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Field Descriptions
46 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Helenium", Species = "autumnale"
Asteraceae
1. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Benton County:
Along banks of Columbia River, about 4 miles west of Plymouth.
T5N R27E S22. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Among cobblestones of high water river bed. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 195120
Jared J. Davis 22    5 Oct 1951
1. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
18502 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
195120 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jared J. Davis 
Collection #
22 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Oct 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Benton 
Locality
Along banks of Columbia River, about 4 miles west of Plymouth. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T5N R27E S22 
Site Description
Among cobblestones of high water river bed. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
2. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
Lake shore near Ridgefield.
45.81528°, -122.74139°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 25861
J. F. G. Clarke s.n.    25 Aug 1930
2. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
18503 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
25861 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. F. G. Clarke 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Aug 1930 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
Lake shore near Ridgefield. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.81528°, -122.74139° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
3. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Lyle; south of railroad tracks, just east of the mouth of the Klickitat River, on bank of the Columbia River.
Elev. 72 ft. T2N R12E S3. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by John Bassett. Coordinate Source: Nat. Geog. TOPO!.
Assoc. sp.: Amporpha, Phalaris, Salix, Alnus, Euthamia, Coreopsis. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 325624
Richard R. Halse 4520    28 Jul 1992
3. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
18504 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
325624 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard R. Halse 
Collection #
4520 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Jul 1992 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Lyle; south of railroad tracks, just east of the mouth of the Klickitat River, on bank of the Columbia River. 
Elevation
72 ft. 
Coordinates
T2N R12E S3 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Assoc. sp.: Amporpha, Phalaris, Salix, Alnus, Euthamia, Coreopsis. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
4. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whitman County:
Snake River at Wawawai.
46.63692°, -117.38033°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Rocky bank. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 183932
Xerpha M. Gaines 335    8 Oct 1949
with Mary Hafercamp
4. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
18505 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
183932 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Xerpha M. Gaines 
Collection #
335 
Other Collectors
Mary Hafercamp 
Date Collected
8 Oct 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whitman 
Locality
Snake River at Wawawai. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.63692°, -117.38033° 
Site Description
Rocky bank. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
5. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Vader, pond near Cowlitz River.
46.09806°, -122.91°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On margin of pond. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 35620
Walter J. Eyerdam s.n.    4 Aug 1936
5. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
18506 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
35620 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Vader, pond near Cowlitz River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.09806°, -122.91° 
Site Description
On margin of pond. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
6. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Near Montesano.
46.981624°, -123.59933°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3473 meters. Georeferenced by Sara Legler. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 34991
George Neville Jones 8407    9 Sep 1935
6. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
18507 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
34991 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
8407 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Sep 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Near Montesano. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.981624°, -123.59933° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
7. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald)
U.S.A., Washington, Pend Oreille County:
At Tiger Slough, Tiger.
Elev. 2000 ft. 48.69167°, -117.40667°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Muddy banks and shores. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 242208
Earle F. Layser 1161    13 Aug 1969
7. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
Database ID
18508 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
242208 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Earle F. Layser 
Collection #
1161 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Aug 1969 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pend Oreille 
Locality
At Tiger Slough, Tiger. 
Elevation
2000 ft. 
Coordinates
48.69167°, -117.40667° 
Site Description
Muddy banks and shores. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
8. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
Lindsleys Ranch; mouth of Lewis River; Columbia River bottom-lands and lower tributaries. Clarke [Clark] County.
45.8591°, -122.77794°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate. Invalid coordinates (located outside county bounds).
Very common. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 17953; Barcode: WTU-V-038805
Louis F. Henderson s.n.    6 Sep 1892
8. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
110186 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
17953 
Barcode
WTU-V-038805 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Louis F. Henderson 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Sep 1892 
Verbatim Date
Fls. September 6/1892 Frt. September 6/1892 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
Lindsleys Ranch; mouth of Lewis River; Columbia River bottom-lands and lower tributaries. Clarke [Clark] County. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.8591°, -122.77794° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Very common. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Asteraceae
9. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Along Columbia River, Maryhill.
45.68722°, -120.8125°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In sand. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 73390
W. C. Muenscher 15916    25 Aug 1939
with M. W. Muenscher
9. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149326 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
73390 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. C. Muenscher 
Collection #
15916 
Other Collectors
M. W. Muenscher 
Date Collected
25 Aug 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Along Columbia River, Maryhill. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.68722°, -120.8125° 
Site Description
In sand. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
10. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Near Kalama.
Elev. 2100 ft. 46.00861°, -122.84333°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Meadow. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 30349
G. N. Jones 6067    30 Aug 1934
10. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149328 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
30349 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. N. Jones 
Collection #
6067 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Aug 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Near Kalama. 
Elevation
2100 ft. 
Coordinates
46.00861°, -122.84333° 
Site Description
Meadow. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
11. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whitman County:
Snake River, Wawawai.
46.63692°, -117.38033°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Sandy soil, in shade of Populus and brush, bar of the river. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 9057JWT
L. Constance 1809    15 Aug 1936
11. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149330 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
9057JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
L. Constance 
Collection #
1809 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Aug 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whitman 
Locality
Snake River, Wawawai. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.63692°, -117.38033° 
Site Description
Sandy soil, in shade of Populus and brush, bar of the river. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
12. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington
Richmond Beach.
Grown from American Rock Garden Society seed. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native. Cultivated.
WTU 218004
A. R. Kruckeberg 5516    8 Aug 1962
12. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149331 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
218004 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. R. Kruckeberg 
Collection #
5516 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1962 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
 
Locality
Richmond Beach. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Grown from American Rock Garden Society seed. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
Yes 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
13. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Near Montesano.
46.981624°, -123.59933°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3473 meters. Georeferenced by Sara Legler. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 332135
George Neville Jones 8407    9 Sep 1935
13. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
149332 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
332135 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
8407 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Sep 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Near Montesano. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.981624°, -123.59933° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
14. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington
Calispell Lake, 3 miles southwest of Usk.
Mucky soil. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 68762
F. O. Kreager 615    9 Aug 1902
14. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149333 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
68762 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
F. O. Kreager 
Collection #
615 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Aug 1902 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
 
Locality
Calispell Lake, 3 miles southwest of Usk. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mucky soil. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
15. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Near Montesano.
46.981624°, -123.59933°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3473 meters. Georeferenced by Sara Legler. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 332136
George Neville Jones 8407    9 Sep 1935
15. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
149335 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
332136 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
8407 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Sep 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Near Montesano. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.981624°, -123.59933° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
16. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
Along Columbia River near Warrendale.
Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 7052JWT
Morton E. Peck 17283    5 Sep 1932
16. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
149337 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
7052JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Morton E. Peck 
Collection #
17283 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Sep 1932 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
Along Columbia River near Warrendale. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
17. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald)
U.S.A., Oregon, Sherman County:
Rufus, along the columbia River.
Elev. 160 ft. T3N R17E S31. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Rocky shore. Flowers yellow. Associated spp: Melilotus, Lycopus, Veronica, coreopsis, Mentha, Glycyrrhiza, Amorpha. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 331054
Richard R. Halse 4818    8 Aug 1994
17. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
Database ID
149342 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
331054 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard R. Halse 
Collection #
4818 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1994 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Sherman 
Locality
Rufus, along the columbia River. 
Elevation
160 ft. 
Coordinates
T3N R17E S31 
Site Description
Rocky shore. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers yellow. Associated spp: Melilotus, Lycopus, Veronica, coreopsis, Mentha, Glycyrrhiza, Amorpha. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
18. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Oregon, Columbia County:
Near Clatskanie.
Tide lands. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 7585JWT
J. William Thompson 3724    2 Sep 1927
18. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
149343 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
7585JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
3724 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Sep 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Columbia 
Locality
Near Clatskanie. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Tide lands. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
19. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale )
U.S.A., Oregon
Albina, Portland.
On wet ground. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 229569
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 1668    1 Sep 1911
19. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale
Database ID
149345 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
229569 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale  
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale  
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
1668 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 1911 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Albina, Portland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On wet ground. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
20. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale )
U.S.A., Oregon
Albina, Portland.
On wet ground. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 263081
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 1668    1 Sep 1911
20. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale
Database ID
149346 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
263081 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale  
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale  
Annotation History
1. Helenium grandiflorum Nutt.
2. Helenium autumnale L. var. autumnale.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
1668 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 1911 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Albina, Portland. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On wet ground. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
21. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Wahkiakum County:
Near and east of mouth of Deep River, north shore of Grays Bay, Columbia River, 0.7 kilometer northwest of Miller point.
Elev. 6 ft. 46° 18.6' N, 123° 42.4' W; T10N R8W S31.
Freshwater intertidal marsh, small muddy channel, with Scirpus triqueter, Lilaeopsis. Yellow rays; uncommon; showy, on high bank. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 370896
Peter F. Zika 22250    30 Aug 2005
with David Giblin, Cathy Maxwell, Ben Legler
21. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
154883 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
370896 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22250 
Other Collectors
David Giblin, Cathy Maxwell, Ben Legler 
Date Collected
30 Aug 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Wahkiakum 
Locality
Near and east of mouth of Deep River, north shore of Grays Bay, Columbia River, 0.7 kilometer northwest of Miller point. 
Elevation
6 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 18.6' N, 123° 42.4' W; T10N R8W S31 
Site Description
Freshwater intertidal marsh, small muddy channel, with Scirpus triqueter, Lilaeopsis. 
Specimen Notes
Yellow rays; uncommon; showy, on high bank. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
22. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Clark County:
South shore of Vancouver Lake, at Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife boat launch.
Elev. 20 ft. 45° 39.812' N, 122° 43.047' W.
Sandy substrate, gentle slope, seasonally inundated beach with Salix, Phalaris, Juncus, and Lilaeopsis. Heads yellow; scattered under Salix. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 370831
Ben Legler 3073    21 Sep 2005
with David Giblin
22. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
154956 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
370831 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
    Annotated by B. Legler, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3073 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
21 Sep 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clark 
Locality
South shore of Vancouver Lake, at Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife boat launch. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 39.812' N, 122° 43.047' W 
Site Description
Sandy substrate, gentle slope, seasonally inundated beach with Salix, Phalaris, Juncus, and Lilaeopsis. 
Specimen Notes
Heads yellow; scattered under Salix. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
23. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
Near the Columbia River about the Portland Auto Camp, right side of U. S. Highway 99.
Low ground. Topotype. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 79360
A. A. Heller 14989    1 Aug 1929
23. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
156556 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
79360 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium puberulum DC.
    Remarks: Am. Phil. Soc. 7: 384. 1840.
2. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by Megan A. Jensen, 12 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. A. Heller 
Collection #
14989 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
Near the Columbia River about the Portland Auto Camp, right side of U. S. Highway 99. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Low ground. 
Specimen Notes
Topotype. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
24. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald)
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
Seven miles southwest of Nampa.
43.54083°, -116.5625°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Along irrigation ditch. Frequent. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273482
William H. Baker 8413    7 Aug 1951
24. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
Database ID
162623 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273482 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
2. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
8413 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Aug 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
Seven miles southwest of Nampa. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.54083°, -116.5625° 
Site Description
Along irrigation ditch. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
25. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Clark County:
Kilgore.
44.40222°, -111.89306°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Edge of dry swale. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273464
William H. Baker 9964    27 Aug 1952
25. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162624 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273464 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
9964 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Aug 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Clark 
Locality
Kilgore. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.40222°, -111.89306° 
Site Description
Edge of dry swale. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
26. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Bear Lake County:
Ovid.
T13S R43E S14. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Moist ground, growing in a grassy marsh. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273459
William H. Baker 9544    26 Jul 1952
26. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162625 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273459 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
9544 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jul 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bear Lake 
Locality
Ovid. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T13S R43E S14 
Site Description
Moist ground, growing in a grassy marsh. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
27. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Bear Lake County:
Ovid.
T13S R43E S14. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Moist ground, growing in a grassy marsh. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273460
William H. Baker 9544    26 Jul 1952
27. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162626 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273460 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
9544 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jul 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bear Lake 
Locality
Ovid. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T13S R43E S14 
Site Description
Moist ground, growing in a grassy marsh. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
28. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Washington County:
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry.
44.222206°, -116.963206°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Sandy shore. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273710
William H. Baker 11251    31 Aug 1953
28. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162627 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273710 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
11251 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Aug 1953 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Washington 
Locality
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.222206°, -116.963206° 
Site Description
Sandy shore. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
29. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Washington County:
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry.
44.222206°, -116.963206°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Sandy shore. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 273703
William H. Baker 11251    31 Aug 1953
29. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162628 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273703 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
11251 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Aug 1953 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Washington 
Locality
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.222206°, -116.963206° 
Site Description
Sandy shore. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
30. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald)
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
New Plymouth.
Elev. 2200 ft.
Ditch banks. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 140018
J. Francis Macbride 727    14 Aug 1910
30. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
Database ID
162629 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
140018 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fernald 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by Aven Nelson.
2. Helenium montanum Nutt.
3. Helenium autumnale L. var. montanum (Nutt.) Fern.
    Annotated by A. C., 1950.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Francis Macbride 
Collection #
727 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Aug 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
New Plymouth. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Ditch banks. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
31. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
Canada, British Columbia
[locality and coordinates withheld; status in British Columbia: S2S3 (Rare, Blue List; BCCDC)]
Along riverbank, sandy soil. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 146467
J. Hatter 232    1 Aug 1949
31. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
162630 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
146467 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Hatter 
Collection #
232 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
[locality and coordinates withheld; status in British Columbia: S2S3 (Rare, Blue List; BCCDC)] 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Along riverbank, sandy soil. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
32. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
Caldwell.
43.66306°, -116.68639°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 261639
H. M. Tucker 476    1 Aug 1935
32. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162631 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
261639 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium macranthum Rydb.
2. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. M. Tucker 
Collection #
476 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
Caldwell. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.66306°, -116.68639° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
33. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Montana, Gallatin County:
Bozeman.
45.678214°, -111.079757°. Coordinate uncertainty: 12000 meters.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 137177
J. W. Blankinship s.n.    12 Aug 1903
33. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162632 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
137177 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. W. Blankinship 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Aug 1903 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Gallatin 
Locality
Bozeman. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.678214°, -111.079757° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
34. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Washington County:
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry.
44.222206°, -116.963206°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Sandy shore. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 276709
William H. Baker 11251    31 Aug 1953
34. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162634 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
276709 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
11251 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Aug 1953 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Washington 
Locality
Along the Snake River at Brownlee Ferry. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.222206°, -116.963206° 
Site Description
Sandy shore. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
35. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Idaho, Canyon County:
New Plymouth.
Elev. 2200 ft.
Ditch banks. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 239717
J. Francis Macbride 727    14 Aug 1910
35. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162635 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
239717 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by Aven Nelson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Francis Macbride 
Collection #
727 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Aug 1910 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Canyon 
Locality
New Plymouth. 
Elevation
2200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Ditch banks. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
36. Helenium autumnale L.
Canada, British Columbia
Mara Lake.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 214674
V. J. Krajina s.n.    28 Aug 1950
36. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
162636 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
214674 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by F. Tusko, 1963.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Aug 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Mara Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
37. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Asotin County:
Chief Timothy Park, shore of Snake River, about 11 air kilometers west of Clarkston, near Silcott Road off Route 12.
Elev. 656 ft. 46° 25' N, 117° 11.2' W.
Yellow rays. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 379476
Richard Old s.n.    2 Sep 2007
37. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
175554 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
379476 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard Old 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Asotin 
Locality
Chief Timothy Park, shore of Snake River, about 11 air kilometers west of Clarkston, near Silcott Road off Route 12. 
Elevation
656 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 25' N, 117° 11.2' W 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Yellow rays. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
38. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Lewis County:
Adjacent to I-5, west side of Knowles Road, 1.2 road miles north of junction with Drews Prairie Road, Drews Prairie.
Elev. 295 ft. 46° 27.6' N, 122° 53.1' W.
Wet prairie remnant, full sun, with Deschampsia caespitosa, Agrostis capillaris, Juncus bolanderi, J. occidentalis, J. hesperius, Perideridea gairdneri. Rays yellow, leaves decurrent, cespitose and widely scattered. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 379246
Peter F. Zika 19006    10 Sep 2003
38. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
176114 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
379246 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
19006 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Lewis 
Locality
Adjacent to I-5, west side of Knowles Road, 1.2 road miles north of junction with Drews Prairie Road, Drews Prairie. 
Elevation
295 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 27.6' N, 122° 53.1' W 
Site Description
Wet prairie remnant, full sun, with Deschampsia caespitosa, Agrostis capillaris, Juncus bolanderi, J. occidentalis, J. hesperius, Perideridea gairdneri. 
Specimen Notes
Rays yellow, leaves decurrent, cespitose and widely scattered. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
39. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Clatsop County:
Julia Butler Hanson Refuge for the Columbia White-tailed Deer. Island off the east tip of Tenasillahe Island.
Elev. 0 ft. 46.20953° N, 123.43145° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters.
Sandy-shored island with freshwater intertidal wetland and dredge spoils habitat. Periphery of wetland dominated by Populus and Salix. Scattered in saturated soil just above high water line. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 395967
Kathleen Sayce 08-112    9 Sep 2008
with Cathy Maxwell, Joe Arnett, David Giblin
39. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
176399 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395967 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 28 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kathleen Sayce 
Collection #
08-112 
Other Collectors
Cathy Maxwell, Joe Arnett, David Giblin 
Date Collected
9 Sep 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clatsop 
Locality
Julia Butler Hanson Refuge for the Columbia White-tailed Deer. Island off the east tip of Tenasillahe Island. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
46.20953° N, 123.43145° W 
Site Description
Sandy-shored island with freshwater intertidal wetland and dredge spoils habitat. Periphery of wetland dominated by Populus and Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered in saturated soil just above high water line. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
40. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Chehalis River. River edge at end of Preacher's Slough Road.
Elev. 5 m. 46.94718° N, 123.65509° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian.
Freshwater intertidal zone dominated by Schoenoplectus acutus and Phalaris arundinacea. Uncommon; growing on pilings in water. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 393008
David Giblin 3128    1 Sep 2009
40. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
187345 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
393008 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.
    Annotated by Katie Messick, 15 2013. Sources: Jepson, 1993.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
3128 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Chehalis River. River edge at end of Preacher's Slough Road. 
Elevation
5 m. 
Coordinates
46.94718° N, 123.65509° W 
Site Description
Freshwater intertidal zone dominated by Schoenoplectus acutus and Phalaris arundinacea. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon; growing on pilings in water. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
41. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Oregon, Clatsop County:
Julia Butler Hansen National Wildlife Refuge. Pillar Rock Island.
Elev. 1 m. 46.2501° N, 123.5827° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 100 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Sandy island with mix of shrub forest, dredge spoils, and freshwater intertidal zone; parts of intertidal zone dominated by Lythrum salicaria. Common and abundant in intertidal zone; plants to 1.5 meters tall. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU
Cathy Maxwell 1670    23 Sep 2010
with Kathleen Sayce, David Giblin
41. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
188502 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
    Annotated by Sophie Luo, 26 2013. Sources: Flora of PNW.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cathy Maxwell 
Collection #
1670 
Other Collectors
Kathleen Sayce, David Giblin 
Date Collected
23 Sep 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clatsop 
Locality
Julia Butler Hansen National Wildlife Refuge. Pillar Rock Island. 
Elevation
1 m. 
Coordinates
46.2501° N, 123.5827° W 
Site Description
Sandy island with mix of shrub forest, dredge spoils, and freshwater intertidal zone; parts of intertidal zone dominated by Lythrum salicaria. 
Specimen Notes
Common and abundant in intertidal zone; plants to 1.5 meters tall. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
42. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Oregon, Klamath County:
Klamath River, just downstream of Klamath River Campground, 9.6 air miles southwest of Keno.
Elev. 3290 ft. UTM Zone 10, 575240E, 4656155N. Datum: WGS 84.
Wet meadow. With Agrostis exarata, Carex praegracilis, Juncus effusus, Potentilla anserina. Plants to 1.2 meters tall; leaves decurrent based; stems winged. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 396471
R.E. Brainerd 2264    11 Sep 2013
with N. Otting
42. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
189621 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396471 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R.E. Brainerd 
Collection #
2264 
Other Collectors
N. Otting 
Date Collected
11 Sep 2013 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Klamath 
Locality
Klamath River, just downstream of Klamath River Campground, 9.6 air miles southwest of Keno. 
Elevation
3290 ft. 
Coordinates
UTM Zone 10, 575240E, 4656155N 
Site Description
Wet meadow. With Agrostis exarata, Carex praegracilis, Juncus effusus, Potentilla anserina. 
Specimen Notes
Plants to 1.2 meters tall; leaves decurrent based; stems winged. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
43. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
     (= Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray)
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
At Port of Klickitat, Bingen.
45.70717°, -121.460054°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1500 meters. Georeferenced by Dan Post. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Along slope of Columbia River under Glycyrrhiza. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 415911; Barcode: WTU-V-034197
David Gross 974    1 Sep 2013
43. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
Database ID
3147054 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
415911 
Barcode
WTU-V-034197 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum Torr. & A. Gray 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L. var. grandiflorum (Nutt.) T. & G.
    Annotated by David Gross.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Gross 
Collection #
974 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 2013 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
At Port of Klickitat, Bingen. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.70717°, -121.460054° 
Site Description
Along slope of Columbia River under Glycyrrhiza. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Asteraceae
44. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Multnomah County:
Columbia Slough. S shore of main channel Columbia Slough. Opposite Kelley Pt. Pk.
45.64° N, 122.7641° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Above muddy banks of channel at low tide. ¶Phalaris arundinacea, Rubus bifrons, Glyceria, Cornus sericea. Flowers. Common. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 416331; Barcode: WTU-V-035246
Dominic Maze 148    23 Aug 2016
44. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
3150624 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
416331 
Barcode
WTU-V-035246 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dominic Maze 
Collection #
148 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Multnomah 
Locality
Columbia Slough. S shore of main channel Columbia Slough. Opposite Kelley Pt. Pk.  
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.64° N, 122.7641° W 
Site Description
Above muddy banks of channel at low tide. ¶Phalaris arundinacea, Rubus bifrons, Glyceria, Cornus sericea.  
Specimen Notes
Flowers. Common.  
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Asteraceae
45. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Klickitat County:
Cliff's Park below John Day Dam.
Elev. 165 ft. 45.70563° N, 120.73888° W. Datum: WGS 84. Georeferenced by Sarah Winkowski. Coordinate Source: GPS.
A few scattered individuals on gravel beaches along Columbia River.¶ Ray and disk flowers bright yellow.¶
WTU
Peter Dunwiddie PWD-17-567    4 Aug 2017
with Peter Zika, Stacy Kinsell
45. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
3233922 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD-17-567 
Other Collectors
Peter Zika, Stacy Kinsell 
Date Collected
4 Aug 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Klickitat 
Locality
Cliff's Park below John Day Dam. 
Elevation
165 ft. 
Coordinates
45.70563° N, 120.73888° W 
Site Description
A few scattered individuals on gravel beaches along Columbia River.¶ 
Specimen Notes
Ray and disk flowers bright yellow.¶ 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Asteraceae
46. Helenium autumnale L.
U.S.A., Washington, Benton County:
North shoreline of Lake Umatilla, near junction of Engineers Road and I-82, east of Plymouth Park.
Elev. 80 m. 45.934403° N, 119.330524° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Occasional in damp silt over coarse beach gravel, full sun, over basalt; with Coreopsis atkinsoniana, Amorpha fruticosa, Euthamia occidentalis. Ray and disk flowers bright yellow. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 418811; Barcode: WTU-V-040260
Peter W. Dunwiddie 18-422    11 Aug 2018
with Peter F. Zika
46. Helenium autumnale L.
Database ID
3237974 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
418811 
Barcode
WTU-V-040260 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Asteraceae 
Name on Specimen
Helenium autumnale L. 
Accepted Name
Helenium autumnale L. 
Annotation History
1. Helenium autumnale L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter W. Dunwiddie 
Collection #
18-422 
Other Collectors
Peter F. Zika 
Date Collected
11 Aug 2018 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Benton 
Locality
North shoreline of Lake Umatilla, near junction of Engineers Road and I-82, east of Plymouth Park. 
Elevation
80 m. 
Coordinates
45.934403° N, 119.330524° W 
Site Description
Occasional in damp silt over coarse beach gravel, full sun, over basalt; with Coreopsis atkinsoniana, Amorpha fruticosa, Euthamia occidentalis. 
Specimen Notes
Ray and disk flowers bright yellow.  
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Tab-delimited Text File:
Download all 46 records as a tab-delimited text file. This file can be opened in Excel and viewed as a spreadsheet, or imported into a database or GIS software. Fields are delimited by a tab character, and not enclosed in quotes. The character encoding is UTF-8 and line endings are Windows-style (CR+LF).

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.