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Field Descriptions
98 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Ilex", Species = "aquifolium"
Aquifoliaceae
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Richard G. Olmstead's home garden.
Elev. 300 ft. T26N R4E S10. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 50 meters. Georeferenced by Richard Olmstead. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Garden. Male past flowering. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced. Cultivated.
WTU 397776
Richard G. Olmstead 00-05    4 Jun 2000
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
419 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
397776 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Richard G. Olmstead.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard G. Olmstead 
Collection #
00-05 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Richard G. Olmstead's home garden. 
Elevation
300 ft. 
Coordinates
T26N R4E S10 
Site Description
Garden. 
Specimen Notes
Male past flowering. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
Yes 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
2. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Upper wetland of Ellsworth Creek.
Elev. 21 ft. 46° 24.532' N, 123° 53.424' W.
At the edge of old logging road, 5-10 year old clearcut dominated by Tsuga, Picea, and Rubus. White flowers. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
Jessie Johanson 03-50    31 May 2003
2. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
503 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Thomas A. Dillhoff, 3 2003. Sources: Flora Europaea.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jessie Johanson 
Collection #
03-50 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Upper wetland of Ellsworth Creek. 
Elevation
21 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 24.532' N, 123° 53.424' W 
Site Description
At the edge of old logging road, 5-10 year old clearcut dominated by Tsuga, Picea, and Rubus. 
Specimen Notes
White flowers. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
3. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
North end of Lake Ozette.
Elev. 36 ft. T30N R15W S4 NW 1/4 of NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
With Pseudotsuga, Thuja, Alnus rubra. Naturalized weed in shade of trees. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 339396
P. F. Zika 14236    5 Sep 1999
3. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11803 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
339396 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
14236 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Sep 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
North end of Lake Ozette. 
Elevation
36 ft. 
Coordinates
T30N R15W S4 NW 1/4 of NE 1/4 
Site Description
With Pseudotsuga, Thuja, Alnus rubra. 
Specimen Notes
Naturalized weed in shade of trees. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
4. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Cranberry Road, ca. 0.5 miles north of county line.
Elev. 16 ft. T15N R11W S7. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Cultivated cranberry fields abandoned ca. 5 years ago, with Triglochin, Rumex acetosella. Scattered bird-sown weed to 0.5 meters tall, adventive in fields. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 342020
P. F. Zika 13806    15 Jun 1999
4. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11804 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342020 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13806 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jun 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Cranberry Road, ca. 0.5 miles north of county line. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
T15N R11W S7 
Site Description
Cultivated cranberry fields abandoned ca. 5 years ago, with Triglochin, Rumex acetosella. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered bird-sown weed to 0.5 meters tall, adventive in fields. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
5. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
NW shore of Bailey Peninsula, Seward Park, Lake Washington, 1 km SE of Ohlers Island, Seattle.
Elev. 26 ft. T24N R4E S23 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Forest edge, with Toxocodendron, Rubus discolor, Symphoricarpos albus, Pseudotsuga. Fruit red, occasional naturalized trees 3-6 meters tall, shaded or at forest edge. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 337592
P. F. Zika 13695    4 Dec 1998
5. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11805 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337592 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13695 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Dec 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
NW shore of Bailey Peninsula, Seward Park, Lake Washington, 1 km SE of Ohlers Island, Seattle. 
Elevation
26 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R4E S23 NE 1/4 
Site Description
Forest edge, with Toxocodendron, Rubus discolor, Symphoricarpos albus, Pseudotsuga. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit red, occasional naturalized trees 3-6 meters tall, shaded or at forest edge. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
6. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Yellow Island, north side.
48.593056°, -123.031944°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Woodland. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 333023
Eliza Habegger s.n.    17 Jun 1996
6. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11806 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
333023 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
3. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 1998.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Eliza Habegger 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Jun 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Yellow Island, north side. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.593056°, -123.031944° 
Site Description
Woodland. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
7. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Chuckanut Mountain, east of Windy Point in Samish Bay.
Elev. 450 ft. T36N R3E S16 S 1/2. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Sunny, steep southwest slopes. Male flowers white; growing with Pseudotsuga, Gaultheria, Polystichum, Rubus ursinus. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 342478
P. F. Zika 13760    26 May 1999
7. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11807 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342478 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13760 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 May 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Chuckanut Mountain, east of Windy Point in Samish Bay. 
Elevation
450 ft. 
Coordinates
T36N R3E S16 S 1/2 
Site Description
Sunny, steep southwest slopes. 
Specimen Notes
Male flowers white; growing with Pseudotsuga, Gaultheria, Polystichum, Rubus ursinus. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
8. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
0.5 miles north of Winters Lake.
Elev. 1640 ft. T28N R8E S16 SE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Closed canopy of 75 year old Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Tsuga heterophylla, Vaccinium parviflorum, Polystichum munitum, Athyrium, Gaultheria shallon. Scattered naturalized trees under Pseudotsuga canopy. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 337375
P. F. Zika 13674    25 Oct 1998
8. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11808 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337375 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13674 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Oct 1998 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
0.5 miles north of Winters Lake. 
Elevation
1640 ft. 
Coordinates
T28N R8E S16 SE 1/4 
Site Description
Closed canopy of 75 year old Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Tsuga heterophylla, Vaccinium parviflorum, Polystichum munitum, Athyrium, Gaultheria shallon. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered naturalized trees under Pseudotsuga canopy. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
9. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
West side of Lummi Island, south of Nugent Road, 4 air km northwest of Lummi Peak.
Elev. 66 ft. T37N R1E S15 SW 1/4. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Grazed woodlot, with Pseudotsuga, Thuja plicata. Fully naturalized weed trees, in deep shade of conifers. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 338897
P. F. Zika 13722    11 Mar 1999
9. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
11809 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
338897 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
13722 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Mar 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
West side of Lummi Island, south of Nugent Road, 4 air km northwest of Lummi Peak. 
Elevation
66 ft. 
Coordinates
T37N R1E S15 SW 1/4 
Site Description
Grazed woodlot, with Pseudotsuga, Thuja plicata. 
Specimen Notes
Fully naturalized weed trees, in deep shade of conifers. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
10. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Cedar River bridge at Barneston.
Elev. 1000 ft. 47° 23.33' 33" N, 121° 51.68' 51" W; T22N R7E S14.
Woods, riparian area, and roadside near bridge. 3 meters tall, in deep shade. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 350685
P. F. Zika 16014    26 May 2001
with Jeff Walker, David Kiefer, Kari Stices, Bill Winije
10. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
23553 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
350685 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Clayton J. Antieau, 28 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
16014 
Other Collectors
Jeff Walker, David Kiefer, Kari Stices, Bill Winije 
Date Collected
26 May 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cascade Mountains of Western Washington: Cedar River bridge at Barneston. 
Elevation
1000 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 23.33' 33" N, 121° 51.68' 51" W; T22N R7E S14 
Site Description
Woods, riparian area, and roadside near bridge. 
Specimen Notes
3 meters tall, in deep shade. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
11. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Wahkiakum County:
3 miles north of Oneida, along Deep River Valley Road 1/2 mile south of junction with Anderson Road.
Elev. 50 ft. 46° 20' 58.3" N, 123° 41' W.
Forested roadside with patches or Rubus discolor. Large shrub in dense blackberry thicket. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 354685
Ben Legler 560    1 Jun 2003
11. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
27044 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
354685 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
560 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Wahkiakum 
Locality
3 miles north of Oneida, along Deep River Valley Road 1/2 mile south of junction with Anderson Road. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 20' 58.3" N, 123° 41' W 
Site Description
Forested roadside with patches or Rubus discolor. 
Specimen Notes
Large shrub in dense blackberry thicket. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
12. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Whidbey Island, Ebey's Landing Nature Conservancy Preserve; adjacent to bluff trail along top of bluff.
Elev. 190 ft. 48.195°, -122.7125°. Datum: WGS 84. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Flowers staminate; in shady forest. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 357078
Jeff Walker 281    10 Sep 2004
12. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
27799 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357078 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 6 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jeff Walker 
Collection #
281 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Whidbey Island, Ebey's Landing Nature Conservancy Preserve; adjacent to bluff trail along top of bluff. 
Elevation
190 ft. 
Coordinates
48.195°, -122.7125° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Flowers staminate; in shady forest. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
13. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Tradition Plateau near Issaquah, at base of Tiger Mountain.
Elev. 480 ft. T24N R6E S36. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Growing with Thuja plicata (6" DBH), Tsuga heterophylla (DBH 18"), Pteridium aquilinum, Polystichum munitum, Vaccinium parvifolium, Berberis nervosa, Gaultheria shallon. Very few berries. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 359858
Weinmann 32    21 Dec 1996
13. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
35292 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
359858 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by F. Weinmann, 1996.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Weinmann 
Collection #
32 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Dec 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Tradition Plateau near Issaquah, at base of Tiger Mountain. 
Elevation
480 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R6E S36 
Site Description
Growing with Thuja plicata (6" DBH), Tsuga heterophylla (DBH 18"), Pteridium aquilinum, Polystichum munitum, Vaccinium parvifolium, Berberis nervosa, Gaultheria shallon. 
Specimen Notes
Very few berries. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
14. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near summit of Long View Peak, Cougar Mountain, circa 4 air miles southwest of Issaquah.
Elev. 1500 ft. T24N R5E S36. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In partial shade of Pseudotsuga, forest slope, with Sambucus, Polysitchum munitum. Fruit red, leaves wavy and shy above, 6 meterst tall, birdsown adventive. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 358864
P. F. Zika 15795    21 Mar 2001
with F. Weinmann, A. Weinmann
14. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
71443 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
358864 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
15795 
Other Collectors
F. Weinmann, A. Weinmann 
Date Collected
21 Mar 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near summit of Long View Peak, Cougar Mountain, circa 4 air miles southwest of Issaquah. 
Elevation
1500 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R5E S36 
Site Description
In partial shade of Pseudotsuga, forest slope, with Sambucus, Polysitchum munitum. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit red, leaves wavy and shy above, 6 meterst tall, birdsown adventive. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
15. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near shore of Lake Washington, north end of Mercer Island, Luther Burbank Park.
Elev. 32 ft. 47° 35.5' N, 122° 13.5' W; T24N R5E S6.
Near lake shore; with Crataegus monogyna. Adventive tree 5 meters tall, flowers male, white, 4 (5) sepals, 4 (5) stamens, anthers yellow, filaments white; common escape from cultivation. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 358909
Peter F. Zika 20430    10 Nov 2004
15. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
71469 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
358909 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20430 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Nov 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near shore of Lake Washington, north end of Mercer Island, Luther Burbank Park. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 35.5' N, 122° 13.5' W; T24N R5E S6 
Site Description
Near lake shore; with Crataegus monogyna. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive tree 5 meters tall, flowers male, white, 4 (5) sepals, 4 (5) stamens, anthers yellow, filaments white; common escape from cultivation. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
16. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Route 101, 5 air kilometers east northeast of Stoney Point, Willapa Bay, Stuart Slough.
Elev. 16 ft. 46° 41.2' N, 123° 52.3' W; T14N R10W S24.
Adventive evergreen trees, disturbed Picea sitchensis forest. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 359646
Peter F. Zika 20361    29 Sep 2004
16. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
72322 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
359646 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20361 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Sep 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Route 101, 5 air kilometers east northeast of Stoney Point, Willapa Bay, Stuart Slough. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 41.2' N, 123° 52.3' W; T14N R10W S24 
Site Description
Adventive evergreen trees, disturbed Picea sitchensis forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
17. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Thurston County:
Near B parking lot, campus of The Evergreen State College, circa 1.5 air miles south-southwest of Sunset Beach.
Elev. 213 ft. 47° 4.2' N, 122° 58.6' W; T18N R2W S6.
In shaded second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Berberis nervosa, Gaultheria shallon, Rhamnus purshianus. Adventive evergreen trees; leaves shiny; fruit shiny red, globose to slightly obovate, 9-12 x 8-11 mm wide; 3-4 sd/frt; seeds 6-8 x 3-5 mm wide; see 150 wild plants; occasional weed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 360855
Peter F. Zika 19324    25 Mar 2004
17. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
85375 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
360855 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19324 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Mar 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Thurston 
Locality
Near B parking lot, campus of The Evergreen State College, circa 1.5 air miles south-southwest of Sunset Beach. 
Elevation
213 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 4.2' N, 122° 58.6' W; T18N R2W S6 
Site Description
In shaded second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Berberis nervosa, Gaultheria shallon, Rhamnus purshianus. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive evergreen trees; leaves shiny; fruit shiny red, globose to slightly obovate, 9-12 x 8-11 mm wide; 3-4 sd/frt; seeds 6-8 x 3-5 mm wide; see 150 wild plants; occasional weed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
18. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Deer Creek Ravine at Woodway Park Road bridge, near north Deer Drive, Woodway.
Elev. 262 ft. T27N R3E S35. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
With Thuja, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus cornuta, Berberis nervosa, Polystichum munitum. Uncommon adventive evergreen trees 2-6m tall; leaves dark green, shiny; fruit shiny, bright red, broadly elliptic, 11-13 x 9.5-10.8 mm wide; 3.4 sd/frt; seed 8.2-10.2 x 3.1-4.4 mm wide; second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 361048
Peter F. Zika 19330    27 Mar 2004
18. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
85387 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361048 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19330 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Mar 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Deer Creek Ravine at Woodway Park Road bridge, near north Deer Drive, Woodway. 
Elevation
262 ft. 
Coordinates
T27N R3E S35 
Site Description
With Thuja, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus cornuta, Berberis nervosa, Polystichum munitum. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon adventive evergreen trees 2-6m tall; leaves dark green, shiny; fruit shiny, bright red, broadly elliptic, 11-13 x 9.5-10.8 mm wide; 3.4 sd/frt; seed 8.2-10.2 x 3.1-4.4 mm wide; second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
19. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Northeast side of Buck Lake, 3 air miles southeast of Foulweather Bluff, north end of Kitsap Peninsula.
Elev. 180 ft. 47° 54.7' N, 122° 33.4' W; T28N R3E S21.
Bushy margin of Typha marsh, with Holodiscus, Vaccinium ovatum. Adventive tree 3 meters tall, immature fruits green; shiny evergreen leaves; escape from cultivation. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 361109
Peter F. Zika 20155    9 Sep 2004
19. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
89306 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361109 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20155 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Sep 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Northeast side of Buck Lake, 3 air miles southeast of Foulweather Bluff, north end of Kitsap Peninsula. 
Elevation
180 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 54.7' N, 122° 33.4' W; T28N R3E S21 
Site Description
Bushy margin of Typha marsh, with Holodiscus, Vaccinium ovatum. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive tree 3 meters tall, immature fruits green; shiny evergreen leaves; escape from cultivation. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
20. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
South Indian Island Trail, southwest shore of Indian Island, Puget Sound.
Elev. 13 ft. 48° 1.8' N, 122° 43.5' W; T29N R1E S6.
Among native shrubs, with Arbutus, Lonicera hispidula, Pseudotsuga, Gaultheria, Holodiscus. Immature fruit yellow with orange blush; shiny evergreen leaves; 3 meter tall adventive. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 361110
P. F. Zika 20170    9 Sep 2004
with F. Weinmann
20. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
89308 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361110 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
20170 
Other Collectors
F. Weinmann 
Date Collected
9 Sep 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
South Indian Island Trail, southwest shore of Indian Island, Puget Sound. 
Elevation
13 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 1.8' N, 122° 43.5' W; T29N R1E S6 
Site Description
Among native shrubs, with Arbutus, Lonicera hispidula, Pseudotsuga, Gaultheria, Holodiscus. 
Specimen Notes
Immature fruit yellow with orange blush; shiny evergreen leaves; 3 meter tall adventive. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
21. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
1.4 Kilometers east of Route 101 on Willapa-Mondhan Loading Road, Raymond.
Elev. 17 ft. 46° 41.7' N, 123° 43' W; T14N R8W S18.
Fencerow thickets, with Malus fesca, M. domestica, Rhamnus purshiana, Rubus spectabilis. Subglobose orange-red fruit, 4 seeds/fruit; fruit 8-10 x 9-11 mm wide; 4 meter tall evergreen adventive shrub. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 361114
Peter F. Zika 20369    29 Sep 2004
21. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
89321 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361114 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20369 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Sep 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
1.4 Kilometers east of Route 101 on Willapa-Mondhan Loading Road, Raymond. 
Elevation
17 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 41.7' N, 123° 43' W; T14N R8W S18 
Site Description
Fencerow thickets, with Malus fesca, M. domestica, Rhamnus purshiana, Rubus spectabilis. 
Specimen Notes
Subglobose orange-red fruit, 4 seeds/fruit; fruit 8-10 x 9-11 mm wide; 4 meter tall evergreen adventive shrub. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
22. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Oakville, on hillside above the Chehalis River floodplain.
46.948083°, -123.626861°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Soil crumbly, red. Tree about 17 feet tall, growing under the canopy of Acer macrophyllum and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336901
Helen Engle s.n.    11 Oct 1996
22. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103054 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336901 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Helen Engle.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Helen Engle 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Oct 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Oakville, on hillside above the Chehalis River floodplain. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.948083°, -123.626861° 
Site Description
Soil crumbly, red. 
Specimen Notes
Tree about 17 feet tall, growing under the canopy of Acer macrophyllum and Pseudotsuga menziesii. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
23. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Oakville, on hillside above the Chehalis River floodplain.
46.948083°, -123.626861°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Soil crumbly, red. Tree formerly cut back, now bushy, 6-10 feet tall. New shoots sunburned black. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336903
Helen Engle s.n.    11 Oct 1996
23. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103067 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336903 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Helen Engle.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Helen Engle 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Oct 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Oakville, on hillside above the Chehalis River floodplain. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.948083°, -123.626861° 
Site Description
Soil crumbly, red. 
Specimen Notes
Tree formerly cut back, now bushy, 6-10 feet tall. New shoots sunburned black. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
24. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Northeast Squak mountain, near Issaquah. Section 9.
Elev. 1439 ft. 47.53028°, -122.03139°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In understory of typical second growth lowland Puget Sound Forest. Overstory: Tsuga heterophylla, Alnus rubra, Acer macrophyllum. Understory: Gaultheria shallon, Berberis nervosa, Dryopteris expansa, Polystichum munitum. Several small trees and seedlings of Ilex occurred in the general area; none showed evidence of having bloomed. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336899
Fred Weinmann n.s.    2 Nov 1996
24. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103070 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336899 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Fred Weinmann.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Fred Weinmann 
Collection #
n.s. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Nov 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Northeast Squak mountain, near Issaquah. Section 9. 
Elevation
1439 ft. 
Coordinates
47.53028°, -122.03139° 
Site Description
In understory of typical second growth lowland Puget Sound Forest. Overstory: Tsuga heterophylla, Alnus rubra, Acer macrophyllum. Understory: Gaultheria shallon, Berberis nervosa, Dryopteris expansa, Polystichum munitum. Several small trees and seedlings of Ilex occurred in the general area; none showed evidence of having bloomed. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
25. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
Camas High School, near NE 22nd Avenue and NE Garfield Street, Camas.
Elev. 229 ft. 45° 36' N, 122° 24' W; T1N R3E S2.
Associated with Alnus rubra, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Rubus armeniacus, Acer circinatum, Gaultheria shallon, Polystichum munitum, Hedera helix, by athletic fields. Evergreen adventive tree 7 meters tall; leaves shiny above, some not spiny; globose fruit on this tree eaten by American robins (Trudus migratorius); fruit bright red, 9-11 x 9-12 milimeters wide; 3-4 (-5) seeds per fruit; pedicels 5-10 milimeters; common weed in second growth woods above stream ravine, in partial shade. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 358229
P. Zika 19274    7 Feb 2004
25. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103083 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
358229 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. Zika 
Collection #
19274 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Feb 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
Camas High School, near NE 22nd Avenue and NE Garfield Street, Camas. 
Elevation
229 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 36' N, 122° 24' W; T1N R3E S2 
Site Description
Associated with Alnus rubra, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Rubus armeniacus, Acer circinatum, Gaultheria shallon, Polystichum munitum, Hedera helix, by athletic fields. 
Specimen Notes
Evergreen adventive tree 7 meters tall; leaves shiny above, some not spiny; globose fruit on this tree eaten by American robins (Trudus migratorius); fruit bright red, 9-11 x 9-12 milimeters wide; 3-4 (-5) seeds per fruit; pedicels 5-10 milimeters; common weed in second growth woods above stream ravine, in partial shade. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
26. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
15 miles, Pike Road, near East Sooke Regional Park, Sooke, Vancouver Island.
Naturalized weed in damp ground, associated with Alnus rubra, Carex obnupta. Red fruit, dark shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 342129
P. F. Zika 14784    1 Jan 2000
26. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103089 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342129 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
14784 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jan 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
15 miles, Pike Road, near East Sooke Regional Park, Sooke, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Naturalized weed in damp ground, associated with Alnus rubra, Carex obnupta. 
Specimen Notes
Red fruit, dark shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
27. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Clackamas County:
Near cemetery; West Mount Scott; southwest of Southeast Mount Scott Boulevard.
Elev. 688 ft. 45° 27.5' N, 122° 32.6' W.
North slope, second growth Alnus rubra and Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Thuja plicata, Oemleria, Vaccinium ovatum, Gaultheria shallon, Berberis nervosa. Occasional adventive, evergreen, trees 5 meters tall; globose red fruit. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 355684
Peter F. Zika 19277    12 Mar 2004
27. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103095 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355684 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19277 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Mar 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clackamas 
Locality
Near cemetery; West Mount Scott; southwest of Southeast Mount Scott Boulevard. 
Elevation
688 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 27.5' N, 122° 32.6' W 
Site Description
North slope, second growth Alnus rubra and Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Thuja plicata, Oemleria, Vaccinium ovatum, Gaultheria shallon, Berberis nervosa. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive, evergreen, trees 5 meters tall; globose red fruit. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
28. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
West of 112th Avenue, at SE Ogden Street, Portland.
Elev. 360 ft. 45° 28.3' N, 122° 32.8' W.
100s of wild individuals, dominating the understory of second growth forest of Thuja plicata, with Acer macrophyllum, Oemleria, Symphoricarpos albus. 2-8 meters tall adventive trees, leaves stiff, shiny, spiny, evergreen; shiny elliptical red fruit, 10-12 x 8-11 milimeters wide; 2-4 seeds per fruit; seeds 8-9 x 4-6 milimeters wide; 2-4 fruit per infl. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 355690
Peter F. Zika 19283    12 Mar 2004
28. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
103099 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355690 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19283 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Mar 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
West of 112th Avenue, at SE Ogden Street, Portland. 
Elevation
360 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 28.3' N, 122° 32.8' W 
Site Description
100s of wild individuals, dominating the understory of second growth forest of Thuja plicata, with Acer macrophyllum, Oemleria, Symphoricarpos albus. 
Specimen Notes
2-8 meters tall adventive trees, leaves stiff, shiny, spiny, evergreen; shiny elliptical red fruit, 10-12 x 8-11 milimeters wide; 2-4 seeds per fruit; seeds 8-9 x 4-6 milimeters wide; 2-4 fruit per infl. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
29. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
1.9 air miles north-northeast of Bryant, along logging road on private timber land.
Elev. 420 ft. 48° 15' 57" N, 122° 9' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 100 meters.
Mature second growth Pseudotsuga forest with recent clearcuts. Common but scattered shrubs 1-3 meters tall; berries bright red. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382363
Ben Legler 3121    25 Dec 2005
29. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
111769 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382363 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2005.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3121 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Dec 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
1.9 air miles north-northeast of Bryant, along logging road on private timber land. 
Elevation
420 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 15' 57" N, 122° 9' W 
Site Description
Mature second growth Pseudotsuga forest with recent clearcuts. 
Specimen Notes
Common but scattered shrubs 1-3 meters tall; berries bright red. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
30. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Near shores of Snake Lake, east of South Tyler Street, Tacoma.
Elev. 328 ft. 47° 14' N, 122° 29' W; T20N R2E S12.
Thickets and second growth forest, with Oemleria, Polystichum munitum, Rubus armeniacus, R. ursinus, Crataugus monogyna. West aspect, moderate slope. Fruits bright red, elliptic, 1-3 seed/fruit, seed 8-10 x 4-5 millimeters wide, leaves shiny, evergreen, adventive trees 3-6 meters tall, occasional. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 361897
Peter F. Zika 19292    22 Mar 2004
30. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
114562 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361897 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19292 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Mar 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Near shores of Snake Lake, east of South Tyler Street, Tacoma. 
Elevation
328 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 14' N, 122° 29' W; T20N R2E S12 
Site Description
Thickets and second growth forest, with Oemleria, Polystichum munitum, Rubus armeniacus, R. ursinus, Crataugus monogyna. West aspect, moderate slope. 
Specimen Notes
Fruits bright red, elliptic, 1-3 seed/fruit, seed 8-10 x 4-5 millimeters wide, leaves shiny, evergreen, adventive trees 3-6 meters tall, occasional. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
31. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
South side of Lake Terrell, near gravel road leading to small boat launch southeast of the main boat launch.
Elev. 226 ft. 48° 51' 24" N, 122° 41' 1" W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 50 meters.
Old abandoned farm or orchard land, now overgrown in deciduous forest, with Acer macrophyllum, Prunus avium, Ulmus spp. Single small tree ca. 4 meters tall in woods; berries red; leaves glossy dark green. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 362460
Ben Legler 3215    15 Apr 2006
31. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
125957 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
362460 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2006.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3215 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
South side of Lake Terrell, near gravel road leading to small boat launch southeast of the main boat launch. 
Elevation
226 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 51' 24" N, 122° 41' 1" W 
Site Description
Old abandoned farm or orchard land, now overgrown in deciduous forest, with Acer macrophyllum, Prunus avium, Ulmus spp. 
Specimen Notes
Single small tree ca. 4 meters tall in woods; berries red; leaves glossy dark green. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
32. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Near park and Northeast Izett Street, Northeast 4th Avenue; Oak Harbor, Whidbey Island.
Elev. 32 ft. 48° 18.1' N, 122° 38.7' W; T33N R1E S35.
Occasional evergreen adventive, disturbed forest, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Salix scouleriana, Holodiscus. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 363499
Peter F. Zika 19814    4 Jun 2004
32. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
152690 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363499 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19814 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Near park and Northeast Izett Street, Northeast 4th Avenue; Oak Harbor, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 18.1' N, 122° 38.7' W; T33N R1E S35 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Occasional evergreen adventive, disturbed forest, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Salix scouleriana, Holodiscus. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
33. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Columbia County:
East side of Multnomah Channel, Columbia River, Sauvie Island.
Elev. 26 ft. 45° 44.1' N, 122° 50.5' W; T3N R1W S17.
Adventive evergreen 1 m tall, riverbank, partial shade, with Populus balsamifera, Prunus avium, Rubus armeniacus. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 363498
Peter F. Zika 19350    12 Apr 2004
33. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
152691 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363498 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19350 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Apr 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Columbia 
Locality
East side of Multnomah Channel, Columbia River, Sauvie Island. 
Elevation
26 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 44.1' N, 122° 50.5' W; T3N R1W S17 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Adventive evergreen 1 m tall, riverbank, partial shade, with Populus balsamifera, Prunus avium, Rubus armeniacus. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
34. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Northwest side of McConnell Island back in from beach; off southwest side of Orcas Island.
Elev. 40 ft. 48° 35.844' N, 123° 1.382' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 8 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Shady understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii forest; mesic soil. Single seedling; no mature individuals seen. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 388725
Ben Legler 3406    30 May 2006
34. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
153766 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
388725 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 8 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3406 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Northwest side of McConnell Island back in from beach; off southwest side of Orcas Island. 
Elevation
40 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.844' N, 123° 1.382' W 
Site Description
Shady understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii forest; mesic soil. 
Specimen Notes
Single seedling; no mature individuals seen. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
35. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Southwest shore of Sammish Island; at access property for Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve.
Elev. 32 ft. 48° 34.553' N, 122° 32.504' W. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate Source: GPS.
South-facing forested bluff above beach, with Pseudotsuga, Arbutus, Symphoricarpos, Salix scouleriana. Small shrubs in understory. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 372522
Ben Legler 3287    5 May 2006
35. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155096 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
372522 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 9 2007. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3287 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Southwest shore of Sammish Island; at access property for Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 34.553' N, 122° 32.504' W 
Site Description
South-facing forested bluff above beach, with Pseudotsuga, Arbutus, Symphoricarpos, Salix scouleriana. 
Specimen Notes
Small shrubs in understory. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
36. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Saddlebag Island.
Elev. 17 ft. 48° 32.117' N, 122° 33.333' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
High island with rocky shoreline cliffs; Douglas fir/Madrone forests with Snowberry, Mahonia; forest and understory. Four meter tall tree; scattered across island. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 371720
Ben Legler 3366    23 May 2006
36. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155203 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
371720 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 11 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3366 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Saddlebag Island. 
Elevation
17 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32.117' N, 122° 33.333' W 
Site Description
High island with rocky shoreline cliffs; Douglas fir/Madrone forests with Snowberry, Mahonia; forest and understory. 
Specimen Notes
Four meter tall tree; scattered across island. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
37. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Bellingham. South slopes of Sehome Hill.
Elev. 328 ft. 48° 44' N, 122° 29' W; T38N R3E S31.
Thickets in deciduous forest , with Corylus cornuta, Symphoricarpos albus, Holodiscus discolor. Adventive evergreen trees 1-4 meters tall; leaves shiny; occasional. [Seeds in packet]. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 363576
Peter F. Zika 19818    5 Jun 2004
37. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155842 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363576 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19818 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Bellingham. South slopes of Sehome Hill. 
Elevation
328 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 44' N, 122° 29' W; T38N R3E S31 
Site Description
Thickets in deciduous forest , with Corylus cornuta, Symphoricarpos albus, Holodiscus discolor. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive evergreen trees 1-4 meters tall; leaves shiny; occasional. [Seeds in packet]. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
38. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Curry County:
West side of Route 101 near Coos County line.
Elev. 98 ft. 42° 57.2' N, 124° 26.3' W.
In dense thickets; with Picea sitchensis, Thuja plicata; partial shade. White flowers; shiny evergreen leaves; adventive trees. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 363577
Peter F. Zika 19623A    17 May 2004
38. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155843 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363577 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19623A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Curry 
Locality
West side of Route 101 near Coos County line. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
42° 57.2' N, 124° 26.3' W 
Site Description
In dense thickets; with Picea sitchensis, Thuja plicata; partial shade. 
Specimen Notes
White flowers; shiny evergreen leaves; adventive trees. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
39. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Benton County:
Between residential area and southeast side of Circle Boulevard, east slope of Witham Hill, Corvallis.
Elev. 320 ft. 44° 35.1' N, 123° 17.4' W; T11S R5W S27.
Mesic second-growth disturbed Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Corylus cornuta, Crataegus monogyna. Occasional adventive evergreen, shiny leaves. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 363578
Peter F. Zika 19584A    15 May 2004
39. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155844 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363578 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19584A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Benton 
Locality
Between residential area and southeast side of Circle Boulevard, east slope of Witham Hill, Corvallis. 
Elevation
320 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 35.1' N, 123° 17.4' W; T11S R5W S27 
Site Description
Mesic second-growth disturbed Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Corylus cornuta, Crataegus monogyna. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive evergreen, shiny leaves. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
40. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
Northwest end of Burnt Bridge Creek greenway, southwest of creek, city of Vancouver.
Elev. 49 ft. 45° 40.4' N, 122° 41.4' W; T2N R1E S9.
Mesic northeast slope, second growth forest with Acer macrophyllum, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tellima, Galium aparine. Occasional evergreen adventive trees 3 meters tall; white flowers, petals 6 millimeters long; inflorescence branched. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 363736
Peter F. Zika 19457    29 Apr 2004
40. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
155853 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
363736 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19457 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Apr 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
Northwest end of Burnt Bridge Creek greenway, southwest of creek, city of Vancouver. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 40.4' N, 122° 41.4' W; T2N R1E S9 
Site Description
Mesic northeast slope, second growth forest with Acer macrophyllum, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tellima, Galium aparine. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional evergreen adventive trees 3 meters tall; white flowers, petals 6 millimeters long; inflorescence branched. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
41. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
North side of Stillaguamish River 2.3 air miles west of Arlington, on private development land.
Elev. 40 ft. 48° 11' 26" N, 122° 10' 28" W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 100 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Riparian Populis balsamifera forest with understory dominated by Symphoricarpos albus; soil silty. Single shrub ca. 4 meters tall in understory; berries red. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
Ben Legler 3208    10 Mar 2006
41. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
156388 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3208 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Mar 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
North side of Stillaguamish River 2.3 air miles west of Arlington, on private development land. 
Elevation
40 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 11' 26" N, 122° 10' 28" W 
Site Description
Riparian Populis balsamifera forest with understory dominated by Symphoricarpos albus; soil silty. 
Specimen Notes
Single shrub ca. 4 meters tall in understory; berries red. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
42. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Second-growth forest east of Coupeville.
Elev. 200 ft. T32N R1E S33. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In second-growth forest. Other plants: Tsuga heterophylla, Polysticum munitum, Vaccinium ovatum, Alnus rubra. Fruit red; scattered. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 365166
Don Knoke 1006    11 Mar 2006
42. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
156757 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365166 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Don Knoke 
Collection #
1006 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Mar 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Second-growth forest east of Coupeville. 
Elevation
200 ft. 
Coordinates
T32N R1E S33 
Site Description
In second-growth forest. Other plants: Tsuga heterophylla, Polysticum munitum, Vaccinium ovatum, Alnus rubra. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit red; scattered. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
43. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Town of Alert Bay, west shore of Cormorant Island, southwest end of Queen Charlotte Strait, near north tip of Vancouver Island.
Elev. 32 ft. 50° 34.9' N, 126° 55.6' W.
Thickets and neglected hedges, with Rubus spectabilis, edge of forest. Adventive trees to 6 meters tall, wild seedlings occasional, seen wild in 6 localities around town; shiny evergreen leaves, fruit red, globose. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 365130
Peter F. Zika 22740    26 May 2006
43. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
156831 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365130 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22740 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Town of Alert Bay, west shore of Cormorant Island, southwest end of Queen Charlotte Strait, near north tip of Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
50° 34.9' N, 126° 55.6' W 
Site Description
Thickets and neglected hedges, with Rubus spectabilis, edge of forest. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive trees to 6 meters tall, wild seedlings occasional, seen wild in 6 localities around town; shiny evergreen leaves, fruit red, globose. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
44. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Coos County:
Near junction of South 1st Avenue and South Folsom Street; south end of Coquille.
Elev. 82 ft. 43° 10.4' N, 124° 10.9' W.
Disturbed second-growth Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Umbellularia, Alnus rubra, Rubus spectabilis. Occasional evergreen adventive trees to 5 meters tall; white flowers; leaves shiny. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 362296
Peter F. Zika 19619    17 May 2004
44. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
156981 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
362296 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19619 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Coos 
Locality
Near junction of South 1st Avenue and South Folsom Street; south end of Coquille. 
Elevation
82 ft. 
Coordinates
43° 10.4' N, 124° 10.9' W 
Site Description
Disturbed second-growth Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Umbellularia, Alnus rubra, Rubus spectabilis. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional evergreen adventive trees to 5 meters tall; white flowers; leaves shiny. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
45. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
East aspect over limestone, circa 0.5 miles south of Parker Park and Seyward Beach, east of Parker Avenue, Saanich, Vancouver Island.
Elev. 32 ft. 48° 31.8' N, 123° 21.9' W.
Partial shade with Rosa nutkana, Arbutus menziesii, Pseudotsuga menziesii. Evergreen, occasional adventives 1-3 meters tall. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 365442
Peter F. Zika 22708    15 Feb 2006
45. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
157331 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365442 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22708 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Feb 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
East aspect over limestone, circa 0.5 miles south of Parker Park and Seyward Beach, east of Parker Avenue, Saanich, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 31.8' N, 123° 21.9' W 
Site Description
Partial shade with Rosa nutkana, Arbutus menziesii, Pseudotsuga menziesii. 
Specimen Notes
Evergreen, occasional adventives 1-3 meters tall. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
46. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Vancouver Island. Northwest of Cattle Point, Oak Bay, near Beach Drive.
Elev. 98 ft. 48° 26.5' N, 123° 18' W.
With Quercus garryana and Symphoricarpos albus, Oemleria. Occasional adventive evergreen trees 2-6 meters tall, mostly staminate, thickets. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 365440
Peter F. Zika 22711    16 Feb 2006
with A. Ceska, O. Ceska
46. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
157371 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365440 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22711 
Other Collectors
A. Ceska, O. Ceska 
Date Collected
16 Feb 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Vancouver Island. Northwest of Cattle Point, Oak Bay, near Beach Drive. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26.5' N, 123° 18' W 
Site Description
With Quercus garryana and Symphoricarpos albus, Oemleria. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive evergreen trees 2-6 meters tall, mostly staminate, thickets. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
47. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Near Fort Rodd Hill, Ocean Boulevard, near Royal Roads University, Vancouver Island.
Elev. 65 ft. 48° 26' N, 123° 27.2' W.
Occasional, shaded in second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Polystichum munitum, Oemleria, Cotoneaster simonsii, Arbutus menziesii, Rubus armeniacus. Adventive evergreen trees to 5 meters tall, shiny leaves. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 365429
Peter F. Zika 22716    17 Feb 2006
47. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
157378 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365429 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22716 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Feb 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Near Fort Rodd Hill, Ocean Boulevard, near Royal Roads University, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26' N, 123° 27.2' W 
Site Description
Occasional, shaded in second growth Pseudotsuga menziesii, with Polystichum munitum, Oemleria, Cotoneaster simonsii, Arbutus menziesii, Rubus armeniacus. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive evergreen trees to 5 meters tall, shiny leaves. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
48. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Island in middle of south end of Cranberry Lake; ca. [circa] 2 miles southwest of Anacortes.
Elev. 306 ft. 48° 29.938' N, 122° 38.609' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Large sphagnum bog dominated by Pinus contorta, Ledum groenlandicum, Kalmia microphylla, Carex, Vaccinium oxycoccus. Seedling under Pinus contorta. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 376645
Ben Legler 3688    16 Oct 2006
with David Giblin
48. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
157470 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
376645 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 28 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3688 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
16 Oct 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Island in middle of south end of Cranberry Lake; ca. [circa] 2 miles southwest of Anacortes. 
Elevation
306 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 29.938' N, 122° 38.609' W 
Site Description
Large sphagnum bog dominated by Pinus contorta, Ledum groenlandicum, Kalmia microphylla, Carex, Vaccinium oxycoccus. 
Specimen Notes
Seedling under Pinus contorta. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
49. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Turn Island. Large island 0.25 miles off the east shore of San Juan Island.
48° 31.97' N, 122° 58.22' W. Datum: NAD 83. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Large island 1/4 mile off the east shore of San Juan Island. Occasional small understory tree, mostly on the north-northwest side. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375730
David Giblin 1302    20 Sep 2007
with Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, Ted Thomas
49. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
158726 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375730 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 12 2007. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
1302 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, Ted Thomas 
Date Collected
20 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Turn Island. Large island 0.25 miles off the east shore of San Juan Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 31.97' N, 122° 58.22' W 
Site Description
Large island 1/4 mile off the east shore of San Juan Island. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional small understory tree, mostly on the north-northwest side. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
50. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Hat Island.
48° 31.326' N, 122° 32.728' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Douglas fir forested high island with steep grassy balds (Elymus glaucus, Festuca rubra, and Koeleria macrantha) on south side, with mostly native bunch grasses and abundant Zigadenus venenosus. Understory of forest, interior of island to 325 feet. Two small shrubby plants under Arbutus menziesii. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 377699
David Giblin 865    30 Apr 2007
50. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
159159 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
377699 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 16 2007. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
865 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Apr 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Hat Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 31.326' N, 122° 32.728' W 
Site Description
Douglas fir forested high island with steep grassy balds (Elymus glaucus, Festuca rubra, and Koeleria macrantha) on south side, with mostly native bunch grasses and abundant Zigadenus venenosus. Understory of forest, interior of island to 325 feet. 
Specimen Notes
Two small shrubby plants under Arbutus menziesii. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
51. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Willapa Bay National Wildlife Refuge; parking lot area and adjacent forest.
Elev. 32-65 ft. 46° 36.433' N, 124° 2.62' W.
Compacted soils and gravel around parking lot surrounded by Pinus contorta forest with sandy openings. 4 meter tree; leaves shiny. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 377951
Ben Legler 3808    17 May 2007
with Peter Zika, David Giblin
51. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
159280 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
377951 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 13 2007. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3808 
Other Collectors
Peter Zika, David Giblin 
Date Collected
17 May 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Willapa Bay National Wildlife Refuge; parking lot area and adjacent forest. 
Elevation
32-65 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 36.433' N, 124° 2.62' W 
Site Description
Compacted soils and gravel around parking lot surrounded by Pinus contorta forest with sandy openings. 
Specimen Notes
4 meter tree; leaves shiny. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
52. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
North shore of Skagit River, 5.5 air kilometers east of Hamilton, near Rasar State Park.
Elev. 65 ft. 48° 31' N, 121° 54' W.
Shaded in second growth conifer forest, with Tsuga heterophylla, Thuja plicata, Polystichum munitum, Rubus spectabilis, Symphoricarpos albus. Widely scattered bird-sown trees 2-3 meters tall, adventive, shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 366330
Peter F. Zika 22685    26 Jan 2006
52. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
160553 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
366330 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22685 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jan 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
North shore of Skagit River, 5.5 air kilometers east of Hamilton, near Rasar State Park. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 31' N, 121° 54' W 
Site Description
Shaded in second growth conifer forest, with Tsuga heterophylla, Thuja plicata, Polystichum munitum, Rubus spectabilis, Symphoricarpos albus. 
Specimen Notes
Widely scattered bird-sown trees 2-3 meters tall, adventive, shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
53. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Near Toutle River Safety Rest Area on east side of I-5, 7 air kilometers north of Castle Rock.
Elev. 344 ft. 46° 21.1' N, 122° 54.2' W.
Second growth forest, with Pseudotsuga, Thuja, Alnus rubra, Acer circinatum, Polystichum munitum. Occasional adventive trees 3 meters tall, shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367186
Peter F. Zika 23139    2 Jul 2007
53. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
161896 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367186 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23139 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jul 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Near Toutle River Safety Rest Area on east side of I-5, 7 air kilometers north of Castle Rock. 
Elevation
344 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 21.1' N, 122° 54.2' W 
Site Description
Second growth forest, with Pseudotsuga, Thuja, Alnus rubra, Acer circinatum, Polystichum munitum. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive trees 3 meters tall, shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
54. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
North side of Frayne Road near Bidston Road. Mill Bay, southeast end of north shore of Vancouver Island.
Elev. 164 ft. 48° 38.5' N, 123° 33' W.
Roadside thickets, with Rubus armeniacus, R. spectabilis. Occasional adventive evergreens 2 meters tall. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367802
Peter F. Zika 23789    14 Dec 2007
54. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163139 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367802 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23789 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Dec 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
North side of Frayne Road near Bidston Road. Mill Bay, southeast end of north shore of Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
164 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 38.5' N, 123° 33' W 
Site Description
Roadside thickets, with Rubus armeniacus, R. spectabilis. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive evergreens 2 meters tall. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
55. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Junction of Walker Road and McKay Road, Buckley Bay, Vancouver Island.
Elev. 32 ft. 49° 31.9' N, 124° 51.4' W.
Near edge of disturbed stand of Alnus rubra, with Rubus armeniacus. Uncommon adventive evergreens. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367803
Peter F. Zika 23795    14 Dec 2007
55. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163151 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367803 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23795 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Dec 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Junction of Walker Road and McKay Road, Buckley Bay, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 31.9' N, 124° 51.4' W 
Site Description
Near edge of disturbed stand of Alnus rubra, with Rubus armeniacus. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon adventive evergreens. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
56. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Clackamas County:
East side of Interstate 5 north at rest area 0.8 air miles northeast of Clackamas/Marion County line.
Elev. 196 ft. 45° 16.2' N, 122° 46.6' W.
Disturbed Pseudotsuga menziessi forest, shade of Corylus. 1 meter tall weed. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367913
Peter F. Zika 23674    23 Oct 2007
56. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163160 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367913 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23674 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Oct 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clackamas 
Locality
East side of Interstate 5 north at rest area 0.8 air miles northeast of Clackamas/Marion County line. 
Elevation
196 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 16.2' N, 122° 46.6' W 
Site Description
Disturbed Pseudotsuga menziessi forest, shade of Corylus. 
Specimen Notes
1 meter tall weed. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
57. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Linn County:
Near Short Bridge covered bridge and Route 20, 2 miles west of Cascadia.
Elev. 820 ft. 44° 23.5' N, 122° 30.6' W.
Rare in area, steep south-facing bank of South Fork Santiam River, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus, Hedera hibernica. 1 meter adventive evergreen. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367914
Peter F. Zika 23672    23 Oct 2007
57. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163162 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367914 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23672 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Oct 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Linn 
Locality
Near Short Bridge covered bridge and Route 20, 2 miles west of Cascadia. 
Elevation
820 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 23.5' N, 122° 30.6' W 
Site Description
Rare in area, steep south-facing bank of South Fork Santiam River, with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer macrophyllum, Corylus, Hedera hibernica. 
Specimen Notes
1 meter adventive evergreen. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
58. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Tillamook County:
Near mouth of Nehalem River.
Elev. 16 ft. 45° 42' N, 123° 56' W.
Disturbed Pinus contorta forest over sand, with Vaccinium ovatum. Occasional adventive trees, shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367800
Peter F. Zika 23297    27 Jul 2007
58. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163340 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367800 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23297 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Jul 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Tillamook 
Locality
Near mouth of Nehalem River. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 42' N, 123° 56' W 
Site Description
Disturbed Pinus contorta forest over sand, with Vaccinium ovatum. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive trees, shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
59. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
West side of Jack Point, near Duke Point ferry terminal, mouth of Nanaimo River. Nanaimo, Vancouver Island.
Elev. 16 ft. 49° 9.6' N, 123° 53.5' W.
Thickets, partial shade of Thuja plicata, Arbutus menziesii, Quercus garryana, with Berberis aquifolium, B. nervosa. Occasional adventive evergreens 5 meters tall. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367801
Peter F. Zika 23796    15 Dec 2007
59. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163341 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367801 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23796 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Dec 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
West side of Jack Point, near Duke Point ferry terminal, mouth of Nanaimo River. Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
16 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 9.6' N, 123° 53.5' W 
Site Description
Thickets, partial shade of Thuja plicata, Arbutus menziesii, Quercus garryana, with Berberis aquifolium, B. nervosa. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive evergreens 5 meters tall. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
60. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Thurston County:
East side of Brenner Road, 0.9 road mile from junction with Simmons Road northwest.
Elev. 32 ft. 47° 3.8' N, 123° 0.5' W; T18N R3W S12.
Shaded bank, with Pseudotsuga menzeisii, Corylus cornuta, Gaultheria shallon, Rosa gymnocarpa. Fruit red, shiny, globose, 10 x 10 mm wide; leaves shiny, dark green, evergreen; occasional adventive trees 2-4 meters tall. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 367961
Peter F. Zika 19405    21 Apr 2004
60. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
163719 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367961 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19405 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Apr 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Thurston 
Locality
East side of Brenner Road, 0.9 road mile from junction with Simmons Road northwest. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 3.8' N, 123° 0.5' W; T18N R3W S12 
Site Description
Shaded bank, with Pseudotsuga menzeisii, Corylus cornuta, Gaultheria shallon, Rosa gymnocarpa. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit red, shiny, globose, 10 x 10 mm wide; leaves shiny, dark green, evergreen; occasional adventive trees 2-4 meters tall. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
61. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Big Deer Peak.
Elev. 2300 ft. T33N R7E S5. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Along old logging road. Staminate flowers. [Located in teaching collection]. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 317067; Barcode: WTU-V-006630
M. Arnot 193    26 May 1990
with E. Burnett
61. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166306 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317067 
Barcode
WTU-V-006630 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. Arnot 
Collection #
193 
Other Collectors
E. Burnett 
Date Collected
26 May 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Big Deer Peak. 
Elevation
2300 ft. 
Coordinates
T33N R7E S5 
Site Description
Along old logging road. 
Specimen Notes
Staminate flowers. [Located in teaching collection]. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
62. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Big Dear Peak.
Elev. 2300 ft. T33N R7E S5. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Along old logging road. Tree about 10 feet tall. Staminate flowers. [Located in teaching collection]. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 318578
E. Burnett 208    29 May 1990
62. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166307 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
318578 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
E. Burnett 
Collection #
208 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Big Dear Peak. 
Elevation
2300 ft. 
Coordinates
T33N R7E S5 
Site Description
Along old logging road. 
Specimen Notes
Tree about 10 feet tall. Staminate flowers. [Located in teaching collection]. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
63. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Mason County:
Above southeast shore of Isabella Lake.
Elev. 164 ft. 47° 10.2' N, 123° 6.7' W.
Grassy north-facing slope, with Rubus armeniacus, Cytisus, Pteridium. Uncommon adventive trees, shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368682
Peter F. Zika 23478    15 Aug 2007
63. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166697 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368682 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23478 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Aug 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Mason 
Locality
Above southeast shore of Isabella Lake. 
Elevation
164 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 10.2' N, 123° 6.7' W 
Site Description
Grassy north-facing slope, with Rubus armeniacus, Cytisus, Pteridium. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon adventive trees, shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
64. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Near Cypress Place, Route 1 near Cypress Bowl Road, West Vancouver.
Elev. 623 ft. 49° 20.9' N, 123° 12.2' W.
Edge of conifer forest, with Thuja, Psedutsuga menziesii, Alnus rubra, Daphne laureola, south slope. Occasional evergreen adventive trees 6 meters tall; shiny leaves; red shiny globose fruit 8-9.5 x 9.1-10 millimeters wide; 1-5 fruit/umbel. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368800
Peter F. Zika 23747    13 Nov 2007
with Frank Lomer
64. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166808 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368800 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23747 
Other Collectors
Frank Lomer 
Date Collected
13 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Near Cypress Place, Route 1 near Cypress Bowl Road, West Vancouver. 
Elevation
623 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 20.9' N, 123° 12.2' W 
Site Description
Edge of conifer forest, with Thuja, Psedutsuga menziesii, Alnus rubra, Daphne laureola, south slope. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional evergreen adventive trees 6 meters tall; shiny leaves; red shiny globose fruit 8-9.5 x 9.1-10 millimeters wide; 1-5 fruit/umbel. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
65. Ilex aquifolium L.
Canada, British Columbia
Above Marine Drive, near Clovelly Road, above the north shore of English Bay.
Elev. 262 ft. 49° 20.5' N, 123° 15.6' W.
Steep partly sunny slope by railroad tracks, with Cotoneaster rehderi, Daphne laureola, Thuja, Rubus armeniacus. Occasional evergreen adventive trees 6 meters tall; shiny leaves; red shiny subglobose fruit 8.2-8.8 x 7.5-8.8 millimeters wide; 2-6 fruits/umbel. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368799
Peter F. Zika 23748    13 Nov 2007
with Frank Lomer
65. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166809 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368799 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23748 
Other Collectors
Frank Lomer 
Date Collected
13 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Above Marine Drive, near Clovelly Road, above the north shore of English Bay. 
Elevation
262 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 20.5' N, 123° 15.6' W 
Site Description
Steep partly sunny slope by railroad tracks, with Cotoneaster rehderi, Daphne laureola, Thuja, Rubus armeniacus. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional evergreen adventive trees 6 meters tall; shiny leaves; red shiny subglobose fruit 8.2-8.8 x 7.5-8.8 millimeters wide; 2-6 fruits/umbel. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
66. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skamania County:
Junction of Route 14 and Canyon Creek Road, 1.3 road miles east of Cape Horn Lookout.
Elev. 459 ft. 45° 35.3' N, 122° 10.6' W; T1N R5E S10.
Deep shade, mixed second-growth forest of Thuja, Acer macrophyllum, Pseudotsuga. 4 meter tall evergreen adventive tree. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368909
Peter F. Zika 22557    12 Oct 2005
66. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166927 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368909 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22557 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Oct 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skamania 
Locality
Junction of Route 14 and Canyon Creek Road, 1.3 road miles east of Cape Horn Lookout. 
Elevation
459 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 35.3' N, 122° 10.6' W; T1N R5E S10 
Site Description
Deep shade, mixed second-growth forest of Thuja, Acer macrophyllum, Pseudotsuga. 
Specimen Notes
4 meter tall evergreen adventive tree. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
67. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Route 101 near Walker Street, Quilcene.
Elev. 32 ft. 47° 49.7' N, 122° 52.9' W.
Edge of forest, partial shade of Acer macrophyllum. Evergreen adventive tree 4 meters tall, fruit red; occasional weed in area. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368777
Peter F. Zika 23714    6 Nov 2007
67. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
166931 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368777 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23714 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Route 101 near Walker Street, Quilcene. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 49.7' N, 122° 52.9' W 
Site Description
Edge of forest, partial shade of Acer macrophyllum. 
Specimen Notes
Evergreen adventive tree 4 meters tall, fruit red; occasional weed in area. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
68. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lane County:
Northeast end of Morse Ranch, near corner of 31st Avenue and Lincoln Street, Eugene.
Elev. 672 ft. 44° 1.5' N, 123° 5.8' W.
Shaded thickets, with Quercus garryana. Adventive evergreen trees. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 368938
Peter F. Zika 20399    7 Oct 2004
68. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167061 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368938 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20399 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Oct 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lane 
Locality
Northeast end of Morse Ranch, near corner of 31st Avenue and Lincoln Street, Eugene. 
Elevation
672 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 1.5' N, 123° 5.8' W 
Site Description
Shaded thickets, with Quercus garryana. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive evergreen trees. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
69. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Near Lincoln Street and Route 141, White Salmon.
Elev. 164 ft. 45° 43.1' N, 121° 28' W.
Partly shaded thicket with Acer macrophyllum, south slope. Adventive 3 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red elliptic fruit 9-11 x 8-9 millimeters wide. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369138
Peter F. Zika 23770    28 Nov 2007
69. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167146 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369138 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23770 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Near Lincoln Street and Route 141, White Salmon. 
Elevation
164 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 43.1' N, 121° 28' W 
Site Description
Partly shaded thicket with Acer macrophyllum, south slope. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive 3 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red elliptic fruit 9-11 x 8-9 millimeters wide. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
70. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Hood River County:
Route 30 near Forest Lane, Cascade Locks.
Elev. 164 ft. 45° 40.3' N, 121° 53.2' W.
Edge of second growth Psedutsuga menziesii forest, partly shaded, with Acer macrophyllum, Corylus, Gaultheria shallon. Adventive 6 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red broadly elliptic to subglobose fruit 10-13 x 9.5-12 millimeters wide; 1-5 fruit/umbel. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369136
Peter F. Zika 23769    28 Nov 2007
70. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167148 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369136 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23769 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Hood River 
Locality
Route 30 near Forest Lane, Cascade Locks. 
Elevation
164 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 40.3' N, 121° 53.2' W 
Site Description
Edge of second growth Psedutsuga menziesii forest, partly shaded, with Acer macrophyllum, Corylus, Gaultheria shallon. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive 6 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red broadly elliptic to subglobose fruit 10-13 x 9.5-12 millimeters wide; 1-5 fruit/umbel. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
71. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Lewis County:
High Street, Fords Prairie, Centralia.
Elev. 131 ft. 46° 43.5' N, 122° 58.6' W.
Partly shaded thickets with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Corylus. Adventive 4 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red broadly elliptic to broadly obovate fruit 10-11 x 8-10 millimeters wide; occasional. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369135
Peter F. Zika 23766    28 Nov 2007
71. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167149 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369135 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23766 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Lewis 
Locality
High Street, Fords Prairie, Centralia. 
Elevation
131 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 43.5' N, 122° 58.6' W 
Site Description
Partly shaded thickets with Pseudotsuga menziesii, Corylus. 
Specimen Notes
Adventive 4 meter evergreen tree, shiny leaves, shiny red broadly elliptic to broadly obovate fruit 10-11 x 8-10 millimeters wide; occasional. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
72. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Polk County:
Below north side of Bridgeport Road, circa 5 air kilometers west of Monmouth.
Elev. 492 ft. 44° 50.7' N, 123° 17.3' W.
Steep north slope, with Pseudotsuga, Acer macrophyllum. Occasional adventive tree 8 meters tall, shiny evergreen leaves. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369383
Peter F. Zika 23773    30 Nov 2007
72. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167292 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369383 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23773 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Nov 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Polk 
Locality
Below north side of Bridgeport Road, circa 5 air kilometers west of Monmouth. 
Elevation
492 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 50.7' N, 123° 17.3' W 
Site Description
Steep north slope, with Pseudotsuga, Acer macrophyllum. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional adventive tree 8 meters tall, shiny evergreen leaves. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
73. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Near Route 101 and Campbell Street, Forks.
Elev. 295 ft. 47° 57.2' N, 124° 23.1' W.
Shaded thickets, with Prunus lusitanica, Sorbus aucuparia, Pseudotsuga, Thuja. Red fruit, shiny evergreen leaves, adventive. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369427
Peter F. Zika 23454A    25 Aug 2007
73. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167392 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369427 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
23454A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Aug 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Near Route 101 and Campbell Street, Forks. 
Elevation
295 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 57.2' N, 124° 23.1' W 
Site Description
Shaded thickets, with Prunus lusitanica, Sorbus aucuparia, Pseudotsuga, Thuja. 
Specimen Notes
Red fruit, shiny evergreen leaves, adventive. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
74. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Matia Island.
48.74791° N, 122.84196° W. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Vicinity of campsites at west end of island. Large mixed conifer forest, with several open, disturbed campsites. A few scattered small trees under Pseudotsuga menziesii. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 377523
Peter Dunwiddie 08-18    24 Apr 2008
74. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167620 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
377523 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 6 2008. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
08-18 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Apr 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Matia Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.74791° N, 122.84196° W 
Site Description
Vicinity of campsites at west end of island. Large mixed conifer forest, with several open, disturbed campsites. 
Specimen Notes
A few scattered small trees under Pseudotsuga menziesii. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
75. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lincoln County:
Three Rocks Road.
Elev. 98 ft. T6S R10W S30 NW 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Steep roadside bank. Axillary white flower clusters in spring, 5 meter tall trees, weed escaped from cultivation. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 369783
P. F. Zika 9776    11 Jul 1986
75. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
167911 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
369783 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
9776 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jul 1986 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
Three Rocks Road. 
Elevation
98 ft. 
Coordinates
T6S R10W S30 NW 1/4 
Site Description
Steep roadside bank. 
Specimen Notes
Axillary white flower clusters in spring, 5 meter tall trees, weed escaped from cultivation. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
76. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Jackson County:
Lithia Park, along and near Ashland Creek, Ashland.
Elev. 1800 ft. 42° 10.6' N, 122° 43.1' W.
Riparian thickets, with Acer macrophyllum, Fraxinus latifolia, Philadelphus lewisii, Rubus armeniacus. 1-4 meters tall evergreen trees, white flowers; red fruit; locally common escape from cultivation. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 370076
Peter F. Zika 19652    19 May 2004
76. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
168146 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
370076 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19652 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 May 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Jackson 
Locality
Lithia Park, along and near Ashland Creek, Ashland. 
Elevation
1800 ft. 
Coordinates
42° 10.6' N, 122° 43.1' W 
Site Description
Riparian thickets, with Acer macrophyllum, Fraxinus latifolia, Philadelphus lewisii, Rubus armeniacus. 
Specimen Notes
1-4 meters tall evergreen trees, white flowers; red fruit; locally common escape from cultivation. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
77. Ilex aquifolium L. cv. 'Angustifolium'
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Washington Park Arboretum, former holly section, Seattle.
Elev. 65 ft. 47° 37.8' N, 122° 17.6' W.
Cultivated pistillate tree, leaves dark green above, evergreen, shiny, fruit red. [This tree removed January 2006.] Location 6-4 E; accession number 735-59-A according to Washington Park Arboretum. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced. Cultivated.
WTU 368628
Peter F. Zika 22687    31 Jan 2006
77. Ilex aquifolium L. cv. 'Angustifolium'
Database ID
169194 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
368628 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. cv. 'Angustifolium' 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L. cv. 'Angustifolium'.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22687 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Jan 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Washington Park Arboretum, former holly section, Seattle. 
Elevation
65 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 37.8' N, 122° 17.6' W 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Cultivated pistillate tree, leaves dark green above, evergreen, shiny, fruit red. [This tree removed January 2006.] Location 6-4 E; accession number 735-59-A according to Washington Park Arboretum. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
Yes 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
78. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Fort Ward State Park, Bainbridge Island, Puget Sound.
Elev. 13 ft. T24N R2E S10 SE. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Near old fortifications, forest edges. Bird-swon adventive. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 372167
Peter F. Zika 14093    20 Aug 1999
with A. L. Jacobson
78. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
170022 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
372167 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
14093 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
20 Aug 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Fort Ward State Park, Bainbridge Island, Puget Sound. 
Elevation
13 ft. 
Coordinates
T24N R2E S10 SE 
Site Description
Near old fortifications, forest edges. 
Specimen Notes
Bird-swon adventive. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
79. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lincoln County:
1.2 miles west of Route 101, near mouth of Salmon River, south side of river.
T6S R11W S24. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Bird-sown weed pasture, Three Rocks Road. White flowers, 3 meters tall. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 372180
Peter F. Zika 10157    18 Apr 1987
79. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
170177 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
372180 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Peter F. Zika.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
10157 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Apr 1987 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
1.2 miles west of Route 101, near mouth of Salmon River, south side of river. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T6S R11W S24 
Site Description
Bird-sown weed pasture, Three Rocks Road. 
Specimen Notes
White flowers, 3 meters tall. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
80. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Flattop Island. South side of Flattop Island; north end of San Juan Archipelago.
Elev. 60 ft. 48° 38.752' N, 123° 4.953' W.
Dry open forest of Pseudotsuga and Arbutus, with dry smooth rock balds and small soil pockets. One vigorous tree, 8 meters tall, in Rubus armeniacus thicket on dry south side. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 403764; Barcode: WTU-V-012793
Brianne Cohen 09-78    23 Sep 2009
80. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
173516 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
403764 
Barcode
WTU-V-012793 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 29 2009. Sources: Stace 1997.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Brianne Cohen 
Collection #
09-78 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Sep 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Flattop Island. South side of Flattop Island; north end of San Juan Archipelago. 
Elevation
60 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 38.752' N, 123° 4.953' W 
Site Description
Dry open forest of Pseudotsuga and Arbutus, with dry smooth rock balds and small soil pockets. 
Specimen Notes
One vigorous tree, 8 meters tall, in Rubus armeniacus thicket on dry south side. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
81. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Marion County:
The Maples rest area on Highway 22.
Elev. 1006 ft. 44.75513° N, 122.38754° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 17 meters.
Terrace high above river, in mixed conifer forest. Flowers white. Naturalized in area, tree perhaps 5 meters tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 378992
Barbara L. Wilson 15553    17 May 2009
81. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
175374 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378992 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Barbara L. Wilson 
Collection #
15553 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Marion 
Locality
The Maples rest area on Highway 22. 
Elevation
1006 ft. 
Coordinates
44.75513° N, 122.38754° W 
Site Description
Terrace high above river, in mixed conifer forest. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white. Naturalized in area, tree perhaps 5 meters tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
82. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Marion County:
Willamette Valley. About 2 miles southeast of Woodburn and a quarter mile off Highway 214.
Elev. 131 ft. 44° 7' 25.68" N, 122° 49' 32.6" W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by John Bassett. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Mixed deciduous/coniferous forest. Not cultivated. Bark green becoming gray-brown with maturity. Leaves rippled, evergreen. Tree to 3.2 meters tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 378994
Michael A. Hemshorn s.n.    16 May 2009
82. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
175376 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378994 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex opaca Ait.
2. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2009.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Michael A. Hemshorn 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Marion 
Locality
Willamette Valley. About 2 miles southeast of Woodburn and a quarter mile off Highway 214. 
Elevation
131 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 7' 25.68" N, 122° 49' 32.6" W 
Site Description
Mixed deciduous/coniferous forest. 
Specimen Notes
Not cultivated. Bark green becoming gray-brown with maturity. Leaves rippled, evergreen. Tree to 3.2 meters tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
83. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lincoln County:
Road 410 between Siletz and Nashville, between mile posts 17 and 18.
Elev. 375 ft. 44.7° N, 123.65° W.
Regenerating clearcut with grasses. Tree four meters tall, with red berries. Pseudotsuga menziesii, Thuja plicata, and Tsuga heterophylla. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 379087
Barbara L. Wilson 15935    20 Feb 2010
83. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
176357 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
379087 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Barbara L. Wilson 
Collection #
15935 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Feb 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
Road 410 between Siletz and Nashville, between mile posts 17 and 18. 
Elevation
375 ft. 
Coordinates
44.7° N, 123.65° W 
Site Description
Regenerating clearcut with grasses. 
Specimen Notes
Tree four meters tall, with red berries. Pseudotsuga menziesii, Thuja plicata, and Tsuga heterophylla. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
84. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Central forested area of Vendovi Island.
48.6107° N, 122.6049° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
In Pseudotsuga menziesii forest, with Gaultheria shallon. Scattered and widespread, to 20 feet tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 404650; Barcode: WTU-V-012692
Howard Coleman 2011-03    1 Jun 2011
84. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
186686 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
404650 
Barcode
WTU-V-012692 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Alex D. Harkness, 7 2011. Sources: Ill. Fl. of B.C..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Howard Coleman 
Collection #
2011-03 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2011 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Central forested area of Vendovi Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.6107° N, 122.6049° W 
Site Description
In Pseudotsuga menziesii forest, with Gaultheria shallon. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered and widespread, to 20 feet tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
85. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Big Dear Peak. Along old logging road.
Elev. 2300 ft. T33N R7E S5. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Tree about 10 feet tall. Staminate flowers. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 318573; Barcode: WTU-V-006629
E. Burnett 208    29 May 1990
85. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
191737 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
318573 
Barcode
WTU-V-006629 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
E. Burnett 
Collection #
208 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Big Dear Peak. Along old logging road. 
Elevation
2300 ft. 
Coordinates
T33N R7E S5 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Tree about 10 feet tall. Staminate flowers. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
86. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Happy Valley Tree Farm, Happy Valley.
48.187751°, -122.262495°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 264 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 402422; Barcode: WTU-V-010790
Clayton Haberman s.n.    28 Oct 2008
86. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
2450195 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
402422 
Barcode
WTU-V-010790 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Clayton Haberman 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Oct 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Happy Valley Tree Farm, Happy Valley. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.187751°, -122.262495° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
87. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Happy Valley Tree Farm, Happy Valley.
48.187751°, -122.262495°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 264 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Volunteer shrub. Male. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 402418; Barcode: WTU-V-010796
Clayton Haberman s.n.    17 May 2006
87. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
2450201 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
402418 
Barcode
WTU-V-010796 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Clayton Haberman 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Happy Valley Tree Farm, Happy Valley. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.187751°, -122.262495° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Volunteer shrub. Male. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
88. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Tree Farm.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 402417; Barcode: WTU-V-010797
Clayton Haberman s.n.    21 May 1990
88. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
2450202 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
402417 
Barcode
WTU-V-010797 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Clayton Haberman 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 May 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Tree Farm. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
89. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near southwest corner of South Woods Park north of NE 150th Street; south Shoreline.
Elev. 110 m. 47.737969° N, 122.302697° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Shaded understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Hedera hibernica, Ilex aquifolium, Rubus bifrons, Prunus laurocerasus, and Gaultheria shallon. Fresh berries bright lemon-yellow, in short clusters in axils of past year's twigs; leaves glossy above; shrub ca 3 meters tall among more common red-fruited individuals; naturalized in forest understory. Photographed. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU
Ben Legler 14459    13 Nov 2016
89. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
2854346 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2016.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
14459 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Nov 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near southwest corner of South Woods Park north of NE 150th Street; south Shoreline. 
Elevation
110 m. 
Coordinates
47.737969° N, 122.302697° W 
Site Description
Shaded understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii woods, with Hedera hibernica, Ilex aquifolium, Rubus bifrons, Prunus laurocerasus, and Gaultheria shallon. 
Specimen Notes
Fresh berries bright lemon-yellow, in short clusters in axils of past year's twigs; leaves glossy above; shrub ca 3 meters tall among more common red-fruited individuals; naturalized in forest understory. Photographed. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
90. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Lake Quinault, Falls Creek Trail, above US Forest Service ranger station.
Elev. 500 ft. 47° 28.06' N, 123° 50.676' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Moraine, gravelly loam. In area of extensive blowdown in coastal coniferous forest. With Tsuga heterophylla, Picea sitchensis, Thuja plicata, Vaccinium parviflorum, Polystichum munitum, Blechnum spicant, Rubus spectabilis. Locally common. Several young plants. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 409136; Barcode: WTU-V-023077
Regina Johnson 2014-002    25 Jan 2014
90. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3092987 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
409136 
Barcode
WTU-V-023077 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Regina Johnson 
Collection #
2014-002 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Jan 2014 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Lake Quinault, Falls Creek Trail, above US Forest Service ranger station.  
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 28.06' N, 123° 50.676' W 
Site Description
Moraine, gravelly loam. In area of extensive blowdown in coastal coniferous forest. With Tsuga heterophylla, Picea sitchensis, Thuja plicata, Vaccinium parviflorum, Polystichum munitum, Blechnum spicant, Rubus spectabilis. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common. Several young plants. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
91. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
In forested area surrounding Boeing Lake.
Elev. 560 ft. 47.91644° N, 122.27554° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Forested area. Male flowers present. Female plants nearby. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 416364; Barcode: WTU-V-035280
Jeff Walker 911    12 Dec 2016
91. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3152072 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
416364 
Barcode
WTU-V-035280 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jeff Walker 
Collection #
911 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Dec 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
In forested area surrounding Boeing Lake. 
Elevation
560 ft. 
Coordinates
47.91644° N, 122.27554° W 
Site Description
Forested area. 
Specimen Notes
Male flowers present. Female plants nearby. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
92. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Dabob Bay Natural Area Preserve, Toandos Peninsula.
Elev. 300 ft. 47.83827° N, 122.80005° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Silt loam. With Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tsuga heterophylla, Thuja plicata, Acer macrophyllum, Vaccinium ovatum, Alnus rubra, Mahonia nervosa. Maturing second-growth Douglas-fir/Western hemlock on steep slope above Dabob Bay. Common Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 414570; Barcode: WTU-V-031798
Regina Johnson 2016-057    23 Jun 2016
92. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3185707 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
414570 
Barcode
WTU-V-031798 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Regina Johnson 
Collection #
2016-057 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jun 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Dabob Bay Natural Area Preserve, Toandos Peninsula. 
Elevation
300 ft. 
Coordinates
47.83827° N, 122.80005° W 
Site Description
Silt loam. With Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tsuga heterophylla, Thuja plicata, Acer macrophyllum, Vaccinium ovatum, Alnus rubra, Mahonia nervosa. Maturing second-growth Douglas-fir/Western hemlock on steep slope above Dabob Bay. 
Specimen Notes
Common 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
93. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Clallam Bay Community Beach on Strait of San Juan de Fuca.
Elev. 200 m. 48.25486° N, 124.26321° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Back side of dune area and along brackish slough; dunes dominated by Leymus mollis, Lathyrus japonicus, and Achillea millefolium. Several trees to 2 meters tall seeding in under Alnus rubra at edge of slough. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 419875; Barcode: WTU-V-042907
David Giblin 6303    28 Aug 2018
93. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3231755 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
419875 
Barcode
WTU-V-042907 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 24 2018. Sources: Draft Revised Flora of PNW.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
6303 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Aug 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Clallam Bay Community Beach on Strait of San Juan de Fuca.  
Elevation
200 m. 
Coordinates
48.25486° N, 124.26321° W 
Site Description
Back side of dune area and along brackish slough; dunes dominated by Leymus mollis, Lathyrus japonicus, and Achillea millefolium. 
Specimen Notes
Several trees to 2 meters tall seeding in under Alnus rubra at edge of slough. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
94. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Kloshe Nanitch Trailhead approximately 2 kilometers from junction with Highway 101.
Elev. 238 m. 48.06868° N, 124.10766° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Forest edge with Acer circinatum, Alnus rubra, and Acer macrophyllum. Tree to 1.5 meters on edge of forest. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 420039; Barcode: WTU-V-043196
David Giblin 6318    28 Aug 2018
94. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3242316 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
420039 
Barcode
WTU-V-043196 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 17 2018. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
6318 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Aug 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Kloshe Nanitch Trailhead approximately 2 kilometers from junction with Highway 101.  
Elevation
238 m. 
Coordinates
48.06868° N, 124.10766° W 
Site Description
Forest edge with Acer circinatum, Alnus rubra, and Acer macrophyllum.  
Specimen Notes
Tree to 1.5 meters on edge of forest. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
95. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
JBLM, TA-2, McKay Marsh.
Elev. 80 m. 47.10027° N, 122.61534° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Occasional in understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii forest, with Corylus cornuta. To 6 m tall. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
Peter Dunwiddie PWD-16-400    27 Jul 2016
with Sarah Krock, Peter Zika, Amber Martens
95. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3245230 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD-16-400 
Other Collectors
Sarah Krock, Peter Zika, Amber Martens 
Date Collected
27 Jul 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
JBLM, TA-2, McKay Marsh. 
Elevation
80 m. 
Coordinates
47.10027° N, 122.61534° W 
Site Description
Occasional in understory of Pseudotsuga menziesii forest, with Corylus cornuta. 
Specimen Notes
To 6 m tall. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
96. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skamania County:
Icehouse Lake and adjacent old beaver ponds on north end. North side of Highway 14 at intersection with Bridge of the Gods.
Elev. 49 m. 45.66138° N, 121.90633° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Eutrophic ponds with shoreline of main pond dominated by Iris pseudacorus, Typha latifolia, Leersia oryzoides and Juncus effusus; beaver ponds less disturbed with Bidens cernua common along shoreline with Equisetum telmateia. Scattered throughout woodland; small trees to 2 meters tall; corollas black. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 420847; Barcode: WTU-V-049392
David Giblin 6445    13 Sep 2018
96. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3246737 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
420847 
Barcode
WTU-V-049392 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 21 2018. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
6445 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Sep 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skamania 
Locality
Icehouse Lake and adjacent old beaver ponds on north end. North side of Highway 14 at intersection with Bridge of the Gods. 
Elevation
49 m. 
Coordinates
45.66138° N, 121.90633° W 
Site Description
Eutrophic ponds with shoreline of main pond dominated by Iris pseudacorus, Typha latifolia, Leersia oryzoides and Juncus effusus; beaver ponds less disturbed with Bidens cernua common along shoreline with Equisetum telmateia. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered throughout woodland; small trees to 2 meters tall; corollas black. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Aquifoliaceae
97. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Point-No-Point approximately 200 meters south of lighthouse.
Elev. 1 m. 47.9109° N, 122.5266° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 30 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Path lined with Rosa nutkana and Sambucus racemosa and adjacent strand with Leymus mollis, Cytisus scoparius and beach logs. Scattered along path; corollas white. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
David Giblin 6659    9 May 2019
97. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3283680 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 4 2020. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
6659 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 May 2019 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Point-No-Point approximately 200 meters south of lighthouse. 
Elevation
1 m. 
Coordinates
47.9109° N, 122.5266° W 
Site Description
Path lined with Rosa nutkana and Sambucus racemosa and adjacent strand with Leymus mollis, Cytisus scoparius and beach logs.  
Specimen Notes
Scattered along path; corollas white. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Aquifoliaceae
98. Ilex aquifolium L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Olympic National Forest. Lake Quinault, Gatton Creek Trailhead parking area.
Elev. 60 m. 47.4729° N, 123.83832° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 20 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Forest edge with Frangula purshiana, Acer circinatum, and Vaccinium parvifolium common. Uncommon; spiny-leaved tree to 3 meters tall. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
David Giblin 7218    29 Aug 2019
98. Ilex aquifolium L.
Database ID
3448907 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Aquifoliaceae 
Name on Specimen
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Accepted Name
Ilex aquifolium L. 
Annotation History
1. Ilex aquifolium L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 21 2020. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
7218 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Aug 2019 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Olympic National Forest. Lake Quinault, Gatton Creek Trailhead parking area. 
Elevation
60 m. 
Coordinates
47.4729° N, 123.83832° W 
Site Description
Forest edge with Frangula purshiana, Acer circinatum, and Vaccinium parvifolium common. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon; spiny-leaved tree to 3 meters tall. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Tab-delimited Text File:
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PDF Document:
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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.