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Field Descriptions
16 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Coptis", Species = "trifolia"
Ranunculaceae
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Sakhalin Island, on the Schmidta Peninsula at northern end of island, slopes of Peak 604, 4 kilometers southwest of Tri Brata Mountain.
Elev. 1968 ft. 54° 3' 40.68" N, 143° 43' 26.64" E.
Windswept slopes dominated by Pinus pumila thickets, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Empetrum, Rhododendron, mosses, and lichens; with scattered small rock outcrops. In moist grassy swale among Pinus thickets. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU
Ben Legler 1234    12 Aug 2003
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
905 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
    Annotated by Slava Barkalov, 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
1234 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Aug 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Sakhalin Island, on the Schmidta Peninsula at northern end of island, slopes of Peak 604, 4 kilometers southwest of Tri Brata Mountain. 
Elevation
1968 ft. 
Coordinates
54° 3' 40.68" N, 143° 43' 26.64" E 
Site Description
Windswept slopes dominated by Pinus pumila thickets, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Empetrum, Rhododendron, mosses, and lichens; with scattered small rock outcrops. 
Specimen Notes
In moist grassy swale among Pinus thickets. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
2. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Sakhalin Island; on southern part of island along the Nayba River circa 5 kilometers north-northwest of town of Bykov.
Elev. 131 ft. 47° 59' 54.48" N, 142° 53' 56.52" E.
Level bench above river, densely forested with Abies and Picea, understory dominated by ferns and mosses. Scattered in Sphagnum under Abies. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 357020
Ben Legler 718    18 Jul 2003
2. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
27928 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357020 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
    Annotated by Slava Barkalov, 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
718 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Jul 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Sakhalin Island; on southern part of island along the Nayba River circa 5 kilometers north-northwest of town of Bykov. 
Elevation
131 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 59' 54.48" N, 142° 53' 56.52" E 
Site Description
Level bench above river, densely forested with Abies and Picea, understory dominated by ferns and mosses. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered in Sphagnum under Abies. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
3. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Russian Federation, Sakhalin Region
Sakhalin Island, central part; 10.5 km SW of Nogliki on east side of lower Tym River ca 1 km upstream of mouth of Parkata River.
Elev. 66 ft. 51° 38' 59.64" N, 142° 58' 37.98" E.
Wet boreal forest of Larix, Abies, Betula, Alnus; understory of thick moss mats, lichens, and herbs. Common in moss and sphagnum. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 357152
Ben Legler 1047    2 Aug 2003
3. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
28102 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357152 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
    Annotated by Slava Barkalov, 2003.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
1047 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Aug 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Russian Federation 
State or Province
Sakhalin Region 
County
 
Locality
Sakhalin Island, central part; 10.5 km SW of Nogliki on east side of lower Tym River ca 1 km upstream of mouth of Parkata River. 
Elevation
66 ft. 
Coordinates
51° 38' 59.64" N, 142° 58' 37.98" E 
Site Description
Wet boreal forest of Larix, Abies, Betula, Alnus; understory of thick moss mats, lichens, and herbs. 
Specimen Notes
Common in moss and sphagnum. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
4. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Canada, British Columbia
Above Hague Point, Princess Royal Island.
In open wet muskegs. In full flower at present; flowers white streaked bluish color on backs of petal. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 45262
T. T. McCabe 3381    29 May 1936
4. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70370 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
45262 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
3381 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Above Hague Point, Princess Royal Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
In open wet muskegs. 
Specimen Notes
In full flower at present; flowers white streaked bluish color on backs of petal. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
5. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Canada, British Columbia
Range north of Yule Lake, Swanson Bay, Graham Reach.
Far above timberline, in open exposed places with hardiest alpines. Sometimes abundant over a few yards; flowers with faint purplish color outside petals. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 45261
T. T. McCabe 3549    24 Jun 1936
5. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70374 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
45261 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
3549 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Jun 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Range north of Yule Lake, Swanson Bay, Graham Reach. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Far above timberline, in open exposed places with hardiest alpines. 
Specimen Notes
Sometimes abundant over a few yards; flowers with faint purplish color outside petals. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
6. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Juneau.
58.301944°, -134.419722°. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters.
Muskeg. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 292979
J. P. Anderson 6255    23 May 1940
6. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70375 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
292979 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. P. Anderson 
Collection #
6255 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Juneau. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
58.301944°, -134.419722° 
Site Description
Muskeg. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
7. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. ssp. trifolia
     (= Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.)
Canada, British Columbia
Queen Charlotte Islands; 6 1/2 miles southeast of Port Clements on road to Tlell, Graham Island.
Occasional and scattered in sphagnum bogs and in open coniferous woods. Flowers white. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 238999
J. A. Calder 34615    3 Jun 1964
with R. L. Taylor, L. C. Sherk
7. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. ssp. trifolia
Database ID
70376 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
238999 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. ssp. trifolia  
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. ssp. trifolia.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
34615 
Other Collectors
R. L. Taylor, L. C. Sherk 
Date Collected
3 Jun 1964 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Queen Charlotte Islands; 6 1/2 miles southeast of Port Clements on road to Tlell, Graham Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Occasional and scattered in sphagnum bogs and in open coniferous woods. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
8. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Attu Island; in Sidden's Valley.
Elev. 400 ft. 52.886744°, 173.209677°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3071 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
On grassy slope. Very common. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 102228
Robert M. Hardy 189    10 Jul 1945
8. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70377 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
102228 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Robert M. Hardy 
Collection #
189 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Attu Island; in Sidden's Valley. 
Elevation
400 ft. 
Coordinates
52.886744°, 173.209677° 
Site Description
On grassy slope. 
Specimen Notes
Very common. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
9. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska, Valdez Cordova County:
Port San Juan, Evans Island.
60.050833°, -148.0675°. Coordinate uncertainty: 1200 meters.
Muskeg. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 174823
W. J. Eyerdam 5787    20 Jun 1948
9. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70378 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
174823 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
    Annotated by W. J. Eyerdam.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
5787 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1948 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Valdez Cordova 
Locality
Port San Juan, Evans Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
60.050833°, -148.0675° 
Site Description
Muskeg. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
10. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Attu Island; Lake Nicholas.
Elev. 200 ft. 52.876389°, 173.238056°. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters.
Grassy slope. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 102205
Robert M. Hardy 108    11 Jun 1945
10. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70379 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
102205 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Robert M. Hardy 
Collection #
108 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Attu Island; Lake Nicholas. 
Elevation
200 ft. 
Coordinates
52.876389°, 173.238056° 
Site Description
Grassy slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
11. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Port Chalmers, Montague Island, Prince William Sound.
Elev. 10 ft.
In spruce-hemlock forest, north exposure. Common; corolla white, center of flower with pinkish tint. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 228064
J. David Solf 7    7 Jun 1959
11. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70381 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
228064 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. David Solf 
Collection #
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Jun 1959 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Port Chalmers, Montague Island, Prince William Sound. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
In spruce-hemlock forest, north exposure. 
Specimen Notes
Common; corolla white, center of flower with pinkish tint. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
12. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Attu Island; Peaceful Valley.
Elev. 0 ft. 52.834262°, 173.152835°. Coordinate uncertainty: 3000 meters.
In moist loam. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 155556
Gilmore W. Soule M.D. 16    25 Jun 1945
12. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70382 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
155556 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Gilmore W. Soule M.D. 
Collection #
16 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Jun 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Attu Island; Peaceful Valley. 
Elevation
0 ft. 
Coordinates
52.834262°, 173.152835° 
Site Description
In moist loam. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
13. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska, Aleutians West County:
Unalaska.
53.583944°, -166.796107°. Coordinate uncertainty: 68000 meters.
Among heather, by woods and grass; hills. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 36044
J. B. Flett 1777    17 Jun 1900
13. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70388 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
36044 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. B. Flett 
Collection #
1777 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 Jun 1900 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Aleutians West 
Locality
Unalaska. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
53.583944°, -166.796107° 
Site Description
Among heather, by woods and grass; hills. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
14. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Unalaska.
53.583944°, -166.796107°. Coordinate uncertainty: 68000 meters.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 86044
W. J. Eyerdam 881    18 Jun 1932
14. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70390 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
86044 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
881 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Jun 1932 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Unalaska. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
53.583944°, -166.796107° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
15. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska, Aleutians East County:
Akutan, Aleutian Islands.
54.135556°, -165.773056°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2500 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 101197
John Rudd s.n.     Jun 1935
15. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70391 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
101197 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
John Rudd 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jun 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Aleutians East 
Locality
Akutan, Aleutian Islands. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
54.135556°, -165.773056° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Ranunculaceae
16. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
U.S.A., Alaska
Akutan, Aleutian Island.
54.121589°, -165.894741°. Coordinate uncertainty: 17000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer.
Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 86043
I. L. Norberg 357    14 Jun 1934
16. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
Database ID
70392 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
86043 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Ranunculaceae 
Name on Specimen
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Accepted Name
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. 
Annotation History
1. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. L. Norberg 
Collection #
357 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jun 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Akutan, Aleutian Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
54.121589°, -165.894741° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.