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Field Descriptions
55 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Cardamine", Species = "breweri"
Brassicaceae
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Northeast of Arlington.
T32N R5E S29 N 1/2. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Small stream in wooded swamp. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 321562
Mildred Arnot 284    9 May 1991
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8376 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
321562 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mildred Arnot 
Collection #
284 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 May 1991 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Northeast of Arlington. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T32N R5E S29 N 1/2 
Site Description
Small stream in wooded swamp. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Ca. 16 miles SE of Mt. Vernon at SW end of Summer Lake on Lake Cavanaugh Road.
T33N R5E S21. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Growing in mud and shallow water with Lysichitum americanum, Epilobium sp., Spiraea douglasii, and ferns. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 318206
Elroy Burnett 201    27 Apr 1990
with Mildred Arnot
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8377 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
318206 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elroy Burnett 
Collection #
201 
Other Collectors
Mildred Arnot 
Date Collected
27 Apr 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Ca. 16 miles SE of Mt. Vernon at SW end of Summer Lake on Lake Cavanaugh Road. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T33N R5E S21 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Growing in mud and shallow water with Lysichitum americanum, Epilobium sp., Spiraea douglasii, and ferns. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Quillayute Prairie.
47.94333°, -124.54111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On gravel bar in stream. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 21727
George Neville Jones 3790     Aug 1931
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8378 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
21727 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
3790 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Aug 1931 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Quillayute Prairie. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.94333°, -124.54111° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
On gravel bar in stream. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Langley, Whidbey Island.
48.04028°, -122.405°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 44303
J. M. Grant s.n.     May 1923
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8379 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
44303 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. M. Grant 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
May 1923 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Langley, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.04028°, -122.405° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
5. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Nolan Creek, along Hoh river.
Elev. 100 ft. 47.750148°, -124.35318°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
River bottoms. On a gravel bar. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 27600
I. C. Otis 1415    19 Apr 1925
5. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8380 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
27600 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1415 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1925 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Nolan Creek, along Hoh river. 
Elevation
100 ft. 
Coordinates
47.750148°, -124.35318° 
Site Description
River bottoms. 
Specimen Notes
On a gravel bar. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
6. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Steilacoom.
47.17°, -122.60139°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Swamps. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 42929
J. B. Flett s.n.    11 May 1901
6. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8381 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
42929 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. B. Flett 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 May 1901 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Steilacoom. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.17°, -122.60139° 
Site Description
Swamps. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
7. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
2 miles south of Puyallup.
47.156609°, -122.29167°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Grass-choked spring pool. Growing in pool. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 42448
Lyman Benson 1212    28 Apr 1929
7. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
8431 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
42448 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine pennsylvanica Muhl.
    Remarks: [Spelled "pennsylvanicus".]
2. Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dama, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 17 2014.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lyman Benson 
Collection #
1212 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
2 miles south of Puyallup. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.156609°, -122.29167° 
Site Description
Grass-choked spring pool. 
Specimen Notes
Growing in pool. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
8. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Crook County:
Ochoco National Forest: Along Forest Service Road 22, southwest of Walton Lake.
Elev. 2000 ft. 44° 26.14' N, 120° 120.96' W; T13S R19E S21. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1500 meters. Georeferenced by John Bassett. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Meadow with intermittent, small stream and drier gentle slopes surrounding it. Surrounding forest mixed with Pinus ponderosa, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Abies, some Larix. Flowers white. Growing in very wet soil or flowing water of streamlet. Stems succulent, brittle. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 350051
Sarah Gage 6811    10 Jun 2000
8. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
22473 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
350051 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Cindy Spurgeon, 21 2001. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
6811 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jun 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Crook 
Locality
Ochoco National Forest: Along Forest Service Road 22, southwest of Walton Lake. 
Elevation
2000 ft. 
Coordinates
44° 26.14' N, 120° 120.96' W; T13S R19E S21 
Site Description
Meadow with intermittent, small stream and drier gentle slopes surrounding it. Surrounding forest mixed with Pinus ponderosa, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Abies, some Larix. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white. Growing in very wet soil or flowing water of streamlet. Stems succulent, brittle. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
9. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Union Slough, Spencer Island, estuary of Snohomish River, c. [circa] 1 air kilometer east of Interstate 5.
Elev. 7 ft. T29N R5E S15. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Mud bank, fresh water intertidal, full sun, with Carex lyngbyei, Phalaris arundinacea, Lysichiton, Alisma, Mimulus guttatus, Callitriche stagnalis. Rhizomes horizontal, green, only 2 small tubers seen, occasional. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 353998
P. F. Zika 18440    4 Jun 2003
with F. & A. Weinmann
9. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
27175 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
353998 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18440 
Other Collectors
F. & A. Weinmann 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Union Slough, Spencer Island, estuary of Snohomish River, c. [circa] 1 air kilometer east of Interstate 5. 
Elevation
7 ft. 
Coordinates
T29N R5E S15 
Site Description
Mud bank, fresh water intertidal, full sun, with Carex lyngbyei, Phalaris arundinacea, Lysichiton, Alisma, Mimulus guttatus, Callitriche stagnalis. 
Specimen Notes
Rhizomes horizontal, green, only 2 small tubers seen, occasional. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
10. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Logging road 100 m N of gate, 59th Avenue NE, 1.3 air km N of Bryant.
Elev. 426 ft. 48° 15.5' N, 122° 8.9' W; T32N R5E S15.
Shallow water, muddy ground, partial shade along roadside, with Ranunculus repens, Carex deweyana. Perennial, fruit green to pale brown, pops when ripe; seeds green. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 353997
P. F. Zika 18442    4 Jun 2003
with F. & A. Weinmann
10. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
27176 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
353997 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18442 
Other Collectors
F. & A. Weinmann 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Logging road 100 m N of gate, 59th Avenue NE, 1.3 air km N of Bryant. 
Elevation
426 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 15.5' N, 122° 8.9' W; T32N R5E S15 
Site Description
Shallow water, muddy ground, partial shade along roadside, with Ranunculus repens, Carex deweyana. 
Specimen Notes
Perennial, fruit green to pale brown, pops when ripe; seeds green. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
11. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Waypoint #36. Along trail in forest tract just above logging spur road.
Elev. 161 ft. 46° 23.68' N, 123° 53.054' W.
Creekside along Ellsworth Creek. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 357796
Richard G. Olmstead 2003-60    31 May 2003
11. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
28545 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
357796 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by Thomas A. Dillhoff, 24 2003.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard G. Olmstead 
Collection #
2003-60 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
The Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve. Waypoint #36. Along trail in forest tract just above logging spur road. 
Elevation
161 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 23.68' N, 123° 53.054' W 
Site Description
Creekside along Ellsworth Creek. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
12. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
University of Washington Big Beef Creek Research Facility grounds.
Elev. 20 ft. 47° 38' 59.6" N, 122° 46' 50.1" W.
Fresh water marsh with Typha and Juncus; ringed by Alnus rubra and Thuja plicata. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 359886
David Giblin 03-38A    3 May 2003
with Ben Legler
12. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
31226 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
359886 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2004.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
03-38A 
Other Collectors
Ben Legler 
Date Collected
3 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
University of Washington Big Beef Creek Research Facility grounds. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 38' 59.6" N, 122° 46' 50.1" W 
Site Description
Fresh water marsh with Typha and Juncus; ringed by Alnus rubra and Thuja plicata. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
13. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Cedar River Watershed. West Wetland - Morse Creek.
Elev. 1610 ft. 47° 21.781' N, 121° 40.005' W.
Wetland; open. Associated species: Ledum, Alnus, Lonicera. In water 6 inches deep; white flowers. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 362625
Dean Dougherty KDD-10    22 Jun 2002
with Kristy Berg, David Giblin
13. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
35134 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
362625 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl.
    Annotated by Jennifer French, 3 2002. Sources: H&C.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 17 2014.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dean Dougherty 
Collection #
KDD-10 
Other Collectors
Kristy Berg, David Giblin 
Date Collected
22 Jun 2002 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Cedar River Watershed. West Wetland - Morse Creek. 
Elevation
1610 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 21.781' N, 121° 40.005' W 
Site Description
Wetland; open. Associated species: Ledum, Alnus, Lonicera. 
Specimen Notes
In water 6 inches deep; white flowers. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
14. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Park County:
Boulder River, 8 miles north of Independence.
45.327258°, -110.231326°. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters.
Sandy bank of river. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 100998
C. L. Hitchcock 13470    9 Aug 1945
with C. V. Muhlick
14. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
75893 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
100998 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb.
    Sources: Reed Rollins.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 22 2014.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
13470 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
9 Aug 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Park 
Locality
Boulder River, 8 miles north of Independence. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.327258°, -110.231326° 
Site Description
Sandy bank of river. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
15. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Headwaters of Harvey Creek, circa 1.5 air miles NNE of Bryant.
Elev. 360 ft. 48° 15.6' N, 122° 8.8' W; T32N R5E S15.
Shaded shallow water and mud, under Thuja, with Lysichiton, Oenanthe. Rhizome green, lacks tubers; white flowers, some nod; petals 4-4.5 mm; sepals 1.9-2.0 mm; white filaments, yellow anthers; 6 stamens; stems hollow; green to pale brown fruit pops. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 355993
P. F. Zika 18218    17 Apr 2003
with B. Legler
15. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76195 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355993 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18218 
Other Collectors
B. Legler 
Date Collected
17 Apr 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Headwaters of Harvey Creek, circa 1.5 air miles NNE of Bryant. 
Elevation
360 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 15.6' N, 122° 8.8' W; T32N R5E S15 
Site Description
Shaded shallow water and mud, under Thuja, with Lysichiton, Oenanthe. 
Specimen Notes
Rhizome green, lacks tubers; white flowers, some nod; petals 4-4.5 mm; sepals 1.9-2.0 mm; white filaments, yellow anthers; 6 stamens; stems hollow; green to pale brown fruit pops. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
16. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Logging road 100 m north of gate, 59th Avenue north east. Circa 1.3 air km north of Bryant.
Elev. 130 ft. 48° 15.5' N, 122° 8.9' W; T32N R5E S15.
Shallow water, muddy ground, partial shade along roadside, with Ranunculus repens, Carex deweyana, Oenanthe, Torreyochloa, Rubus spectabilis. Perrennial, rhizomes short, no tubers; white flowers, some nod; sepals 1.8-2 mm; 6 stamens(selfs); white filaments; yellow anthers; stems hollow. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 355994
P. F. Zika 18217    17 Apr 2003
with B. Legler
16. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
76209 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
355994 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18217 
Other Collectors
B. Legler 
Date Collected
17 Apr 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Logging road 100 m north of gate, 59th Avenue north east. Circa 1.3 air km north of Bryant. 
Elevation
130 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 15.5' N, 122° 8.9' W; T32N R5E S15 
Site Description
Shallow water, muddy ground, partial shade along roadside, with Ranunculus repens, Carex deweyana, Oenanthe, Torreyochloa, Rubus spectabilis. 
Specimen Notes
Perrennial, rhizomes short, no tubers; white flowers, some nod; sepals 1.8-2 mm; 6 stamens(selfs); white filaments; yellow anthers; stems hollow. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
17. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Legler house.
Elev. 328 ft. 48° 12.5' N, 122° 10.4' W; T31N R5E S4.
Mud of shaded pools, unnamed creek bottom, with Thuja, Rubus spectabilis, Athyrium filix-femina, Lysichiton, Urtica. Perennial, rhizome short, no tubers; white flowers; petals 4-4.5 mm; sepals 1.8-2 mm; 5-6 stamens; white filaments, yellow anthers; pedicels spreading ascending on immature fruit. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 356011
P. F. Zika 18215    17 Jun 2003
with B. Legler
17. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
76223 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
356011 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18215 
Other Collectors
B. Legler 
Date Collected
17 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Legler house. 
Elevation
328 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 12.5' N, 122° 10.4' W; T31N R5E S4 
Site Description
Mud of shaded pools, unnamed creek bottom, with Thuja, Rubus spectabilis, Athyrium filix-femina, Lysichiton, Urtica. 
Specimen Notes
Perennial, rhizome short, no tubers; white flowers; petals 4-4.5 mm; sepals 1.8-2 mm; 5-6 stamens; white filaments, yellow anthers; pedicels spreading ascending on immature fruit. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
18. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon
Near Summit Sta. (unclear). Coast Mountains.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 3876JWT
Thomas Howell s.n.     Apr 1886
18. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76234 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
3876JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by L. E. Detling, 15 1939.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Thomas Howell 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Apr 1886 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
Near Summit Sta. (unclear). Coast Mountains. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
19. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Washington County:
In the Coast Range near Green Mountain, about 2 air miles south of Bacona.
Elev. 1574 ft. T3N R4W S13. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In a small creek with Oenanthe, Juncus, Callitriche, Lysichitum, Alnus, Acer. Flowers white. Map included on label. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 317765
Richard R. Halse 3387    20 Apr 1987
19. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76246 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317765 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard R. Halse 
Collection #
3387 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Apr 1987 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Washington 
Locality
In the Coast Range near Green Mountain, about 2 air miles south of Bacona. 
Elevation
1574 ft. 
Coordinates
T3N R4W S13 
Site Description
In a small creek with Oenanthe, Juncus, Callitriche, Lysichitum, Alnus, Acer. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white. Map included on label. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
20. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Nolan Creek, Hoh River bottoms.
Elev. 100 ft. 47.750148°, -124.35318°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On gravel bar. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 3886JWT
I. C. Otis 1415    19 Apr 1925
20. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76261 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
3886JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by L.E.D., 15 1939.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1415 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1925 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Nolan Creek, Hoh River bottoms. 
Elevation
100 ft. 
Coordinates
47.750148°, -124.35318° 
Site Description
On gravel bar. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
21. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Nolan Creek, Hoh River bottoms.
Elev. 100 ft. 47.750148°, -124.35318°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On gravel bar. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 3878JWT
I. C. Otis 1415    19 Apr 1925
21. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76265 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
3878JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by L.E.D., 15 1939.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
I. C. Otis 
Collection #
1415 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1925 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Nolan Creek, Hoh River bottoms. 
Elevation
100 ft. 
Coordinates
47.750148°, -124.35318° 
Site Description
On gravel bar. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
22. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Yamhill County:
Above Deer Creek just north of the junctions of Peavine and Gopher Valley Roads.
Elev. 1141 ft. T4S R6W S11. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In a shady, mesic forest, in a wet area along an old road with Rubus, Pseudotsuga, Alnus, Oenanthe, Montia, Asarum, Dryopteris. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 313645
Richard R. Halse 2996    16 May 1985
22. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76272 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
313645 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008. Remarks: NCSC 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Richard R. Halse 
Collection #
2996 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 May 1985 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Yamhill 
Locality
Above Deer Creek just north of the junctions of Peavine and Gopher Valley Roads. 
Elevation
1141 ft. 
Coordinates
T4S R6W S11 
Site Description
In a shady, mesic forest, in a wet area along an old road with Rubus, Pseudotsuga, Alnus, Oenanthe, Montia, Asarum, Dryopteris. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
23. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
Tacoma.
Wet places. Indefinite loan by Tacoma High School to University of Washington. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 32587
J. B. Flett s.n.    14 May 1896
23. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76860 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
32587 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above.
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2003. Remarks: WTU. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. B. Flett 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 May 1896 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
Tacoma. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wet places. 
Specimen Notes
Indefinite loan by Tacoma High School to University of Washington. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
24. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
West side of Key Peninsula Highway, circa 1 mile south of Longbranch, Key Peninsula, Puget Sound.
Elev. 131 ft. 47° 12' N, 122° 45.5' W; T20N R1W S17.
In ash swamp, in slowly flowing water, with Carex deweyana, C. amplifolia, Lysichiton, Equisetum telmateia. Perennial, no tuber, white flowers, petals 3.6-3.7 millimeters long; immature fruit green, beaks 1.2-1.4 millimeters long; basal leaves 1-3 leaflets; rare. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 352997
P. F. Zika 18306    5 May 2003
24. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76862 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
352997 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by A. R. Post, 2008.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18306 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 May 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
West side of Key Peninsula Highway, circa 1 mile south of Longbranch, Key Peninsula, Puget Sound. 
Elevation
131 ft. 
Coordinates
47° 12' N, 122° 45.5' W; T20N R1W S17 
Site Description
In ash swamp, in slowly flowing water, with Carex deweyana, C. amplifolia, Lysichiton, Equisetum telmateia. 
Specimen Notes
Perennial, no tuber, white flowers, petals 3.6-3.7 millimeters long; immature fruit green, beaks 1.2-1.4 millimeters long; basal leaves 1-3 leaflets; rare. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
25. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Idaho, Shoshone County:
Beaver dam on Ward Creek, 19 miles northeast of Avery.
47.316591°, -115.597405°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 294936
J. H. Christ 51493    10 Jul 1951
25. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76864 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
294936 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. H. Christ 
Collection #
51493 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jul 1951 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Shoshone 
Locality
Beaver dam on Ward Creek, 19 miles northeast of Avery. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.316591°, -115.597405° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
26. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Montana, Ravalli County:
Medicine Hot Springs.
T1N R20W S12 SW 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Brushy, moist meadow. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 288781
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 8926    20 Jun 1979
26. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
Database ID
76866 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
288781 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 
Collection #
8926 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Jun 1979 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Ravalli 
Locality
Medicine Hot Springs. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T1N R20W S12 SW 1/4 
Site Description
Brushy, moist meadow. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
27. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Idaho, Lemhi County:
About 2 miles below head of Panther Creek.
Elev. 7300 ft. 45.315387°, -114.405586°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Petals white. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 93116
C. L. Hitchcock 9430    1 Jul 1944
with C. V. Muhlick
27. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
Database ID
76867 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
93116 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine occidentalis (Wats.) Howell.
2. Cardamine occidentalis (Wats.) Howell.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
9430 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
1 Jul 1944 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Lemhi 
Locality
About 2 miles below head of Panther Creek. 
Elevation
7300 ft. 
Coordinates
45.315387°, -114.405586° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Petals white. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
28. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Park County:
Shields River above Wilsall.
Near the banks of river. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 268922
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 89    23 Aug 1916
28. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76870 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
268922 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Wilhelm N. Suksdorf 
Collection #
89 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 1916 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Park 
Locality
Shields River above Wilsall. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Near the banks of river. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
29. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Meagher County:
Head of Daisy Creek, near Monument Peak, Little Belt Mountains, Lewis and Clarke National Forest.
Elev. 6000-7000 ft. 45.196293°, -110.222417°. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Invalid coordinates (located outside county bounds).
Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 11250JWT
Roy Bradley 20    5 Jul 1937
29. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76873 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
11250JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Reed C. Rollins, 1938. Remarks: Cruciferae.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Roy Bradley 
Collection #
20 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jul 1937 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Meagher 
Locality
Head of Daisy Creek, near Monument Peak, Little Belt Mountains, Lewis and Clarke National Forest. 
Elevation
6000-7000 ft. 
Coordinates
45.196293°, -110.222417° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
30. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Idaho, Custer County:
Salmon River Canyon circa 2 miles east of Sunbeam Dam.
44.259854°, -114.697951°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In seepage. Petals circa 5 millimeters long. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 93475
C. L. Hitchcock 10756    4 Aug 1944
with C. V. Muhlick
30. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76876 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
93475 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine occidentalis (Wats.) Howell.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
10756 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
4 Aug 1944 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Custer 
Locality
Salmon River Canyon circa 2 miles east of Sunbeam Dam. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.259854°, -114.697951° 
Site Description
In seepage. 
Specimen Notes
Petals circa 5 millimeters long. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
31. Cardamine breweri Wats. ?
U.S.A., Montana, Missoula County:
Close to spring in draw running into Six Mile Creek, ten miles north Huson.
Elev. 5000 ft.
Bitter Cress. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 305657
Mick Lamb 95    30 Jun 1968
31. Cardamine breweri Wats. ?
Database ID
76880 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
305657 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. ? 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson ? 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine parviflora L.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. ?.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mick Lamb 
Collection #
95 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 Jun 1968 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Missoula 
Locality
Close to spring in draw running into Six Mile Creek, ten miles north Huson. 
Elevation
5000 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Bitter Cress. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
32. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Montana, Meagher County:
Along Checkerboard Creek, northeast base of Castle Mountains.
46.533425°, -110.651042°. Coordinate uncertainty: 9000 meters.
Wet meadow land. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 100045
C. L. Hitchcock 12140    8 Jul 1945
with C. V. Muhlick
32. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
76885 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
100045 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Sources: Reed Rollins.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
12140 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Meagher 
Locality
Along Checkerboard Creek, northeast base of Castle Mountains. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.533425°, -110.651042° 
Site Description
Wet meadow land. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
33. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Madison County:
East Hammond Creek, 13 miles east of Ennis.
45.358106°, -111.491021°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2654 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
[3323 written in upper right corner of collection label]. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 115578
C. L. Hitchcock 16743    23 Jul 1947
33. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76887 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
115578 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
16743 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jul 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Madison 
Locality
East Hammond Creek, 13 miles east of Ennis. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
45.358106°, -111.491021° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
[3323 written in upper right corner of collection label]. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
34. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Wyoming
Swan Lake Flat, Yellowstone Park.
Wet open area. [3323 written in upper right corner of collection label]. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 185842
R. J. Davis 5388    13 Jul 1953
34. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76889 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
185842 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. J. Davis 
Collection #
5388 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 Jul 1953 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Wyoming 
County
 
Locality
Swan Lake Flat, Yellowstone Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wet open area. 
Specimen Notes
[3323 written in upper right corner of collection label]. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
35. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Broadwater County:
15 miles east of Townsend along White Sulpher Springs road.
Near stream. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 98292
C. L. Hitchcock 11847    1 Jul 1945
with C. V. Muhlick
35. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76891 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
98292 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Sources: Reed Rollins.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. leibergii (Holz) Hitchc.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
11847 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
1 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Broadwater 
Locality
15 miles east of Townsend along White Sulpher Springs road. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Near stream. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
36. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Beaverhead County:
Lake Waukena, head of Rock Creek, Pioneer Range.
Sandy shore of lake. Flowers white. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 100312
C. L. Hitchcock 13108    1 Aug 1945
with C. V. Muhlick
36. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76901 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
100312 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine.
    Sources: Reed Rollins. Remarks: (too young).
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
13108 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
1 Aug 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Beaverhead 
Locality
Lake Waukena, head of Rock Creek, Pioneer Range. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Sandy shore of lake. 
Specimen Notes
Flowers white. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
37. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Meagher County:
2 miles southeast of Williams Mount Little Belt Mountains.
Under lodgepole pine on wet bank small stream. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 100046
C. L. Hitchcock 12282    12 Jul 1945
with C. V. Muhlick
37. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76912 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
100046 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine.
    Sources: Reed Rollins. Remarks: (too young).
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
12282 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
12 Jul 1945 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Meagher 
Locality
2 miles southeast of Williams Mount Little Belt Mountains. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Under lodgepole pine on wet bank small stream. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
38. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Spokane County:
Dartford.
47.78472°, -117.41583°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On edge of creek. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 3877JWT
Sister Mary Milburge s.n.     May 1931
38. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76934 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
3877JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine vallicola Greene.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by L.E.D., 15 1939.
3. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
4. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Theodore J. Crovello, 1975. Remarks: Herbarium of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana Quantitative Studies in the Brassicaceae Collection label data and State of the Specimen infromation have been captured for computer retrieval. Address inquires to the above. 
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sister Mary Milburge 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
May 1931 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Spokane 
Locality
Dartford. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.78472°, -117.41583° 
Site Description
On edge of creek. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
39. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Granite County:
Anaconda - Pintlar Range, Johnson Lake. South shore.
Elev. 7642 ft.
Meadows. Very small specimens! Common. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 273232
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 5456    29 Jul 1974
39. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
76940 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
273232 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Klaus H. Lackschewitz 
Collection #
5456 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Jul 1974 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Granite 
Locality
Anaconda - Pintlar Range, Johnson Lake. South shore. 
Elevation
7642 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Meadows. 
Specimen Notes
Very small specimens! Common. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
40. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Along Baker Lake Road (Forest Service Road 11) where it crosses small cove of Baker Lake; 0.25 mile northwest of Panarama Point Campground.
Elev. 730 ft. 48° 43.548' N, 121° 40.288' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 7 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
On southeast side of road in drawdown of lake; exposed muddy and sandy shore with Scirpus species; Juncus cf. supiniformis, Ranunculus flammula. Petals white; common at stream inlet in part-shade. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 378005
Ben Legler 3649    29 Sep 2006
with David Giblin
40. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
157429 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378005 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 27 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3649 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
29 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Along Baker Lake Road (Forest Service Road 11) where it crosses small cove of Baker Lake; 0.25 mile northwest of Panarama Point Campground. 
Elevation
730 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 43.548' N, 121° 40.288' W 
Site Description
On southeast side of road in drawdown of lake; exposed muddy and sandy shore with Scirpus species; Juncus cf. supiniformis, Ranunculus flammula. 
Specimen Notes
Petals white; common at stream inlet in part-shade. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
41. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Okanogan County:
Hills north of Cow Creek, Methow Valley.
T31N R22E S9 N. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Plants growing in seepy area adjacent small creek. Slope 5%. Associated species: Populus tremuloides, Rosa woodsii, Poa sp., Eleocharis palustris, Plantago major, Mimulus guttatus, Taraxacum officinale. Creek heavily trampled by cattle. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 374937
Kathryn A. Beck 200813    4 Jun 2008
41. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
172571 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
374937 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine cordifolia Gray var. lyallii (Wats.) Nels. & Macbr.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 17 2014.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kathryn A. Beck 
Collection #
200813 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Okanogan 
Locality
Hills north of Cow Creek, Methow Valley. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T31N R22E S9 N 
Site Description
Plants growing in seepy area adjacent small creek. Slope 5%. Associated species: Populus tremuloides, Rosa woodsii, Poa sp., Eleocharis palustris, Plantago major, Mimulus guttatus, Taraxacum officinale. 
Specimen Notes
Creek heavily trampled by cattle. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
42. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Unnamed creek bottom.
Elev. 328 ft. 48° 12.5' N, 122° 10.4' W.
Shaded mud in drying pools, creek bottom. Rhizome green, lacks tubers, under Rubus spectabilis with Athyrium, Urtica, Lysichiton. Equals collection number 18215. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 378587
P. F. Zika 18490    17 Jun 2003
with B. Legler
42. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
174875 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378587 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18490 
Other Collectors
B. Legler 
Date Collected
17 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Unnamed creek bottom. 
Elevation
328 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 12.5' N, 122° 10.4' W 
Site Description
Shaded mud in drying pools, creek bottom. 
Specimen Notes
Rhizome green, lacks tubers, under Rubus spectabilis with Athyrium, Urtica, Lysichiton. Equals collection number 18215. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
43. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
     (= Cardamine breweri S. Watson)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Headwaters of Harvey Creek, circa 1.5 air miles north-northeast of Bryant.
Elev. 360 ft. 48° 15.6' N, 122° 8.8' W; T32N R5E S15.
Shallow shaded water and mud, under Thuja. Rhizome lacks tubers; green to pale brown fruit pops. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 379627
P. F. Zika 18443    4 Jun 2003
with F. Weinmann, A. Weinmann
43. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.
Database ID
175668 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
379627 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats. var. orbicularis (Greene) Detl.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
18443 
Other Collectors
F. Weinmann, A. Weinmann 
Date Collected
4 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Headwaters of Harvey Creek, circa 1.5 air miles north-northeast of Bryant. 
Elevation
360 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 15.6' N, 122° 8.8' W; T32N R5E S15 
Site Description
Shallow shaded water and mud, under Thuja. 
Specimen Notes
Rhizome lacks tubers; green to pale brown fruit pops. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
44. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Grant County:
Malheur National Forest. Road to Lake Creek from County Road 16. East side of road.
Elev. 5130 ft. 44.1908° N, 118.63672° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 6 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Wet meadow dominated by Carex and Juncus with Pinus contorta along the edges. Uncommon in Pinus contorta understory. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 392601
John Luginbuhl 10-17    16 Jul 2010
44. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
181009 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
392601 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine oligosperma Nutt. var. kamtschatica (Regel) Detl.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 27 2011. Sources: H&C.
2. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 17 2014.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
John Luginbuhl 
Collection #
10-17 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Jul 2010 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Grant 
Locality
Malheur National Forest. Road to Lake Creek from County Road 16. East side of road. 
Elevation
5130 ft. 
Coordinates
44.1908° N, 118.63672° W 
Site Description
Wet meadow dominated by Carex and Juncus with Pinus contorta along the edges. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon in Pinus contorta understory. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
45. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Montana, Granite County:
Lolo National Forest, Rock Creek Canyon. East side of Forest Service Road 102.
46.43056° N, 113.72664° W. Datum: WGS 84.
Broad meadow with dry areas of Pinus ponderosa to stagnant creek bordered by saturated soils. Growing in muck and standing water. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 397283
Dan Paquette 08-20    12 Jul 2008
with James Rodman
45. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
186074 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
397283 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 25 2012. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dan Paquette 
Collection #
08-20 
Other Collectors
James Rodman 
Date Collected
12 Jul 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Granite 
Locality
Lolo National Forest, Rock Creek Canyon. East side of Forest Service Road 102. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.43056° N, 113.72664° W 
Site Description
Broad meadow with dry areas of Pinus ponderosa to stagnant creek bordered by saturated soils. 
Specimen Notes
Growing in muck and standing water. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
46. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Cowlitz County:
Lake McBride. Forest Service Road 8100.
Elev. 790 m. 46.1395° N, 122.2581° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 200 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Kalama River corridor and adjacent sandy flats; Juncus ensifolius common and abundant throughout flats; north-facing riverbank with Blechnum spicant and Gaultheria ovatifolia. Scattered along river edge at base of north-facing slope. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 412038; Barcode: WTU-V-026499
Cathy Maxwell 13-38    27 Aug 2013
with Peter Zika, David Giblin
46. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
189236 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
412038 
Barcode
WTU-V-026499 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 4 2013. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cathy Maxwell 
Collection #
13-38 
Other Collectors
Peter Zika, David Giblin 
Date Collected
27 Aug 2013 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Cowlitz 
Locality
Lake McBride. Forest Service Road 8100. 
Elevation
790 m. 
Coordinates
46.1395° N, 122.2581° W 
Site Description
Kalama River corridor and adjacent sandy flats; Juncus ensifolius common and abundant throughout flats; north-facing riverbank with Blechnum spicant and Gaultheria ovatifolia. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered along river edge at base of north-facing slope. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
47. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Grant County:
Umatilla National Forest: along East Fork Clear Creek 1 air mile due north of Vinegar Hill.
Elev. 2066 m. 44.725329° N, 118.559638° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 17 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Wet meadow partly shaded by subalpine conifer forest, dominated by Carex. Petals white; fruit erect; plants scattered in wet moss. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU
Ben Legler 12176    16 Aug 2011
with Nick Otting, Richard Brainerd
47. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
2781638 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 18 2021.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
12176 
Other Collectors
Nick Otting, Richard Brainerd 
Date Collected
16 Aug 2011 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Grant 
Locality
Umatilla National Forest: along East Fork Clear Creek 1 air mile due north of Vinegar Hill. 
Elevation
2066 m. 
Coordinates
44.725329° N, 118.559638° W 
Site Description
Wet meadow partly shaded by subalpine conifer forest, dominated by Carex. 
Specimen Notes
Petals white; fruit erect; plants scattered in wet moss. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
48. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Idaho, Custer County:
Challis National Forest: bank of Marsh Creek on downstream edge of Lola campground.
Elev. 1970 m. 44.408437° N, 115.180231° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 4 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Moist riparian zone along small river, under edge of conifers, with Betula glandulosa, Caltha leptosepala, Astragalus alpinus, Dodecatheon jeffreyi. Petals white, ca 3-4 mm long; plants delicately rhizomatous, forming small clumps in wet moss over boulders on stream bank. Photographed. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits.
WTU
Ben Legler 13137    26 Jul 2014
48. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
2781979 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 9 2021.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
13137 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Jul 2014 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Custer 
Locality
Challis National Forest: bank of Marsh Creek on downstream edge of Lola campground. 
Elevation
1970 m. 
Coordinates
44.408437° N, 115.180231° W 
Site Description
Moist riparian zone along small river, under edge of conifers, with Betula glandulosa, Caltha leptosepala, Astragalus alpinus, Dodecatheon jeffreyi. 
Specimen Notes
Petals white, ca 3-4 mm long; plants delicately rhizomatous, forming small clumps in wet moss over boulders on stream bank. Photographed. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
49. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Pend Oreille County:
Lower Boundary Dam Reservoir, Pend Oreille River.
Elev. 2000 ft. UTM Zone 11, 474125E, 5426327N; T40N R43E S10 NW 1/4 of NE 1/4. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by Sara Shiina. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Plants growing adjacent small creek, in moist soil in second-growth, mixed coniferous forest. Aspect: 340 degrees. Slope: 3%. Associated species: Thuja plicata, Abies grandis, Betula papyrifera, Alnus viridis, Linnaea borealis, Equisetum arvense, Aralia nudicaulis, Fragaria vesca. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 414301; Barcode: WTU-V-031402
Kathryn A. Beck 201430    3 Jun 2014
49. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3055688 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
414301 
Barcode
WTU-V-031402 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Kathryn A. Beck 
Collection #
201430 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Jun 2014 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pend Oreille 
Locality
Lower Boundary Dam Reservoir, Pend Oreille River. 
Elevation
2000 ft. 
Coordinates
UTM Zone 11, 474125E, 5426327N; T40N R43E S10 NW 1/4 of NE 1/4 
Site Description
Plants growing adjacent small creek, in moist soil in second-growth, mixed coniferous forest. Aspect: 340 degrees. Slope: 3%. Associated species: Thuja plicata, Abies grandis, Betula papyrifera, Alnus viridis, Linnaea borealis, Equisetum arvense, Aralia nudicaulis, Fragaria vesca. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
50. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Idaho, Shoshone County:
Coeur d'Alene National Forest: where Forest Service Road 805 crosses Eagle Creek.
Elev. 917 m. 47.685794° N, 115.875966° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 9 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Moist, open conifer forest and brushy stream bottoms bisected by gravel road, with Abies grandis, Thuja plicata, Tsuga heterophylla. Petals white; perennial, lower nodes rooting; scattered clumps along stream. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 420526; Barcode: WTU-V-047683
Terri Knoke 2016-01    9 Jul 2016
50. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3085021 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
420526 
Barcode
WTU-V-047683 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 20 2016. Sources: Draft Revised Flora of PNW.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Terri Knoke 
Collection #
2016-01 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jul 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Shoshone 
Locality
Coeur d'Alene National Forest: where Forest Service Road 805 crosses Eagle Creek. 
Elevation
917 m. 
Coordinates
47.685794° N, 115.875966° W 
Site Description
Moist, open conifer forest and brushy stream bottoms bisected by gravel road, with Abies grandis, Thuja plicata, Tsuga heterophylla. 
Specimen Notes
Petals white; perennial, lower nodes rooting; scattered clumps along stream. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
51. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Deschutes County:
Camp Sherman area of Brush Creek.
Elev. 917 m. 44.51188° N, 121.67207° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label. Invalid coordinates (located outside county bounds).
Creekside of burned Larix, Pinus ponderosa savanna. Alnus sinuata, Polemonium occ., Carex abrupta, Juncus ensifolius, Hypericum scouleri, Symphiotrichum spathulatum. Uncommon. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 417597; Barcode: WTU-V-038078
Dominic Maze 407    24 Aug 2016
51. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3210050 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
417597 
Barcode
WTU-V-038078 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Dominic Maze 
Collection #
407 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Aug 2016 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Deschutes 
Locality
Camp Sherman area of Brush Creek. 
Elevation
917 m. 
Coordinates
44.51188° N, 121.67207° W 
Site Description
Creekside of burned Larix, Pinus ponderosa savanna. Alnus sinuata, Polemonium occ., Carex abrupta, Juncus ensifolius, Hypericum scouleri, Symphiotrichum spathulatum.  
Specimen Notes
Uncommon. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
52. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
A side pool off of Soos Creek near Covington.
Elev. 350 ft. 47.359° N, 122.129° W. Coordinate Source: Specimen Label.
Growing in a side pool. White flowers. Origin: Native.
WTU 421454; Barcode: WTU-V-052378
Matt Below 25    26 May 2017
52. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3265386 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
421454 
Barcode
WTU-V-052378 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Matt Below 
Collection #
25 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 May 2017 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
A side pool off of Soos Creek near Covington. 
Elevation
350 ft. 
Coordinates
47.359° N, 122.129° W 
Site Description
Growing in a side pool.  
Specimen Notes
White flowers.  
Phenology
 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
53. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
A shrub/forest wetland possibly associated with an old oxbow of the Quinault River. Area immediately adjacent to site was very recently logged.
47.431833° N, 123.97305° W.
Shallow inundation, full shade, scrub-shrub peat swamp. Sparse, forb, rhizomes, erect; white flowers with 6 stamens. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 426820; Barcode: WTU-V-074103
Patricia Johnson NWC21-WA-10003-U38    3 Jun 2021
53. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3498702 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
426820 
Barcode
WTU-V-074103 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 20 2021. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Patricia Johnson 
Collection #
NWC21-WA-10003-U38 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
3 Jun 2021 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
A shrub/forest wetland possibly associated with an old oxbow of the Quinault River. Area immediately adjacent to site was very recently logged. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.431833° N, 123.97305° W 
Site Description
Shallow inundation, full shade, scrub-shrub peat swamp. 
Specimen Notes
Sparse, forb, rhizomes, erect; white flowers with 6 stamens. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

Brassicaceae
54. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Washington, Jefferson County:
Along a side channel of the Hoh River within Olympic National Park.
47.863322° N, 123.895091° W.
Forested riverine wetland; riparian forested wetland along side channel of Hoh River, growing in & along side channel; saturated to ~ 5 cm inundation, part shade. Common, forb, rhizomes, erect. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU
Patricia Johnson NWC21-WA-10289-Q32    1 Sep 2021
54. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3506547 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 15 2021. Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Patricia Johnson 
Collection #
NWC21-WA-10289-Q32 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 2021 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Jefferson 
Locality
Along a side channel of the Hoh River within Olympic National Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.863322° N, 123.895091° W 
Site Description
Forested riverine wetland; riparian forested wetland along side channel of Hoh River, growing in & along side channel; saturated to ~ 5 cm inundation, part shade. 
Specimen Notes
Common, forb, rhizomes, erect. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Brassicaceae
55. Cardamine breweri Wats.
U.S.A., Oregon, Wasco County:
Along Deschutes River Access Road at Harpham Flat upriver of Maupin.
Elev. 880 ft. 45° 8.117' N, 121° 7.217' W.
In standing water roadside with forbs; vernally wet site. Brewer's bittercress. Phenology: Flowers and Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 427849; Barcode: WTU-V-081603
David Gross 1907    12 Jun 2020
55. Cardamine breweri Wats.
Database ID
3549619 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
427849 
Barcode
WTU-V-081603 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Brassicaceae 
Name on Specimen
Cardamine breweri Wats. 
Accepted Name
Cardamine breweri S. Watson 
Annotation History
1. Cardamine breweri Wats.
    Sources: Flora PNW, 2nd.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Gross 
Collection #
1907 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Jun 2020 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Wasco 
Locality
Along Deschutes River Access Road at Harpham Flat upriver of Maupin. 
Elevation
880 ft. 
Coordinates
45° 8.117' N, 121° 7.217' W 
Site Description
In standing water roadside with forbs; vernally wet site. 
Specimen Notes
Brewer's bittercress. 
Phenology
Flowers and Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.