 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Around cabins, Sechelt. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Weeds. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
7. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
West Namp.
Waste ground. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 301401
William H. Baker 8347    30 Jul 1951
7. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128989 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
301401 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
8347 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Jul 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
West Namp. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Waste ground. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
8. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon
Linnton near Portland.
On ballast ground. Pollen samples taken for the Collection of Prof. Linda B. Brubaker 543-5777 - 1993/1994. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 228652
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 1720    2 Sep 1911
8. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128994 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228652 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum douglasii Dunal.
    Annotated by G. S. Torrey, 1913.
2. Solanum nigrum L. var. douglasii (Dunal) A. Gray.
    Annotated by R. Taylor, 19 1964.
3. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2016.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
1720 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Sep 1911 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Linnton near Portland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On ballast ground. 
Specimen Notes
Pollen samples taken for the Collection of Prof. Linda B. Brubaker 543-5777 - 1993/1994. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
9. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
New Plymouth.
Elev. 2200 ft.
Ill-kept garden. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 157652
J. Francis Macbride 738    10 Sep 1910
with Aven Nelson
9. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128996 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
157652 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
2. Solanum interius Rydb.
3. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2016.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Francis Macbride 
Collection #
738 
Other Collectors
Aven Nelson 
Date Collected
10 Sep 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
New Plymouth. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Ill-kept garden. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
10. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
New Plymouth.
Elev. 2200 ft.
Ill-kept garden. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 140016
J. Francis Macbride 738    10 Sep 1910
10. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
128997 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
140016 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Aven Nelson.
2. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2016.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Francis Macbride 
Collection #
738 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
New Plymouth. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Ill-kept garden. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
11. Solanum nigrum L. var. villosum L.
     (= Solanum villosum Mill.)
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Harbor Island, Seattle.
47.58°, -122.35083°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Adventive on sand flats. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 293698
Walter J. Eyerdam 1601    1 Oct 1941
11. Solanum nigrum L. var. villosum L.
Database ID
128999 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
293698 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. var. villosum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum villosum Mill. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. var. villosum.
    Annotated by W. J. E..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
1601 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Oct 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Harbor Island, Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.58°, -122.35083° 
Site Description
Adventive on sand flats. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
12. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Benton County:
Near south bank of Marys River, Avery Park, Corvallis.
Elev. 215 ft.
Around large sand heap, full sun, with Cakile maritima, Taraxacum officinnale, Medicago sativa, Convolvulus arvensis. Common branched herbs .5 meters tall, mature fruit dull black, 12-14 mm wide, depressed globose, immature fruit shiny green with white specks, seed 2.1 mm, inflorescences umbelliform and racemiform. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 347360
Peter F. Zika 16729    3 Dec 2001
12. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129000 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347360 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
16729 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Dec 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Benton 
Locality
Near south bank of Marys River, Avery Park, Corvallis. 
Elevation
215 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Around large sand heap, full sun, with Cakile maritima, Taraxacum officinnale, Medicago sativa, Convolvulus arvensis. 
Specimen Notes
Common branched herbs .5 meters tall, mature fruit dull black, 12-14 mm wide, depressed globose, immature fruit shiny green with white specks, seed 2.1 mm, inflorescences umbelliform and racemiform. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
13. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near shore of Union Bay, north end of arboretum, Washington Park, Montlake, Seattle.
Elev. 16 ft. T25N R4E S21 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Fruits dullish black, immature fruit lacks white speckles, seeds 2-2.2 mm long, anthers 2 mm long, petals white, annual weed. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 347450
P. F. Zika 15525    1 Oct 2000
13. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129003 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347450 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15525 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Oct 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near shore of Union Bay, north end of arboretum, Washington Park, Montlake, Seattle. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
T25N R4E S21 NE 1/4 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Fruits dullish black, immature fruit lacks white speckles, seeds 2-2.2 mm long, anthers 2 mm long, petals white, annual weed. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
14. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle.
47.613617°, -122.310098°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 15750 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Cultivated ground. Weed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 30969
George Neville Jones 8630    22 Oct 1935
14. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129012 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
30969 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
8630 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Oct 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.613617°, -122.310098° 
Site Description
Cultivated ground. 
Specimen Notes
Weed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
15. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle.
47.613617°, -122.310098°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 15750 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 171838
Mary Eager 40    20 Aug 1947
15. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129015 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
171838 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mary Eager 
Collection #
40 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Aug 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.613617°, -122.310098° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
16. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Bingen.
45.726097°, -121.457248°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Riverbank. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 228651
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf s.n.    2 Nov 1894
16. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129019 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228651 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nodiflorum Jacq.
2. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by R. Taylor, 19 1964.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Nov 1894 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.726097°, -121.457248° 
Site Description
Riverbank. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
17. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Bingen.
45.726097°, -121.457248°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 228577
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf s.n.    12 Nov 1894
17. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129021 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228577 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum douglasii Dunal.
2. Solanum nigrum L. var. douglasii (Dunal) A. Gray.
    Annotated by R. J. Taylor, 19 1964.
3. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2016.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Nov 1894 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.726097°, -121.457248° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
18. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Near Major Creek.
45.709262°, -121.351596°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Railroad. Pollen samples taken for the Collection of Prof. Linda B. Brubaker 543-5777 1993/1994. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 228578
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 9186    15 Nov 1917
18. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
129024 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228578 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nodiflorum Jacq.
2. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by R. Taylor, 19 1964.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
9186 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Nov 1917 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Near Major Creek. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.709262°, -121.351596° 
Site Description
Railroad. 
Specimen Notes
Pollen samples taken for the Collection of Prof. Linda B. Brubaker 543-5777 1993/1994. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
19. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whitman County:
South Grand Avenue near Evergreen Community Road, Pullman.
Elev. 2443 ft. 46° 42.7' N, 117° 11.2' W.
Dry rocky ground, full sun. Uncommon weed, white flowers in umbels, dry anthers 2.2 millimeters long; green fruit ripens black, dry seed 1.7-1.9 millimeters long. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368276
P. F. Zika 22407    6 Oct 2005
with R. Old
19. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
165959 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368276 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
22407 
Other Collectors
R. Old 
Date Collected
6 Oct 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whitman 
Locality
South Grand Avenue near Evergreen Community Road, Pullman. 
Elevation
2443 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 42.7' N, 117° 11.2' W 
Site Description
Dry rocky ground, full sun. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon weed, white flowers in umbels, dry anthers 2.2 millimeters long; green fruit ripens black, dry seed 1.7-1.9 millimeters long. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
20. Solanum nigrum L. s.s.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Median between northeast 40 Street and 36 Avenue east and east Florence Court, University District, Seattle.
Elev. 65 ft. 47° 39.4' N, 122° 19.2' W; T25N R4E S17.
Full sun, bark chips. Large sprawling annual weed, white flowers, yellow anthers; black globose fruit 7.3-8.4 x 7.6-9.3 millimeters wide. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367745
P. F. Zika 20409    12 Oct 2004
with A. L. Jacobson
20. Solanum nigrum L. s.s.
Database ID
166110 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367745 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. s.s. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. s.s. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. s.s.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
20409 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
12 Oct 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Median between northeast 40 Street and 36 Avenue east and east Florence Court, University District, Seattle. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 39.4' N, 122° 19.2' W; T25N R4E S17 
Site Description
Full sun, bark chips. 
Specimen Notes
Large sprawling annual weed, white flowers, yellow anthers; black globose fruit 7.3-8.4 x 7.6-9.3 millimeters wide. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
21. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
By water on north side of Ship Canal, in the vicinity of the Fremont and Aurora bridges; Fremont, Seattle.
Elev. 22 ft. 47° 38.9' N, 122° 20.9' W; T25N R4E S18.
Rough ground with Rubus armeniacus, Equisetum telmateia, Calystegia. Flowers white, anthers yellow, 2.3-2.4 mm long; seed 1.9 mm long; immature fruit green, lacks white speckles; annual. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 371966
P. F. Zika 17989    30 Sep 2002
with A. L. Jacobson
21. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
169837 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
371966 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
17989 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
30 Sep 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
By water on north side of Ship Canal, in the vicinity of the Fremont and Aurora bridges; Fremont, Seattle. 
Elevation
22 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 38.9' N, 122° 20.9' W; T25N R4E S18 
Site Description
Rough ground with Rubus armeniacus, Equisetum telmateia, Calystegia. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white, anthers yellow, 2.3-2.4 mm long; seed 1.9 mm long; immature fruit green, lacks white speckles; annual. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
22. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Town of Castle Rock.
Elev. 98 ft. 46° 16.6' N, 122° 54.6' W.
Weed in sunny damp ground in retention field; with Panicum capillare, Solanum dulcamara, Echinochloa, near junction of Front Avenue and Jackson Street. White flowers, green fruit; seeds 1.5-1.6 millimeters; anthers 2.0-2.1 millimeters. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 374459
Peter F. Zika 24126    27 Aug 2008
22. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
172218 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
374459 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
24126 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Aug 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Town of Castle Rock. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 16.6' N, 122° 54.6' W 
Site Description
Weed in sunny damp ground in retention field; with Panicum capillare, Solanum dulcamara, Echinochloa, near junction of Front Avenue and Jackson Street. 
Specimen Notes
White flowers, green fruit; seeds 1.5-1.6 millimeters; anthers 2.0-2.1 millimeters. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
23. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near railroad, Diagonal Avenue South, near East Marginal Way South and Duwamish River, Georgetown, Seattle.
Elev. 16 ft. T24N R4E S18. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In waste ground, full sun, with Hypericum perforatum, Rubus armeniacus, Cardamine hirsuta. Fruit 1 centimeter, more or less dull black, immature fruit green with white specks, seed 2.2-2.3 millimeters, anthers 1.6-1.7 millimeters, calyx 2.8 millimeters, sepals obtuse; weed. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 380263
Peter F. Zika 16753    19 Jan 2002
23. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
177486 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
380263 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
16753 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jan 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near railroad, Diagonal Avenue South, near East Marginal Way South and Duwamish River, Georgetown, Seattle. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R4E S18 
Site Description
In waste ground, full sun, with Hypericum perforatum, Rubus armeniacus, Cardamine hirsuta. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit 1 centimeter, more or less dull black, immature fruit green with white specks, seed 2.2-2.3 millimeters, anthers 1.6-1.7 millimeters, calyx 2.8 millimeters, sepals obtuse; weed. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
24. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Restaurant, 128th Street Southwest, Everett.
47.881907°, -122.241349°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 750 meters. Georeferenced by Ibro Polovina. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Weed in landscaping. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 402124; Barcode: WTU-V-010255
Clayton Haberman s.n.    17 Oct 2008
24. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2449746 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
402124 
Barcode
WTU-V-010255 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Clayton Haberman 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Oct 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Restaurant, 128th Street Southwest, Everett. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.881907°, -122.241349° 
Site Description
Weed in landscaping. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
25. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
North side of Shorecrest High School west of intersection of 25th Ave NE and NE 158th Street; Shoreline.
Elev. 99 m. 47.74274° N, 122.302802° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 4 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Large, earthen bank above parking lot; full sun, gravelly soil, recently graded and seeded with grass, some parts not recently mown, with numerous weeds. Fruits smooth purplish-black, ca. 9 mm diameter; calyx lobes fused to about 1/3 their length; plants annual, taprooted, branched at base, with stems erect or decumbent; scattered along embankment. Photographed. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 428890; Barcode: WTU-V-085974
Ben Legler 13796    8 Aug 2015
25. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2782336 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
428890 
Barcode
WTU-V-085974 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2015.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
13796 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
North side of Shorecrest High School west of intersection of 25th Ave NE and NE 158th Street; Shoreline. 
Elevation
99 m. 
Coordinates
47.74274° N, 122.302802° W 
Site Description
Large, earthen bank above parking lot; full sun, gravelly soil, recently graded and seeded with grass, some parts not recently mown, with numerous weeds. 
Specimen Notes
Fruits smooth purplish-black, ca. 9 mm diameter; calyx lobes fused to about 1/3 their length; plants annual, taprooted, branched at base, with stems erect or decumbent; scattered along embankment. Photographed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
26. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
University of Washington campus: along walkway between Bagley Hall and the Chemistry Building, southwest of Drumheller Fountain.
Elev. 36 m. 47.65319° N, 122.308589° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 8 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Weedy flower bed planted with shrubs adjacent to cement sidewalk; shaded by building until mid afternoon. Flowers white; anthers yellow; inflorescences umbellate; mature fruits black, glossy; dense patch of plants in moist soil of flower bed, with sprawling stems; weedy. Photographed. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits.
WTU 428792; Barcode: WTU-V-084220
Ben Legler 13934    4 Oct 2015
26. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2782683 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
428792 
Barcode
WTU-V-084220 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2015.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
13934 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Oct 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
University of Washington campus: along walkway between Bagley Hall and the Chemistry Building, southwest of Drumheller Fountain. 
Elevation
36 m. 
Coordinates
47.65319° N, 122.308589° W 
Site Description
Weedy flower bed planted with shrubs adjacent to cement sidewalk; shaded by building until mid afternoon. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white; anthers yellow; inflorescences umbellate; mature fruits black, glossy; dense patch of plants in moist soil of flower bed, with sprawling stems; weedy. Photographed. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
27. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Residence at 4115 234th Street NE, ca 3.6 air km northwest of Arlington.
Elev. 90 m. 48.20831° N, 122.174395° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 4 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Vegetable garden in moist loamy soil of cleared area, with Poa annua, Stellaria media, and other weeds. Plants annual, with sprawling stems to 1 meter long; flowers white; berries green even at full maturity; common weed. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits.
WTU 428787; Barcode: WTU-V-084227
Ben Legler 13940    10 Oct 2015
27. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2782689 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
428787 
Barcode
WTU-V-084227 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2015.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
13940 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Oct 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Residence at 4115 234th Street NE, ca 3.6 air km northwest of Arlington. 
Elevation
90 m. 
Coordinates
48.20831° N, 122.174395° W 
Site Description
Vegetable garden in moist loamy soil of cleared area, with Poa annua, Stellaria media, and other weeds. 
Specimen Notes
Plants annual, with sprawling stems to 1 meter long; flowers white; berries green even at full maturity; common weed. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
28. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Green River shoreline where 200th Street crosses river, approximately 100 meters north of bridge on west bank.
Elev. 50 m. 47.42352° N, 122.26608° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 20 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Ephemeral sand bar apparently exposed during low water periods; dominated by non-native species. Uncommon; prostrate; annual; flowers white. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 418364; Barcode: WTU-V-039261
David Giblin 5812    23 Oct 2015
28. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2788533 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
418364 
Barcode
WTU-V-039261 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 18 2015. Sources: Flora of PNW.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
5812 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Oct 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Green River shoreline where 200th Street crosses river, approximately 100 meters north of bridge on west bank. 
Elevation
50 m. 
Coordinates
47.42352° N, 122.26608° W 
Site Description
Ephemeral sand bar apparently exposed during low water periods; dominated by non-native species. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon; prostrate; annual; flowers white. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
29. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Ivar's Salmon House restaurant off Northeast Northlake Way, Seattle.
47.65374° N, 122.32383° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 70 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Garden bed. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 405939; Barcode: WTU-V-18041
David Giblin s.n.    14 Sep 2015
29. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
2788589 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
405939 
Barcode
WTU-V-18041 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 14 2015. Sources: Flora of PNW.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Sep 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Ivar's Salmon House restaurant off Northeast Northlake Way, Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.65374° N, 122.32383° W 
Site Description
Garden bed. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
30. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Forest Crest Playfield, 5006 236th Street Southwest, Mountlake Terrace.
Elev. 125 m. 47.7839° N, 122.3013° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
In disturbed area. Robust annual; flowers white to lavender; fruits black. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 417261; Barcode: WTU-V-036968
Richard G. Olmstead 2015-55    13 Oct 2015
30. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
3103261 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
417261 
Barcode
WTU-V-036968 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Richard G. Olmstead, 2015.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard G. Olmstead 
Collection #
2015-55 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Oct 2015 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Forest Crest Playfield, 5006 236th Street Southwest, Mountlake Terrace. 
Elevation
125 m. 
Coordinates
47.7839° N, 122.3013° W 
Site Description
In disturbed area. 
Specimen Notes
Robust annual; flowers white to lavender; fruits black. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
31. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
North bank of Nisqually River, 5.2 air kilometers northwest of Lewis Lake, Joint Base Lewis-McChord.
Elev. 25 m. 47.0004° N, 122.6393° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Damp gravel bar, full sun with Salix sitchensis, Equisetum arvense, Eleocharis obtusa, Melilotus officinalis. White flowers, anthers yellow, 1.8-1.9 millimeters, calyx 2.5 millimeters, immature fruit green, seeds 1.5-1.6 millimeters, uncommon weed. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 416904; Barcode: WTU-V-036563
Peter F. Zika 28965    10 Aug 2017
with Rod Gilbert, Sarah Krock
31. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
3192984 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
416904 
Barcode
WTU-V-036563 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
28965 
Other Collectors
Rod Gilbert, Sarah Krock 
Date Collected
10 Aug 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
North bank of Nisqually River, 5.2 air kilometers northwest of Lewis Lake, Joint Base Lewis-McChord. 
Elevation
25 m. 
Coordinates
47.0004° N, 122.6393° W 
Site Description
Damp gravel bar, full sun with Salix sitchensis, Equisetum arvense, Eleocharis obtusa, Melilotus officinalis. 
Specimen Notes
White flowers, anthers yellow, 1.8-1.9 millimeters, calyx 2.5 millimeters, immature fruit green, seeds 1.5-1.6 millimeters, uncommon weed. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
32. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
Westmoreland Park.
45.4735° N, 122.6418° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Side of footpath. Acer pseudoplatanus, Acer heldreichii, Lotus corniculatus. Fruits Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 417593; Barcode: WTU-V-038074
Dominic Maze 348    3 Aug 2016
32. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
3221131 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
417593 
Barcode
WTU-V-038074 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dominic Maze 
Collection #
348 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Aug 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
Westmoreland Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.4735° N, 122.6418° W 
Site Description
Side of footpath. Acer pseudoplatanus, Acer heldreichii, Lotus corniculatus. 
Specimen Notes
Fruits 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
33. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
     (= Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum )
U.S.A., Oregon, Morrow County:
Shoreline south of Longwalk Island, circa 300 meters north of the west end of McCormack Slough, 2.3 air kilometers southeast of Rock Island in Lake Umatilla, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
Elev. 80 m. 45.899089° N, 119.602639° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Rare, sandy beach, full sun, over basalt; with Xanthium strumarium, Amorpha fruticosa. Annual, white flowers, green globose fruit. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 419955; Barcode: WTU-V-043118
Peter W. Dunwiddie PWD 18-474    13 Aug 2018
with Peter F. Zika
33. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
Database ID
3245592 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
419955 
Barcode
WTU-V-043118 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum  
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum  
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter W. Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD 18-474 
Other Collectors
Peter F. Zika 
Date Collected
13 Aug 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Morrow 
Locality
Shoreline south of Longwalk Island, circa 300 meters north of the west end of McCormack Slough, 2.3 air kilometers southeast of Rock Island in Lake Umatilla, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.  
Elevation
80 m. 
Coordinates
45.899089° N, 119.602639° W 
Site Description
Rare, sandy beach, full sun, over basalt; with Xanthium strumarium, Amorpha fruticosa. 
Specimen Notes
Annual, white flowers, green globose fruit.  
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Solanaceae
34. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
     (= Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum )
U.S.A., Oregon, Morrow County:
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, shoreline south of Longwalk Island.
45.899089° N, 119.602639° W. Georeferenced by Crystal Shin. Coordinate Source: Google Earth.
On dry sandy upper beach and adjacent uplands, with Xanthium strumarium, Amorpha fruticosa. One plant, berries green, flowers white.
WTU
Peter Dunwiddie PWD-18-474    13 Aug 2018
with Peter Zika
34. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
Database ID
3279866 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum  
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum  
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 2019. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD-18-474 
Other Collectors
Peter Zika 
Date Collected
13 Aug 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Morrow 
Locality
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, shoreline south of Longwalk Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.899089° N, 119.602639° W 
Site Description
On dry sandy upper beach and adjacent uplands, with Xanthium strumarium, Amorpha fruticosa. 
Specimen Notes
One plant, berries green, flowers white. 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
35. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
     (= Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum )
U.S.A., Washington, Benton County:
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Whitcomb Island Unit.
45.870906° N, 119.747907° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Uncommon on edge of irrigation channel adjacent to river, with Bidens connata, Bidens frondosa, Impatiens capensis, Juncus articulatus, Ludwigia palustris. Petals white, flowers 9mm diameter, short racemes. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU
Peter F. Zika PWD-19-280    28 Jul 2019
with Peter Dunwiddie
35. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
Database ID
3281575 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum  
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum  
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika, 2019. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
PWD-19-280 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie 
Date Collected
28 Jul 2019 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Benton 
Locality
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Whitcomb Island Unit. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.870906° N, 119.747907° W 
Site Description
Uncommon on edge of irrigation channel adjacent to river, with Bidens connata, Bidens frondosa, Impatiens capensis, Juncus articulatus, Ludwigia palustris. 
Specimen Notes
Petals white, flowers 9mm diameter, short racemes. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Solanaceae
36. Solanum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Okanogan County:
Similkameen-Chopaka Wildlife Unit. Oxbow pond and surrounding area accessible from parking area.
Elev. 351 m. 48.95817° N, 119.7147° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Eutrophic, seasonally fluctuating pond with muck soil substrate and adjacent disturbed upland with Bassia scoparia common and abundant. Locally common in abandoned pasture; berries black; corollas white. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
David Giblin 7307    18 Sep 2019
36. Solanum nigrum L.
Database ID
3453297 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Solanaceae 
Name on Specimen
Solanum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Solanum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Solanum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2020. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
7307 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Sep 2019 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Okanogan 
Locality
Similkameen-Chopaka Wildlife Unit. Oxbow pond and surrounding area accessible from parking area.  
Elevation
351 m. 
Coordinates
48.95817° N, 119.7147° W 
Site Description
Eutrophic, seasonally fluctuating pond with muck soil substrate and adjacent disturbed upland with Bassia scoparia common and abundant. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common in abandoned pasture; berries black; corollas white. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.