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Field Descriptions
312 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Juncus", Species = "effusus"
Juncaceae
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Mount Rainier National Park, on Sunrise Road, circa 1.5 air miles SW of Sunrise Point.
Elev. 4264 ft. 46° 54' N, 121° 36' W; UTM Zone 10, 606636.82E, 5194784.44N; T16N R10E S6. Coordinate Source: GPS. UTM calculated from Lat-Lon.
Damp roadside ditch, full sun, over volcanics, with Ranunculus reptans, J. ensifolius, Equisetum arvense. Common, cespitose, brown sheaths dark margin, smooth shiny culms, tepals spread. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 362005
NPS accession 448, catalog 15292
P. F. Zika 19982    18 Aug 2004
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
1702 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
362005 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 448, catalog 15292 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 18 2004. Sources: Zika 2003 (Brittonia 55:150-156).  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
19982 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Aug 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Mount Rainier National Park, on Sunrise Road, circa 1.5 air miles SW of Sunrise Point. 
Elevation
4264 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 54' N, 121° 36' W; UTM Zone 10, 606636.82E, 5194784.44N; T16N R10E S6 
Site Description
Damp roadside ditch, full sun, over volcanics, with Ranunculus reptans, J. ensifolius, Equisetum arvense. 
Specimen Notes
Common, cespitose, brown sheaths dark margin, smooth shiny culms, tepals spread. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
N 100th & Meridian Ave., Seattle.
47.701667°, -122.338889°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 300 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
In a ditch. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 294025
Walter J. Eyerdam 1627    16 Nov 1941
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3670 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
294025 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
2. Juncus balticus Willd.
    Annotated by Tracy Fuentes, Cindy Updegrave, 17 1993. Remarks: E.B. Leopold's Mod. Polled Collection #51300 collected by T. fuentes and C. Updegrave 2/17/93.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2006. Remarks: WTU 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
1627 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Nov 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
N 100th & Meridian Ave., Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.701667°, -122.338889° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
In a ditch. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
3. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
     (= Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus )
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Sol Duc Hot Springs, Olympic National Park.
47.969722°, -123.864167°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 300 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Open meadow where moist until late in the season. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 226061
C. L. Hitchcock 24051    27 Jul 1965
3. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
Database ID
3754 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
226061 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968. Remarks: Sheaths not overlapping as var. pacificus should. Some var. compactus characteristics.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov., var. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
24051 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Jul 1965 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Sol Duc Hot Springs, Olympic National Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.969722°, -123.864167° 
Site Description
Open meadow where moist until late in the season. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus ?
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
2.5 miles west from intersection of Industrial Way and Willow Grove Road on Willow Grove along river. Columbia River watershed.
Elev. 250 ft. 46.177208°, -123.126713°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate. Invalid coordinates (located outside county bounds).
South slope, sandy soil, with Salix spp., Equisetum. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 347130
P. D. Williamson 41    10 May 1979
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus ?
Database ID
3755 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347130 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus ?.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. D. Williamson 
Collection #
41 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 May 1979 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
2.5 miles west from intersection of Industrial Way and Willow Grove Road on Willow Grove along river. Columbia River watershed. 
Elevation
250 ft. 
Coordinates
46.177208°, -123.126713° 
Site Description
South slope, sandy soil, with Salix spp., Equisetum. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
5. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
     (= Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus )
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Along logging road, SW side of Mt. Index.
Elev. 3200 ft. T26N R9E S2. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Damp area. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 317672
Elroy Burnett s.n.    2 Oct 1988
with Mildred Arnot
5. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
Database ID
3756 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317672 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elroy Burnett 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
Mildred Arnot 
Date Collected
2 Oct 1988 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Along logging road, SW side of Mt. Index. 
Elevation
3200 ft. 
Coordinates
T26N R9E S2 
Site Description
Damp area. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Rock Creek.
T4N R18E S3. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Moist sandy area. With many annual spp, some weedy: Prunelle vulgaris, Plantago major, Trifolium variegatum, T. repens, Mimulus guttatus, Equisetum sp., Epilobium sp. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 334999
Eliza Habegger RC 227    17 Jun 1997
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3757 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
334999 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Eliza Habegger 
Collection #
RC 227 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Jun 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Rock Creek. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T4N R18E S3 
Site Description
Moist sandy area. With many annual spp, some weedy: Prunelle vulgaris, Plantago major, Trifolium variegatum, T. repens, Mimulus guttatus, Equisetum sp., Epilobium sp. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
7. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Kittitas County:
1 air mile east of Lodge Lake, Snoqualmie Pass.
Elev. 2952 ft. T22N R11E S9. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Boggy creek margin and adjacent disturbed ground. Weed, naturalized. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 339256
P. F. Zika 14430    29 Sep 1999
7. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3758 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
339256 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
14430 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Sep 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kittitas 
Locality
1 air mile east of Lodge Lake, Snoqualmie Pass. 
Elevation
2952 ft. 
Coordinates
T22N R11E S9 
Site Description
Boggy creek margin and adjacent disturbed ground. 
Specimen Notes
Weed, naturalized. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
8. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
0.7 miles north of County Line Road, east of Rambler Road.
Elev. 16 ft. T15N R11W S7 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Ditches and cranberry fields, with Juncus bufonius, full sun. Cespitose, hard stems, green sheaths with dark apical band; common weed in ditches and in cranberry fields. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336304
P. F. Zika 13645    29 Sep 1998
8. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3759 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336304 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13645 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
0.7 miles north of County Line Road, east of Rambler Road. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
T15N R11W S7 NE 1/4 
Site Description
Ditches and cranberry fields, with Juncus bufonius, full sun. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, hard stems, green sheaths with dark apical band; common weed in ditches and in cranberry fields. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
9. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Langus Riverfront Park, Everett.
T29N R5E S16. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Sandy disturbed flat now dry. Plants much larger in wetter areas. With Polygonum lapathifolium, Carex leporina, C. lenticularis, J. articulatus, J. acuminatus, J. supinus. Also grasses. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 321543
Mildred Arnot 377    17 Jul 1991
with Elroy Burnett
9. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3760 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
321543 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mildred Arnot 
Collection #
377 
Other Collectors
Elroy Burnett 
Date Collected
17 Jul 1991 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Langus Riverfront Park, Everett. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T29N R5E S16 
Site Description
Sandy disturbed flat now dry. 
Specimen Notes
Plants much larger in wetter areas. With Polygonum lapathifolium, Carex leporina, C. lenticularis, J. articulatus, J. acuminatus, J. supinus. Also grasses. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
10. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
2 miles south of Conway.
48.311944°, -122.338889°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Moist soil, edge of road. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 132711
R. G. Jeffrey s.n.    2 Jul 1947
10. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3761 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
132711 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov., var. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974. Remarks: var. nov.
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. G. Jeffrey 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jul 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
2 miles south of Conway. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.311944°, -122.338889° 
Site Description
Moist soil, edge of road. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
11. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
     (= Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus )
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island.
Elev. 33 ft. T36N R3W S28. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 13000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Seasonally moist ground. Under Picea sitchensis, with Carex obnupta. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336875
P. F. Zika 13525B    8 Aug 1998
11. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
Database ID
3762 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336875 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
3. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13525B 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island. 
Elevation
33 ft. 
Coordinates
T36N R3W S28 
Site Description
Seasonally moist ground. 
Specimen Notes
Under Picea sitchensis, with Carex obnupta. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
12. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Ross Lake Area, Hozomeen Ranger Station ca. 1.0 mi SSW.
Elev. 1600 ft. T40N R13E S2. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Shallow silty bottomed pool; Populus triocarpa, Alnus rubra around pool. Rooted in water on very wet edge. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 317257
Ralph Naas 5147    27 Jun 1986
with Dorothy Naas
12. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
3763 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317257 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
    Annotated by Joe Arnett, 7 1987.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ralph Naas 
Collection #
5147 
Other Collectors
Dorothy Naas 
Date Collected
27 Jun 1986 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Ross Lake Area, Hozomeen Ranger Station ca. 1.0 mi SSW. 
Elevation
1600 ft. 
Coordinates
T40N R13E S2 
Site Description
Shallow silty bottomed pool; Populus triocarpa, Alnus rubra around pool. 
Specimen Notes
Rooted in water on very wet edge. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
13. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
     (= Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus )
U.S.A., Washington, Whitman County:
Palouse River near railroad bridge, northwest of Palouse along Hwy 27. Northern bank of river.
Elev. 2380-2400 ft. 46° 56' 15" N, 117° 5' 15" W; T17N R45E S35.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 345135
Sarah Gage G&R603    17 Jul 1992
with Sharon Rodman
13. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus
Database ID
3764 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
345135 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
G&R603 
Other Collectors
Sharon Rodman 
Date Collected
17 Jul 1992 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whitman 
Locality
Palouse River near railroad bridge, northwest of Palouse along Hwy 27. Northern bank of river. 
Elevation
2380-2400 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 56' 15" N, 117° 5' 15" W; T17N R45E S35 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
14. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
About 2 miles south of Forks along US 101.
T28N R13W S20. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
In undisturbed soild in a cutover area. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 288899
D. R. Simpson 126    23 Jun 1964
14. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3765 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
288899 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
    Annotated by J. R. Hill, 24 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
D. R. Simpson 
Collection #
126 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jun 1964 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
About 2 miles south of Forks along US 101. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T28N R13W S20 
Site Description
In undisturbed soild in a cutover area. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
15. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Coal Creek watershed. Foot of Coal Creek road at landfill.
46.180833°, -123.016944°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Loamy sand. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 315517
M. J. Lebtich 53    22 May 1981
15. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3766 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
315517 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. J. Lebtich 
Collection #
53 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 May 1981 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Coal Creek watershed. Foot of Coal Creek road at landfill. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.180833°, -123.016944° 
Site Description
Loamy sand. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
16. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Vicinity mile 15 on trail to Hoh.
47.74944°, -124.40528°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 13720
I. C. Otis 1545    8 Jul 1927
16. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3767 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
13720 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
3. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
    Annotated by Harold L. Lint, 1974.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1545 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Vicinity mile 15 on trail to Hoh. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.74944°, -124.40528° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
17. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Copalis Bog Preserve.
T21N R10W S20 SE 1/4; S29 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
With Gentiana sceptrum, Tsuga heterophylla, Blechnum spicant, Maianthemum diletata, Vaccinium ovalifolium, Ledum groenlandicum, Gaultheria shallon, Pteridium aquilinum, Scripus microcarpus. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 338419
Eliza Habegger 565    20 Jul 1998
17. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3768 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
338419 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Eliza Habegger 
Collection #
565 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jul 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Copalis Bog Preserve. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T21N R10W S20 SE 1/4; S29 NE 1/4 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
With Gentiana sceptrum, Tsuga heterophylla, Blechnum spicant, Maianthemum diletata, Vaccinium ovalifolium, Ledum groenlandicum, Gaultheria shallon, Pteridium aquilinum, Scripus microcarpus. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
18. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Near Gilmer.
45.87139°, -121.46417°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Low wet ground. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 287702
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 5711    18 Jul 1906
18. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3769 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
287702 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
5711 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Jul 1906 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Near Gilmer. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.87139°, -121.46417° 
Site Description
Low wet ground. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
19. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Skamania County:
Mt St Helens, Toutle Mudflow NW of crater breach.
46.19893°, -122.18888°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Wetland. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 334511
Jon Titus s.n.    8 Aug 1994
19. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
3770 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
334511 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jon Titus 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1994 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skamania 
Locality
Mt St Helens, Toutle Mudflow NW of crater breach. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.19893°, -122.18888° 
Site Description
Wetland. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
20. Juncus effusus L. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Copalis Bog Preserve.
T21N R10W S20 SE 1/4; T21N R10W S29 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Clearcut area. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 338315
Eliza Habegger 471    17 Jun 1998
with P. Dunwiddie
20. Juncus effusus L. var. hesperius
Database ID
3771 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
338315 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Eliza Habegger 
Collection #
471 
Other Collectors
P. Dunwiddie 
Date Collected
17 Jun 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Copalis Bog Preserve. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T21N R10W S20 SE 1/4; T21N R10W S29 NE 1/4 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Clearcut area. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
21. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Deception Pass State Park, Whidbey Island.
48.39389°, -122.6475°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 38837
Harold W. Smith 833    14 Jun 1936
21. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3772 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
38837 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
4. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Harold W. Smith 
Collection #
833 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jun 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Deception Pass State Park, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.39389°, -122.6475° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
22. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Vicinity mile 15 on trail to Hoh.
47.74944°, -124.40528°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 13736
I. C. Otis 1544    8 Jul 1927
22. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3773 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
13736 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
4. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1544 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Vicinity mile 15 on trail to Hoh. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.74944°, -124.40528° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
23. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Kirkland Lake.
47.68167°, -122.2075°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In mud. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 292948
Walter J. Eyerdam 1675    20 Jun 1938
23. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3774 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
292948 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
1675 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1938 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Kirkland Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.68167°, -122.2075° 
Site Description
In mud. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
24. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Winslow, Bainbridge Island.
47.65528°, -122.51667°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In back beach marsh. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 290951
Walter J. Eyerdam 6557    1 Jul 1947
24. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3775 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
290951 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
6557 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jul 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Winslow, Bainbridge Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.65528°, -122.51667° 
Site Description
In back beach marsh. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
25. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Willapa Bay, 2.4 miles northwest of Tokeland.
46.731233°, -124.016388°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Edge of tide-water swamp. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 235193
H. H. Bartlett 680    12 Jul 1952
with John F. Grayson
25. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3776 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
235193 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
3. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. H. Bartlett 
Collection #
680 
Other Collectors
John F. Grayson 
Date Collected
12 Jul 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Willapa Bay, 2.4 miles northwest of Tokeland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.731233°, -124.016388° 
Site Description
Edge of tide-water swamp. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
26. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island.
Elev. 33 ft. T36N R3W S28. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 13000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Seasonally moist ground. Cespitose, dark sheaths, sun form. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 337132
P. F. Zika 13524    8 Aug 1998
26. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius
Database ID
3777 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337132 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius  
Annotation History
3. Juncus effusus Willd. var. hesperius.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13524 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island. 
Elevation
33 ft. 
Coordinates
T36N R3W S28 
Site Description
Seasonally moist ground. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, dark sheaths, sun form. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
27. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
2 km SE of town of Castle Rock, near I-5.
Elev. 98 ft. T9N R2W S14 SE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Moist, rocky west-facing bank, roadside. Cespitose, tepals & branches erect, weed, with Holcus lanatus, Agrostis capillaris, Typha latifolia. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 336302
P. F. Zika 13610    15 Sep 1998
27. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3778 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336302 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13610 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
2 km SE of town of Castle Rock, near I-5. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
T9N R2W S14 SE 1/4 
Site Description
Moist, rocky west-facing bank, roadside. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, tepals & branches erect, weed, with Holcus lanatus, Agrostis capillaris, Typha latifolia. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
28. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
One mile west of Oak Harbor.
48.29333°, -122.64194°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 36891
C. H. Harrison s.n.    17 Sep 1935
28. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3779 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
36891 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus balticus Willd.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
4. Juncus effusus Willd. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. H. Harrison 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Sep 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
One mile west of Oak Harbor. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.29333°, -122.64194° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
29. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Crocker Lake.
47.93667°, -122.87917°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Margin of lake. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 26609
George Neville Jones 5920    9 Aug 1934
29. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3780 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
26609 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
5. Juncus effusus Willd. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001. Remarks: WTU 
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
5920 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Aug 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Crocker Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.93667°, -122.87917° 
Site Description
Margin of lake. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
30. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Between Port Orchard and head of Hood Canal.
Elev. 500 ft. 47.504167°, -122.7625°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 13738
I. C. Otis 1645    5 Jul 1929
30. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3781 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
13738 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Remarks: [no identification given on label]
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg. ?.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 23 1968.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie × Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1645 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jul 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Between Port Orchard and head of Hood Canal. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
47.504167°, -122.7625° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
31. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Bingen.
45.71495°, -121.46462°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 287803
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 7034    20 Jul 1910
31. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3782 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
287803 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
7034 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jul 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.71495°, -121.46462° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
32. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle, Montlake Fill.
47.6562°, -122.293°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by David Giblin. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Pond edge, bad drainage. Bot 356/456. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 317101
C. L. Huang s.n.    10 Jun 1987
32. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3783 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317101 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by M. Arnot.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Huang 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jun 1987 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle, Montlake Fill. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.6562°, -122.293° 
Site Description
Pond edge, bad drainage. 
Specimen Notes
Bot 356/456. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
33. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ?
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Long Beach, Columbia River.
46.3525°, -124.05306°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 272433
W. Bailey s.n.    3 Jul 1910
33. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ?
Database ID
3784 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
272433 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ? 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie ? 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by C. V. Piper.
2. Juncus effusus L.
    Remarks: imm. ? subsp.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ?.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001. Remarks: Dark tepals; lacks sheaths. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. Bailey 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Jul 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Long Beach, Columbia River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.3525°, -124.05306° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
34. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Marysville.
48.05194°, -122.17583°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3570 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Tide flat. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 43905
J. M. Grant s.n.     Jul 1928
34. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3785 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43905 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg. ?.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
4. Juncus effusus Willd. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. M. Grant 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1928 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Marysville. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.05194°, -122.17583° 
Site Description
Tide flat. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
35. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
E side of San Juan Island, Pear Point Road, 1.7 air mile E of Friday Harbor airport.
Elev. 98 ft. T35N R2W S19. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Seasonally moist sunny roadside. Cespitose, dark sheaths. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 336874
P. F. Zika 13525    8 Aug 1998
35. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3786 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336874 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13525 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
E side of San Juan Island, Pear Point Road, 1.7 air mile E of Friday Harbor airport. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
T35N R2W S19 
Site Description
Seasonally moist sunny roadside. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, dark sheaths. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
36. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Nooksack Delta, Marietta.
48.98111°, -122.52361°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
[handwritten on sheet: "many flowers with 6 stamens"]. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 56765
W. C. Muenscher 10469     Jul 1927
36. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3787 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
56765 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 4 1968.
4. Juncus effusus Willd. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. C. Muenscher 
Collection #
10469 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Nooksack Delta, Marietta. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.98111°, -122.52361° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
[handwritten on sheet: "many flowers with 6 stamens"]. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
37. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Thurston County:
Unincorporated area where Woodland Creek intersects railroad tracks.
Elev. 170 ft. 47° N, 122° 45' 7" W; T18N R2W S35.
Weedy. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 345115
Sarah Gage G&R 336    20 Jun 1992
with Sharon Rodman
37. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
3788 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
345115 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Remarks: [var. spelled "pacificum" on label]
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
G&R 336 
Other Collectors
Sharon Rodman 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1992 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Thurston 
Locality
Unincorporated area where Woodland Creek intersects railroad tracks. 
Elevation
170 ft. 
Coordinates
47° N, 122° 45' 7" W; T18N R2W S35 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Weedy. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
38. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Columbia County:
0.3 mi. SE of mouth of Little Tucannon River.
Elev. 2854 ft. 46° 13.5' N, 117° 43.4' W; T9N R41E S30.
Sunny springs, clearing in floodplain of Tucannon River, with Carex deweyana, C. amplifolius, Equisetum arvense, Juncus effusus subsp. pacificus. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 350435
P. F. Zika 16663A    1 Oct 2001
38. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
22916 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
350435 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16663A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Oct 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Columbia 
Locality
0.3 mi. SE of mouth of Little Tucannon River. 
Elevation
2854 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 13.5' N, 117° 43.4' W; T9N R41E S30 
Site Description
Sunny springs, clearing in floodplain of Tucannon River, with Carex deweyana, C. amplifolius, Equisetum arvense, Juncus effusus subsp. pacificus. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
39. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Nebraska, WAshoe County:
Reno, Dorostkar Park at junction of Mayberry Road and Truckee River on west side of Reno,.
Elev. 4620 ft. T19N R19E S10.
Edge of dtiches and Truckee River. Large clumps to 1 m tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 350367
Arnold Tiehm 14052    19 Jul 2002
39. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
23036 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
350367 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Arnold Tiehm 
Collection #
14052 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jul 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Nebraska 
County
WAshoe 
Locality
Reno, Dorostkar Park at junction of Mayberry Road and Truckee River on west side of Reno,. 
Elevation
4620 ft. 
Coordinates
T19N R19E S10 
Site Description
Edge of dtiches and Truckee River. 
Specimen Notes
Large clumps to 1 m tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
40. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Canada, British Columbia
Near ferry landing, town of Sidney, coast of Vancouver Island, North Saanitch Land District.
Elev. 98 ft.
Damp ditch, full sun. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 336868
P. F. Zika 13543    30 Aug 1998
40. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
23758 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336868 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13543 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Near ferry landing, town of Sidney, coast of Vancouver Island, North Saanitch Land District. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Damp ditch, full sun. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
41. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Oregon, Columbia County:
0.1 mile north of Route 30, town of Rainier.
Elev. 10 ft. T7N R2W S17 NE. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
With Scirpus microcarpus, full sun, moist ditch. . Cespitose. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 337616
P. F. Zika 13626    26 Sep 1998
41. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
23759 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337616 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 26 1998.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13626 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Columbia 
Locality
0.1 mile north of Route 30, town of Rainier. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
T7N R2W S17 NE 
Site Description
With Scirpus microcarpus, full sun, moist ditch. . 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
42. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Road between Mineral Point and Friday Harbor, San Juan Island, San Juan Islands.
Elev. 66 ft. T35N R3W S3 NW. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 400 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Common, damp ground, overgrazed pasture, with Agrostis capillaris. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336871
P. F. Zika 13536    26 Aug 1998
42. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
23760 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336871 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13536 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Road between Mineral Point and Friday Harbor, San Juan Island, San Juan Islands. 
Elevation
66 ft. 
Coordinates
T35N R3W S3 NW 
Site Description
Common, damp ground, overgrazed pasture, with Agrostis capillaris. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
43. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Cedar Falls overlook.
47° 25.11' 110" N, 121° 45.963' 45" W; T22N R8E S3 NE 1/4.
Forest dominated by cedars, hemlocks, some alders. Understory dominated by sword fern. Growing in bog, on log mat. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 351640
Suzanne Bagshaw 01-209    11 Aug 2001
with Michelle Koehler, Julie Hall, Sage Chaiya Pechara
43. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
24544 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
351640 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by Clayton J. Antieau, 1 2001.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2014. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Bagshaw 
Collection #
01-209 
Other Collectors
Michelle Koehler, Julie Hall, Sage Chaiya Pechara 
Date Collected
11 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Cedar Falls overlook. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47° 25.11' 110" N, 121° 45.963' 45" W; T22N R8E S3 NE 1/4 
Site Description
Forest dominated by cedars, hemlocks, some alders. Understory dominated by sword fern. 
Specimen Notes
Growing in bog, on log mat. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
44. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Walsh Lake.
Elev. 700 ft. T22N R7E S9 SW 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Floating bog mat on east edge of wall found adjacent to Walsh Lake. Other plants in vicinity: Drosera rotundifolia, Agrostis sp., Typha latifolia, Carex canescens, Potentilla palustris, Viola palustris. Abundant on east edge of lake. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 351658
F. Weinmann 01-11    11 Aug 2001
44. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
24548 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
351658 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by Clayton J. Antieau, 1 2002.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2014. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
F. Weinmann 
Collection #
01-11 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Walsh Lake. 
Elevation
700 ft. 
Coordinates
T22N R7E S9 SW 1/4 
Site Description
Floating bog mat on east edge of wall found adjacent to Walsh Lake. Other plants in vicinity: Drosera rotundifolia, Agrostis sp., Typha latifolia, Carex canescens, Potentilla palustris, Viola palustris. 
Specimen Notes
Abundant on east edge of lake. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
45. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
U.S.A., California, San Bernardino County:
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains.
Elev. 3674 ft. 34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10.
Sandy and rocky floodplain, shade of alders, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 347844; Barcode: WTU-V-000091
P. F. Zika 16587    22 Sep 2001
Isotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003..
45. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
Database ID
25816 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347844 
Barcode
WTU-V-000091 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay.
    Remarks: Isotype. 
Type Notes
Isotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003..  
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16587 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
California 
County
San Bernardino 
Locality
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains. 
Elevation
3674 ft. 
Coordinates
34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10 
Site Description
Sandy and rocky floodplain, shade of alders, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Juncaceae
46. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
S end of interior of Spencer Island, Steamboat Slough.
Elev. 3 ft. 47° 59.5' N, 122° 9.5' W; T29N R5E S22.
Upper edge of mud flats, fresh water intertidal, with Eleocharis palustris, Lythrum salicaria, Leersia oryzoides. Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheath pale and split to base, tepals appressed. SHEET 1 OF 2. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352850
P. F. Zika 17872    16 Sep 2002
46. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
26047 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352850 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
17872 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Sep 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
S end of interior of Spencer Island, Steamboat Slough. 
Elevation
3 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 59.5' N, 122° 9.5' W; T29N R5E S22 
Site Description
Upper edge of mud flats, fresh water intertidal, with Eleocharis palustris, Lythrum salicaria, Leersia oryzoides. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheath pale and split to base, tepals appressed. SHEET 1 OF 2. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
47. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
S end of interior of Spencer Island, Steamboat Slough.
Elev. 3 ft. 47° 59.5' N, 122° 9.5' W; T29N R5E S22.
Upper edge of mud flats, fresh water intertidal, with Eleocharis palustris, Lythrum salicaria, Leersia oryzoides. Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheath pale and split to base, tepals appressed. SHEET 2 OF 2. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352851
P. F. Zika 17872    16 Sep 2002
47. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
26048 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352851 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
17872 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Sep 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
S end of interior of Spencer Island, Steamboat Slough. 
Elevation
3 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 59.5' N, 122° 9.5' W; T29N R5E S22 
Site Description
Upper edge of mud flats, fresh water intertidal, with Eleocharis palustris, Lythrum salicaria, Leersia oryzoides. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheath pale and split to base, tepals appressed. SHEET 2 OF 2. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
48. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
.1 mile south of Willapa lake road near powerlines and I-5.
T40N R1E S36. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by John Bassett. Coordinate Source: Nat. Geog. TOPO!.
In abandoned cranberry crop fields, now overgrown with Salix hookeriana, Betula pendula. Dominant. cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352849
P. F. Zika 17840    12 Sep 2002
48. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
26049 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352849 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
17840 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Sep 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
.1 mile south of Willapa lake road near powerlines and I-5. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T40N R1E S36 
Site Description
In abandoned cranberry crop fields, now overgrown with Salix hookeriana, Betula pendula. 
Specimen Notes
Dominant. cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
49. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
West shore of Aldwell Reservoir, Elwha River, north of Route 101.
Elev. 262 ft. 48° 4.4' N, 123° 34.9' W; T30N R7W S22.
With Phalaris arundinacea, Lonicera involucrata, Salix sitchensis, Carex obnupta, partial shade. Cespitose shade form, fresh upper stem shiny and smooth, upper and lower sheath dark, sheath center green, lax. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 352821
P. F. Zika 16606    27 Sep 2001
49. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
26051 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352821 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16606 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
West shore of Aldwell Reservoir, Elwha River, north of Route 101. 
Elevation
262 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 4.4' N, 123° 34.9' W; T30N R7W S22 
Site Description
With Phalaris arundinacea, Lonicera involucrata, Salix sitchensis, Carex obnupta, partial shade. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose shade form, fresh upper stem shiny and smooth, upper and lower sheath dark, sheath center green, lax. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
50. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
     (= Juncus laccatus Zika)
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
South side of Marine Drive, Port Angeles Harbor, Port Angeles.
Elev. 10 ft. 48° 7' 36" N, 123° 27' 24" W.
Damp shore with Aster occidentalis, Alnus rubra, full sun. Cespitose, sheaths shiny dark brown, fresh upper stem shiny and smooth medium-dark green, erect. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 352820
P. F. Zika 16608    27 Sep 2001
50. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
Database ID
26057 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352820 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook. 
Accepted Name
Juncus laccatus Zika 
Annotation History
2. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16608 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
South side of Marine Drive, Port Angeles Harbor, Port Angeles. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 7' 36" N, 123° 27' 24" W 
Site Description
Damp shore with Aster occidentalis, Alnus rubra, full sun. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, sheaths shiny dark brown, fresh upper stem shiny and smooth medium-dark green, erect. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
51. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Ross Lake National Recreation Area; West shore of Ross Lake at Big Beaver Campground, 0.3 km east of mouth of Big Beaver Creek.
Elev. 1604 ft. 48° 46.5' N, 121° 3.5' W; UTM Zone 10, 642658.012E, 5404043.482N; T38N R13E S13. Coordinate Source: Field notes. UTM calculated from Lat-Lon.
Edge of lake, with Carex lenticularis, Phalaris arundinacea, Rubus ursinus. Plants cespitose, sheaths green, upper stems smooth and shiny when fresh; scattered along shore at high water mark. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 354457
NPS accession 632, catalog 24024
P. F. Zika 17019    14 Jul 2002
51. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
26992 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
354457 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 632, catalog 24024 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
17019 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jul 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Ross Lake National Recreation Area; West shore of Ross Lake at Big Beaver Campground, 0.3 km east of mouth of Big Beaver Creek. 
Elevation
1604 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 46.5' N, 121° 3.5' W; UTM Zone 10, 642658.012E, 5404043.482N; T38N R13E S13 
Site Description
Edge of lake, with Carex lenticularis, Phalaris arundinacea, Rubus ursinus. 
Specimen Notes
Plants cespitose, sheaths green, upper stems smooth and shiny when fresh; scattered along shore at high water mark. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
52. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
U.S.A., California, San Bernardino County:
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains.
Elev. 3674 ft. 34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10.
Sandy and rocky floodplain, shade of alders, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 347843; Barcode: WTU-V-000092
P. F. Zika 16587    22 Sep 2001
Isotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003. .
52. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
Database ID
27872 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347843 
Barcode
WTU-V-000092 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay.
    Remarks: Isotype. 
Type Notes
Isotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003. .  
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16587 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
California 
County
San Bernardino 
Locality
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains. 
Elevation
3674 ft. 
Coordinates
34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10 
Site Description
Sandy and rocky floodplain, shade of alders, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Juncaceae
53. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
U.S.A., California, San Bernardino County:
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains.
Elev. 3674 ft. 34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10.
Sandy and rocky floodplain, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 347845; Barcode: WTU-V-000090
P. F. Zika 16587    22 Sep 2001
Holotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003..
53. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay
Database ID
27874 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
347845 
Barcode
WTU-V-000090 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Zika 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay.
    Remarks: Holotype. 
Type Notes
Holotype, Juncus effusus L. ssp. austrocalifornicus Lint ex Mackay. Brittonia 55(2): 152. 2003..  
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16587 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
California 
County
San Bernardino 
Locality
Miller Canyon, East Fork of West Fork Mojave River, below Route 138, San Bernardino Mountains. 
Elevation
3674 ft. 
Coordinates
34° 16' N, 117° 17' W; T2N R4W S10 
Site Description
Sandy and rocky floodplain, with Rubus ursinus, Scirpus microcarpus, Eleocharis, Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, sheaths pale brown or green, darker at base, stems smooth and shiny above when fresh, clumps to 25 centimeters wide. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Juncaceae
54. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Mouth of Ellsworth Creek on south bank of Naselle River mouth. Entrance to Yellow Gate Road.
Elev. 0 ft. 46° 25.6' N, 123° 53.675' W; T11N R10W S22.
Estuary with gravel road on fill; dominants are Carex lyngbyei, Deschampsia cespitosa, and Potentilla pacifica. Cespitose; occassional; sheaths pale. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 357530
P. F. Zika 18938    4 Sep 2003
with David Giblin, Sharon Rodman and 2 TNC volunteers
54. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
28188 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357530 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by Scott Anderson, 19 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18938 
Other Collectors
David Giblin, Sharon Rodman and 2 TNC volunteers 
Date Collected
4 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Mouth of Ellsworth Creek on south bank of Naselle River mouth. Entrance to Yellow Gate Road. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 25.6' N, 123° 53.675' W; T11N R10W S22 
Site Description
Estuary with gravel road on fill; dominants are Carex lyngbyei, Deschampsia cespitosa, and Potentilla pacifica. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose; occassional; sheaths pale. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
55. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ined.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve, East end. South bank of Naselle River mouth, at mouth of Ellsworth Creek.
Elev. 0 ft. 46° 25.4' N, 123° 52.7' W; T11N R10W S23.
Gravel road through estuary and fresh water marshy pool. Cespitose; tepals appressed; large and abundant above gresh water marsh; grazed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 357532
P. F. Zika 18962    4 Sep 2003
with David Giblin, Sharon Rodman and 2 TNC volunteers
55. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ined.
Database ID
28191 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357532 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ined. 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie ined. 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie ined.
    Annotated by Wendy Gibble, 7 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18962 
Other Collectors
David Giblin, Sharon Rodman and 2 TNC volunteers 
Date Collected
4 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve, East end. South bank of Naselle River mouth, at mouth of Ellsworth Creek. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 25.4' N, 123° 52.7' W; T11N R10W S23 
Site Description
Gravel road through estuary and fresh water marshy pool. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose; tepals appressed; large and abundant above gresh water marsh; grazed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
56. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve, 5 miles northwest of Naselle along upper Ellsworth Creek.
Elev. 180 ft. 46° 22' 59.8" N, 123° 52' 44.3" W.
Old growth forest on east side and young second growth on west side; with Picea sitchensis, Tsuga heterophylla, and Alnus rubra; over sandstone bedrock. Growing along creek. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 357505
Ben Legler 464    31 May 2003
56. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
28195 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357505 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by Wendy Gibble, 13 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
464 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve, 5 miles northwest of Naselle along upper Ellsworth Creek. 
Elevation
180 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 22' 59.8" N, 123° 52' 44.3" W 
Site Description
Old growth forest on east side and young second growth on west side; with Picea sitchensis, Tsuga heterophylla, and Alnus rubra; over sandstone bedrock. 
Specimen Notes
Growing along creek. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
57. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve along upper estuary of Ellsworth Creek.
Elev. 10 ft. 46° 24' 41.1" N, 123° 53' 8.6" W.
Open graminiferous prairie along Ellsworth Creek estuary with Juncus species. Abundant; upland portion of estuary. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 357506
Ken Davis 03-95    4 Sep 2003
57. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
28196 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357506 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by Wendy Gibble, 7 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ken Davis 
Collection #
03-95 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve along upper estuary of Ellsworth Creek. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 24' 41.1" N, 123° 53' 8.6" W 
Site Description
Open graminiferous prairie along Ellsworth Creek estuary with Juncus species. 
Specimen Notes
Abundant; upland portion of estuary. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
58. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Entrance to Yellow Gate Road.
Elev. 3 ft. 46° 25.6' N, 123° 53.675' W.
Estuary with gravel road through it; dominant species include Carex obnupta, Carex lyngbei, and Holcus lanatus. Common. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 357512
Marianne Spahr 03-28    9 Jul 2003
58. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
28202 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357512 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by Wendy Gibble, 7 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Marianne Spahr 
Collection #
03-28 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jul 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Entrance to Yellow Gate Road. 
Elevation
3 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 25.6' N, 123° 53.675' W 
Site Description
Estuary with gravel road through it; dominant species include Carex obnupta, Carex lyngbei, and Holcus lanatus. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
59. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cedar River Watershed. West Wetland - Morse Creek.
Elev. 1610 ft. 47° 21.781' N, 121° 40.005' W.
Wetland; open. Associated species: Ledum, Alnus, Lonicera. Heavily rhizomatous. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 362491
Dean Dougherty KDD-9    22 Jun 2002
with Kristy Berg, David Giblin
59. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
35132 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
362491 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus balticus Willd.
    Annotated by Clayton J. Antieau, 14 2005. Sources: H&C.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2011. Remarks: At the University of Washington.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dean Dougherty 
Collection #
KDD-9 
Other Collectors
Kristy Berg, David Giblin 
Date Collected
22 Jun 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cedar River Watershed. West Wetland - Morse Creek. 
Elevation
1610 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 21.781' N, 121° 40.005' W 
Site Description
Wetland; open. Associated species: Ledum, Alnus, Lonicera. 
Specimen Notes
Heavily rhizomatous. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
60. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cedar River Watershed.
Elev. 2200 ft. T21N R10E S4. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Forest clearing in alder thicket. Vegetation- Alnus, Blechnum, Rubes, Abies. Strongly rhizomatous; in wet seep. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 364639
David Giblin 02-8    12 Jul 2002
with Nancy Job
60. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
37151 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
364639 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus balticus Willd.
    Annotated by Clayton J. Antieau, 14 2005. Sources: H&C.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2014. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
02-8 
Other Collectors
Nancy Job 
Date Collected
12 Jul 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cedar River Watershed. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
T21N R10E S4 
Site Description
Forest clearing in alder thicket. Vegetation- Alnus, Blechnum, Rubes, Abies. 
Specimen Notes
Strongly rhizomatous; in wet seep. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
61. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Vancouver Island, Tsolum River about one mile north of Courtenay.
Common along gravelly river bank. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 236939
J. A. Calder 32146    4 Aug 1961
with K. T. MacKay
61. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49402 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
236939 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg. ?.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 23 1968.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov., var. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
32146 
Other Collectors
K. T. MacKay 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Vancouver Island, Tsolum River about one mile north of Courtenay. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Common along gravelly river bank. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
62. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Kings Lake, 1 mile west of Boyle Lake, northeast of Snoqualmie Falls.
Elev. 951 ft. T24N R8E. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
In wet patches near lake with Rynchospora alba. Perennial; flowers green. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 261032
G. Lebednik 374    16 Jul 1973
62. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49418 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
261032 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. Lebednik 
Collection #
374 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Jul 1973 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Kings Lake, 1 mile west of Boyle Lake, northeast of Snoqualmie Falls. 
Elevation
951 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R8E 
Site Description
In wet patches near lake with Rynchospora alba. 
Specimen Notes
Perennial; flowers green. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
63. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
N 100th & Meridian Ave., Seattle.
47.701667°, -122.338889°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 300 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
In a ditch. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 292131
Walter J. Eyerdam 1627    16 Nov 1941
63. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49461 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
292131 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus balticus Willd.
    Annotated by W.J.E..
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2006. Remarks: WTU 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
1627 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Nov 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
N 100th & Meridian Ave., Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.701667°, -122.338889° 
Site Description
In a ditch. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
64. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
South end of 72nd Street, city of Delta, south of Fraser River.
Elev. 6 ft.
In cranberry field, with Viola lanceolata, Trifolium hybridum. Cespitose; weed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 342555
P. F. Zika 14396    23 Sep 1999
64. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49495 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342555 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
14396 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Sep 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
South end of 72nd Street, city of Delta, south of Fraser River. 
Elevation
6 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
In cranberry field, with Viola lanceolata, Trifolium hybridum. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose; weed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
65. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Queen Charlotte Island. Moresby Island. Along road between Sandspit and Alliford Bay.
In logged-over area back from beach; disturbed area. Common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 242602
J. A. Calder 23241    5 Aug 1957
with D. B. O. Savile, R. L. Taylor
65. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49499 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
242602 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. brunneus Engelm.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov., var. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
23241 
Other Collectors
D. B. O. Savile, R. L. Taylor 
Date Collected
5 Aug 1957 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Queen Charlotte Island. Moresby Island. Along road between Sandspit and Alliford Bay. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
In logged-over area back from beach; disturbed area. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
66. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Alaska
Petersburg Quad: Wrangell Island, northwest area, 8.5 miles south of Wrangell, Pats Lake.
56° 21' 1" N, 132° 20' 13" W.
At lake margin. Emergent; one meter tall. ALA V115726. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 348187
M. C. Stensvold 5847    21 Jul 1993
66. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49505 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
348187 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by C. L. Parker, 1993.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. C. Stensvold 
Collection #
5847 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jul 1993 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Petersburg Quad: Wrangell Island, northwest area, 8.5 miles south of Wrangell, Pats Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
56° 21' 1" N, 132° 20' 13" W 
Site Description
At lake margin. 
Specimen Notes
Emergent; one meter tall. ALA V115726. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
67. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Yakima County:
Yakima. Between Arboretum Road and west side of Yakima River.
Elev. 1050 ft. 46° 35.4' N, 120° 28.3' W; T13N R19E S29.
Sunny pondshore, with Lythrum salicaria, Phalaris arundinacea, Juncus effusus subsp. solutus, and J. balticus. Upper stem smooth and shiny, upper sheath margin darkened, some spreading tepals; cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352920
P. F. Zika 18094    14 Oct 2002
67. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49514 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352920 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18094 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Oct 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Yakima 
Locality
Yakima. Between Arboretum Road and west side of Yakima River. 
Elevation
1050 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 35.4' N, 120° 28.3' W; T13N R19E S29 
Site Description
Sunny pondshore, with Lythrum salicaria, Phalaris arundinacea, Juncus effusus subsp. solutus, and J. balticus. 
Specimen Notes
Upper stem smooth and shiny, upper sheath margin darkened, some spreading tepals; cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
68. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Oregon, Hood River County:
Odell.
Elev. 721 ft. 45° 37.8' N, 121° 32.7' W.
On rocky shores of artificial pond, with Populus balsamifera. Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheaths green, margins dark; common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352996
Peter F. Zika 18325    6 May 2003
68. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49519 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352996 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
18325 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Hood River 
Locality
Odell. 
Elevation
721 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 37.8' N, 121° 32.7' W 
Site Description
On rocky shores of artificial pond, with Populus balsamifera. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, upper stem shiny and smooth, sheaths green, margins dark; common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
69. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Idaho, Boise County:
Boise National Forest, Forest Service Road 384, Crooked River Trail.
Elev. 4880 ft. 43° 55.043' N, 115° 35.572' W; T7N R7E S26.
Dry hillside along river with seeps, Salix, Alnus, Cornus along river, Pinus ponderosa, Pinus contorta, Pseudotsuga, Spiraea along hillsides; soil sandy, rocky, granite. Growing in clumps. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352762
J. F. Smith 4055    19 Aug 2001
69. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49523 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352762 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus interior Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. F. Smith 
Collection #
4055 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Boise 
Locality
Boise National Forest, Forest Service Road 384, Crooked River Trail. 
Elevation
4880 ft. 
Coordinates
43° 55.043' N, 115° 35.572' W; T7N R7E S26 
Site Description
Dry hillside along river with seeps, Salix, Alnus, Cornus along river, Pinus ponderosa, Pinus contorta, Pseudotsuga, Spiraea along hillsides; soil sandy, rocky, granite. 
Specimen Notes
Growing in clumps. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
70. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island.
Elev. 33 ft. T36N R3W S28. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 13000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Seasonally moist ground, under Picea sitchensis, with Carex obnupta. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336875
P. F. Zika 13525B    8 Aug 1998
70. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49526 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336875 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 1998.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13525B 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island. 
Elevation
33 ft. 
Coordinates
T36N R3W S28 
Site Description
Seasonally moist ground, under Picea sitchensis, with Carex obnupta. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
71. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Mineral Point, northeast side of San Juan Island.
Elev. 32 ft. T36N R3W S28. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 250 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Moist ground, under Picea sitchensis, Alnus rubra, with Carex obnupta, Phalaris, Potentilla pacifica. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 337144
P. F. Zika 13525A    8 Aug 1998
71. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49531 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337144 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 1998.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13525A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Mineral Point, northeast side of San Juan Island. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
T36N R3W S28 
Site Description
Moist ground, under Picea sitchensis, Alnus rubra, with Carex obnupta, Phalaris, Potentilla pacifica. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
72. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Route 16, Yellowhead Highway, 4 air kilometers southeast of Port Clements. Graham Island, Queen Charlotte Islands.
Elev. 49 ft. 53° 40' N, 132° 10' W.
Sunny wet ditch, with Juncus falcatus, Equisetum arvense, Ranunculus flammula. Cespitose. In pencil: ? hybrid x hesp?. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336469
P. F. Zika 13560    6 Sep 1998
72. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49547 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336469 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13560 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Route 16, Yellowhead Highway, 4 air kilometers southeast of Port Clements. Graham Island, Queen Charlotte Islands. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
53° 40' N, 132° 10' W 
Site Description
Sunny wet ditch, with Juncus falcatus, Equisetum arvense, Ranunculus flammula. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. In pencil: ? hybrid x hesp?. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
73. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Alaska
Kodiak Island. Olga Bay. Cannery Station, near Akalura Cabin.
T35S R31W S9. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
Valley tundra. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 314035
Ethel H. Looff 164    11 Jul 1981
with Henry B. Looff
73. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49548 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
314035 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ethel H. Looff 
Collection #
164 
Other Collectors
Henry B. Looff 
Date Collected
11 Jul 1981 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Kodiak Island. Olga Bay. Cannery Station, near Akalura Cabin. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T35S R31W S9 
Site Description
Valley tundra. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
74. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Montana, Ravalli County:
Bitterroot Mountains. Ditch below Highway 93 - near Bass Creek inlet.
Elev. 3250 ft.
In heavy shade of alderbrush - ditch below. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 272565
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 7116    27 Sep 1976
74. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49549 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
272565 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus ?.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2014. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 
Collection #
7116 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Sep 1976 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Ravalli 
Locality
Bitterroot Mountains. Ditch below Highway 93 - near Bass Creek inlet. 
Elevation
3250 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
In heavy shade of alderbrush - ditch below. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
75. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Queen Charlotte Islands. Northeast Graham Island. McIntyre Bay, 0.5 kilometers west of Agate Beach Campground.
Elev. 32 ft. 54° 4.3' N, 131° 48.9' W.
Wet roadsides, near shore; shade of Picea sitchensis, with Juncus articulatus. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336498
P. F. Zika 13555    5 Sep 1998
75. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49550 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336498 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13555 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Queen Charlotte Islands. Northeast Graham Island. McIntyre Bay, 0.5 kilometers west of Agate Beach Campground. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 4.3' N, 131° 48.9' W 
Site Description
Wet roadsides, near shore; shade of Picea sitchensis, with Juncus articulatus. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
76. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Roaside by shore of Runnell Sound, Graham Island, 4 air kilometers northwest of Mount Parrish, Queen Charlotte Islands.
Elev. 16 ft. 54° 20.4' N, 132° 25' W.
Moist, partly shaded disturbed ground, under Thuja plicata Alnus rubra, Picea sitchensis, Tsuga heterophylla; roadside. Cespitose, culms firm or soft. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336477
P. F. Zika 13568    7 Sep 1998
76. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49551 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336477 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13568 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Roaside by shore of Runnell Sound, Graham Island, 4 air kilometers northwest of Mount Parrish, Queen Charlotte Islands. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 20.4' N, 132° 25' W 
Site Description
Moist, partly shaded disturbed ground, under Thuja plicata Alnus rubra, Picea sitchensis, Tsuga heterophylla; roadside. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, culms firm or soft. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
77. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Idaho, Kootenai County:
Medicine Lake, south of Medimont Fire Guard Station.
47.46667°, -116.58472°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 299782
N. R. Chupp 6    17 Jul 1954
77. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49553 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
299782 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
N. R. Chupp 
Collection #
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Jul 1954 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Kootenai 
Locality
Medicine Lake, south of Medimont Fire Guard Station. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.46667°, -116.58472° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
78. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Idaho, Clearwater County:
Beaver Creek on North Fork.
Elev. 1600 ft. 46.841621°, -115.621399°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Streambottom, Thuja climax; associates: Juncus ensifolius, Juncus phyllus, Alnus rubra; wet alluvium; slope 2%; exposure north. Only other report near Caldwell (Davis) in Idaho. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 257725
R. W. Steele 6950    21 Jul 1969
78. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49554 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
257725 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. ensifolius Fern & Weig.
    Annotated by R. W. Steele, 21 1969.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. ensifolius Fern & Weig.
    Annotated by W. H. Baker.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. ensifolius Fern & Weig.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock, 1973.
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. W. Steele 
Collection #
6950 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jul 1969 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Clearwater 
Locality
Beaver Creek on North Fork. 
Elevation
1600 ft. 
Coordinates
46.841621°, -115.621399° 
Site Description
Streambottom, Thuja climax; associates: Juncus ensifolius, Juncus phyllus, Alnus rubra; wet alluvium; slope 2%; exposure north. 
Specimen Notes
Only other report near Caldwell (Davis) in Idaho. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
79. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Idaho, Boise County:
3 miles south of Idaho City.
43.785157°, -115.83361°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In small pool in dredged land. Stamens 3. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 93702
C. L. Hitchcock 9965    15 Jul 1944
with C. V. Muhlick
79. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49555 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
93702 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock, 1965.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
9965 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
15 Jul 1944 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Boise 
Locality
3 miles south of Idaho City. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.785157°, -115.83361° 
Site Description
In small pool in dredged land. 
Specimen Notes
Stamens 3. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
80. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Southwest coast of Vancouver Island, Port Renfrew, Renfrew Land District.
Elev. 65 ft.
Moist meadow, disturbed ground, with Holcus lanatus. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336867
P. F. Zika 13540    29 Aug 1998
80. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49556 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336867 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13540 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Southwest coast of Vancouver Island, Port Renfrew, Renfrew Land District. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Moist meadow, disturbed ground, with Holcus lanatus. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
81. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Juan de Fuca Marine Trail at Sombrio River suspension bridge, southwest coast of Vancouver Island; 10 air kilometers southeast of Port Renfrew; Renfrew Land District.
Elev. 49 ft.
Damp trailside, with Rubus spectabilis, Alnus rubra. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336872
P. F. Zika 13538    29 Aug 1998
81. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49557 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336872 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13538 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Juan de Fuca Marine Trail at Sombrio River suspension bridge, southwest coast of Vancouver Island; 10 air kilometers southeast of Port Renfrew; Renfrew Land District. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Damp trailside, with Rubus spectabilis, Alnus rubra. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
82. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Washout along Loss Creek, Route 14 bridge, southwest coast of Vancouver Island; 19 road kilometers southeast of Port Renfrew; Renfrew Land District.
Elev. 492 ft.
Damp ground, with Juncus bufonius, Equisetum hymale. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336870
P. F. Zika 13537    29 Aug 1998
82. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49558 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336870 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13537 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Washout along Loss Creek, Route 14 bridge, southwest coast of Vancouver Island; 19 road kilometers southeast of Port Renfrew; Renfrew Land District. 
Elevation
492 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Damp ground, with Juncus bufonius, Equisetum hymale. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
83. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Southwest end of Big Lake.
Elev. 65 ft. 48° 21.7' N, 122° 12.9' W; T33N R5E S7.
In 25 centimeters of water; full sun; marsh; with Typha latifolia, Spiraea douglasii. Cespitose, to 144.5 cm tall; split sheaths to 34.2 cm long; upper stem slightly shiny, smooth; tepals appressed; rare aquatic. SHEET 2 OF 2. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352654
Peter F. Zika 17606    23 Aug 2002
83. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49559 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352654 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
17606 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Southwest end of Big Lake. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 21.7' N, 122° 12.9' W; T33N R5E S7 
Site Description
In 25 centimeters of water; full sun; marsh; with Typha latifolia, Spiraea douglasii. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, to 144.5 cm tall; split sheaths to 34.2 cm long; upper stem slightly shiny, smooth; tepals appressed; rare aquatic. SHEET 2 OF 2. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
84. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Southwest end of Big Lake.
Elev. 65 ft. 48° 21.7' N, 122° 12.9' W; T33N R5E S7.
In 25 centimeters of water; full sun; marsh; with Typha latifolia, Spiraea douglasii. Cespitose, to 144.5 cm tall; split sheaths to 34.2 cm long; upper stem slightly shiny, smooth; tepals appressed; rare aquatic. SHEET 1 OF 2. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352659
Peter F. Zika 17606    23 Aug 2002
84. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49561 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352659 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
17606 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Southwest end of Big Lake. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 21.7' N, 122° 12.9' W; T33N R5E S7 
Site Description
In 25 centimeters of water; full sun; marsh; with Typha latifolia, Spiraea douglasii. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, to 144.5 cm tall; split sheaths to 34.2 cm long; upper stem slightly shiny, smooth; tepals appressed; rare aquatic. SHEET 1 OF 2. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
85. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Yakima County:
Between Arboretum Road and west side of Yakima River.
Elev. 1049 ft. 46° 35.4' N, 120° 28.3' W; T13N R19E S29.
Sunny pondshore, with Lythrum salicaria, Phalaris arundinacea, Juncus effusus subsp. effusus, J. balticus. Upper stem smooth and shiny; upper sheath margin not darkened, mature sheaths split to base; tepals appressed; cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 353015
Peter F. Zika 18095    14 Oct 2002
85. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49562 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
353015 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
18095 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Oct 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Yakima 
Locality
Between Arboretum Road and west side of Yakima River. 
Elevation
1049 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 35.4' N, 120° 28.3' W; T13N R19E S29 
Site Description
Sunny pondshore, with Lythrum salicaria, Phalaris arundinacea, Juncus effusus subsp. effusus, J. balticus. 
Specimen Notes
Upper stem smooth and shiny; upper sheath margin not darkened, mature sheaths split to base; tepals appressed; cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
86. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
North side of NE 219th Street, near NE 10th Avenue.
Elev. 295 ft. 45° 46.8' N, 122° 39.6' W; T4N R1E S35.
Abandoned pasture that floods in winter, with Cornus sericeus, Fraxinus latifolius, Juncus hesperius, J. patens, J. laccatus. Cespitose, upper stems shiny, smooth; sheaths split to base, pale, apex symmetrical; occasional. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 352660
Peter F. Zika 17791    10 Sep 2002
86. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49563 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352660 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
17791 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
North side of NE 219th Street, near NE 10th Avenue. 
Elevation
295 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 46.8' N, 122° 39.6' W; T4N R1E S35 
Site Description
Abandoned pasture that floods in winter, with Cornus sericeus, Fraxinus latifolius, Juncus hesperius, J. patens, J. laccatus. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, upper stems shiny, smooth; sheaths split to base, pale, apex symmetrical; occasional. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
87. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Northwest shore of Silver Lake; northeast of Pete Moore Island, near milepost 6; south of Route 504.
Elev. 485 ft. 46° 18' N, 122° 49' W; T9N R1W S4.
Muddy shore of lake; with Potentilla palustris, Veronica scutellata. Cespitose; upper stem shiny and smooth when fresh; common adventive. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 355123
Peter F. Zika 19174    30 Sep 2003
87. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49564 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355123 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19174 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Northwest shore of Silver Lake; northeast of Pete Moore Island, near milepost 6; south of Route 504. 
Elevation
485 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 18' N, 122° 49' W; T9N R1W S4 
Site Description
Muddy shore of lake; with Potentilla palustris, Veronica scutellata. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose; upper stem shiny and smooth when fresh; common adventive. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
88. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Solo Slough, Mount Solo Road, 100 meters north of junction with Route 432.
Elev. 32 ft. 46° 9.8' N, 123° 1.5' W; T8N R3W S23.
Shore of nearly stagnant channel, with Ipatiens capensis, Phalaris arundinacea, Equisetum telmateia, Iris pseudacorus. Cespitose; smooth dull upper stems when fresh; sheath deeply split, pale brown above, dark purple below; tepals appressed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 355107
Peter F. Zika 19010    10 Sep 2003
88. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti
Database ID
49566 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355107 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hämet-Ahti 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. solutus (Fernald & Wiegand) Hänet-Ahti.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19010 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Solo Slough, Mount Solo Road, 100 meters north of junction with Route 432. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 9.8' N, 123° 1.5' W; T8N R3W S23 
Site Description
Shore of nearly stagnant channel, with Ipatiens capensis, Phalaris arundinacea, Equisetum telmateia, Iris pseudacorus. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose; smooth dull upper stems when fresh; sheath deeply split, pale brown above, dark purple below; tepals appressed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
89. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus × Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Near I-5; 2 kilometers southeast of the town of Castle Rock.
Elev. 98 ft. T9N R2W S14 SE 1/4 of SE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Moist rocky west-facing bank; with Holcus lanatus, Agrostis capillaris, Typha latifolia. Cespitose, tepals and branches erect; roadside weed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 337349
P. F. Zika 13609    15 Sep 1998
89. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus × Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49676 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337349 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus × Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus × Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Remarks: Intermediate between var. effusus and var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus × Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika, 2002. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13609 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Sep 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Near I-5; 2 kilometers southeast of the town of Castle Rock. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
T9N R2W S14 SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 
Site Description
Moist rocky west-facing bank; with Holcus lanatus, Agrostis capillaris, Typha latifolia. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose, tepals and branches erect; roadside weed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
90. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle, Magnusson Park.
47.60639°, -122.33083°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Waste ground with tall grass. Common or Soft Rush. Bunched round stems with pointed tips; inflorescence at one side. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 328328
T. F. Johnson 241    20 Jun 1988
90. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint
Database ID
49752 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
328328 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint ?.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002. Remarks: Dark tepals.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint.
    Remarks: Illustrated by Linda Brooking in Brittonia 65: 140. 2013. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. F. Johnson 
Collection #
241 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1988 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle, Magnusson Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.60639°, -122.33083° 
Site Description
Waste ground with tall grass. 
Specimen Notes
Common or Soft Rush. Bunched round stems with pointed tips; inflorescence at one side. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
91. Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
South Seattle.
47.55°, -122.305°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 4000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Old bog. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 13885JWT
J. William Thompson 5203    15 Jul 1930
91. Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint
Database ID
49753 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
13885JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. gracilis Hook.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974. Remarks: Atypical of variety in the slender culm and light-colored sheath.
3. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie × Juncus hesperius (Piper) H.L. Lint.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
5203 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jul 1930 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
South Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.55°, -122.305° 
Site Description
Old bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
92. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
South side of Route 101, east of Port Angeles, near Morse Creek.
Elev. 164 ft. 48° 6.5' N, 123° 21.5' W; T30N R5W S8.
Shallow water in ditch, full sun, with Salix sitchensis, Juncus hesperius, J. ensifolius, Typha latifolia, Holcus lanatus. Relatively open inflorescence, but many in population with compact inflorescence (16603), cespitose, sheaths green. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 346908
Peter F. Zika 16604    27 Sep 2001
92. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49758 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
346908 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
16604 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Sep 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
South side of Route 101, east of Port Angeles, near Morse Creek. 
Elevation
164 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 6.5' N, 123° 21.5' W; T30N R5W S8 
Site Description
Shallow water in ditch, full sun, with Salix sitchensis, Juncus hesperius, J. ensifolius, Typha latifolia, Holcus lanatus. 
Specimen Notes
Relatively open inflorescence, but many in population with compact inflorescence (16603), cespitose, sheaths green. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
93. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Canada, British Columbia
Route 14, 0.4 road miles west of Gordons Beach, southwest coast of Vancouver Island, 6.3 road miles west of Whiffen Spit Road, Sooke Harbor vicinity, Otter Land District.
Elev. 98 ft.
Sunny damp ditch, with Picea sitchensis, Alnus rubra, Juncus ensifolius. Cespitose. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336837
P. F. Zika 13541    30 Aug 1998
93. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49759 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336837 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. effusus.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13541 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Aug 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Route 14, 0.4 road miles west of Gordons Beach, southwest coast of Vancouver Island, 6.3 road miles west of Whiffen Spit Road, Sooke Harbor vicinity, Otter Land District. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Sunny damp ditch, with Picea sitchensis, Alnus rubra, Juncus ensifolius. 
Specimen Notes
Cespitose. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
94. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
2 miles northwest of Stanwood.
48.261854°, -122.400173°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In bottom of ditch, 3 to 4 inches of water. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 138547
R. G. Jeffrey s.n.    22 Jun 1947
94. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49760 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
138547 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pugetensis Lint comb. nov., var. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. G. Jeffrey 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Jun 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
2 miles northwest of Stanwood. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.261854°, -122.400173° 
Site Description
In bottom of ditch, 3 to 4 inches of water. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
95. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Middle Nemah River, Willapa Hills.
Elev. 500 ft. T11N R9W S9. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Swampy area near river with Picea sitchensis and Alnus. Associated with Scirpus and other Juncus. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 305229
Cathy L. Maxwell 728    1 Sep 1984
95. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus
Database ID
49761 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
305229 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus  
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L. var. compactus Lejeune & Court.
2. Juncus effusus L. ssp. effusus.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cathy L. Maxwell 
Collection #
728 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 1984 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Middle Nemah River, Willapa Hills. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
T11N R9W S9 
Site Description
Swampy area near river with Picea sitchensis and Alnus. 
Specimen Notes
Associated with Scirpus and other Juncus. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
96. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Kirkland.
47.68167°, -122.2075°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On wet soil at side of abandoned railroad grade. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 4505
T. C. Frye s.n.    19 Nov 1907
96. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49763 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
4505 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by T. C. Frye.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by G. N. Jones.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
5. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. C. Frye 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Nov 1907 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Kirkland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.68167°, -122.2075° 
Site Description
On wet soil at side of abandoned railroad grade. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
97. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
West of Pearson S.H.
Elev. 400 ft. 47.71222°, -122.64306°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Dried pond. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 29509
I. C. Otis 1658    18 Jul 1929
97. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49767 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
29509 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 24 1968.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
4. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1658 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Jul 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
West of Pearson S.H. 
Elevation
400 ft. 
Coordinates
47.71222°, -122.64306° 
Site Description
Dried pond. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
98. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Between Corea and Scenic.
Elev. 2200 ft. 47.71167°, -121.15444°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 29580
I. C. Otis 1107    20 Aug 1921
98. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49769 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
29580 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
    Annotated by S. F. Blake.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 23 1968.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1107 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Aug 1921 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Between Corea and Scenic. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
47.71167°, -121.15444° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
99. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Seattle.
47.613617°, -122.310098°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 15750 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Herbarium, University of Washington Collected by C. V. Piper Presented by Young Naturalists' Society. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 4303
C. V. Piper 1029    23 Jun 1889
99. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49772 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
4303 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by G. N. Jones.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
    Annotated by S. H. Sohmer, 23 1968.
5. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika, 2001.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. V. Piper 
Collection #
1029 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jun 1889 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.613617°, -122.310098° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Herbarium, University of Washington Collected by C. V. Piper Presented by Young Naturalists' Society. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Juncaceae
100. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Along Puget Sound near Burton, Vashon Island.
47.38917°, -122.45944°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 13884JWT
Harold E. Helmrich 81    11 Aug 1932
100. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie
Database ID
49774 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
13884JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Juncaceae 
Name on Specimen
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie 
Accepted Name
Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fernald & Wiegand) Piper & Beattie 
Annotation History
1. Juncus effusus L.
2. Juncus effusus L.
3. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.
4. Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus comb. nov.
    Annotated by Harold Lint, 1974.
5. Juncus effusus L.
    Remarks: subsp. ? effusus or pacificus
6. Juncus effusus L. ssp. pacificus (Fern. & Weig.) Piper & Beattie.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2001. Remarks: Poor coll., lacks sheaths. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Harold E. Helmrich 
Collection #
81 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Aug 1932 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Along Puget Sound near Burton, Vashon Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.38917°, -122.45944° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tab-delimited Text File:
Download all 312 records as a tab-delimited text file. This file can be opened in Excel and viewed as a spreadsheet, or imported into a database or GIS software. Fields are delimited by a tab character, and not enclosed in quotes. The character encoding is UTF-8 and line endings are Windows-style (CR+LF).

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.