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Field Descriptions
123 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Betula", Species = "papyrifera"
Betulaceae
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Ferry County:
Ravine along Columbia River 12 miles below Northport.
Wooded. Above 1290 ft. level. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 84580
H. T. Rogers 330    25 Apr 1940
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5145 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
84580 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. T. Rogers 
Collection #
330 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Apr 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Ferry 
Locality
Ravine along Columbia River 12 miles below Northport. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wooded. Above 1290 ft. level. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
North 100th St. between Corliss and Meridian Ave., Seattle.
47.66972°, -122.32917°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In a swamp. A shrub about 2.5 m high. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 122881
Walter J. Eyerdam 6416    20 Apr 1941
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5146 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
122881 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock, 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Walter J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
6416 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 Apr 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
North 100th St. between Corliss and Meridian Ave., Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.66972°, -122.32917° 
Site Description
In a swamp. 
Specimen Notes
A shrub about 2.5 m high. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
3. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Pend Oreille County:
Near highway about 14 miles north of Metaline Falls.
Elev. 2600 ft. 48.99308°, -117.30244°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Open woods. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 37725
C. L. Hitchcock 2932    15 May 1936
3. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5147 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37725 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
2932 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pend Oreille 
Locality
Near highway about 14 miles north of Metaline Falls. 
Elevation
2600 ft. 
Coordinates
48.99308°, -117.30244° 
Site Description
Open woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
4. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Stevens County:
Cedonia.
48.15389°, -118.16806°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Woods. Leaves ovate to orbicular, not strongly reticulate, bark grayish brown, not as papery as papyrifera in Peck. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 110816
Mae E. Dennis s.n.    29 Jul 1946
4. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5148 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
110816 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mae E. Dennis 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Jul 1946 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Stevens 
Locality
Cedonia. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.15389°, -118.16806° 
Site Description
Woods. 
Specimen Notes
Leaves ovate to orbicular, not strongly reticulate, bark grayish brown, not as papery as papyrifera in Peck. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
5. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
10 miles N of Everett.
48.123907°, -122.20083°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In a swamp. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 22798
Carl S. English 4350    25 Mar 1933
with Jones
5. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5149 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
22798 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock, 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Carl S. English 
Collection #
4350 
Other Collectors
Jones 
Date Collected
25 Mar 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
10 miles N of Everett. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.123907°, -122.20083° 
Site Description
In a swamp. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
6. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Ross Lake Area, Hozomeen Ranger Station, ca 3.0 mi SSE.
Elev. 2825 ft. T40N R14E S18. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Bordering rather boggy area of lake (forest mostly THPL, PSME). Abundant small tree. Tree ca 6 m tall, DBH 5 cm, bark coppery, prominent white lenticels, leaves sticky. Phenology: Vegetative. Origin: Native.
WTU 317035
Ralph Naas 5206    20 Aug 1968
with Dorothy Naas
6. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
5150 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
317035 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ralph Naas 
Collection #
5206 
Other Collectors
Dorothy Naas 
Date Collected
20 Aug 1968 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Ross Lake Area, Hozomeen Ranger Station, ca 3.0 mi SSE. 
Elevation
2825 ft. 
Coordinates
T40N R14E S18 
Site Description
Bordering rather boggy area of lake (forest mostly THPL, PSME). 
Specimen Notes
Abundant small tree. Tree ca 6 m tall, DBH 5 cm, bark coppery, prominent white lenticels, leaves sticky. 
Phenology
Vegetative 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
7. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
     (= Betula ×utahensis Britt.)
U.S.A., Washington, Ferry County:
13 miles west of Gerome (on "Spike" Anderson ranch). Above 1290 foot level.
48.04003°, -118.54372°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Along creek. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 84577
H. T. Rogers 365    29 Apr 1940
7. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Database ID
5151 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
84577 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula ×utahensis Britt. 
Annotation History
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
    Annotated by C. L. Hitchcock, 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. T. Rogers 
Collection #
365 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Apr 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Ferry 
Locality
13 miles west of Gerome (on "Spike" Anderson ranch). Above 1290 foot level. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.04003°, -118.54372° 
Site Description
Along creek. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
8. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Trail (14.6 miles north). Columbia River.
Low burnt benches; open. Height 20 feet and 6 inches in butt. Phenology: Cones.
WTU 78245
T. T. McCabe 4698    1 Sep 1937
8. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59360 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
78245 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula subcordata Rydb.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
4698 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 1937 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Trail (14.6 miles north). Columbia River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Low burnt benches; open. 
Specimen Notes
Height 20 feet and 6 inches in butt. 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
9. Betula papyrifera Marshall
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near north shore of Lake Sammamish, east of Sammamish River, Marymoor Park.
Elev. 32 ft. T25N R5E S13 NE 1/4. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Seed from ornamental plantings elsewhere in park. Brownish-white bark, 8 meters tall, self-sown in open woods. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 340034
P. F. Zika 14568    7 Oct 1999
with A. L. Jacobson
9. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59361 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
340034 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
14568 
Other Collectors
A. L. Jacobson 
Date Collected
7 Oct 1999 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near north shore of Lake Sammamish, east of Sammamish River, Marymoor Park. 
Elevation
32 ft. 
Coordinates
T25N R5E S13 NE 1/4 
Site Description
Seed from ornamental plantings elsewhere in park. 
Specimen Notes
Brownish-white bark, 8 meters tall, self-sown in open woods. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
10. Betula papyrifera Marshall
U.S.A., Alaska
Uganik Bay.
Elev. 200 ft.
Lower mountain slope. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 179779
Ethel H. Looff 1192    14 May 1940
with Henry B. Looff
10. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59363 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
179779 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.
    Annotated by U.S. Dept. of Agr. - Mu..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ethel H. Looff 
Collection #
1192 
Other Collectors
Henry B. Looff 
Date Collected
14 May 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Uganik Bay. 
Elevation
200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Lower mountain slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
11. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Galena (at airstrip), terrace of Yukon River.
Elev. 130 ft. 64° 45' N, 158° 57' W.
Thickets of Alnus, Salix. Uncommon, local. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 252283
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18495    18 Jun 1961
11. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59364 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252283 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18495 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Galena (at airstrip), terrace of Yukon River. 
Elevation
130 ft. 
Coordinates
64° 45' N, 158° 57' W 
Site Description
Thickets of Alnus, Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon, local. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
12. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Liard Hotsprings. Alaska Highway mile 497.
Forest near swamp. U.B.C. Survey Party Jun-Jul 1956. Phenology: Cones.
WTU 172439
T. M. C. Taylor 328    14 Jun 1956
with A. F. Szczawinski, M. Bell
12. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59365 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
172439 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by J. W. Eastham, 1956.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. M. C. Taylor 
Collection #
328 
Other Collectors
A. F. Szczawinski, M. Bell 
Date Collected
14 Jun 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Liard Hotsprings. Alaska Highway mile 497. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest near swamp. 
Specimen Notes
U.B.C. Survey Party Jun-Jul 1956. 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
13. Betula papyrifera Marshall

(locality not given)
Elev. 0-0
Rich moist woods. Trees with trunk 5 inches in diameter. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 223980
C. L. Hitchcock 24019a    11 Jul 1965
13. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59367 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
223980 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
24019a 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jul 1965 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
 
State or Province
 
County
 
Locality
(locality not given) 
Elevation
0-0  
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Rich moist woods. 
Specimen Notes
Trees with trunk 5 inches in diameter. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
14. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Montana, Lake County:
On east shore of Flathead Lake, 1 mile south of Yellow Bay.
Edge of woods. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 126130
C. L. Hitchcock 17724    27 Jun 1948
14. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59369 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
126130 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula fontinalis Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
17724 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Jun 1948 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Lake 
Locality
On east shore of Flathead Lake, 1 mile south of Yellow Bay. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Edge of woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
15. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Idaho, Idaho County:
Along Selway River, 1 mile above Selway Falls.
46.053515°, -115.309684°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Moist slope. Tree to about 10 meters; bark grayish brown. Phenology: Cones. Origin: Native.
WTU 132720
Marion Ownbey 3128    3 Aug 1947
with George H. Ward
15. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59371 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
132720 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Marion Ownbey 
Collection #
3128 
Other Collectors
George H. Ward 
Date Collected
3 Aug 1947 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Idaho 
Locality
Along Selway River, 1 mile above Selway Falls. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.053515°, -115.309684° 
Site Description
Moist slope. 
Specimen Notes
Tree to about 10 meters; bark grayish brown. 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
16. Betula papyrifera Marshall
U.S.A., Idaho, Idaho County:
Van Camp Lookout above the canyon of the Lochsa River.
46.230707°, -115.490928°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 298002
William H. Baker 14531    8 Aug 1956
16. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59372 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
298002 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall.
    Annotated by D. Giblin, 29 2015. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
14531 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Aug 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Idaho 
Locality
Van Camp Lookout above the canyon of the Lochsa River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.230707°, -115.490928° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
17. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Yale District: 7 miles west of Little Fort on road to Bridge Lake.
Deep woods, moist soil. Bark brownish until trees up to 3" in diameter, then white. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 209312
C. L. Hitchcock 22071    1 Jul 1961
with C. V. Muhlick
17. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59373 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
209312 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
22071 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
1 Jul 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Yale District: 7 miles west of Little Fort on road to Bridge Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Deep woods, moist soil. 
Specimen Notes
Bark brownish until trees up to 3" in diameter, then white. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
18. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
Six miles south of Nenana FAA station.
Roadside. Tree. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 253066
Maxcine Williams 2499    14 Jun 1970
18. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera
Database ID
59374 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
253066 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera  
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera.
    Annotated by Stanley L. Walsh.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera.
    Annotated by Stanley L. Walsh, 1971.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Maxcine Williams 
Collection #
2499 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jun 1970 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Six miles south of Nenana FAA station. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Roadside. 
Specimen Notes
Tree. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
19. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Skagway.
Elev. 500 ft.
Mountains; mixed forest, Picea sitchensis, Pinus contorta; on ridge with Betula with whitish bark. 50 foot tall tree; DBH 6 inches; bark dark slaty, gray brown, smooth, not peeling, with lenticels horizontal light gray lines. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252300
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18102    14 May 1961
19. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59375 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252300 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18102 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Skagway. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mountains; mixed forest, Picea sitchensis, Pinus contorta; on ridge with Betula with whitish bark. 
Specimen Notes
50 foot tall tree; DBH 6 inches; bark dark slaty, gray brown, smooth, not peeling, with lenticels horizontal light gray lines. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
20. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest. Rare and local. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252277
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18515    21 Jun 1961
20. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59377 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252277 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18515 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest. 
Specimen Notes
Rare and local. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
21. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
12 miles north of Tetlin Junction.
Forest of Picea glauca, P. mariana on slope. Rare. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250181
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18242    28 May 1961
21. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59378 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250181 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18242 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
12 miles north of Tetlin Junction. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea glauca, P. mariana on slope. 
Specimen Notes
Rare. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
22. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska, Haines County:
Haines; North Tongass National Forest.
Elev. 10 ft.
River flat, wet soil; thicket of Alnus, Populus, Salix. Tree to 20 feet; DBH 5 inches; bark light brown to pinkish on one side. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252204
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18128    15 May 1961
22. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59379 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252204 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18128 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Haines 
Locality
Haines; North Tongass National Forest. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
River flat, wet soil; thicket of Alnus, Populus, Salix. 
Specimen Notes
Tree to 20 feet; DBH 5 inches; bark light brown to pinkish on one side. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
23. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest. Rare and local; tree to 15 feet; DBH 2 inches; bark black, msooth. Thiss tree with truncate leaves. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252281
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18516    21 Jun 1961
23. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59381 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252281 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18516 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest. 
Specimen Notes
Rare and local; tree to 15 feet; DBH 2 inches; bark black, msooth. Thiss tree with truncate leaves. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
24. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest; Basin Road, 1 mile east of Juneau.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest; exposed ridge with Alnus sitchensis. Tree; 15-20 feet tall; DBH 4-5 inches; rare and local; bark copper brown, turning whitish. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252298
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18095    13 May 1961
24. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59383 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252298 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18095 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
13 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest; Basin Road, 1 mile east of Juneau. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest; exposed ridge with Alnus sitchensis. 
Specimen Notes
Tree; 15-20 feet tall; DBH 4-5 inches; rare and local; bark copper brown, turning whitish. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
25. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Oregon, Wallowa County:
Near Minam.
Phenology: Cones. Origin: Native.
WTU 8859JWT
Oliver V. Matthews s.n.     Sep 1932
25. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59384 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
8859JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Oliver V. Matthews 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Sep 1932 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Wallowa 
Locality
Near Minam. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
26. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Mentasta Pass, Mentasta Mountain, Clenn Highway near mile 80.
Elev. 2400 ft.
Open forest of Picea mariana, Betula, Populus; boggy. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 250134
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18254    28 May 1961
26. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59385 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250134 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18254 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mentasta Pass, Mentasta Mountain, Clenn Highway near mile 80. 
Elevation
2400 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Open forest of Picea mariana, Betula, Populus; boggy. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
27. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Skagway.
Elev. 500 ft.
Mixed forest, Picea sitchensis, Pinus contorta; mountains. Tree to 30 feet; DBH 6 inches; bark dark brown to about 3 inches diameter, then becomes pinkish brown. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252299
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18101    14 May 1961
27. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59386 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252299 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18101 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Skagway. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mixed forest, Picea sitchensis, Pinus contorta; mountains. 
Specimen Notes
Tree to 30 feet; DBH 6 inches; bark dark brown to about 3 inches diameter, then becomes pinkish brown. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
28. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
80 miles southeast of Tetlin Junction, Alaska Highway, mile 1222.
Wet slope. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250133
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18220    27 May 1961
28. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59387 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250133 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18220 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
80 miles southeast of Tetlin Junction, Alaska Highway, mile 1222. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wet slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
29. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
McKinely Park Station, Mount McKinely National Park.
Elev. 1700 ft.
Cutover forest of Picea glauca. Rare. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250155
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18325    4 Jun 1961
29. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59389 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250155 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18325 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
McKinely Park Station, Mount McKinely National Park. 
Elevation
1700 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest of Picea glauca. 
Specimen Notes
Rare. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
30. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Bird Point, 15 miles northwest of Portage; Near Chugach National Forest.
Elev. 60 ft.
Picea-Betula forest. Common. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 250191
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18176    20 May 1961
30. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59391 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250191 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18176 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Bird Point, 15 miles northwest of Portage; Near Chugach National Forest. 
Elevation
60 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Picea-Betula forest. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
31. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Along Bull River, 6 miles northeast of Wardner.
Riverbanks. Phenology: Cones.
WTU 74569
W. A. Weber 2246    2 Jul 1941
31. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59393 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
74569 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula fontinalis Sarg. ?.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. A. Weber 
Collection #
2246 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jul 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Along Bull River, 6 miles northeast of Wardner. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Riverbanks. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
32. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
About 25 miles northeast of Anchroage, near Eklutna, near northeast end of Knik Arm.
Elev. 50 ft.
Wet soil, in valley. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 250190
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18184    21 May 1961
32. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59394 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250190 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18184 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
About 25 miles northeast of Anchroage, near Eklutna, near northeast end of Knik Arm. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Wet soil, in valley. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
33. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Cloverdale.
Glacial hills. Second growth. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 43499
Lyman Benson 1513    1 Jun 1929
33. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59396 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43499 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lyman Benson 
Collection #
1513 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Cloverdale. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Glacial hills. 
Specimen Notes
Second growth. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
34. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake.
Elev. 900 ft.
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides. Old fruit. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250193
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18204    23 May 1961
34. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59397 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250193 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18204 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake. 
Elevation
900 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides. 
Specimen Notes
Old fruit. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
35. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Alexandra Bridge, Fraser River Canyon.
Rock slide in open; 300-500 feet above river on east wall. Shrubby tree; bark dark brown with white horizonatal lines. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 37064
T. T. McCabe 749    18 Apr 1934
35. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59398 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37064 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
749 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 Apr 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Alexandra Bridge, Fraser River Canyon. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Rock slide in open; 300-500 feet above river on east wall. 
Specimen Notes
Shrubby tree; bark dark brown with white horizonatal lines. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
36. Betula papyrifera Marshall
U.S.A., Alaska
Southeastern Alaska; Lynn Canal, Dayebas Creek.
Elev. 800 ft. T30S R60E S5.
On large moss and lichen covered boulders in large boulder field. Common; trees about 15 feet tall. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 325729
K. L. Labounty s.n.    23 Jul 1987
36. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59399 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
325729 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
K. L. Labounty 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jul 1987 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Southeastern Alaska; Lynn Canal, Dayebas Creek. 
Elevation
800 ft. 
Coordinates
T30S R60E S5 
Site Description
On large moss and lichen covered boulders in large boulder field. 
Specimen Notes
Common; trees about 15 feet tall. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
37. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
19 miles east of Valdez, on Richardson Highway.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis and Alnus. Scattered. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252427
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18344    5 Jun 1961
37. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59401 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252427 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18344 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
19 miles east of Valdez, on Richardson Highway. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis and Alnus. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
38. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
About two miles abovve Lytton (Thompson River).
From eight-inch birch stump. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 37068
T. T. McCabe 814    19 Apr 1934
38. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59402 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37068 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
814 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
About two miles abovve Lytton (Thompson River). 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
From eight-inch birch stump. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
39. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Idaho, Latah County:
Along Gnat Creek at the base of Moscow Mountain, 5 miles northeast of Moscow.
46.784584°, -116.925634°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Edge of creek. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 129401
William H. Baker 5743    4 May 1949
39. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59404 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
129401 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula microphylla Bunge.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
5743 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 May 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Latah 
Locality
Along Gnat Creek at the base of Moscow Mountain, 5 miles northeast of Moscow. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.784584°, -116.925634° 
Site Description
Edge of creek. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
40. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Two miles south of Summit Lake, 30 miles north of Prince George.
Open clearing in spruce forest, rocky glacial till. Tree 35 feet high. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 75089
T. T. McCabe 6960    17 May 1939
40. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59405 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
75089 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula subcordata Rydb.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
6960 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Two miles south of Summit Lake, 30 miles north of Prince George. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Open clearing in spruce forest, rocky glacial till. 
Specimen Notes
Tree 35 feet high. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
41. Betula papyrifera Marshall ssp. humilis (Regel) Hult.
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Southeastern Alaska; Skagway. About 1/2 mile east of downtown. East side of railroad tracks near base of Dewey Lakes Trail.
Growing at the edge of the forest. Locally common. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 332822
Mary Clay Stensvold 5742    10 Jun 1993
41. Betula papyrifera Marshall ssp. humilis (Regel) Hult.
Database ID
59406 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
332822 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall ssp. humilis (Regel) Hult. 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall ssp. humilis (Regel) Hult.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Mary Clay Stensvold 
Collection #
5742 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jun 1993 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Southeastern Alaska; Skagway. About 1/2 mile east of downtown. East side of railroad tracks near base of Dewey Lakes Trail. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Growing at the edge of the forest. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
42. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Yale District: along Similkameen River at Coalmont, 13 miles northwest of Princeton.
Sandy riverbank. Multistemmed plants (mostly) to 30 feet high; stems brown-barked until about 2" in diameter, then the white bark showing as the juvenile (brown) bark exfoliates. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 209664
C. L. Hitchcock 22035    29 Jun 1961
with C. V. Muhlick
42. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59407 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
209664 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
22035 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
29 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Yale District: along Similkameen River at Coalmont, 13 miles northwest of Princeton. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Sandy riverbank. 
Specimen Notes
Multistemmed plants (mostly) to 30 feet high; stems brown-barked until about 2" in diameter, then the white bark showing as the juvenile (brown) bark exfoliates. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
43. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
12 miles southeast of Homer, Ismailof Island at Halibut Cove on south shore of Kachemak Bay.
Elev. 20 ft.
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252455
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18409    10 Jun 1961
43. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59409 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252455 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18409 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
12 miles southeast of Homer, Ismailof Island at Halibut Cove on south shore of Kachemak Bay. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
44. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Montana
Arlee, about 3 miles up Jocko, .25 miles east of road, old camp.
Phenology: Cones. Origin: Native.
WTU 12958JWT
J. E. Kirkwood 1080    12 Aug 1922
44. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59410 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
12958JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook. ?.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
3. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. E. Kirkwood 
Collection #
1080 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Aug 1922 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
 
Locality
Arlee, about 3 miles up Jocko, .25 miles east of road, old camp. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
45. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
33 miles north of Kamloops.
Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 37065
T. T. McCabe 1056    12 May 1934
45. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59411 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37065 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
1056 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 May 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
33 miles north of Kamloops. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
46. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
3 miles east of Homer.
Elev. 300 ft.
Thickets in cleared forest of Picea sitchensis. Forming clumps. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252456
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18414    11 Jun 1961
46. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59412 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252456 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18414 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
3 miles east of Homer. 
Elevation
300 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Thickets in cleared forest of Picea sitchensis. 
Specimen Notes
Forming clumps. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
47. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
Mount Roberts.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 110982
Lucille Stonehouse s.n.    27 May 1942
47. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59413 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
110982 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lucille Stonehouse 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 1942 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Mount Roberts. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
48. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Canada, British Columbia
Lytton-Stein River Valley.
Elev. 820-2624 ft. 50° 12' N, 121° 45' W.
Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 214332
V. J. Krajina 1401    19 Aug 1949
48. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59414 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
214332 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.
    Annotated by B. Savale, 1961.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
1401 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Aug 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Lytton-Stein River Valley. 
Elevation
820-2624 ft. 
Coordinates
50° 12' N, 121° 45' W 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
49. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Saint Mary's Lake.
Edge of open rock slide, lake shore. Tree 40 feet high, 15 inche butt. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 75088
T. T. McCabe 6860    17 May 1938
49. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59415 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
75088 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula subcordata Rydb.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
6860 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
17 May 1938 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Saint Mary's Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Edge of open rock slide, lake shore. 
Specimen Notes
Tree 40 feet high, 15 inche butt. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
50. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans ?)
U.S.A., Alaska
Tsina River, northeast of Valdez, mile 48 on Richardson Highway.
Elev. 1400 ft.
River bank. Smooth not peeling; specimen from sterile plant 8 feet. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 249874
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18352    5 Jun 1961
50. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?
Database ID
59416 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
249874 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ? 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans ? 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18352 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Tsina River, northeast of Valdez, mile 48 on Richardson Highway. 
Elevation
1400 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
River bank. 
Specimen Notes
Smooth not peeling; specimen from sterile plant 8 feet. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
51. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
     (= Betula occidentalis Hook.)
U.S.A., Idaho, Bonner County:
Priest River Exptl. Forest.
48.349577°, -116.807015°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 4000 meters. Georeferenced by Melissa Bowers. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Dense scrub; burn. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 239108
R. F. Daubenmire 44257    7 Jun 1944
51. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Database ID
59417 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
239108 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula occidentalis Hook. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. F. Daubenmire 
Collection #
44257 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Jun 1944 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bonner 
Locality
Priest River Exptl. Forest. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.349577°, -116.807015° 
Site Description
Dense scrub; burn. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
52. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans ?)
U.S.A., Alaska
19 miles east of Valdez, on Richardson Highway.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis and Alnus. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 249936
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18342    5 Jun 1961
52. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?
Database ID
59418 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
249936 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ? 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans ? 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry ?.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18342 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
19 miles east of Valdez, on Richardson Highway. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest of Picea sitchensis and Alnus. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
53. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
12 miles east of Valdez, Twelve Mile Picnic Site on Richardson Highway.
Elev. 50 ft.
Cutover forest of Picea glauca and thicket of Alnus on slope. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 249935
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18340    5 Jun 1961
53. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59420 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
249935 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18340 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
12 miles east of Valdez, Twelve Mile Picnic Site on Richardson Highway. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest of Picea glauca and thicket of Alnus on slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
54. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Montana, Lake County:
Near Saint Mary's Lake.
Phenology: Cones. Origin: Native.
WTU 29156
G. N. Jones 5635    23 Jul 1934
54. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59421 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
29156 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. N. Jones 
Collection #
5635 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Jul 1934 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Lake 
Locality
Near Saint Mary's Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
55. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Oregon
South of Wallowa-Union County line, Oregon Highway, # 82, west bank Mianam River.
Largest tree, circ. 2'3". Raretree. O.V.M. Photo # 3-172. 9/11/38. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 148040
Oliver V. Matthews s.n.    28 Sep 1950
55. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59422 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
148040 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Oliver V. Matthews 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Sep 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
 
Locality
South of Wallowa-Union County line, Oregon Highway, # 82, west bank Mianam River. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Largest tree, circ. 2'3". Raretree. O.V.M. Photo # 3-172. 9/11/38. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
56. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
Homer (at airport).
Elev. 30 ft.
Forest of Picea sitchensis and Betula. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252288
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18419    11 Jun 1961
56. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59423 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252288 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18419 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Homer (at airport). 
Elevation
30 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea sitchensis and Betula. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
57. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Mount Begbie, near Clinton.
51.476694°, -121.366797°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 800 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Phenology: Cones.
WTU 37066
T. T. McCabe 387    16 Aug 1933
57. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59425 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
37066 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
387 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
16 Aug 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Mount Begbie, near Clinton. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
51.476694°, -121.366797° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
58. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
Kenai (edge of town).
Elev. 150 ft.
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. Scattered. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252290
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18390    9 Jun 1961
58. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59426 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252290 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18390 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Kenai (edge of town). 
Elevation
150 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
59. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
About 1 mile northeast of Falkland.
Elev. 2000 ft.
Along stream. Tree 6 meters tall. Phenology: Cones.
WTU 68152
C. L. Hitchcock 7457    27 Jun 1941
with C. V. Muhlick
59. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59427 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
68152 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
7457 
Other Collectors
C. V. Muhlick 
Date Collected
27 Jun 1941 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
About 1 mile northeast of Falkland. 
Elevation
2000 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Along stream. 
Specimen Notes
Tree 6 meters tall. 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
60. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
Near Salamatof, 5 miles northwest of Kenai.
Elev. 100 ft.
Forest of Picea glauca and Betula. Common. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252291
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18392    9 Jun 1961
60. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59428 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252291 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18392 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
9 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Near Salamatof, 5 miles northwest of Kenai. 
Elevation
100 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea glauca and Betula. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
61. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Idaho, Latah County:
South slope of Moscow Mountain, five miles notheast of Moscow.
46.7325°, -116.99917°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Woods. Phenology: Cones. Origin: Native.
WTU 155853
William H. Baker 8936    27 May 1952
61. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59430 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
155853 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
8936 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 1952 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Latah 
Locality
South slope of Moscow Mountain, five miles notheast of Moscow. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
46.7325°, -116.99917° 
Site Description
Woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
62. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Seven miles east of New Hazelton.
At forest edge. Tree, 20 feet high. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 75090
T. T. McCabe 6992    23 May 1939
62. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59431 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
75090 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula subcordata Rydb.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. T. McCabe 
Collection #
6992 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Seven miles east of New Hazelton. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
At forest edge. 
Specimen Notes
Tree, 20 feet high. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
63. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
     (= Betula kenaica W.H. Evans)
U.S.A., Alaska
3 miles east of Homer.
Elev. 300 ft.
Thickets in cleared forest of Picea sitchensis. Forming clumps. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 252285
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18415    11 Jun 1961
63. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Database ID
59432 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252285 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry 
Accepted Name
Betula kenaica W.H. Evans 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. kenaica (W.H. Evans) A. Henry.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18415 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
3 miles east of Homer. 
Elevation
300 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Thickets in cleared forest of Picea sitchensis. 
Specimen Notes
Forming clumps. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
64. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Hayfork Falls.
Phenology: Cones.
WTU 87458
A. A. Heller s.n.    8 Jul 1929
64. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59433 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
87458 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. A. Heller 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Hayfork Falls. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
65. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. neoalaskana (Sarg.) Raup.
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Eagle.
Woods around town. Common; tree. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 242803
Maxcine Williams 2161    19 Jun 1968
65. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. neoalaskana (Sarg.) Raup.
Database ID
59434 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
242803 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. neoalaskana (Sarg.) Raup. 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. neoalaskana (Sarg.) Raup.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Maxcine Williams 
Collection #
2161 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jun 1968 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Eagle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Woods around town. 
Specimen Notes
Common; tree. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
66. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
Canada, British Columbia
Kicking Horse Valley, Canadian Rockies.
Elev. 4000 ft.
Phenology: Cones.
WTU 29352
Stewardson Brown 808    25 Jul 1906
66. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59435 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
29352 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Stewardson Brown 
Collection #
808 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Jul 1906 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Kicking Horse Valley, Canadian Rockies. 
Elevation
4000 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Cones 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
67. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Montana, Flathead County:
Near Flathead River, 5 miles east of Kalispell.
Bank, with b. occidentalis. Tree to 10 meters; leaves pale green; bark white, pelling with age. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 146487
Marion Ownbey 3232    1 Sep 1949
67. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59437 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
146487 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by C.L.H..  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Marion Ownbey 
Collection #
3232 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Sep 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Montana 
County
Flathead 
Locality
Near Flathead River, 5 miles east of Kalispell. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Bank, with b. occidentalis. 
Specimen Notes
Tree to 10 meters; leaves pale green; bark white, pelling with age. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
68. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Skwenta (at airstrip) 70 miles northwest of Anchorage.
Elev. 240 ft. 61° 57' N, 151° 10' W.
Betula forest. Common. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 252278
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18436    15 Jun 1961
68. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59438 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252278 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18436 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Skwenta (at airstrip) 70 miles northwest of Anchorage. 
Elevation
240 ft. 
Coordinates
61° 57' N, 151° 10' W 
Site Description
Betula forest. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
69. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska, Haines County:
Haines, North Tongass National Forest.
Elev. 50 ft.
Upland cutover Pinus-Picea forest; rocky soil. Shrub to 40 feet; DBH 6 inches; bark dark copper brow, smooth with gray line lenticels, slightly papery and peeling at base. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 250192
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18135    15 May 1961
69. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59439 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250192 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18135 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
Haines 
Locality
Haines, North Tongass National Forest. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Upland cutover Pinus-Picea forest; rocky soil. 
Specimen Notes
Shrub to 40 feet; DBH 6 inches; bark dark copper brow, smooth with gray line lenticels, slightly papery and peeling at base. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
70. Betula papyrifera Marshall
U.S.A., Idaho, Bonner County:
Bismark Mountain Trail.
48.59528°, -116.99611°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Wet sphagnum bog. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 297979
W. H. Baker 13675    31 Jul 1956
70. Betula papyrifera Marshall
Database ID
59441 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
297979 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. H. Baker 
Collection #
13675 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 Jul 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bonner 
Locality
Bismark Mountain Trail. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.59528°, -116.99611° 
Site Description
Wet sphagnum bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
71. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Alaska
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road.
Elev. 500 ft.
Cutover forest. Tree, 15-30 feet tall; DBH 2-6 inches; rare and local; bark clak to pinkish, smooth, not peeling. This tree 15 feet with cordate leaves. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 252278
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18517    21 Jun 1961
71. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59442 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252278 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18517 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
North Tongass National Forest, 1 mile east of Juneau, Basin Road. 
Elevation
500 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Cutover forest. 
Specimen Notes
Tree, 15-30 feet tall; DBH 2-6 inches; rare and local; bark clak to pinkish, smooth, not peeling. This tree 15 feet with cordate leaves. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
72. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
     (= Betula occidentalis Hook.)
U.S.A., Idaho, Bonner County:
Along the Clark Fork at Cabinet Dam.
48.08444°, -116.0725°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Woods. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 297978
William H. Baker 13599    21 Jul 1955
72. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Database ID
59443 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
297978 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula occidentalis Hook. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
13599 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Jul 1955 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bonner 
Locality
Along the Clark Fork at Cabinet Dam. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.08444°, -116.0725° 
Site Description
Woods. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
73. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
     (= Betula occidentalis Hook.)
U.S.A., Idaho, Bonner County:
Hager Lake, Bismark Mountain Trail, West of Kalispel Ridge, Priest Lake.
48.59528°, -116.99611°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Wet margin. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Native.
WTU 298005
William H. Baker 15528    5 Jun 1959
73. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Database ID
59445 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
298005 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula occidentalis Hook. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
William H. Baker 
Collection #
15528 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 Jun 1959 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Bonner 
Locality
Hager Lake, Bismark Mountain Trail, West of Kalispel Ridge, Priest Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.59528°, -116.99611° 
Site Description
Wet margin. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
74. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Northwood.
48.96444°, -122.40611°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Cutover woodland. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 55418
W. C. Muenscher 9683    21 Apr 1939
74. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59447 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
55418 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. C. Muenscher 
Collection #
9683 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 Apr 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Northwood. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.96444°, -122.40611° 
Site Description
Cutover woodland. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
75. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
     (= Betula ×utahensis Britt.)
Canada, British Columbia
Mabel Lake.
50.569379°, -118.725281°. Coordinate uncertainty: 20000 meters.
Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 304305
V. J. Krajina s.n.    23 Aug 1950
75. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Database ID
59448 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
304305 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula ×utahensis Britt. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
    Annotated by F. Tusko, 1963.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Mabel Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
50.569379°, -118.725281° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
76. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
4 miles north of Bellingham.
48.817607°, -122.48694°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In wet places. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 6000
T. C. Frye s.n.    10 Aug 1909
76. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59449 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
6000 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
    Annotated by T. C. Frye.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. C. Frye 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Aug 1909 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
4 miles north of Bellingham. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.817607°, -122.48694° 
Site Description
In wet places. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
77. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
McGrath.
Elev. 400 ft.
Uplands. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 252280
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18447    15 Jun 1961
77. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59450 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252280 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18447 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
McGrath. 
Elevation
400 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Uplands. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
78. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Ferry County:
13 miles west of Gerome (on "spike" Anderson ranch).
Elev. 1290 ft. 48.03822°, -118.54221°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 1000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Along creek. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 84578
H. T. Rogers 366    29 Apr 1940
78. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59452 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
84578 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
    Annotated by A. Rehder.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. T. Rogers 
Collection #
366 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 Apr 1940 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Ferry 
Locality
13 miles west of Gerome (on "spike" Anderson ranch). 
Elevation
1290 ft. 
Coordinates
48.03822°, -118.54221° 
Site Description
Along creek. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
79. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Copper Center (at airstrip).
Gravel terrace. Uncommon. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 252289
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18386    8 Jun 1961
79. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59453 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252289 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18386 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Copper Center (at airstrip). 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Gravel terrace. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
80. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Everson.
48.92048°, -122.34296°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 5867
C. V. Piper 1128     Sep 1892
80. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59454 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
5867 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. V. Piper 
Collection #
1128 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Sep 1892 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Everson. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.92048°, -122.34296° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
81. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Big Delta.
Elev. 1200 ft.
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 252186
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18298    1 Jun 1961
81. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59455 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252186 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18298 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Big Delta. 
Elevation
1200 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
82. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Snohomish County:
Marysville.
48.05194°, -122.17583°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 3570 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 22802
Geo. Neville Jones 4347    19 Apr 1933
82. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59456 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
22802 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
    Annotated by G. N. Jones.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Geo. Neville Jones 
Collection #
4347 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Apr 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Snohomish 
Locality
Marysville. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.05194°, -122.17583° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
83. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Chickaloon River near Glenn Highway, 25 miles northeast of Palmer.
Elev. 1000 ft.
Mixed forest of Populus and Picea forest. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits.
WTU 252351
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18192    21 May 1961
83. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59458 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
252351 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18192 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
21 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Chickaloon River near Glenn Highway, 25 miles northeast of Palmer. 
Elevation
1000 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mixed forest of Populus and Picea forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
84. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
4 miles north of Bellingham.
48.817607°, -122.48694°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 24081
T. C. Frye s.n.    10 Aug 1909
84. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59459 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
24081 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
T. C. Frye 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
10 Aug 1909 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
4 miles north of Bellingham. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.817607°, -122.48694° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
85. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Lake Washington at the Univerisity, Seattle.
47.60639°, -122.33083°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Boarder of lake. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 43503
Lyman Benson 1127    8 Apr 1929
85. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59460 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43503 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lyman Benson 
Collection #
1127 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Apr 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Lake Washington at the Univerisity, Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.60639°, -122.33083° 
Site Description
Boarder of lake. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
86. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
15 miles east of Chickaloon, Glenn Highway, near mile 104.
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. Uncommon. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 249873
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18359    6 Jun 1961
86. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59461 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
249873 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18359 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
15 miles east of Chickaloon, Glenn Highway, near mile 104. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Forest of Picea glauca, Populus tremuloides. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
87. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Near Union Bay, Lake Washington, State University, Seattle.
47.64944°, -122.28667°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Alluvial soil. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 43500
Lyman Benson 1484    29 May 1929
87. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59463 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43500 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lyman Benson 
Collection #
1484 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Near Union Bay, Lake Washington, State University, Seattle. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.64944°, -122.28667° 
Site Description
Alluvial soil. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
88. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
McCarthy (at airstrip).
Gravel terrace. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 249871
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18376    8 Jun 1961
88. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59464 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
249871 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18376 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
McCarthy (at airstrip). 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Gravel terrace. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
89. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, King County:
Lake Washington, Union Bay, University of Washington crew house.
47.64944°, -122.28667°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
In the willows at the edge of Union Bay. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 43534
Lyman Benson 1464    24 May 1929
89. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59465 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
43534 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lyman Benson 
Collection #
1464 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 May 1929 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
King 
Locality
Lake Washington, Union Bay, University of Washington crew house. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.64944°, -122.28667° 
Site Description
In the willows at the edge of Union Bay. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
90. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Vacant lots, Fairbanks.
Elev. 480 ft.
Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250186
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18276    30 May 1961
90. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59467 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250186 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18276 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Vacant lots, Fairbanks. 
Elevation
480 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
91. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
     (= Betula papyrifera Marshall)
U.S.A., Washington, Pend Oreille County:
14 miles north of Metaline Falls.
Elev. 2600 ft. 48.988889°, -117.3025°. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Open woods near highway. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 5342JWT
C. Leo Hitchcock 2932    15 May 1936
91. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.
Database ID
59468 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
5342JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall 
Annotation History
1. Betula fontinalis Sarg.
    Annotated by C.L.H..
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fern.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. Leo Hitchcock 
Collection #
2932 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pend Oreille 
Locality
14 miles north of Metaline Falls. 
Elevation
2600 ft. 
Coordinates
48.988889°, -117.3025° 
Site Description
Open woods near highway. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
92. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake.
Elev. 900 ft.
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides, Betula, Picea glauca. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250110
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18203    23 May 1961
92. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59469 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250110 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18203 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake. 
Elevation
900 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides, Betula, Picea glauca. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
93. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake.
Elev. 900 ft.
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides, Betula, Picea glauca. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 250111
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18199    23 May 1961
93. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59470 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250111 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18199 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
40 miles southeast of Fairbanks, near mile 315, Alaska Highway, near Harding Lake. 
Elevation
900 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Upland forest of Populus tremuloides, Betula, Picea glauca. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
94. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
     (= Betula neoalaskana Sarg.)
U.S.A., Alaska
Central.
Elev. 930 ft.
Poorly drained slope. Phenology: Fruits.
WTU 250138
Elbert L. Little Jr. 18263    29 May 1961
94. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup
Database ID
59471 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
250138 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup 
Accepted Name
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. humilis (Reg.) Fern. & Raup.
    Annotated by Elbert L. Little Jr., 1968.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elbert L. Little Jr. 
Collection #
18263 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Central. 
Elevation
930 ft. 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Poorly drained slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
95. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. alaskana Rigg.
U.S.A., Alaska
Several miles south of Central Ranger Station, Steese Highway.
Mixed birch-spruce forest. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 177174
Jean H. Langenheim 4311    23 Aug 1956
95. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. alaskana Rigg.
Database ID
59473 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
177174 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. alaskana Rigg. 
Accepted Name
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. alaskana Rigg. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. alaskana Rigg.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jean H. Langenheim 
Collection #
4311 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 1956 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Alaska 
County
 
Locality
Several miles south of Central Ranger Station, Steese Highway. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Mixed birch-spruce forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
96. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
     (= Betula ×utahensis Britt.)
U.S.A., Idaho, Nez Perce County:
Along Hatorai Creek.
Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 76567
J. H. Sandberg 33    24 Apr 1892
with D. T. Macdougal, J. B. Leiberg
96. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Database ID
59474 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
76567 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula ×utahensis Britt. 
Annotation History
1. Betula occidentalis Hook.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. H. Sandberg 
Collection #
33 
Other Collectors
D. T. Macdougal, J. B. Leiberg 
Date Collected
24 Apr 1892 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Idaho 
County
Nez Perce 
Locality
Along Hatorai Creek. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
97. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
     (= Betula ×utahensis Britt.)
Canada, British Columbia
Mabel Lake.
50.569379°, -118.725281°. Coordinate uncertainty: 20000 meters.
Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 215611
V. J. Krajina s.n.    23 Aug 1950
97. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Database ID
59480 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
215611 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula ×utahensis Britt. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
    Annotated by F. Tusko, 1963.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Aug 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Mabel Lake. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
50.569379°, -118.725281° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
98. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
     (= Betula occidentalis Hook.)
Canada, British Columbia
Lulu Island.
Elev. 16-32 ft. 49° 10' N, 123° 5' W.
Peat bog. Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 215898
V. J. Krajina 966    14 Aug 1949
98. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Database ID
59481 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
215898 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula occidentalis Hook. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
    Annotated by W. Savale, 1961.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
966 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Aug 1949 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Lulu Island. 
Elevation
16-32 ft. 
Coordinates
49° 10' N, 123° 5' W 
Site Description
Peat bog. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
99. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
     (= Betula ×utahensis Britt.)
U.S.A., Washington
Viola.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 32215
H. T. Darlington s.n.    18 May 1912
99. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
Database ID
59482 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
32215 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula ×utahensis Britt. 
Annotation History
1. Betula microphylla Bunge.
    Annotated by L. Constance, 1935.
2. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. subcordata (Rydb.) Sarg.
    Annotated by C.L.H., 1960. Remarks: Also near B. occidentalis var. piperii (brett). 
Type Notes
 
Collector
H. T. Darlington 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
18 May 1912 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
 
Locality
Viola. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Betulaceae
100. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
     (= Betula occidentalis Hook.)
Canada, British Columbia
Between Salmon Arm and Notch Hill.
Phenology: Fertile.
WTU 215612
V. J. Krajina s.n.    26 Aug 1950
100. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Database ID
59491 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
215612 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Betulaceae 
Name on Specimen
Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg. 
Accepted Name
Betula occidentalis Hook. 
Annotation History
1. Betula papyrifera Marshall var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
    Annotated by F. Tusko, 1963.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
V. J. Krajina 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Aug 1950 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Between Salmon Arm and Notch Hill. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.