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Field Descriptions
99 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Empetrum", Species = "nigrum"
Ericaceae
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Sakhalin Island, northern part; circa 60 kilometers north of Nogliki and 4 kilometers west of Val, on shore of Lake Rybnoye.
Elev. 49 ft. 52° 21' 16.98" N, 143° 29.52" E.
Mix of open boreal Larix forest and extensive sphagnum bogs, with old non-forested burns on drier sandy uplands. Berries blue-black; common in drier sphagnum mats. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU
Ben Legler 1093    4 Aug 2003
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
816 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 10 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
1093 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Sakhalin Island, northern part; circa 60 kilometers north of Nogliki and 4 kilometers west of Val, on shore of Lake Rybnoye. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
52° 21' 16.98" N, 143° 29.52" E 
Site Description
Mix of open boreal Larix forest and extensive sphagnum bogs, with old non-forested burns on drier sandy uplands. 
Specimen Notes
Berries blue-black; common in drier sphagnum mats. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
2. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Sakhalin Island; circa 90 kilometers south of Okha and 14 kilometers east of village of Pil'tun, on eastern coast of island between Lake Peschanoye and ocean beach.
Elev. 0 ft. 52° 44' 24" N, 143° 16' 47.58" E.
Stabilized coastal dunes and sandy flats dotted with small freshwater ponds; dominant vegetation of Pinus pumila, Betula exilis, Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium uliginosum, lichens. Mat-forming in sand throughout area; berries black. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 357921
Ben Legler 1168    7 Aug 2003
2. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
864 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357921 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 10 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
1168 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Aug 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Sakhalin Island; circa 90 kilometers south of Okha and 14 kilometers east of village of Pil'tun, on eastern coast of island between Lake Peschanoye and ocean beach. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
52° 44' 24" N, 143° 16' 47.58" E 
Site Description
Stabilized coastal dunes and sandy flats dotted with small freshwater ponds; dominant vegetation of Pinus pumila, Betula exilis, Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium uliginosum, lichens. 
Specimen Notes
Mat-forming in sand throughout area; berries black. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
3. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum
     (= Empetrum nigrum L.)
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Mount Rainier National Park, NE side of park on unnamed ridge between The Palisades Rocks and Hidden Lake; along highest points of ridge.
Elev. 6995 ft. 46° 56' 53" N, 121° 36' 20" W; UTM Zone 10, 606118.709E, 5200116.946N. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate Source: GPS. UTM calc. from Lat-Lon.
Dry, rocky SW-facing slope, with dense Krummholtz of Abies, Picea, Pinus, Tsuga, and carpets of Empetrum nigrum. Forming extensive dense mats, berries nearly black. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 361421; Barcode: WTU-V-060834
NPS accession 448, catalog 15132
Ben Legler 2246    18 Aug 2004
with Pete Del Zotto
3. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum
Database ID
1544 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
361421 
Barcode
WTU-V-060834 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 448, catalog 15132 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum  
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage, 24 2004. Sources: Biek, Flora of Mt. Rainier.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
2246 
Other Collectors
Pete Del Zotto 
Date Collected
18 Aug 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Mount Rainier National Park, NE side of park on unnamed ridge between The Palisades Rocks and Hidden Lake; along highest points of ridge. 
Elevation
6995 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 56' 53" N, 121° 36' 20" W; UTM Zone 10, 606118.709E, 5200116.946N 
Site Description
Dry, rocky SW-facing slope, with dense Krummholtz of Abies, Picea, Pinus, Tsuga, and carpets of Empetrum nigrum. 
Specimen Notes
Forming extensive dense mats, berries nearly black. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
4. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
South side Cranberry Lake, Deception Pass State Park, Whidbey Island.
48.14389°, -122.49111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Bog. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 40775; Barcode: WTU-V-060835
Harold W. Smith 1665    30 Aug 1936
4. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
11767 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
40775 
Barcode
WTU-V-060835 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Harold W. Smith 
Collection #
1665 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Aug 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
South side Cranberry Lake, Deception Pass State Park, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.14389°, -122.49111° 
Site Description
Bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
5. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Near Blue Glacier, Mt. Olympus, Olympic Natl Park.
47.81°, -123.68583°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Moraine. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 74485; Barcode: WTU-V-060832
Marion Ownbey 2253    19 Jul 1940
5. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
11768 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
74485 
Barcode
WTU-V-060832 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Marion Ownbey 
Collection #
2253 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jul 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Near Blue Glacier, Mt. Olympus, Olympic Natl Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.81°, -123.68583° 
Site Description
Moraine. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
6. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
High alpine ridges above Seattle Park, Mt. Rainier.
Elev. 6500 ft. 46.919444°, -121.813333°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 26251JWT; Barcode: WTU-V-060831
J. William Thompson 10027    27 Aug 1933
6. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
11769 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
26251JWT 
Barcode
WTU-V-060831 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
10027 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Aug 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
High alpine ridges above Seattle Park, Mt. Rainier. 
Elevation
6500 ft. 
Coordinates
46.919444°, -121.813333° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
7. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Wahkiakum County:
McCleary Canyon.
46.2723°, -123.45421°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 22000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 11847; Barcode: WTU-V-060819
A. S. Foster s.n.     Jun 1907
7. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
11770 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
11847 
Barcode
WTU-V-060819 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by T. C. Frye.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. S. Foster 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jun 1907 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Wahkiakum 
Locality
McCleary Canyon. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.2723°, -123.45421° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
8. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Chelan County:
North Cascades National Park; Cascade Pass area; slopes north of Doubtful Lake.
Elev. 6600-7020 ft. 48° 29' 1.77368" N, 121° 2' 56.50025" W; UTM Zone 10, 644169E, 5371697N. Coordinate Source: Calc. from UTM. UTM from field notes.
Dry open scrub, with heather. Separate male and female plants. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 354215
NPS accession 632, catalog 23301
Andreas Tribsch AP-2-4    10 Aug 2002
with Peter Schonswetter
8. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
26861 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
354215 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 632, catalog 23301 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 24 2002.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Andreas Tribsch 
Collection #
AP-2-4 
Other Collectors
Peter Schonswetter 
Date Collected
10 Aug 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Chelan 
Locality
North Cascades National Park; Cascade Pass area; slopes north of Doubtful Lake. 
Elevation
6600-7020 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 29' 1.77368" N, 121° 2' 56.50025" W; UTM Zone 10, 644169E, 5371697N 
Site Description
Dry open scrub, with heather. 
Specimen Notes
Separate male and female plants. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
9. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Upper Spray Park ca. 350 meters south of Wonderland Trail, Mount Rainier National Park. Approximately 2 meters south of trail to Observation Rock.
Elev. 6399 ft. 616074E, 5156120N; T16N R8E S23. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In lichen and plant dominated area on ridgeline between Spray Park and Echo Rock. Growing in mats with Arctostaphylos uva-ursa on and between olivine andesite boulders. 5 degrees WSW. Fruiting with purple berries present. Leaves green to red. Origin: Native.
WTU 353069
Sydne Record SR-0802-1    8 Aug 2002
9. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
27143 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
353069 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Katherine Glew.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sydne Record 
Collection #
SR-0802-1 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Upper Spray Park ca. 350 meters south of Wonderland Trail, Mount Rainier National Park. Approximately 2 meters south of trail to Observation Rock. 
Elevation
6399 ft. 
Coordinates
616074E, 5156120N; T16N R8E S23 
Site Description
In lichen and plant dominated area on ridgeline between Spray Park and Echo Rock. Growing in mats with Arctostaphylos uva-ursa on and between olivine andesite boulders. 5 degrees WSW. 
Specimen Notes
Fruiting with purple berries present. Leaves green to red. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
10. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
North Cascade National Park. 0.2 air kilometers NE of Upper Silent Lakes. Above Fisher Creek headwaters. Easy Gully or Easy Couloir.
Elev. 6000 ft. 48° 33' 19.33894" N, 120° 49' 56.66739" W; UTM Zone 10, 659950E, 5380080N; T35N R16E S11. Coordinate Source: Calc. from UTM. UTM from field notes.
Subalpine meadow, between clifftop cascade and base of permanent snowfield. Full sun. Granite rubble and intrusive dike. Prostrate. Mat-forming. Fruit black, shiny, depressed globose (red when immature). Common at brink of cascade, on intrusive dike. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 356854
NPS accession 656, catalog 24529
P. F. Zika 18853    23 Aug 2003
with Steve Hahn, Jim Duemmel, Walt Lockwood, Cody Hinchliff
10. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
27661 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
356854 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 656, catalog 24529 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 18 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18853 
Other Collectors
Steve Hahn, Jim Duemmel, Walt Lockwood, Cody Hinchliff 
Date Collected
23 Aug 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
North Cascade National Park. 0.2 air kilometers NE of Upper Silent Lakes. Above Fisher Creek headwaters. Easy Gully or Easy Couloir. 
Elevation
6000 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 33' 19.33894" N, 120° 49' 56.66739" W; UTM Zone 10, 659950E, 5380080N; T35N R16E S11 
Site Description
Subalpine meadow, between clifftop cascade and base of permanent snowfield. Full sun. Granite rubble and intrusive dike. 
Specimen Notes
Prostrate. Mat-forming. Fruit black, shiny, depressed globose (red when immature). Common at brink of cascade, on intrusive dike. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
11. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Mount Rainier National Park, upper Stevens Ridge 0.5 miles due north of Fairy Falls.
Elev. 6260 ft. 46° 48' 7.3" N, 121° 42' 10.1" W; UTM Zone 10, 598983E, 5183980N. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Dry exposed ridgeline, with small conifers, loose talus, low mesic meadows. Locally common, forming large mats in dry soil. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 366125
NPS accession 489, catalog 15539
Deanna Goldy 05-25    2 Aug 2005
with Sharon Rodman, Ben Legler, Don Knoke, Pete Del Zotto
11. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
83945 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
366125 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
NPS accession 489, catalog 15539 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Deanna Goldy 
Collection #
05-25 
Other Collectors
Sharon Rodman, Ben Legler, Don Knoke, Pete Del Zotto 
Date Collected
2 Aug 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Mount Rainier National Park, upper Stevens Ridge 0.5 miles due north of Fairy Falls. 
Elevation
6260 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 48' 7.3" N, 121° 42' 10.1" W; UTM Zone 10, 598983E, 5183980N 
Site Description
Dry exposed ridgeline, with small conifers, loose talus, low mesic meadows. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common, forming large mats in dry soil. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
12. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Mount McKinley National Park; Park Headquarters.
Abundant. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 75159; Barcode: WTU-V-060827
Aven Nelson 3626    3 Jul 1939
with Ruth A. Nelson
12. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102595 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
75159 
Barcode
WTU-V-060827 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Aven Nelson 
Collection #
3626 
Other Collectors
Ruth A. Nelson 
Date Collected
3 Jul 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mount McKinley National Park; Park Headquarters. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Abundant. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
13. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Mount McKinley National Park, near center of northern boundary of park on north end of Wonder Lake.
Elev. 2296 ft.
Abundant. Shrub, inclined; berry black; "Crowberry". Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 29515; Barcode: WTU-V-060823
Ynes Mexia 2215    9 Aug 1928
13. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102596 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
29515 
Barcode
WTU-V-060823 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ynes Mexia 
Collection #
2215 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Aug 1928 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mount McKinley National Park, near center of northern boundary of park on north end of Wonder Lake. 
Elevation
2296 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Abundant. 
Specimen Notes
Shrub, inclined; berry black; "Crowberry". 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
14. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Grand Park.
Elev. 5000 ft. 46.96252°, -121.6743°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 22201; Barcode: WTU-V-060830
J. M. Grant A162     Aug 1925
14. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102598 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
22201 
Barcode
WTU-V-060830 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. M. Grant 
Collection #
A162 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Aug 1925 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Grand Park. 
Elevation
5000 ft. 
Coordinates
46.96252°, -121.6743° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
15. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Near Cranberry Lake, Whidbey Island.
48.14389°, -122.49111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Peat Bog. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 25321; Barcode: WTU-V-060833
G. N. Jones 4946    2 Jun 1934
15. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102600 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
25321 
Barcode
WTU-V-060833 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. N. Jones 
Collection #
4946 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jun 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Near Cranberry Lake, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.14389°, -122.49111° 
Site Description
Peat Bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
16. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Near Cranberry Lake, north end of Whidbey Island.
48.14389°, -122.49111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Bog. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 35013; Barcode: WTU-V-060828$
G. N. Jones 8712    8 Jun 1935
16. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102601 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
35013 
Barcode
WTU-V-060828$ 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. N. Jones 
Collection #
8712 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jun 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Near Cranberry Lake, north end of Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.14389°, -122.49111° 
Site Description
Bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
17. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
About 3 miles southeast of Prince Rupert along road to Terrace.
Near two small lakes; common at edge of Sphagnum bog at margin of lake. Fruit black. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 177096; Barcode: WTU-V-060822
J. A. Calder 15029    25 Aug 1954
with D. B. O. Savile, J. M. Ferguson
17. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102602 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
177096 
Barcode
WTU-V-060822 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
15029 
Other Collectors
D. B. O. Savile, J. M. Ferguson 
Date Collected
25 Aug 1954 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
About 3 miles southeast of Prince Rupert along road to Terrace. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Near two small lakes; common at edge of Sphagnum bog at margin of lake. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit black. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
18. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Middleton Island is located in the Gulf of Alaska about 115 miles south of Valdez.
59° 25' N, 146° 20' W.
Low marshy area with many depressions in which water stands 1-2 inches deep. Soil peaty; mosses very common. Common species include: Caltha palustris, Polemonium sp., Lysichiton americanum, Empetrum nigrum, Esquisetum pratensis, Achillea borealis, Dodecatheon pulchellum, Calamagrostis nutkaensis, Dodecatheon pulchellum, Calamagrostis nutkaensis, Plantago macrocarpa, Sphagnum sp., Carex sp., Angelica lucida and scattered Salix sp. Common; growing in moss mats; few plants in flower at this date. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 181809; Barcode: WTU-V-060824
John H. Thomas 5820    6 Jun 1956
18. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102605 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
181809 
Barcode
WTU-V-060824 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
John H. Thomas 
Collection #
5820 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Jun 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Middleton Island is located in the Gulf of Alaska about 115 miles south of Valdez. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
59° 25' N, 146° 20' W 
Site Description
Low marshy area with many depressions in which water stands 1-2 inches deep. Soil peaty; mosses very common. Common species include: Caltha palustris, Polemonium sp., Lysichiton americanum, Empetrum nigrum, Esquisetum pratensis, Achillea borealis, Dodecatheon pulchellum, Calamagrostis nutkaensis, Dodecatheon pulchellum, Calamagrostis nutkaensis, Plantago macrocarpa, Sphagnum sp., Carex sp., Angelica lucida and scattered Salix sp. Common; growing in moss mats; few plants in flower at this date. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
19. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Sitka County:
Back of Sitka.
57.117915°, -135.23906°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
In the small tundra on the bench. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 88779; Barcode: WTU-V-060825
A. A. Heller 14905    11 Jul 1929
19. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102607 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
88779 
Barcode
WTU-V-060825 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Sp. Pl. 1022. 1753. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. A. Heller 
Collection #
14905 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jul 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Sitka 
Locality
Back of Sitka. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
57.117915°, -135.23906° 
Site Description
In the small tundra on the bench. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
20. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Ketchikan Gateway County:
Ketchikan.
55.342222°, -131.646111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 7400 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In a bog. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 28058; Barcode: WTU-V-060826
R. H. Williams s.n.    14 Jul 1933
20. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102609 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
28058 
Barcode
WTU-V-060826 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. H. Williams 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jul 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Ketchikan Gateway 
Locality
Ketchikan. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
55.342222°, -131.646111° 
Site Description
In a bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
21. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Lillooet District: Piebiter Creek, upper Cadwallader Creek Valley above Bralorne.
Woods. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 218487; Barcode: WTU-V-060820
A. R. Kruckeberg 5746    10 Sep 1963
21. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102610 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
218487 
Barcode
WTU-V-060820 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. R. Kruckeberg 
Collection #
5746 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Sep 1963 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Lillooet District: Piebiter Creek, upper Cadwallader Creek Valley above Bralorne. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
22. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Point Lay. Along north bank of Kukpowruk River between 1 and 2 miles from its mouth on Kasegaluk Lagoon.
69° 36' N, 163° W.
Growing on tundra behind riverbank. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 152756; Barcode: WTU-V-060829
John H. Thomas 2260A    2 Sep 1950
22. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
102613 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
152756 
Barcode
WTU-V-060829 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
John H. Thomas 
Collection #
2260A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Sep 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Point Lay. Along north bank of Kukpowruk River between 1 and 2 miles from its mouth on Kasegaluk Lagoon. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
69° 36' N, 163° W 
Site Description
Growing on tundra behind riverbank. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
23. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Queen Charlotte Islands: Graham Island, headlands at Seal Inlet.
Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 313141
A. R. Kruckeberg s.n.    1 Aug 1982
23. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105620 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
313141 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. R. Kruckeberg 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1982 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Queen Charlotte Islands: Graham Island, headlands at Seal Inlet. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
24. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher
     (= Empetrum nigrum L.)
U.S.A., Alaska, North Slope County:
Okpilak Valley, 1 kilometer west of West Okpilak Lake.
Elev. 1902 ft. 69° N, 144° W. Misleading coordinates given only to nearest degree.
Upland tundra; dwarf heath community. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 305199
N. E. Grulke 12     Aug 1984
with D. J. Marrett
24. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher
Database ID
105621 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
305199 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
N. E. Grulke 
Collection #
12 
Other Collectors
D. J. Marrett 
Date Collected
Aug 1984 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
North Slope 
Locality
Okpilak Valley, 1 kilometer west of West Okpilak Lake. 
Elevation
1902 ft. 
Coordinates
69° N, 144° W 
Site Description
Upland tundra; dwarf heath community. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
25. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Mist Harbor, Shumagin Islands.
55.127447°, -159.850674°. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
Low hill. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 137218
D. Martel 183    25 May 1935
25. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105622 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
137218 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
D. Martel 
Collection #
183 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 May 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mist Harbor, Shumagin Islands. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
55.127447°, -159.850674° 
Site Description
Low hill. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
26. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Yukon Territory
Between 11 and 17 mile mark on 60 Mile Road from West Dawson.
Elev. 3000-4000 ft. 64° 9' N, 139° 48' W.
Common everywhere on slopes and domes. Prostrate. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 176205
J. A. Calder 3852    22 Jul 1949
with L. G. Billard
26. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105623 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
176205 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
3852 
Other Collectors
L. G. Billard 
Date Collected
22 Jul 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Yukon Territory 
County
 
Locality
Between 11 and 17 mile mark on 60 Mile Road from West Dawson. 
Elevation
3000-4000 ft. 
Coordinates
64° 9' N, 139° 48' W 
Site Description
Common everywhere on slopes and domes. 
Specimen Notes
Prostrate. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
27. Empetrum nigrum L. var. hermaphroditum (Lge.) Sr.
     (= Empetrum nigrum L.)
Canada, Yukon Territory
Canol Road: Rose-Lapie R. Pass. Mile 105, near Lapie Lake.
Elev. 3600 ft. 61.77214°, -133.084269°. Coordinate uncertainty: 1500 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
In spruce bogs. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 254589
Breitung 9318    10 Jun 1944
with A. E. Porsild
27. Empetrum nigrum L. var. hermaphroditum (Lge.) Sr.
Database ID
105624 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
254589 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. var. hermaphroditum (Lge.) Sr. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. var. hermaphroditum (Lge.) Sr.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Breitung 
Collection #
9318 
Other Collectors
A. E. Porsild 
Date Collected
10 Jun 1944 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Yukon Territory 
County
 
Locality
Canol Road: Rose-Lapie R. Pass. Mile 105, near Lapie Lake. 
Elevation
3600 ft. 
Coordinates
61.77214°, -133.084269° 
Site Description
In spruce bogs. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
28. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
About 9 miles southeast of Fairbanks.
Spruce forest. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 226521
R. John Taylor 3168    28 Jul 1965
28. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105625 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
226521 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. John Taylor 
Collection #
3168 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Jul 1965 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
About 9 miles southeast of Fairbanks. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Spruce forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
29. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Yukon Territory
East of Lewes R.
Elev. 2100-2400 ft.
Sandy and shaly bluffs and hillsides. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 128922
A. J. Breitung 9208    1 Jun 1944
with A. E. Porsild
29. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105626 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
128922 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. J. Breitung 
Collection #
9208 
Other Collectors
A. E. Porsild 
Date Collected
1 Jun 1944 
Verbatim Date
1-5 June, 1944 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Yukon Territory 
County
 
Locality
East of Lewes R. 
Elevation
2100-2400 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Sandy and shaly bluffs and hillsides. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
30. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Yukon Territory
Between 11 and 17 mile mark on 60 Mile Road from West Dawson.
Elev. 3000-4000 ft. 64° 9' N, 139° 48' W.
Common everywhere on slopes and domes. Prostrate. Division of Botany, Science Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 291144
J. A. Calder 3852    22 Jul 1949
with L. G. Billard
30. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105628 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
291144 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
3852 
Other Collectors
L. G. Billard 
Date Collected
22 Jul 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Yukon Territory 
County
 
Locality
Between 11 and 17 mile mark on 60 Mile Road from West Dawson. 
Elevation
3000-4000 ft. 
Coordinates
64° 9' N, 139° 48' W 
Site Description
Common everywhere on slopes and domes. 
Specimen Notes
Prostrate. Division of Botany, Science Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
31. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Aleutian Islands, west side of Chichagof Harbor, Attu Island.
52.931965°, 173.237071°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1124 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Very common low-growing shrub on slope. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 102214
Robert M. Hardy 171    8 Jul 1945
31. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105629 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
102214 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Robert M. Hardy 
Collection #
171 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Aleutian Islands, west side of Chichagof Harbor, Attu Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
52.931965°, 173.237071° 
Site Description
Very common low-growing shrub on slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
32. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Tongass National Forest, Baranof Island, west side. About 15 miles south of Sitka. Just east of Goddard Hot Springs near the head of Kluvchevoi Bay.
T58S R64E S17.
Growing in muskeg type area in the Goddard burn (50 years old). Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 282688
Mary Clay Muller 4236    19 Apr 1981
32. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105633 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
282688 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by M. Muller, 1981. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates male flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mary Clay Muller 
Collection #
4236 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1981 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Tongass National Forest, Baranof Island, west side. About 15 miles south of Sitka. Just east of Goddard Hot Springs near the head of Kluvchevoi Bay. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T58S R64E S17 
Site Description
Growing in muskeg type area in the Goddard burn (50 years old). 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
33. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Just north of Muncho Lake at Mile 474 Alaska Highway.
Elev. 2400 ft. 59° 11' N, 125° 54' W.
Common at margin of limestone flats and coniferous forest. Pollen collected RN QRC 2-20-1981. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 236634
J. A. Calder 25529    17 Jun 1960
with J. M. Gillett
33. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105634 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
236634 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
25529 
Other Collectors
J. M. Gillett 
Date Collected
17 Jun 1960 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Just north of Muncho Lake at Mile 474 Alaska Highway. 
Elevation
2400 ft. 
Coordinates
59° 11' N, 125° 54' W 
Site Description
Common at margin of limestone flats and coniferous forest. 
Specimen Notes
Pollen collected RN QRC 2-20-1981. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
34. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum
     (= Empetrum nigrum L.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Tongass National Forest, Chichagof Island (northwest part) west side of Lisianski Inlet, across from Pelican, along Cann Creek.
Muskeg. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 280530
Mary Clay Muller 3293    24 Aug 1979
34. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum
Database ID
105637 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
280530 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum  
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. ssp. nigrum.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mary Clay Muller 
Collection #
3293 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Aug 1979 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Tongass National Forest, Chichagof Island (northwest part) west side of Lisianski Inlet, across from Pelican, along Cann Creek. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Muskeg. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
35. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Vicinity of east Oumalik.
69° 50' N, 155° 30' W.
West slope along small stream. Collected under contract with the Office of Naval Research. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 192798
George H. Ward 1455    15 Aug 1952
35. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105641 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
192798 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
George H. Ward 
Collection #
1455 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Aug 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Vicinity of east Oumalik. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
69° 50' N, 155° 30' W 
Site Description
West slope along small stream. 
Specimen Notes
Collected under contract with the Office of Naval Research. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
36. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Mt. Fougner, Bella Coola.
Elev. 4400 ft.
Common on heathy slopes from just below tree line and up. Berries black. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 177095
Calder 20358    23 Aug 1956
with J. A. Parmelee, R. L. Taylor
36. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105645 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
177095 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Calder 
Collection #
20358 
Other Collectors
J. A. Parmelee, R. L. Taylor 
Date Collected
23 Aug 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Mt. Fougner, Bella Coola. 
Elevation
4400 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Common on heathy slopes from just below tree line and up. 
Specimen Notes
Berries black. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
37. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Northwest Territories
Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island.
63° 45' N, 68° 32' W.
Very common; on rocky ridge behind camp. Fruit turning black. Decumbent-creeping. Division of Botany, Science Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 290463
J. A. Calder 2175    26 Jul 1948
37. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105649 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
290463 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by W. J. Cody, 1948. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet designates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
2175 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jul 1948 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Northwest Territories 
County
 
Locality
Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
63° 45' N, 68° 32' W 
Site Description
Very common; on rocky ridge behind camp. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit turning black. Decumbent-creeping. Division of Botany, Science Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
38. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Baldy Mountain about 7.5 miles east-northeast of Littlefort.
Elev. 7228 ft. 51° 27' N, 120° 3' W.
Occasional in open, rocky-gravelly areas near summit. Prostrate. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 177157
J. A. Calder 19828    8 Aug 1956
with J. A. Parmelee
38. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105906 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
177157 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
19828 
Other Collectors
J. A. Parmelee 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Baldy Mountain about 7.5 miles east-northeast of Littlefort. 
Elevation
7228 ft. 
Coordinates
51° 27' N, 120° 3' W 
Site Description
Occasional in open, rocky-gravelly areas near summit. 
Specimen Notes
Prostrate. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
39. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Kodiak Island County:
Port Vita, Raspberry Strait, Raspberry Island, Kodiak group.
Elev. 1968 ft. 58.065556°, -153.076792°. Coordinate uncertainty: 3000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
On mountain. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 192527
W. J. Eyerdam 3955     1945
39. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105907 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
192527 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by W. J. Eyerdam, 15 1945. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
3955 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Kodiak Island 
Locality
Port Vita, Raspberry Strait, Raspberry Island, Kodiak group. 
Elevation
1968 ft. 
Coordinates
58.065556°, -153.076792° 
Site Description
On mountain. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
40. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
South side of Colville River across from Umiat.
69° 22' N, 152° 8' W.
North slopes along river. Collected under contract with the Office of Naval Research. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 191445
Geo. H. Ward 1408    10 Aug 1952
40. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105908 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
191445 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Geo. H. Ward 
Collection #
1408 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Aug 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
South side of Colville River across from Umiat. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
69° 22' N, 152° 8' W 
Site Description
North slopes along river. 
Specimen Notes
Collected under contract with the Office of Naval Research. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
41. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Aleutian Islands: Akutan.
54.132338°, -165.888412°. Coordinate uncertainty: 16000 meters.
Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 37135
George Neville Jones 9480    15 Aug 1936
41. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105909 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37135 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten note in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates this specimen is sterile. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
9480 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Aug 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Aleutian Islands: Akutan. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
54.132338°, -165.888412° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
42. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Vancouver Island. Wreck Bay near Ucluelet.
Elev. 0 ft. 48° N, 125° W. Misleading coordinates given only to nearest degree.
Sea level in sphagnum bog. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 183978
A. F. Szczawinski 5746    9 Jun 1957
42. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105911 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
183978 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by A. F. Szczawinski, 9 1957. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicate female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. F. Szczawinski 
Collection #
5746 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jun 1957 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Vancouver Island. Wreck Bay near Ucluelet. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
48° N, 125° W 
Site Description
Sea level in sphagnum bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
43. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Chipuin Mountain, Marble Mountains.
Elev. 6000 ft. 50.739722°, -121.733889°. Coordinate uncertainty: 3200 meters.
Alpine slopes. Collected under the auspices of the Arnold Arboretum. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 17866JWT
J. William Thompson 563    21 Jul 1938
with Emily M. Thompson
43. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105915 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
17866JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
563 
Other Collectors
Emily M. Thompson 
Date Collected
21 Jul 1938 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Chipuin Mountain, Marble Mountains. 
Elevation
6000 ft. 
Coordinates
50.739722°, -121.733889° 
Site Description
Alpine slopes. 
Specimen Notes
Collected under the auspices of the Arnold Arboretum. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
44. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Attu Island, Holtz Bay, Moore Ridge.
Elev. 300 ft.
On tundra. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 155596
Lt. G.B. Van Schaack 713    29 Jul 1945
44. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105918 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
155596 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lt. G.B. Van Schaack 
Collection #
713 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Attu Island, Holtz Bay, Moore Ridge. 
Elevation
300 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On tundra. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
45. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Northwest end of Kenai Lake, Kenai Peninsula.
60° 30' N, 149° 45' W.
Common in aspen woods. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 173139
J. A. Calder 5054    3 Jun 1951
45. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105919 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
173139 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
5054 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Jun 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Northwest end of Kenai Lake, Kenai Peninsula. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
60° 30' N, 149° 45' W 
Site Description
Common in aspen woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
46. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Haystack Lakes.
49.028994°, -120.100549°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1251 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Dryish moss. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 272149
R. Hainault 7984    31 Jul 1976
46. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105925 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
272149 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by R. Hainault. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates sterility.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. Hainault 
Collection #
7984 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Jul 1976 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Haystack Lakes. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
49.028994°, -120.100549° 
Site Description
Dryish moss. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
47. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Coos County:
Bandon.
43.110978°, -124.413941°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3522 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Open bluffs and beaches. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 4801JWT
J. William Thompson 12785    20 Jun 1936
47. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105927 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
4801JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
12785 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Coos 
Locality
Bandon. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
43.110978°, -124.413941° 
Site Description
Open bluffs and beaches. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
48. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
St. Paul, Pribilof Islands.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 101339
T. Kincaid s.n.    2 Sep 1897
48. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105930 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101339 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten note in the upper left-hand corner of the specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. Kincaid 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Sep 1897 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
St. Paul, Pribilof Islands. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
49. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Yoho National Park, northeast end of Emerald Lake.
Elev. 4300 ft.
On boggy ground under Abies-Pinus contorta. Berries dull black. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 67864
C. L. Hitchcock 7722    19 Jul 1941
with J. S. Martin
49. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105933 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
67864 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbols in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicate both male and female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
7722 
Other Collectors
J. S. Martin 
Date Collected
19 Jul 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Yoho National Park, northeast end of Emerald Lake. 
Elevation
4300 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On boggy ground under Abies-Pinus contorta. 
Specimen Notes
Berries dull black. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
50. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Hecate Island. Above beach.
On rocks; open. Fruits purple-black. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 72790
T. T. McCabe 7240    16 Jul 1939
50. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105934 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
72790 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicate female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
7240 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Jul 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Hecate Island. Above beach. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
On rocks; open. 
Specimen Notes
Fruits purple-black. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
51. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Skagway Yakutat Angoon County:
Pitchfork Falls, 9 miles north of Skagway.
Elev. 800 ft.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 28060
R. H. Williams s.n.    17 Jul 1933
51. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105936 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
28060 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by G. N. Jones. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. H. Williams 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Jul 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Skagway Yakutat Angoon 
Locality
Pitchfork Falls, 9 miles north of Skagway. 
Elevation
800 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
52. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Coos County:
At Bandon.
Along the beach by the sea. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 26252JWT
J. William Thompson 2311    14 Apr 1927
52. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105938 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
26252JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten note in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates sterility. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
2311 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Apr 1927 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Coos 
Locality
At Bandon. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Along the beach by the sea. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
53. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Wrangell Petersburg County:
Pillar Bay, Kuiu Island.
56.629169°, -134.173422°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 6643 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Up stream bogs. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 39221
G. B. Rigg 19    11 Aug 1929
53. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105940 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
39221 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by P. C. Standley. Remarks: Handwritten note in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates sterility. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. B. Rigg 
Collection #
19 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Aug 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Wrangell Petersburg 
Locality
Pillar Bay, Kuiu Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
56.629169°, -134.173422° 
Site Description
Up stream bogs. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
54. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Wrangell Petersburg County:
Southeast Alaska, Pillar Bay, Kuiu Island.
56.618452°, -134.186297°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 7939 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Upstream bogs. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 39219
G. B. Rigg 27    11 Aug 1929
54. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105941 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
39219 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by P. C. Standley. Remarks: Handwritten note in the upper left-hand corner of the specimen sheet indicate sterility. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. B. Rigg 
Collection #
27 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Aug 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Wrangell Petersburg 
Locality
Southeast Alaska, Pillar Bay, Kuiu Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
56.618452°, -134.186297° 
Site Description
Upstream bogs. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
55. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Seward Peninsula: Nome.
Abundant on the tundra. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 40219
George Neville Jones 9164     Jul 1936
55. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105942 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
40219 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of the specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
9164 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Seward Peninsula: Nome. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Abundant on the tundra. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
56. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia
Chipuin Mountain, Marble Mountains.
Elev. 6000 ft. 50.739722°, -121.733889°. Coordinate uncertainty: 3200 meters.
Alpine slopes. Under the auspices of the Arnold Arboretum. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 47809
J. William Thompson 563    21 Jul 1938
with Emily M. Thompson
56. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105946 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
47809 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in the upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates hermaphroditic flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
563 
Other Collectors
Emily M. Thompson 
Date Collected
21 Jul 1938 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Chipuin Mountain, Marble Mountains. 
Elevation
6000 ft. 
Coordinates
50.739722°, -121.733889° 
Site Description
Alpine slopes. 
Specimen Notes
Under the auspices of the Arnold Arboretum. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
57. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
(locality not given)
54.912677°, -158.050781°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1879152 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 40220
G. B. Rigg 65    6 Aug 1929
57. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
105947 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
40220 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by P. C. Standley.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. B. Rigg 
Collection #
65 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Aug 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
(locality not given) 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
54.912677°, -158.050781° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
58. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Akutan, Aleutian Island.
54.121589°, -165.894741°. Coordinate uncertainty: 17000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 101338
John Rudd s.n.     1935
58. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107827 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101338 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
John Rudd 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Akutan, Aleutian Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
54.121589°, -165.894741° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
59. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Mist Harbor, Shumagin Islands.
55.127447°, -159.850674°. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
Low hill. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 101335
D. Martel 181    27 May 1935
59. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107829 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101335 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates male flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
D. Martel 
Collection #
181 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mist Harbor, Shumagin Islands. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
55.127447°, -159.850674° 
Site Description
Low hill. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
60. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Prince of Wales Island.
Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 101336
E. P. Walker s.n.     Jul 1915
60. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107830 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101336 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten note in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates sterility.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
E. P. Walker 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1915 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Prince of Wales Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
61. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
16 miles west of Nome City.
Tundra and border. Indefinite loan by Tacoma High School to the University of Washington. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 101337
J. B. Flett 1588    20 Jul 1900
61. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107831 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101337 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates female flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. B. Flett 
Collection #
1588 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jul 1900 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
16 miles west of Nome City. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Tundra and border. 
Specimen Notes
Indefinite loan by Tacoma High School to the University of Washington. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
62. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Metlakahtla.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 81932
T. Kincaid s.n.    10 Jul 1897
62. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107832 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
81932 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by E. Hulten, 1935. Remarks: Handwritten symbol in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicates male flowers. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. Kincaid 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jul 1897 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Metlakahtla. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
63. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska
Firth River at Alaska-Yukon boundary. 70 miles south of Gordon and Arctic Ocean.
Elev. 1700 ft. 68° 39' N, 141° W.
Shrub tundra north of tree line. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 250589
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18467    16 Jun 1961
63. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
107833 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250589 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: Handwritten symbols in upper left-hand corner of specimen sheet indicate male and female flowers occurring on separate plants. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18467 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Firth River at Alaska-Yukon boundary. 70 miles south of Gordon and Arctic Ocean. 
Elevation
1700 ft. 
Coordinates
68° 39' N, 141° W 
Site Description
Shrub tundra north of tree line. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
64. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Kittitas County:
Near outlet of Circle Lake.
Elev. 6020 ft. 47° 32.758' N, 121° 9.698' W; T24N R13E S24.
Open area; uneven, dry ground. Other plants: Cassiope mertensiana, Castilleja parviflora, Abies lasiocarpa, Antennaria lanata. Fruit; scattered. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 365213
Don Knoke 1170    26 Aug 2006
64. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
156909 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
365213 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Don Knoke 
Collection #
1170 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Aug 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kittitas 
Locality
Near outlet of Circle Lake. 
Elevation
6020 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 32.758' N, 121° 9.698' W; T24N R13E S24 
Site Description
Open area; uneven, dry ground. Other plants: Cassiope mertensiana, Castilleja parviflora, Abies lasiocarpa, Antennaria lanata. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit; scattered. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
65. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
North Cascades National Park. Copper Ridge Trail. Approximately 1 kilometer northeast of lookout, along trail.
Elev. 6150 ft. 48° 54.827' N, 121° 27.404' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Rocky outcropping along ridgeline dominated by Lupinus, Cassiope and Phyllodoce. Locally common forming mats on rocky outcroppings. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 367529
David Giblin 1095    4 Aug 2007
65. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
157767 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
367529 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 29 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
1095 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
North Cascades National Park. Copper Ridge Trail. Approximately 1 kilometer northeast of lookout, along trail. 
Elevation
6150 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 54.827' N, 121° 27.404' W 
Site Description
Rocky outcropping along ridgeline dominated by Lupinus, Cassiope and Phyllodoce. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common forming mats on rocky outcroppings. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
66. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Alaska, Juneau County:
Juneau.
58.301944°, -134.419722°. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 11465A
Miss E. A. Shumway s.n.     Jul 1891
66. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
165691 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
11465A 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
2. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Remarks: [Also on this sheet: Harrimanella stellariana.] 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Miss E. A. Shumway 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1891 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Juneau 
Locality
Juneau. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
58.301944°, -134.419722° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ericaceae
67. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Chelan County:
[No locality given on label]
Elev. 7050 ft. T26N R15E S25. Datum: WGS84. Coordinate uncertainty: 77000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Flat topped rocky ridge meadow with Salix nivalis and small Pinus albicaulis. Low spreading shrub circa 2 decimeters across. [Located in teaching collection]. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 327927; Barcode: WTU-V-005651
M. Arnot 655    6 Aug 1993
with E. Burnett
67. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
166261 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
327927 
Barcode
WTU-V-005651 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. Arnot 
Collection #
655 
Other Collectors
E. Burnett 
Date Collected
6 Aug 1993 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Chelan 
Locality
[No locality given on label] 
Elevation
7050 ft. 
Coordinates
T26N R15E S25 
Site Description
Flat topped rocky ridge meadow with Salix nivalis and small Pinus albicaulis. 
Specimen Notes
Low spreading shrub circa 2 decimeters across. [Located in teaching collection]. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
68. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Southern part of Sakhalin Island. Sea of Okhotsk side. Environs of Starodubskoye Village and mouth of Nayba River.
Elev. 45 ft. 47° 25.692' N, 142° 46.12' E.
Short coniferous forest with Picea dominant, plus Abies in canopy. Frequent Larix. Understory of shrubby Pinus pumila, and open patches of herbs and low shrubs. In fruit, green turning black. In open spaces as well as under edge of Pinus pumila. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 391377; Barcode: WTU-V-060691
Suzanne Joneson 2865    23 Jul 2001
68. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
179695 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
391377 
Barcode
WTU-V-060691 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Joneson 
Collection #
2865 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jul 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Southern part of Sakhalin Island. Sea of Okhotsk side. Environs of Starodubskoye Village and mouth of Nayba River. 
Elevation
45 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 25.692' N, 142° 46.12' E 
Site Description
Short coniferous forest with Picea dominant, plus Abies in canopy. Frequent Larix. Understory of shrubby Pinus pumila, and open patches of herbs and low shrubs. 
Specimen Notes
In fruit, green turning black. In open spaces as well as under edge of Pinus pumila. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
69. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Southern part of Sakhalin Island. Approximately 10 kilometers east of Korsakov. Approximately 2-3 kilometers north from Moreya River mouth.
Elev. 114 ft. 46° 38.48' N, 142° 54.615' E.
Lowland forest with slow-moving creeks. Patches of Larix and Picea with no undergrowth. Patches of Betula with Poa undergrowth. And patches of Ledum and fern with herbs. With green berries. Growing with Ledum. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 391034; Barcode: WTU-V-060690
Suzanne Joneson 2939    28 Jul 2001
69. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
179709 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
391034 
Barcode
WTU-V-060690 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Joneson 
Collection #
2939 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Jul 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Southern part of Sakhalin Island. Approximately 10 kilometers east of Korsakov. Approximately 2-3 kilometers north from Moreya River mouth. 
Elevation
114 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 38.48' N, 142° 54.615' E 
Site Description
Lowland forest with slow-moving creeks. Patches of Larix and Picea with no undergrowth. Patches of Betula with Poa undergrowth. And patches of Ledum and fern with herbs. 
Specimen Notes
With green berries. Growing with Ledum. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
70. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Northeast part of island. East of Piltun Village. Near southern end of Astokh Bay.
Elev. 0 ft. 52° 41.94' N, 143° 19.214' E.
Marshy areas and lake. Black fruits. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 391403; Barcode: WTU-V-060740
Suzanne Joneson 3605    18 Aug 2001
with Slava Barkalov
70. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
179952 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
391403 
Barcode
WTU-V-060740 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Joneson 
Collection #
3605 
Other Collectors
Slava Barkalov 
Date Collected
18 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Northeast part of island. East of Piltun Village. Near southern end of Astokh Bay. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
52° 41.94' N, 143° 19.214' E 
Site Description
Marshy areas and lake. 
Specimen Notes
Black fruits. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
71. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Southern tip of Moneron Island, just north of Cape Poyasnoy.
Elev. 918 ft. 46° 13.745' N, 141° 13.974' E.
High windswept meadows of low herbs, Sasa, and grasses. Vegetative. Growing in small clumps close to the ground, amongst Sasa. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 390853; Barcode: WTU-V-060744
Suzanne Joneson 3745    24 Aug 2001
71. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
179967 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
390853 
Barcode
WTU-V-060744 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Joneson 
Collection #
3745 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Southern tip of Moneron Island, just north of Cape Poyasnoy. 
Elevation
918 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 13.745' N, 141° 13.974' E 
Site Description
High windswept meadows of low herbs, Sasa, and grasses. 
Specimen Notes
Vegetative. Growing in small clumps close to the ground, amongst Sasa. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
72. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Northeast Sakhalin Island; east of Tungar Village; environs of Odoptu Bay.
53° 25.855' N, 143° 4.873' E.
Pinus, Salix scrub with sparse Larix, herb understory. Plants collected along old road bed. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 390906; Barcode: WTU-V-060723
Kari Stiles 2001-10    3 Aug 2001
72. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
179974 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
390906 
Barcode
WTU-V-060723 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kari Stiles 
Collection #
2001-10 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Northeast Sakhalin Island; east of Tungar Village; environs of Odoptu Bay. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
53° 25.855' N, 143° 4.873' E 
Site Description
Pinus, Salix scrub with sparse Larix, herb understory. Plants collected along old road bed. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
73. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Northwest Sakhalin Island; inland from Sakhalinsky Bay; environs of Muz'ma.
Elev. 17 ft. 54° 16.803' N, 142° 26.343' E.
Bog/burnt forest; slopes above beach, old Larix forest with Betula and Pinus regrowth; thick layer of debris and duff. On old burnt slope. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 391060; Barcode: WTU-V-060722
Kari Stiles 2001-138    10 Aug 2001
73. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
180000 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
391060 
Barcode
WTU-V-060722 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kari Stiles 
Collection #
2001-138 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Northwest Sakhalin Island; inland from Sakhalinsky Bay; environs of Muz'ma. 
Elevation
17 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 16.803' N, 142° 26.343' E 
Site Description
Bog/burnt forest; slopes above beach, old Larix forest with Betula and Pinus regrowth; thick layer of debris and duff. 
Specimen Notes
On old burnt slope. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
74. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Northeast part of Sakhalin Island. Sea of Okhotsk side. Environs of Taliki River.
Elev. 127 ft. 54° 16.612' N, 142° 48.749' E.
Windswept hillside above lake. Scrubby Pinus pumila no more than 1 meter tall, with open patches of Empetrum, herbs, and lichens. With black fruits. Creeping. Common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 391065; Barcode: WTU-V-060743
Suzanne Joneson 3378    14 Aug 2001
74. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
180026 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
391065 
Barcode
WTU-V-060743 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Voroschilov, 1982.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Suzanne Joneson 
Collection #
3378 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Northeast part of Sakhalin Island. Sea of Okhotsk side. Environs of Taliki River. 
Elevation
127 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 16.612' N, 142° 48.749' E 
Site Description
Windswept hillside above lake. Scrubby Pinus pumila no more than 1 meter tall, with open patches of Empetrum, herbs, and lichens. 
Specimen Notes
With black fruits. Creeping. Common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
75. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
East/central Sakhalin; Longri River basin.
Elev. 54-250 ft. 54° 16.818' N, 142° 48.664' E.
Southwest facing slope running from low boggy/meadow to exposed hilltop (200+ feet?); scree-covered slope; exposed patches with lichen/herb mat at bottom, exposed scree at top; Pinus/Larix scattered and in patches. Blue/black berries; forming part of lichen/herb mat at base of slope, with Arctous. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 390801; Barcode: WTU-V-060742
Kari Stiles 2001-291    15 Aug 2001
75. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
Database ID
180047 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
390801 
Barcode
WTU-V-060742 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. s.l. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. s.l.
    Annotated by Valentin Yakubov, 2011. Sources: Pl. Vasc. Orientis Extremi Sovietici.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kari Stiles 
Collection #
2001-291 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Aug 2001 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
East/central Sakhalin; Longri River basin. 
Elevation
54-250 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 16.818' N, 142° 48.664' E 
Site Description
Southwest facing slope running from low boggy/meadow to exposed hilltop (200+ feet?); scree-covered slope; exposed patches with lichen/herb mat at bottom, exposed scree at top; Pinus/Larix scattered and in patches. 
Specimen Notes
Blue/black berries; forming part of lichen/herb mat at base of slope, with Arctous. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
76. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Chelan County:
North Cascades National Park. North side of Mount Benzarino.
Elev. 7117 ft. 48.496799° N, 120.810233° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Snow field interspersed with mostly barren rocky outcroppings with some soil. Scattered in dry soil among rocks.¶Tissue removed by Gwen Ellis at University of Washington for DNA analysis. February 4, 2020. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 392516; Barcode: WTU-V-059815
Ben Legler 12304    8 Sep 2011
with David Giblin
76. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
181508 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
392516 
Barcode
WTU-V-059815 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 8 2011. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
12304 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
8 Sep 2011 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Chelan 
Locality
North Cascades National Park. North side of Mount Benzarino. 
Elevation
7117 ft. 
Coordinates
48.496799° N, 120.810233° W 
Site Description
Snow field interspersed with mostly barren rocky outcroppings with some soil. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered in dry soil among rocks.¶Tissue removed by Gwen Ellis at University of Washington for DNA analysis. February 4, 2020. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
77. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Mount Rainier National Park. Above and south of Panhandle Gap.
Elev. 6756 ft. 46.8573° N, 121.6609° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Rocky open slopes and rocky outcroppings. Very little vegetation present. Low-growing shrub in rocky outcroppings; locally common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 389763; Barcode: WTU-V-060821
David Giblin s.n.    6 Sep 2008
with Richard Ramsden
77. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
184876 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389763 
Barcode
WTU-V-060821 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 28 2009. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
Richard Ramsden 
Date Collected
6 Sep 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Mount Rainier National Park. Above and south of Panhandle Gap. 
Elevation
6756 ft. 
Coordinates
46.8573° N, 121.6609° W 
Site Description
Rocky open slopes and rocky outcroppings. Very little vegetation present. 
Specimen Notes
Low-growing shrub in rocky outcroppings; locally common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
78. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
North Cascades National Park: along ridgeline on south side of Trappers Peak.
Elev. 1723 m. 48.686864° N, 121.32179° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 7 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Narrow, rocky, subalpine ridge, with scattered small conifers, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Phyllodoce, and Juniperus communis. Low, mat forming shrubs; occasional. Phenology: Vegetative.
WTU 403976; Barcode: WTU-V-012160
Ben Legler 12949    4 Sep 2013
78. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
189460 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
403976 
Barcode
WTU-V-012160 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 24 2013. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
12949 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Sep 2013 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
North Cascades National Park: along ridgeline on south side of Trappers Peak. 
Elevation
1723 m. 
Coordinates
48.686864° N, 121.32179° W 
Site Description
Narrow, rocky, subalpine ridge, with scattered small conifers, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Phyllodoce, and Juniperus communis. 
Specimen Notes
Low, mat forming shrubs; occasional. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
79. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
North Cascades National Park: along ridgeline 0.6 air miles north of Monogram Lake.
Elev. 2034 m. 48.567215° N, 121.279664° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 100 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Rocky ridge crest with patches of meadow dominated by Carex, Phyllodoce. Low shrub forming large patches along ridgeline. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 404009; Barcode: WTU-V-012187
Ben Legler 12963    8 Sep 2013
79. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
189474 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
404009 
Barcode
WTU-V-012187 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 24 2013. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
12963 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Sep 2013 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
North Cascades National Park: along ridgeline 0.6 air miles north of Monogram Lake. 
Elevation
2034 m. 
Coordinates
48.567215° N, 121.279664° W 
Site Description
Rocky ridge crest with patches of meadow dominated by Carex, Phyllodoce. 
Specimen Notes
Low shrub forming large patches along ridgeline. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
80. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Carlisle Bog Natural Area Preserve.
Elev. 80 ft. 47° 8.699' N, 124° 4.655' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Peat bog. With Ledum groendlandicum, Kalmia occidentalis, Myrica gale, Pinus contorta, Maianthemum diletatum, Lysichiton americanus. Common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 408091; Barcode: WTU-V-021325
Regina Johnson 2014-027    15 Jun 2014
80. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3084343 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
408091 
Barcode
WTU-V-021325 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Regina Johnson 
Collection #
2014-027 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jun 2014 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Carlisle Bog Natural Area Preserve. 
Elevation
80 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 8.699' N, 124° 4.655' W 
Site Description
Peat bog. With Ledum groendlandicum, Kalmia occidentalis, Myrica gale, Pinus contorta, Maianthemum diletatum, Lysichiton americanus. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
81. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Islands, Ekarma County:
Kuril Archipelago: Ekarma, unnamed bay just east of Cape Shpilevoy, northwest corner of island, shoreline.
48° 57' 57" 153° 55' 20".
Dried out canyon with eroded walls, sunny slope with 50% bare soil/rock, dominated by short growing Artemisia. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 344293; Barcode: WTU-V-060692
Birgit Semsrott 0267    10 Aug 1996
81. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424158 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
344293 
Barcode
WTU-V-060692 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Rimma Drovetskaya.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Birgit Semsrott 
Collection #
0267 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Islands 
County
Ekarma 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Ekarma, unnamed bay just east of Cape Shpilevoy, northwest corner of island, shoreline. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 57' 57" 153° 55' 20" 
Site Description
Dried out canyon with eroded walls, sunny slope with 50% bare soil/rock, dominated by short growing Artemisia. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
82. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Islands, Onekotan County:
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river plateau.
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E.
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of forbs. Fruit dark purple to black. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 344291; Barcode: WTU-V-060693
Birgit Semsrott BS 0070    4 Aug 1996
82. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424159 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
344291 
Barcode
WTU-V-060693 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Birgit Semsrott.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Birgit Semsrott 
Collection #
BS 0070 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Islands 
County
Onekotan 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river plateau. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E 
Site Description
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of forbs. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit dark purple to black. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
83. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Islands, Onekotan County:
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river valley on plateau.
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E.
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of Forbes. Fruit green to red. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 342894; Barcode: WTU-V-060694
Birgit Semsrott BS 0065    4 Aug 1996
83. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424160 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342894 
Barcode
WTU-V-060694 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Birgit Semsrott.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Birgit Semsrott 
Collection #
BS 0065 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Islands 
County
Onekotan 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river valley on plateau. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E 
Site Description
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of Forbes. 
Specimen Notes
Fruit green to red. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
84. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Islands, Matua County:
Kuril Archipelago: Mtua, next to dirt road going from military camp to freshwater lake.
48° 2' 42" N, 153° 13' 55" E.
Heath vegetation dominated by Empetrum Round fruit Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 342892; Barcode: WTU-V-060695
Birgit Semsrott BS0372    1 Aug 1996
84. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424161 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342892 
Barcode
WTU-V-060695 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Rimma Drovetskaya.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Birgit Semsrott 
Collection #
BS0372 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Islands 
County
Matua 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Mtua, next to dirt road going from military camp to freshwater lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 2' 42" N, 153° 13' 55" E 
Site Description
Heath vegetation dominated by Empetrum 
Specimen Notes
Round fruit 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
85. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Rasshua County:
Kuril Archipelago: Rasshua, inland from southwest section of island near the Arches; top of highest ridge between coast and valley containing Tikhoye and Beloye crater lakes.
Elev. 300 m. 47° 43' 5" N, 152° 58' 44" E.
Low growing woody plants including Alnus, and Salix arctica; habitat subjected to wind and fog. Berries black, leaves bright green, some older leaves red; growing as mat. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 337777; Barcode: WTU-V-060720
Sarah Gage SG 1330    12 Aug 1995
85. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424187 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337777 
Barcode
WTU-V-060720 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG 1330 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Aug 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Rasshua 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Rasshua, inland from southwest section of island near the Arches; top of highest ridge between coast and valley containing Tikhoye and Beloye crater lakes. 
Elevation
300 m. 
Coordinates
47° 43' 5" N, 152° 58' 44" E 
Site Description
Low growing woody plants including Alnus, and Salix arctica; habitat subjected to wind and fog. 
Specimen Notes
Berries black, leaves bright green, some older leaves red; growing as mat. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
86. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Ushishir County:
Kuril Archipelago: Ushishir, Yankicha Island; inland environs of Kraternaya Bay: along top of northern ridge.
Elev. 200 m. 47° 31' 6" N, 152° 49' E.
Depression (10 m wide) dominated by Saliz arctical; surrounding ridge slope vegetation dominated by Calamagrostis. Berries black, leaves dark green. Several stems ending in fleshy red leaves, erect above mat; growing with lichen, diagensia, Cassiope. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 337784; Barcode: WTU-V-060721
S. Lindsay SG1456    20 Aug 1995
with J.A. Lopez
86. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424189 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337784 
Barcode
WTU-V-060721 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
S. Lindsay 
Collection #
SG1456 
Other Collectors
J.A. Lopez 
Date Collected
20 Aug 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Ushishir 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Ushishir, Yankicha Island; inland environs of Kraternaya Bay: along top of northern ridge. 
Elevation
200 m. 
Coordinates
47° 31' 6" N, 152° 49' E 
Site Description
Depression (10 m wide) dominated by Saliz arctical; surrounding ridge slope vegetation dominated by Calamagrostis.  
Specimen Notes
Berries black, leaves dark green. Several stems ending in fleshy red leaves, erect above mat; growing with lichen, diagensia, Cassiope. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
87. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Raikoke County:
Kuril Archipelago: Raikoke, inland from small cove on southeast-east side of island.
Elev. 100 m. 48° 17' 45" N, 153° 15' 25" E.
Stabilized scree with Empetrum, salix, Penstemon, and mosses dominant. Berries spherical, abundant, and black. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 342893; Barcode: WTU-V-060724
Sarah Gage SG 2337    13 Aug 2019
87. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Database ID
3424193 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
342893 
Barcode
WTU-V-060724 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara.
    Annotated by Rimma Drovetskaya.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG 2337 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Aug 2019 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Raikoke 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Raikoke, inland from small cove on southeast-east side of island.  
Elevation
100 m. 
Coordinates
48° 17' 45" N, 153° 15' 25" E 
Site Description
Stabilized scree with Empetrum, salix, Penstemon, and mosses dominant. 
Specimen Notes
Berries spherical, abundant, and black.  
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
88. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Onekotan County:
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river valley on plateau.
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E.
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of forbs. Mostly vegetative, red branches caused by fungus/ parasite? Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 244238; Barcode: WTU-V-060726
Birgit Semsrott BS 0085    4 Aug 1996
88. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424195 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
244238 
Barcode
WTU-V-060726 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Suzanne Joneson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Birgit Semsrott 
Collection #
BS 0085 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Onekotan 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Onekotan, inland of Nyemo Bay, south shore of river, above river valley on plateau. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
49° 36' 34" N, 154° 49' 19" E 
Site Description
Forb meadow, grasses, sedges, rich diversity of forbs. 
Specimen Notes
Mostly vegetative, red branches caused by fungus/ parasite? 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
89. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Kharimkotan County:
Kuril Archipelago: Kharimkotan, Severgina Bay, ca 2 km inland from shoreline.
Elev. 5 ft. 49° 9' 43" N, 154° 28' 22" E.
Meadow adjacent to dry lake; dominated by Elymus, Cirsium, Pedicularis Berries black - elongate instead of spherical. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 344292; Barcode: WTU-V-060727
Sarah Gage 2055    8 Aug 1996
89. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Database ID
3424196 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
344292 
Barcode
WTU-V-060727 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara.
    Annotated by Rimma Drovetskaya.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
2055 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Kharimkotan 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Kharimkotan, Severgina Bay, ca 2 km inland from shoreline. 
Elevation
5 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 9' 43" N, 154° 28' 22" E 
Site Description
Meadow adjacent to dry lake; dominated by Elymus, Cirsium, Pedicularis 
Specimen Notes
Berries black - elongate instead of spherical. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
90. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Alberta
Sant Pt., north shore of L. Athabaska, Alta.
Elev. 700 ft. 58° 56' N, 110° 42' W.
Sandy beach Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 131851; Barcode: WTU-V-060728
Hugh M. Raup 4586    4 Sep 1932
with Ernst C. Abbe
90. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424197 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
131851 
Barcode
WTU-V-060728 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Hugh M. Raup 
Collection #
4586 
Other Collectors
Ernst C. Abbe 
Date Collected
4 Sep 1932 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Alberta 
County
 
Locality
Sant Pt., north shore of L. Athabaska, Alta. 
Elevation
700 ft. 
Coordinates
58° 56' N, 110° 42' W 
Site Description
Sandy beach 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
91. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, British Columbia, Mackenzie District County:
Coppermine
67° 50' N, 115° 10' W.
Open, heathy tundra Procumbent and spreading; common. Origin: Native.
WTU 152957; Barcode: WTU-V-060733
W. I. Findlay 35    23 Jun 1951
91. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424199 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
152957 
Barcode
WTU-V-060733 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by WJC, 1952.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. I. Findlay 
Collection #
35 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jun 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
Mackenzie District 
Locality
Coppermine 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
67° 50' N, 115° 10' W 
Site Description
Open, heathy tundra 
Specimen Notes
Procumbent and spreading; common. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
92. Empetrum nigrum L.
Russia, Kuril Archipelago, Urip County:
Kuril Archipelago: Urip, inland coastal margin of Natalie Bay; environs of Vesolaya River.
Elev. 15 m 46° 5' 7" N, 150° 8' 27" E.
Base of a basalt cliff and on a cliff face Berries black; growing with Androsace Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 337739; Barcode: WTU-V-060741
Sarah Gage SG 1205    6 Aug 1995
92. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3424200 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
337739 
Barcode
WTU-V-060741 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG 1205 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Aug 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russia 
State or Province
Kuril Archipelago 
County
Urip 
Locality
Kuril Archipelago: Urip, inland coastal margin of Natalie Bay; environs of Vesolaya River. 
Elevation
15 m 
Coordinates
46° 5' 7" N, 150° 8' 27" E 
Site Description
Base of a basalt cliff and on a cliff face 
Specimen Notes
Berries black; growing with Androsace 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 


WTU-V-060725.jpg

Ericaceae
93. Empetrum nigrum L.
U.S.A., New York, Essex County:
[locality and coordinates withheld; status in New York: R (Rare; USDA Plants)]
Mt. Marcy. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 199157; Barcode: WTU-V-060725
W. C. Muenscher 20655    21 Aug 1941
with W. T. Winne, Babette I. Brown

WTU-V-060725.jpg

93. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3425888 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
199157 
Barcode
WTU-V-060725 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. C. Muenscher 
Collection #
20655 
Other Collectors
W. T. Winne, Babette I. Brown 
Date Collected
21 Aug 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
New York 
County
Essex 
Locality
[locality and coordinates withheld; status in New York: R (Rare; USDA Plants)] 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mt. Marcy. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
94. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Ontario, Thunder Bay County:
Hawkin's island, vicinity of Peninsula.
48° 45' N, 86° 15' W.
Moss covered rocks on shore Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 122353; Barcode: WTU-V-060698
T. M. C Taylor 724    21 Jun 1939
with M. W. Bannan, H. M. Harrison, R 119
94. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3425891 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
122353 
Barcode
WTU-V-060698 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. M. C Taylor 
Collection #
724 
Other Collectors
M. W. Bannan, H. M. Harrison, R 119 
Date Collected
21 Jun 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Ontario 
County
Thunder Bay 
Locality
Hawkin's island, vicinity of Peninsula. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 45' N, 86° 15' W 
Site Description
Moss covered rocks on shore 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
95. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Japan, Shinano, Mt. Asama County:
Honshu: Minenochaya in Mt. Asama, prov. Shinano
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 202436; Barcode: WTU-V-060729
J. Ohwi 1790    16 Jul 1958
with et. K, Okamoto
95. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Database ID
3426159 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
202436 
Barcode
WTU-V-060729 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. Ohwi 
Collection #
1790 
Other Collectors
et. K, Okamoto 
Date Collected
16 Jul 1958 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Japan 
State or Province
Shinano 
County
Mt. Asama 
Locality
Honshu: Minenochaya in Mt. Asama, prov. Shinano 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
96. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Japan, Gwate
Mountain Gwate. Gwate province.
Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Unknown.
WTU 144079; Barcode: WTU-V-060730
Kanematsu Hizawa n.s.    30 Aug 1951
96. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara
Database ID
3426162 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
144079 
Barcode
WTU-V-060730 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum (R.D.Good) H.Hara.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kanematsu Hizawa 
Collection #
n.s. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Aug 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Japan 
State or Province
Gwate 
County
 
Locality
Mountain Gwate. Gwate province. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Unknown 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
97. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Quebec
Port Burwell, Hudson Strait
60° 22' N, 64° 50' W.
Springy slope. Phenology: Spores. Origin: Native.
WTU 183153; Barcode: WTU-V-060732
M. O. Malte 120014    25 Jul 1928
97. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3428486 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
183153 
Barcode
WTU-V-060732 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. O. Malte 
Collection #
120014 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Jul 1928 
Verbatim Date
July 25-28, 1928 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Quebec 
County
 
Locality
Port Burwell, Hudson Strait 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
60° 22' N, 64° 50' W 
Site Description
Springy slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Spores 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
98. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, Alberta
Banff National Park, Lake Louise, lake trail.
Elev. 5700 ft.
WTU 225098; Barcode: WTU-V-060735
M. O. Malte 1044    9 Jul 1925
with W. R. Watson
98. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3428515 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
225098 
Barcode
WTU-V-060735 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.
    Annotated by A. E. Porsild, 9 1925.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. O. Malte 
Collection #
1044 
Other Collectors
W. R. Watson 
Date Collected
9 Jul 1925 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
Alberta 
County
 
Locality
Banff National Park, Lake Louise, lake trail. 
Elevation
5700 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Ericaceae
99. Empetrum nigrum L.
Canada, New Brunswick
Deer Island
Along road.
WTU 124404; Barcode: WTU-V-060731
M. O. Malte 779/29    1 Aug 1929
99. Empetrum nigrum L.
Database ID
3428516 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
124404 
Barcode
WTU-V-060731 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ericaceae 
Name on Specimen
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Accepted Name
Empetrum nigrum L. 
Annotation History
1. Empetrum nigrum L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. O. Malte 
Collection #
779/29 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
New Brunswick 
County
 
Locality
Deer Island 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Along road. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Tab-delimited Text File:
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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.