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Field Descriptions
112 matching records found.
Label Query: Genus = "Aira", Species = "praecox"
Poaceae
1. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Clallam County:
Elwha River.
Elev. 1000 ft. 48.060047°, -123.581458°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Origin: Introduced.
WTU 21983
George Neville Jones 3540     Jul 1931
1. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20111 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
21983 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
3540 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
Jul 1931 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Clallam 
Locality
Elwha River. 
Elevation
1000 ft. 
Coordinates
48.060047°, -123.581458° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
2. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Deception Pass Park, Whidbey Island.
48.29278°, -122.675°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
On thin soil overlying rock on south side of pass. Voucher, n = 7. Counted by RS. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 235508
R. Spellenberg 1309    12 Feb 1966
with D. Sutherland
2. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20112 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
235508 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. Spellenberg 
Collection #
1309 
Other Collectors
D. Sutherland 
Date Collected
12 Feb 1966 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Deception Pass Park, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.29278°, -122.675° 
Site Description
On thin soil overlying rock on south side of pass. 
Specimen Notes
Voucher, n = 7. Counted by RS. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
3. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
Westhaven Beach, Westport. Behind dunes on northern shore.
Elev. 20 ft. 46° 53' 30" N, 124° 7' 45" W; T16N R12W S1.
Sandy, shallow soil. Tiny plants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 345173
Sarah Gage G&R 385    22 Jun 1992
with Sharon Rodman
3. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20113 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
345173 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
G&R 385 
Other Collectors
Sharon Rodman 
Date Collected
22 Jun 1992 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
Westhaven Beach, Westport. Behind dunes on northern shore. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 53' 30" N, 124° 7' 45" W; T16N R12W S1 
Site Description
Sandy, shallow soil. 
Specimen Notes
Tiny plants. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
4. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Kitsap County:
Port Orchard.
47.645917°, -122.609352°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Origin: Introduced.
WTU 2869
C. V. Piper s.n.    11 Jun 1889
4. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20114 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
2869 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. V. Piper 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1889 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Kitsap 
Locality
Port Orchard. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.645917°, -122.609352° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
5. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Mason County:
Near Shelton.
47.21528°, -123.09944°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Gravelly prairie. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 39668
George Neville Jones 3823    22 Jun 1933
5. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20115 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
39668 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
George Neville Jones 
Collection #
3823 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
22 Jun 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Mason 
Locality
Near Shelton. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.21528°, -123.09944° 
Site Description
Gravelly prairie. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
6. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pierce County:
On the riverbank trail downstream from the Sunshine Point picnic area. Mount Rainier National Park.
Elev. 2050 ft. 46° 44' 18" N, 121° 54' 50" W.
On hard-packed, stony soil partly shaded by Alnus rubra. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 344372
David Biek 35    29 May 2000
6. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20116 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
344372 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Biek.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Biek 
Collection #
35 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2000 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pierce 
Locality
On the riverbank trail downstream from the Sunshine Point picnic area. Mount Rainier National Park. 
Elevation
2050 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 44' 18" N, 121° 54' 50" W 
Site Description
On hard-packed, stony soil partly shaded by Alnus rubra. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
7. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds, southwest of Fernald Lab, adjacent to proposed building site between parking lot and water's edge.
Elev. 10-23 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Mossy knoll and open meadow. Abundant in moss and throughout meadow. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336173
Sarah Gage SG-2832    2 Jun 1997
7. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20117 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336173 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2832 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jun 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds, southwest of Fernald Lab, adjacent to proposed building site between parking lot and water's edge. 
Elevation
10-23 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
Mossy knoll and open meadow. 
Specimen Notes
Abundant in moss and throughout meadow. 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
8. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Rosario Head, Deception Pass State Park, Fidalgo Island.
48.40583°, -122.645°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Origin: Introduced.
WTU 220216
Harold W. Smith 1008    12 Jun 1936
8. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20118 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
220216 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Harold W. Smith 
Collection #
1008 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
12 Jun 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Rosario Head, Deception Pass State Park, Fidalgo Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.40583°, -122.645° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
9. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Thurston County:
Lower Weir Prairie.
T16N R1E S6. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
In small bare patch, growing with Agrostis, Plantago, Lotus, and Aira praecox. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 303833
Christopher Clampitt 86    19 Jun 1984
9. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20119 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
303833 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Christopher Clampitt 
Collection #
86 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jun 1984 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Thurston 
Locality
Lower Weir Prairie. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T16N R1E S6 
Site Description
In small bare patch, growing with Agrostis, Plantago, Lotus, and Aira praecox. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
10. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Whatcom County:
Small rocky bald on Sumas Mt. Trail, west facing slope.
Elev. 1450 ft. T40N R4E S36. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Growing in smll clumps in large patches. With Trifolium oliganthum, Montia parviflora, Penstemon serrulatus, and Achillea millefolium. Area surrounded by Douglas fir. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 318207
M. Arnot 209    13 Jun 1990
with E. Burnett
10. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
20120 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
318207 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
M. Arnot 
Collection #
209 
Other Collectors
E. Burnett 
Date Collected
13 Jun 1990 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Whatcom 
Locality
Small rocky bald on Sumas Mt. Trail, west facing slope. 
Elevation
1450 ft. 
Coordinates
T40N R4E S36 
Site Description
Growing in smll clumps in large patches. With Trifolium oliganthum, Montia parviflora, Penstemon serrulatus, and Achillea millefolium. Area surrounded by Douglas fir. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
11. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Whidbey Island, Ebey's Landing Preserve, The Nature Conservancy; around southwest side of Perego's Lagoon.
Elev. 5 ft. 48° 11' 52.1" N, 122° 43' 36.6" W.
Salt marsh, with Salicornia, Lathyrus japonicus, grasses. Abundant in more open, drier areas of marsh. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 356968
Ben Legler 1569    7 May 2004
11. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
27762 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
356968 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Ben Legler, 7 2004.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
1569 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 May 2004 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Whidbey Island, Ebey's Landing Preserve, The Nature Conservancy; around southwest side of Perego's Lagoon. 
Elevation
5 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 11' 52.1" N, 122° 43' 36.6" W 
Site Description
Salt marsh, with Salicornia, Lathyrus japonicus, grasses. 
Specimen Notes
Abundant in more open, drier areas of marsh. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
12. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor.
48.541389°, -123.0225°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Shady slope near Station. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 25635JWT
Morton E. Peck 12729    25 Jun 1923
12. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
30740 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
25635JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Morton E. Peck 
Collection #
12729 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Jun 1923 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.541389°, -123.0225° 
Site Description
Shady slope near Station. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
13. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Orcas Island.
48.6375°, -122.902222°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 12000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Sparingly introduced from Europe. . Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 293263
W. J. Eyerdam s.n.    4 Jul 1935
13. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
30743 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
293263 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
4 Jul 1935 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Orcas Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.6375°, -122.902222° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Sparingly introduced from Europe. . 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
14. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island; west slope of Mount Dallas.
48.521944°, -123.133611°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 314 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Rocky slope above shore. Predominant grass among rocks. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 259557
Melinda F. Denton 3412    5 May 1974
14. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
30745 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
259557 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Melinda F. Denton 
Collection #
3412 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
5 May 1974 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island; west slope of Mount Dallas. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.521944°, -123.133611° 
Site Description
Rocky slope above shore. 
Specimen Notes
Predominant grass among rocks. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
15. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Lopez Island; Iceberg Point; Lopez Village 7 miles south southeast.
T34N R02W S24. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Grassy south slope, thin soil over rock. Lomatium utriculatium, Allium sp. Introduced. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 331937
D. Naas 5687    21 Apr 1995
with M. Arnot
15. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
30751 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
331937 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
D. Naas 
Collection #
5687 
Other Collectors
M. Arnot 
Date Collected
21 Apr 1995 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Lopez Island; Iceberg Point; Lopez Village 7 miles south southeast. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T34N R02W S24 
Site Description
Grassy south slope, thin soil over rock. Lomatium utriculatium, Allium sp. 
Specimen Notes
Introduced. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
16. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Yellow Island, south side.
48.591111°, -123.033056°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 250 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Rocky areas. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 332787
E. Habegger s.n.    1 May 1996
16. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31236 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
332787 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
E. Habegger 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 May 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Yellow Island, south side. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.591111°, -123.033056° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Rocky areas. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
17. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Yellow Island; rocky outcrop near west spit.
48.592222°, -123.031944°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 250 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 332786
E. Habegger s.n.    20 May 1996
17. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31238 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
332786 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
E. Habegger 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
20 May 1996 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Yellow Island; rocky outcrop near west spit. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.592222°, -123.031944° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
18. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald at edge of preserve. Between apartments, director's residence, and road.
Elev. 9-22 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Abundant. Florets purplish with hyline tips. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336224
Sarah Gage SG-2783A    7 May 1997
18. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31240 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336224 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2783A 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 May 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald at edge of preserve. Between apartments, director's residence, and road. 
Elevation
9-22 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Abundant. Florets purplish with hyline tips. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
19. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald west of Fernald Laboratory and adjacent to parking lot.
Elev. 9-22 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Growing with Trifolium tridentatum. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336283
Sarah Gage SG-2819    7 May 1997
19. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31242 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336283 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2819 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 May 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald west of Fernald Laboratory and adjacent to parking lot. 
Elevation
9-22 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Growing with Trifolium tridentatum. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
20. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald west of Fernald Laboratory and adjacent to parking lot.
Elev. 9-22 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Growing with moss and Bromus rigidis. Tiny plants. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336261
Sarah Gage SG-2817    7 May 1997
20. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31244 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336261 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2817 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 May 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald west of Fernald Laboratory and adjacent to parking lot. 
Elevation
9-22 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Growing with moss and Bromus rigidis. Tiny plants. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
21. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory Grounds, southwest of Fernald Laboratory, southwest of proposed building site, adjacent to parking lot and volleyball court.
Elev. 10-23 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Growing with Aira carophyllea (#2866) and Festuca megalura (#2867) at forest's edge. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336207
Sarah Gage SG-2865    2 Jun 1997
21. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31245 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336207 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2865 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
2 Jun 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island, Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory Grounds, southwest of Fernald Laboratory, southwest of proposed building site, adjacent to parking lot and volleyball court. 
Elevation
10-23 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Growing with Aira carophyllea (#2866) and Festuca megalura (#2867) at forest's edge. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
22. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald at east edge of preserve. Between apartments, director’s residence and road.
Elev. 9-22 ft. 48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Abundant to dominant in places. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 336271
Sarah Gage SG-2798    7 May 1997
22. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
31248 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
336271 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Sarah Gage. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Sarah Gage 
Collection #
SG-2798 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 May 1997 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Island; Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory grounds. Mossy bald at east edge of preserve. Between apartments, director’s residence and road. 
Elevation
9-22 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32' 39" N, 123° 51" W; T35N R4W S12 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Abundant to dominant in places. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
23. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
Goose Rock, Whidbey Island.
48.40194°, -122.63861°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Rocky slope. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 22189JWT
J. William Thompson 6064    25 Apr 1931
23. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36771 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
22189JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Dr. A. S. hitchcock.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
6064 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Apr 1931 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
Goose Rock, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.40194°, -122.63861° 
Site Description
Rocky slope. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
24. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Island County:
North side of Cranberry Lake, Whidbey Island.
48.14389°, -122.49111°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Crevice in rocky point. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 45400
C. L. Hitchcock 3469    15 May 1938
24. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36773 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
45400 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
C. L. Hitchcock 
Collection #
3469 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 May 1938 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Island 
Locality
North side of Cranberry Lake, Whidbey Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.14389°, -122.49111° 
Site Description
Crevice in rocky point. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
25. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
One mile south of Ocean Beach.
47.05787°, -124.16403°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
After-dune depression. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 53903
R. C. Bunn 890    15 Jun 1939
25. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36774 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
53903 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
R. C. Bunn 
Collection #
890 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
15 Jun 1939 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
One mile south of Ocean Beach. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.05787°, -124.16403° 
Site Description
After-dune depression. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
26. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington
Rosaria Beach, Fidalgo Island.
Crevices of rocks. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 293262
W. J. Eyerdam s.n.    11 Aug 1936
26. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36775 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
293262 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
W. J. Eyerdam 
Collection #
s.n. 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Aug 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
 
Locality
Rosaria Beach, Fidalgo Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Crevices of rocks. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
27. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Grays Harbor County:
North of Moclips.
47.23639°, -124.21167°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 10000 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Rock above high tide line. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 306296
Harold E. Helmrich 125    8 Jul 1933
27. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36776 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
306296 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Harold E. Helmrich 
Collection #
125 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
8 Jul 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Grays Harbor 
Locality
North of Moclips. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
47.23639°, -124.21167° 
Site Description
Rock above high tide line. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
28. Aira praecox L.
Canada, British Columbia
Long Beach near Ucluelet, Vancouver Island.
Elev. 10 ft. 48° N, 125° W. Misleading coordinates given only to nearest degree.
Sandy soil, open grassland near the sea. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 183687
A. F. Szczawinski 5737    6 Sep 1957
28. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36778 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
183687 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by A. F. Szczawinski, 1957.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
A. F. Szczawinski 
Collection #
5737 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
6 Sep 1957 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Long Beach near Ucluelet, Vancouver Island. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
48° N, 125° W 
Site Description
Sandy soil, open grassland near the sea. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
29. Aira praecox L.
Canada, British Columbia
Trail Island off Victoria.
Rocky bluffs thoughout the island. Common. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 215918
J. A. Calder 28932    10 May 1961
with K. T. MacKay
29. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36780 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
215918 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
28932 
Other Collectors
K. T. MacKay 
Date Collected
10 May 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Trail Island off Victoria. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Rocky bluffs thoughout the island. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
30. Aira praecox L.
Canada, British Columbia
Between Cape Beale and Bamfield on west coast.
48° 50' N, 125° 10' W.
Open rocky bluffs and rock stacks at coast. Common. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 215919
J. A. Calder 30223    8 Jun 1961
with K. T. MacKay
30. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36782 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
215919 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
30223 
Other Collectors
K. T. MacKay 
Date Collected
8 Jun 1961 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Between Cape Beale and Bamfield on west coast. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 50' N, 125° 10' W 
Site Description
Open rocky bluffs and rock stacks at coast. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
31. Aira praecox L.
Canada, British Columbia
Hotspring Island south of Lyell Island, east coast of Moresby Island, Queen Charlotte islands.
Grassy sward about hot springs. Common. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 253447
J. A. Calder 22308    9 Jul 1957
with D. B. O. Savile, R. L. Taylor
31. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36783 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
253447 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. A. Calder 
Collection #
22308 
Other Collectors
D. B. O. Savile, R. L. Taylor 
Date Collected
9 Jul 1957 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
Canada 
State or Province
British Columbia 
County
 
Locality
Hotspring Island south of Lyell Island, east coast of Moresby Island, Queen Charlotte islands. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Grassy sward about hot springs. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
32. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lincoln County:
Seal Rocks.
44.497094°, -124.084095°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2000 meters. Georeferenced by Joseph Stormer. Coordinate Source: Digital Map.
Sea bluffs. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 4915JWT
J. William Thompson 12775    19 Jun 1936
32. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36786 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
4915JWT 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Anges Chase.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
J. William Thompson 
Collection #
12775 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
19 Jun 1936 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
Seal Rocks. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
44.497094°, -124.084095° 
Site Description
Sea bluffs. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
33. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Clatsop County:
Sugarloaf Mountain, about 5 miles southeast of Cannon Beach.
Elev. 2800 ft. T4N R10W S1. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Peak is all logged-off except for small forest remnant at the base of the rocky (basalt) summit pinnacle. With Festuca bromoides, in one area of the “bald” by the summit pinnacle. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 263413
K. L. Chambers 3797    11 Jun 1973
33. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36787 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
263413 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
K. L. Chambers 
Collection #
3797 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
11 Jun 1973 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clatsop 
Locality
Sugarloaf Mountain, about 5 miles southeast of Cannon Beach. 
Elevation
2800 ft. 
Coordinates
T4N R10W S1 
Site Description
Peak is all logged-off except for small forest remnant at the base of the rocky (basalt) summit pinnacle. With Festuca bromoides, in one area of the “bald” by the summit pinnacle. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
34. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Clatsop County:
Near Seaside.
Rocky soil, seaside. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 27953
G. E. Morrill 92    24 Jun 1933
34. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
36788 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
27953 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
G. E. Morrill 
Collection #
92 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Jun 1933 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Clatsop 
Locality
Near Seaside. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
 
Site Description
Rocky soil, seaside. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
35. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Castle Island.
Elev. 0-98 ft. 48.42104° N, 122.82176° W; T34N R1W S21. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 100 meters. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Steep, cliffy island with many rock ledges, cracks and beaches. On rocks and shallow soil in open. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384703
Ben Legler 2534    28 Apr 2005
35. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
70547 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384703 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
2534 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Castle Island. 
Elevation
0-98 ft. 
Coordinates
48.42104° N, 122.82176° W; T34N R1W S21 
Site Description
Steep, cliffy island with many rock ledges, cracks and beaches. 
Specimen Notes
On rocks and shallow soil in open. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
36. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Colville Island.
Elev. 0-65 ft. 48° 24' 55" N, 122° 49' 21" W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Small island with vertical cliffs on all sides. Topography is undulating, with large outcrops of smooth rock, covered with foliose and crustose lichens. All aspects represented. Vegetation is dominated by exotic taxa including large swards of Bromus sterilis and thickets of Rubus discolor and Rubus lacinatus. Native vegetation is scattered and patchy. Thickets of Rosa nutkana occur in swales. Common among rocks. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 383938
David Giblin 05-9    28 Apr 2005
36. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
71662 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
383938 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
05-9 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Colville Island. 
Elevation
0-65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 24' 55" N, 122° 49' 21" W 
Site Description
Small island with vertical cliffs on all sides. Topography is undulating, with large outcrops of smooth rock, covered with foliose and crustose lichens. All aspects represented. Vegetation is dominated by exotic taxa including large swards of Bromus sterilis and thickets of Rubus discolor and Rubus lacinatus. Native vegetation is scattered and patchy. Thickets of Rosa nutkana occur in swales. 
Specimen Notes
Common among rocks. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
37. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Blind Island. Approximately 0.5 kilometers west of Castle Island and 0.25 kilometers off south end of Lopez Island. Approximately 1.5 hectacres in size.
Elev. 0-65 ft. 48° 25' 24" N, 122° 49' 38" W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Rocky outcrops and meadow-like areas with well developed soils. Mix of native forbs and native grasses. Scattered. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384124
David Giblin 05-40    28 Apr 2005
37. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
71741 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384124 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
05-40 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Blind Island. Approximately 0.5 kilometers west of Castle Island and 0.25 kilometers off south end of Lopez Island. Approximately 1.5 hectacres in size. 
Elevation
0-65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25' 24" N, 122° 49' 38" W 
Site Description
Rocky outcrops and meadow-like areas with well developed soils. Mix of native forbs and native grasses. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
38. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Boulder Island.
Elev. 0-65 ft. 48° 25.92' N, 122° 48.158' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Open grassy 4 acre(?) island with rock/cliff shores. Only trees are several dozen stunted Pseudotsuga menziesii. Locally common on bedrock ledge. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384194
Peter Dunwiddie 05-20    26 Apr 2005
38. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
73193 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384194 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
05-20 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Boulder Island. 
Elevation
0-65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25.92' N, 122° 48.158' W 
Site Description
Open grassy 4 acre(?) island with rock/cliff shores. Only trees are several dozen stunted Pseudotsuga menziesii. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common on bedrock ledge. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
39. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Charles Island, north end of island.
Elev. 4 ft. 48° 26.678' N, 122° 54.58' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Old field at end of island, just above high tide mark. Small rocky outcropping one [on] edge of field. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384176
Steve Hahn 05-17a    27 Apr 2005
39. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
73296 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384176 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Steve Hahn 
Collection #
05-17a 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Charles Island, north end of island. 
Elevation
4 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26.678' N, 122° 54.58' W 
Site Description
Old field at end of island, just above high tide mark. Small rocky outcropping one [on] edge of field. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
40. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Flint Beach Island.
Elev. 0-49 ft. 48° 25.202' N, 122° 52.036' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Common on bedrock outcrops with moss. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 385080
Peter F. Zika 20473    27 Apr 2005
40. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
75017 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
385080 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
20473 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Apr 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Flint Beach Island. 
Elevation
0-49 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25.202' N, 122° 52.036' W 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Common on bedrock outcrops with moss. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
41. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Long Island, south side islet, NWR #2. Island #2 in series; attached at low tide to south end of Long Island.
Elev. 0-32 ft. 48° 26.293' N, 122° 55.542' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Flat, very dense red fescue meadow with thick organic layer; occasional rock outcrops. Common in open outcrops. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382146
Elizabeth Bell 05-20    29 May 2005
41. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
77548 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382146 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elizabeth Bell 
Collection #
05-20 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Long Island, south side islet, NWR #2. Island #2 in series; attached at low tide to south end of Long Island. 
Elevation
0-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26.293' N, 122° 55.542' W 
Site Description
Flat, very dense red fescue meadow with thick organic layer; occasional rock outcrops. 
Specimen Notes
Common in open outcrops. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
42. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Buck Island. Southwest edge of Lopez Island, with frequent rock outcroppings on top.
Elev. 9-39 ft. 48° 27.146' N, 122° 55.194' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Flat-topped meadow dominated by Rosa, Festuca, Grindelia, Elymus, and Holcus. Vegetation compacted in many areas from animal activities. Common in open areas. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382286
Elizabeth Bell 05-54    29 May 2005
42. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
77668 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382286 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elizabeth Bell 
Collection #
05-54 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Buck Island. Southwest edge of Lopez Island, with frequent rock outcroppings on top. 
Elevation
9-39 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 27.146' N, 122° 55.194' W 
Site Description
Flat-topped meadow dominated by Rosa, Festuca, Grindelia, Elymus, and Holcus. Vegetation compacted in many areas from animal activities. 
Specimen Notes
Common in open areas. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
43. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Mackaye Harbor Island. Barlow Bay. Ca. [circa] 0.5 hectare island about 50 feet from shore, 10 meter tall bedrock nob.
Elev. 0-32 ft. 48° 25.952' N, 122° 52.314' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Rocky outcrops with Sedum spathulifolium. Occasional on steep slopes. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382483
Elizabeth Bell 05-74    29 May 2005
43. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
77726 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382483 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Elizabeth Bell 
Collection #
05-74 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Mackaye Harbor Island. Barlow Bay. Ca. [circa] 0.5 hectare island about 50 feet from shore, 10 meter tall bedrock nob. 
Elevation
0-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25.952' N, 122° 52.314' W 
Site Description
Rocky outcrops with Sedum spathulifolium. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional on steep slopes. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
44. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Rum Island.
Elev. 16-32 ft. 48° 28.798' N, 122° 49.753' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Island is narrow and runs north-south direction with forested area in center. Dominated by Arbutus, Abies, Pseudotsuga, Quercus overstory, and Bromus pacificus, Bromus mollis, Bromus rigidus understory. Frequent on dry rocky outcrops. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 381527
Jessie Johanson 05-32    29 May 2005
with Joe Johanson
44. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
78194 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
381527 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jessie Johanson 
Collection #
05-32 
Other Collectors
Joe Johanson 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Rum Island. 
Elevation
16-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 28.798' N, 122° 49.753' W 
Site Description
Island is narrow and runs north-south direction with forested area in center. Dominated by Arbutus, Abies, Pseudotsuga, Quercus overstory, and Bromus pacificus, Bromus mollis, Bromus rigidus understory. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent on dry rocky outcrops. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
45. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Fortress Island.
Elev. 16-65 ft. 48° 27.922' N, 122° 50.284' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Treeless, 3.2 acre, island with steep north-facing slope. South-facing slope dominated by Grindelia, Sedum, Holcus lanatus. Shrubs include Rosa nutkana and Holodiscus discolor; moist swales and seeps sporadic. Locally common on ledges. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 381770
L. A. Brooking 05-26    28 May 2005
45. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
78436 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
381770 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
L. A. Brooking 
Collection #
05-26 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Fortress Island. 
Elevation
16-65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 27.922' N, 122° 50.284' W 
Site Description
Treeless, 3.2 acre, island with steep north-facing slope. South-facing slope dominated by Grindelia, Sedum, Holcus lanatus. Shrubs include Rosa nutkana and Holodiscus discolor; moist swales and seeps sporadic. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common on ledges. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
46. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Deadman Island.
Elev. 9-32 ft. 48° 27.5' N, 122° 56.629' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Bedrock knob ca. [circa] 10 meters tall, with numerous crevices, several shrub thickets. Common. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382077
Louisa C. Dunwiddie 05-29    30 May 2005
46. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
79102 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382077 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Louisa C. Dunwiddie 
Collection #
05-29 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Deadman Island. 
Elevation
9-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 27.5' N, 122° 56.629' W 
Site Description
Bedrock knob ca. [circa] 10 meters tall, with numerous crevices, several shrub thickets. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
47. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Iceberg Island.
Elev. 0-30 ft. 48° 25.625' N, 122° 53.354' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Island is low, ca. [circa] 30 feet high, relatively flat, with extensive bedrock outcrops throughout. Sedum lanceolatum is abundant across the bedrock. A large swale in mid-island is dense Rosa nutkana thicket. A couple of small vernal pools in the bedrock near the south side are noteworthy. Common; do not see Aira caryophyllea. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 382064
Lisa L. Bellefond 05-7    29 May 2005
47. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
79197 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
382064 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Lisa L. Bellefond 
Collection #
05-7 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Iceberg Island. 
Elevation
0-30 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25.625' N, 122° 53.354' W 
Site Description
Island is low, ca. [circa] 30 feet high, relatively flat, with extensive bedrock outcrops throughout. Sedum lanceolatum is abundant across the bedrock. A large swale in mid-island is dense Rosa nutkana thicket. A couple of small vernal pools in the bedrock near the south side are noteworthy. 
Specimen Notes
Common; do not see Aira caryophyllea. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
48. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Rim Island.
Elev. 6-13 ft. 48° 28.891' N, 122° 49.595' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
One-half acre island; scattered shrubs; lots of grasses; stony. Caespitose; annual; uncommon. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 383968
Peter F. Zika 22043    28 May 2005
48. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
79801 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
383968 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22043 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Rim Island. 
Elevation
6-13 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 28.891' N, 122° 49.595' W 
Site Description
One-half acre island; scattered shrubs; lots of grasses; stony. 
Specimen Notes
Caespitose; annual; uncommon. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
49. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Long Island National Wildlife Refuge island #1. Smallest unnamed island by Long Island, connected by a gravel bar at low tide.
Elev. 6-16 ft. 48° 26.38' N, 122° 55.103' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Rich west slope at north end of island. Common. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 383864
Peter F. Zika 22084    29 May 2005
49. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
79891 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
383864 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22084 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Long Island National Wildlife Refuge island #1. Smallest unnamed island by Long Island, connected by a gravel bar at low tide. 
Elevation
6-16 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26.38' N, 122° 55.103' W 
Site Description
Rich west slope at north end of island. 
Specimen Notes
Common. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
50. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Near Decatur Island, Unnamed Island #3.
Elev. 6-32 ft. 48° 29.097' N, 122° 49.27' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Unforested grassland; steep northwest facing outcrops. Infrequent. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384090
Peter F. Zika 22114    30 May 2005
50. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
80006 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384090 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by P. F. Zika, 2005. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter F. Zika 
Collection #
22114 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2005 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Near Decatur Island, Unnamed Island #3. 
Elevation
6-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 29.097' N, 122° 49.27' W 
Site Description
Unforested grassland; steep northwest facing outcrops. 
Specimen Notes
Infrequent. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
51. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Barren Island.
Elev. 30 ft. 48° 37.366' N, 123° 9.361' W.
Bedrock dome rising 30 feet above the water. Lushly covered with Camas and Plectritis. Common and widespread. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 385244
Peter Dunwiddie 06-25    26 Apr 2006
51. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
145677 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
385244 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-25 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Barren Island. 
Elevation
30 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 37.366' N, 123° 9.361' W 
Site Description
Bedrock dome rising 30 feet above the water. Lushly covered with Camas and Plectritis. 
Specimen Notes
Common and widespread. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
52. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Little Cactus Island.
Elev. 20 ft. 48° 38.87' N, 123° 7.517' W.
Low island in two parcels; 0.28 acre and 0.05 acre separated at high tide. East of two larger Cactus Islands. Upland is a lush Camassia leichtlinii meadow. Extensive ringing bedrock rim. Common in shallow, dry soils. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 385832
Peter Dunwiddie 06-50    27 Apr 2006
52. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
146088 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
385832 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-50 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Little Cactus Island. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 38.87' N, 123° 7.517' W 
Site Description
Low island in two parcels; 0.28 acre and 0.05 acre separated at high tide. East of two larger Cactus Islands. Upland is a lush Camassia leichtlinii meadow. Extensive ringing bedrock rim. 
Specimen Notes
Common in shallow, dry soils. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
53. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Coon Island.
Elev. 40 ft. 48° 35.725' N, 123° 1.115' W.
Open forest of Oak, Pseudotsuga, Madrone, and Juniper. Open understory dominated by Dactylus glomerata and diverse natives. Frequent in open areas. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 385876
Peter Dunwiddie 06-76    28 Apr 2006
53. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
146359 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
385876 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-76 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Coon Island. 
Elevation
40 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.725' N, 123° 1.115' W 
Site Description
Open forest of Oak, Pseudotsuga, Madrone, and Juniper. Open understory dominated by Dactylus glomerata and diverse natives. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent in open areas. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
54. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Cliff Island.
48° 35.391' N, 123° 0.826' W.
Island is forested heavily with second growth Pseudotsuga with extensive Gaultheria shallon understory. Heavily deer grazed. Many species relatively uncommon around periphery on cliffs. Frequent on dry open slopes, south-side. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 387791
David Giblin 342    28 Apr 2006
54. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153091 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
387791 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
342 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Cliff Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 35.391' N, 123° 0.826' W 
Site Description
Island is forested heavily with second growth Pseudotsuga with extensive Gaultheria shallon understory. Heavily deer grazed. Many species relatively uncommon around periphery on cliffs. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent on dry open slopes, south-side. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
55. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Gossip Island.
Elev. 0-25 ft. 48° 39.789' N, 123° 10.374' W.
Low conglomerate bedrock island with gently sloping bedrock on all sides. Scattered madrone, Douglas fir, and junipers across island with lush camas on swales between outcrop. Common on dry rock outcrops. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 383691
Steve Hahn 06-28    27 Apr 2006
55. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153265 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
383691 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Steve Hahn 
Collection #
06-28 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Gossip Island. 
Elevation
0-25 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 39.789' N, 123° 10.374' W 
Site Description
Low conglomerate bedrock island with gently sloping bedrock on all sides. Scattered madrone, Douglas fir, and junipers across island with lush camas on swales between outcrop. 
Specimen Notes
Common on dry rock outcrops. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
56. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Nob Island.
Elev. 0-40 ft. 48° 35.469' N, 123° 1.07' W.
A very small, high island, with abundant rock and moss. Juniperus is most common tree, with Arbutus, Oak, and Pseudotsuga. Very heavily deer grazed. Common on heavily grazed beaches. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 384821
Steve Hahn 06-75    28 Apr 2006
56. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153313 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
384821 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Steve Hahn 
Collection #
06-75 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 Apr 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Nob Island. 
Elevation
0-40 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.469' N, 123° 1.07' W 
Site Description
A very small, high island, with abundant rock and moss. Juniperus is most common tree, with Arbutus, Oak, and Pseudotsuga. Very heavily deer grazed. 
Specimen Notes
Common on heavily grazed beaches. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
57. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Flattop Island. Weed Point on northeast end of Flattop Island; northern part of San Juan Archipelago.
Elev. 0-10 ft. 48° 38.871' N, 123° 4.707' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 2 meters.
Rocky open point, treeless, with thin soil, with Rosa nutkana, Grindelia, Lathyrus japonicus, grasses. Scattered on open rock areas. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 388978
Carrie Marschner 06-16    31 May 2006
57. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153456 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
388978 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Carrie Marschner 
Collection #
06-16 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Flattop Island. Weed Point on northeast end of Flattop Island; northern part of San Juan Archipelago. 
Elevation
0-10 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 38.871' N, 123° 4.707' W 
Site Description
Rocky open point, treeless, with thin soil, with Rosa nutkana, Grindelia, Lathyrus japonicus, grasses. 
Specimen Notes
Scattered on open rock areas. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
58. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Unnamed island just west of Broken Point, perhaps 200 meters from Shaw Island. Reported to be shallow enough to walk to at low tide. [Referred to as Broken Point Island.]
Elev. 25 ft. 48° 35.539' N, 122° 58.206' W.
Open, grassy island with scattered Juniperus scopulorum, a few Quercus; Camassia leichtlinii abundant, with Allium acuminatum, Clarkia amoena var. caurina, Rosa, and Symphoricarpos. Occasional in moist soil on bedrock. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 388300
David Giblin 521    1 Jun 2006
58. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153728 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
388300 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
521 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Unnamed island just west of Broken Point, perhaps 200 meters from Shaw Island. Reported to be shallow enough to walk to at low tide. [Referred to as Broken Point Island.] 
Elevation
25 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.539' N, 122° 58.206' W 
Site Description
Open, grassy island with scattered Juniperus scopulorum, a few Quercus; Camassia leichtlinii abundant, with Allium acuminatum, Clarkia amoena var. caurina, Rosa, and Symphoricarpos. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional in moist soil on bedrock. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
59. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Unnamed Island #72.
Elev. 10 ft. 48° 35.202' N, 123° 0.434' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
A 0.069 acre (measured) islet rising 10 feet above high tide line with a few low, scattered Juniperus and Rosa nutkana with abundant Bromus rigidus. Occasional on shallow soils and on bedrock. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 388051
Ben Legler 3438    1 Jun 2006
59. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153794 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
388051 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 13 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ben Legler 
Collection #
3438 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Unnamed Island #72. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.202' N, 123° 0.434' W 
Site Description
A 0.069 acre (measured) islet rising 10 feet above high tide line with a few low, scattered Juniperus and Rosa nutkana with abundant Bromus rigidus. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional on shallow soils and on bedrock. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
60. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. U.S. BLM land. Victim Island.
Elev. 50 ft. 48° 36.831' N, 122° 58.472' W.
An open, forested, 3 acre island with Arbutus, Quercus, Juniperus, and Pseudotsuga; Holodiscus dominant shrub understory; deer evident. On mossy bedrock in sun, with Aira caryophyllea. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389035
Pam Camp 06-155    1 Jun 2006
60. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153939 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389035 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 13 2006. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Pam Camp 
Collection #
06-155 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. U.S. BLM land. Victim Island. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 36.831' N, 122° 58.472' W 
Site Description
An open, forested, 3 acre island with Arbutus, Quercus, Juniperus, and Pseudotsuga; Holodiscus dominant shrub understory; deer evident. 
Specimen Notes
On mossy bedrock in sun, with Aira caryophyllea. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
61. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Oak Island.
Elev. 10 ft. 48° 36.463' N, 122° 57.283' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Very small, 0.19 acre (measured) island with Holodiscus/Rosa shrubs, Sanicula understory; one goose nest; otter evident abundantly; 3 Pseudotsuga menziesii, 2 Juniperus scopulorum, and 1 Quercus garryana. Occasional on bedrock outcrops. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389264
Peter Dunwiddie 06-193    30 May 2006
61. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
153980 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389264 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-193 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Oak Island. 
Elevation
10 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 36.463' N, 122° 57.283' W 
Site Description
Very small, 0.19 acre (measured) island with Holodiscus/Rosa shrubs, Sanicula understory; one goose nest; otter evident abundantly; 3 Pseudotsuga menziesii, 2 Juniperus scopulorum, and 1 Quercus garryana. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional on bedrock outcrops. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
62. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Fawn Island.
Elev. 50 ft. 48° 36.853' N, 123° 0.421' W. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Three acre island is developed with 3 houses, trails, and considerable disturbance of understory; forest (open) of Pseudotsuga menziesii, Arbutus, Quercus, and Juniperus. Occasional in forest understory. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389303
Peter Dunwiddie 06-261    31 May 2006
62. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154075 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389303 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-261 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
31 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Fawn Island. 
Elevation
50 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 36.853' N, 123° 0.421' W 
Site Description
Three acre island is developed with 3 houses, trails, and considerable disturbance of understory; forest (open) of Pseudotsuga menziesii, Arbutus, Quercus, and Juniperus. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional in forest understory. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
63. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. McConnell Island off southwest side of Orcas Island; north end of island near small wetland.
Elev. 5 ft. 48° 35.902' N, 123° 1.444' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 5 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Small rocky bald by wetland; mostly grassy with scattered Pseudotsuga, Juniperus, and Quercus. Common on dry rocky areas. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 390123
Victoria Wyllie-Echeverria 06-37    30 May 2006
63. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154122 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
390123 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Victoria Wyllie-Echeverria 
Collection #
06-37 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. McConnell Island off southwest side of Orcas Island; north end of island near small wetland. 
Elevation
5 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.902' N, 123° 1.444' W 
Site Description
Small rocky bald by wetland; mostly grassy with scattered Pseudotsuga, Juniperus, and Quercus. 
Specimen Notes
Common on dry rocky areas. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
64. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Little Oak Island.
Elev. 12 ft. 48° 36.445' N, 122° 57.19' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Small bedrock outcrop, connected to Orcas at low tide by 100 meter long sand-spit; no trees or shrubs; 0.007 acres (measured). Frequent, scattered with other grasses. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389878
Victoria Wyllie-Echeverria 06-67    1 Jun 2006
64. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154150 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389878 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Peter Dunwiddie, 10 2006. Sources: Jepson.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Victoria Wyllie-Echeverria 
Collection #
06-67 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Little Oak Island. 
Elevation
12 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 36.445' N, 122° 57.19' W 
Site Description
Small bedrock outcrop, connected to Orcas at low tide by 100 meter long sand-spit; no trees or shrubs; 0.007 acres (measured). 
Specimen Notes
Frequent, scattered with other grasses. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
65. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Barren Island.
Elev. 30 ft. 48° 37.366' N, 123° 9.361' W.
Bedrock dome rising 30 feet above the water; 0.53 acres, measured with GPS. Lushly covered with Camas and Plectritis. Frequent on dry, mossy rock ledges. Phenology: Remnants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 393042
Joe Bennett 06-70    7 Sep 2006
65. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154337 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
393042 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 23 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Joe Bennett 
Collection #
06-70 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Barren Island. 
Elevation
30 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 37.366' N, 123° 9.361' W 
Site Description
Bedrock dome rising 30 feet above the water; 0.53 acres, measured with GPS. Lushly covered with Camas and Plectritis. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent on dry, mossy rock ledges. 
Phenology
Remnants 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
66. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Posey Island.
Elev. 0-20 ft. 48° 37.104' N, 123° 10.052' W.
Low, one acre island with campsites, outhouse, fire pits. Heavily used, with deer grating. Mostly highly disturbed. Uncommon in disturbed open areas. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 390080
John Floberg 06-32    7 Sep 2006
66. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154341 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
390080 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 23 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
John Floberg 
Collection #
06-32 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Posey Island. 
Elevation
0-20 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 37.104' N, 123° 10.052' W 
Site Description
Low, one acre island with campsites, outhouse, fire pits. Heavily used, with deer grating. Mostly highly disturbed. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon in disturbed open areas. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
67. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Battleship Island.
Elev. 0-40 ft. 48° 37.494' N, 123° 11.115' W.
Five acre rock outcrop rising 40 feet above water, with shrub thickets, a few Pseudotsuga and Madrona trees, lush camas swales and bedrock outcrops. Common on outcrops and shallow, open soil. Phenology: Remnants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389947
Pam Camp 06-104B    7 Sep 2006
67. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154511 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389947 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 23 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Pam Camp 
Collection #
06-104B 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Battleship Island. 
Elevation
0-40 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 37.494' N, 123° 11.115' W 
Site Description
Five acre rock outcrop rising 40 feet above water, with shrub thickets, a few Pseudotsuga and Madrona trees, lush camas swales and bedrock outcrops. 
Specimen Notes
Common on outcrops and shallow, open soil. 
Phenology
Remnants 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
68. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Sentinel Island.
Elev. 134 ft. 48° 38.381' N, 123° 9.049' W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
A few patches on open ledges, shallow soils. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 394549
Phil Green 06-74    7 Sep 2006
68. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154539 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
394549 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 23 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Phil Green 
Collection #
06-74 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Sentinel Island. 
Elevation
134 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 38.381' N, 123° 9.049' W 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
A few patches on open ledges, shallow soils. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
69. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Little McConnell Island; small island (1.3 acre) connected to McConnell Island by beach at low tide.
Elev. 0-25 ft. 48° 35.927' N, 123° 1.547' W.
Open grassland with scattered Juniperus, madrone. Frequent in dry, open grasslands, on rock ledges. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 395079
Peter Dunwiddie 06-302    7 Sep 2006
69. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154572 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395079 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 29 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
06-302 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Little McConnell Island; small island (1.3 acre) connected to McConnell Island by beach at low tide. 
Elevation
0-25 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.927' N, 123° 1.547' W 
Site Description
Open grassland with scattered Juniperus, madrone. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent in dry, open grasslands, on rock ledges. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
70. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Pole Island. Tiny island in the middle of Mosquito Pass.
Elev. 0-3 ft. 48° 36.056' N, 123° 10.096' W.
Island is 0.21 acres, measured with GPS. Uncommon on rock ledges. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 389214
Tara Martin 06-14    7 Sep 2006
70. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
154597 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
389214 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 23 2007. Sources: H&C.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Tara Martin 
Collection #
06-14 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Sep 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Pole Island. Tiny island in the middle of Mosquito Pass. 
Elevation
0-3 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 36.056' N, 123° 10.096' W 
Site Description
Island is 0.21 acres, measured with GPS. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon on rock ledges. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
71. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Saddlebag Island. Rocky bluff on north and east edges of island.
Elev. 71 ft. 48° 32.179' N, 122° 33.317' W. Coordinate uncertainty: 6 meters. Coordinate Source: GPS.
North and east facing grassland and shrub community along perimeter of island. Common among grassy, rocky outcrops. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 371700
Andy Windham 06-09    23 Aug 2006
with David Giblin
71. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
155320 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
371700 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 13 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Andy Windham 
Collection #
06-09 
Other Collectors
David Giblin 
Date Collected
23 Aug 2006 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Saddlebag Island. Rocky bluff on north and east edges of island. 
Elevation
71 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 32.179' N, 122° 33.317' W 
Site Description
North and east facing grassland and shrub community along perimeter of island. 
Specimen Notes
Common among grassy, rocky outcrops. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
72. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Small islet attached to southwest side of Reef Island.
48° 36.196' N, 123° 1.077' W. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Several small junipers on a weedy, rocky knoll; separated from Reef Island at high tide. Scatted Festuca rubra and Camassia among abundant Bromus mollis and Vulpia bromoides. Common; with Aira caryophyllea. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375487
Ted Thomas 07-14    19 Sep 2007
with Peter Dunwiddie, David Giblin, Megan Jensen, Phil Green
72. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
158448 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375487 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 10 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ted Thomas 
Collection #
07-14 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie, David Giblin, Megan Jensen, Phil Green 
Date Collected
19 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Small islet attached to southwest side of Reef Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 36.196' N, 123° 1.077' W 
Site Description
Several small junipers on a weedy, rocky knoll; separated from Reef Island at high tide. Scatted Festuca rubra and Camassia among abundant Bromus mollis and Vulpia bromoides. 
Specimen Notes
Common; with Aira caryophyllea. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
73. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Reef Island.
48° 36.179' N, 123° 1.021' W.
Large island dominated by Pseudotsuga menziesii; open understory with Elymus and Holodiscus. Frequent on grassy balds around shoreline. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375588
Peter Dunwiddie 07-86    19 Sep 2007
with Phil Green, Megan Jensen, David Giblin, Ted Thomas
73. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
158576 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375588 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 12 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
07-86 
Other Collectors
Phil Green, Megan Jensen, David Giblin, Ted Thomas 
Date Collected
19 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Reef Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 36.179' N, 123° 1.021' W 
Site Description
Large island dominated by Pseudotsuga menziesii; open understory with Elymus and Holodiscus. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent on grassy balds around shoreline. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
74. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Small islet just off the southwest shore of Turn Island.
48° 31.87' N, 122° 58.22' W. Datum: NAD 83. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Several Juniperus, one Pseudotsuga menziesii; open, weedy grassland understory. Abundant with Bromus hordeaceous on shallow soils and rocky ledges. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375544
Phil Green 07-03    20 Sep 2007
with Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, David Giblin, Ted Thomas
74. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
158633 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375544 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 12 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Phil Green 
Collection #
07-03 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, David Giblin, Ted Thomas 
Date Collected
20 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Small islet just off the southwest shore of Turn Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 31.87' N, 122° 58.22' W 
Site Description
Several Juniperus, one Pseudotsuga menziesii; open, weedy grassland understory. 
Specimen Notes
Abundant with Bromus hordeaceous on shallow soils and rocky ledges. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
75. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Colville Island.
48.415278°, -122.82397°. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 500 meters. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: GeoLocate.
Common and widespread across island. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375537
Ted Thomas 07-45    21 Sep 2007
with Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, David Giblin, Barbara French
75. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
158666 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375537 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 12 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Ted Thomas 
Collection #
07-45 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, David Giblin, Barbara French 
Date Collected
21 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Colville Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.415278°, -122.82397° 
Site Description
 
Specimen Notes
Common and widespread across island. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
76. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Turn Island. Large island 0.25 miles off the east shore of San Juan Island.
48° 31.97' N, 122° 58.22' W. Datum: NAD 83. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Large island 1/4 mile off the east shore of San Juan Island. Common in shallow, dry soil. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 375652
David Giblin 1259    20 Sep 2007
with Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, Ted Thomas
76. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
158720 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
375652 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 15 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
1259 
Other Collectors
Peter Dunwiddie, Megan Jensen, Phil Green, Ted Thomas 
Date Collected
20 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Turn Island. Large island 0.25 miles off the east shore of San Juan Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 31.97' N, 122° 58.22' W 
Site Description
Large island 1/4 mile off the east shore of San Juan Island. 
Specimen Notes
Common in shallow, dry soil. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
77. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Pacific County:
Willapa Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Approximately 0.5 kilometer east of ocean.
Elev. 6 ft. 46° 36.541' N, 124° 3.897' W.
Dune community dominated by Ammophila arenaria, Leymus mollis, Pinus contorta, and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Common and abundant along trail through dunes. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 377701
David Giblin 854    17 May 2007
with Ben Legler, Peter Zika
77. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
159254 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
377701 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 13 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
854 
Other Collectors
Ben Legler, Peter Zika 
Date Collected
17 May 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Pacific 
Locality
Willapa Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Approximately 0.5 kilometer east of ocean. 
Elevation
6 ft. 
Coordinates
46° 36.541' N, 124° 3.897' W 
Site Description
Dune community dominated by Ammophila arenaria, Leymus mollis, Pinus contorta, and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 
Specimen Notes
Common and abundant along trail through dunes. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
78. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Hat Island.
48° 31.326' N, 122° 32.728' W. Datum: WGS 84.
Douglas fir forested high island with steep grassy balds (Elymus glaucus, Festuca rubra, Koeleria macrantha) on south side, with mostly native bunch grasses and abundant Zigadenus venenosus. Occasional on dry grassy slopes. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 378479
David Giblin 1028    7 Jun 2007
78. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
159662 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378479 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Megan A. Jensen, 12 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
1028 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Jun 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Hat Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 31.326' N, 122° 32.728' W 
Site Description
Douglas fir forested high island with steep grassy balds (Elymus glaucus, Festuca rubra, Koeleria macrantha) on south side, with mostly native bunch grasses and abundant Zigadenus venenosus. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional on dry grassy slopes. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
79. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Dot Island.
48° 32.0412' N, 122° 33.2112' W. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Sloping island with high end at north end. Rich slopes of Festuca rubra, Plectritis, Cerastium, Camassia, and Zigadenus. Juniperus are common, very shaped and stunted by saltspray, little deer browse. No geese nesting. Otter use on southwest side. Locally common in dry open outcrops, often with Vulpia bromoides. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 378641
Barbara Williams 07-25    7 Jun 2007
79. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
159695 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378641 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 15 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Barbara Williams 
Collection #
07-25 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Jun 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Dot Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 32.0412' N, 122° 33.2112' W 
Site Description
Sloping island with high end at north end. Rich slopes of Festuca rubra, Plectritis, Cerastium, Camassia, and Zigadenus. Juniperus are common, very shaped and stunted by saltspray, little deer browse. No geese nesting. Otter use on southwest side. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common in dry open outcrops, often with Vulpia bromoides. 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
80. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Dotlet Island. Small islet immediately west of Dot Island and connected at low tide.
48° 32.013' N, 122° 33.251' W.
Small islet immediately west of Dot Island and connected at low tide. Exposed and open (no shrubs or trees). No geese, but some otter use on south side. Rocky, with Festuca and Elymus. Uncommon, on ledges, north end. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Native.
WTU 378461
Caroline Marschner 07-17    7 Jun 2007
80. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
159718 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
378461 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 15 2007. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Caroline Marschner 
Collection #
07-17 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
7 Jun 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Dotlet Island. Small islet immediately west of Dot Island and connected at low tide. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 32.013' N, 122° 33.251' W 
Site Description
Small islet immediately west of Dot Island and connected at low tide. Exposed and open (no shrubs or trees). No geese, but some otter use on south side. Rocky, with Festuca and Elymus. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon, on ledges, north end. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Native 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
81. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
North Finger Island.
Elev. 0-65 ft. 48° 45' 24.18" N, 122° 53' 27.64" W. Datum: WGS 84.
Primarily Pseudotsuga/Arbutus forest with exposed areas along the perimeter, especially at east end of island; sandstone substrate. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 381069
David Giblin 1365    27 Sep 2007
81. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
163857 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
381069 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 9 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
David Giblin 
Collection #
1365 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 Sep 2007 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
North Finger Island. 
Elevation
0-65 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 45' 24.18" N, 122° 53' 27.64" W 
Site Description
Primarily Pseudotsuga/Arbutus forest with exposed areas along the perimeter, especially at east end of island; sandstone substrate. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
82. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Little Sucia Island, off the southwest corner of Sucia Island.
48° 45.283' N, 122° 55.198' W. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Includes forested uplands (circa 80 feet high) with shrub understory, steep sandstone cliffs, eroding dirt bluffs. Linked by a low, shrub-covered (Rosa nutkana) shell-midden berm. At east end of island, in open grassy areas, not common. Phenology: Remnants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 377722
Erica Nees 08-46    23 Apr 2008
82. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
167597 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
377722 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 6 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Erica Nees 
Collection #
08-46 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Apr 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Little Sucia Island, off the southwest corner of Sucia Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 45.283' N, 122° 55.198' W 
Site Description
Includes forested uplands (circa 80 feet high) with shrub understory, steep sandstone cliffs, eroding dirt bluffs. Linked by a low, shrub-covered (Rosa nutkana) shell-midden berm. 
Specimen Notes
At east end of island, in open grassy areas, not common. 
Phenology
Remnants 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
83. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
East Sucia #7.
48.76398° N, 122.88579° W. Coordinate Source: GPS.
The largest island in the chain. Forested with Arbutus, Juniperus, Pseudotsuga, with shrub understory. Height of 50 feet or so. Common in shallow soils on bedrock. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 395067
Megan A. Jensen 597    25 Apr 2008
83. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
167766 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395067 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 20 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Megan A. Jensen 
Collection #
597 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Apr 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
East Sucia #7. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.76398° N, 122.88579° W 
Site Description
The largest island in the chain. Forested with Arbutus, Juniperus, Pseudotsuga, with shrub understory. Height of 50 feet or so. 
Specimen Notes
Common in shallow soils on bedrock. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
84. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, Skagit County:
South tip of Skagit Island in Deception Pass State Park.
48° 24.702' N, 122° 34.797' W; T34 R2E S32.
Bald. Common on this soil over rocks. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU
Jeff Walker 353    26 Apr 2008
84. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
167806 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by Jeff Walker.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Jeff Walker 
Collection #
353 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
26 Apr 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
Skagit 
Locality
South tip of Skagit Island in Deception Pass State Park. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 24.702' N, 122° 34.797' W; T34 R2E S32 
Site Description
Bald. 
Specimen Notes
Common on this soil over rocks. 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
85. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Oregon, Lincoln County:
South side of mouth of Salmon River.
Elev. 49 ft. T6S R11W S23. Datum: NAD 27. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Ben Legler. Coordinate Source: TRS2LL.
Sand dunes, full sun, with Ammophila arenaria. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 370204
P. F. Zika 9801    14 Jul 1986
85. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168124 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
370204 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. F. Zika 
Collection #
9801 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
14 Jul 1986 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Oregon 
County
Lincoln 
Locality
South side of mouth of Salmon River. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
T6S R11W S23 
Site Description
Sand dunes, full sun, with Ammophila arenaria. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
86. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
East Sucia #1. Small sandstone nob rising 30 feet above the water, 150 feet from Sucia, linked by rock and sand at low tide. 0.08 acres measured with GPS.
Elev. 30 ft. 48.76434° N, 122.88818° W.
Open herbaceous meadow with frequent soil pockets. Rosa nutkana patches. Occasional, with Vulpia myuros. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 393223
Carrie A. Marschner 08-23    28 May 2008
86. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168324 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
393223 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 1 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Carrie A. Marschner 
Collection #
08-23 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
East Sucia #1. Small sandstone nob rising 30 feet above the water, 150 feet from Sucia, linked by rock and sand at low tide. 0.08 acres measured with GPS. 
Elevation
30 ft. 
Coordinates
48.76434° N, 122.88818° W 
Site Description
Open herbaceous meadow with frequent soil pockets. Rosa nutkana patches. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional, with Vulpia myuros. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
87. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Ewing Island. Long, narrow island off NE end of Sucia Island. Steep sandstone ridges run length of island.
48.76455° N, 122.88093° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Mostly forested with PSME, ARME, and JUMA. Grassy balds along south shore and at east end of island. Local but widespread in open shallow soil, near bedrock. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 396165
Janneke Hille-Ris Lambers JHRL 08-74    28 May 2008
87. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168390 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396165 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 26 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Janneke Hille-Ris Lambers 
Collection #
JHRL 08-74 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Ewing Island. Long, narrow island off NE end of Sucia Island. Steep sandstone ridges run length of island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.76455° N, 122.88093° W 
Site Description
Mostly forested with PSME, ARME, and JUMA. Grassy balds along south shore and at east end of island. 
Specimen Notes
Local but widespread in open shallow soil, near bedrock. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
88. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #2.
Elev. 15 ft. 48.76435° N, 122.88798° W.
About 15 feet above water. Soil covered knob, connected (north of) #1 by sandy berm. Has a soil knob at west end, with beach separating the two. 0.3 acres (GPS). Occasional in shallow soils. Phenology: Flowers.
WTU 395382
Phil Green 08-27    28 May 2008
88. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168478 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395382 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 1 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Phil Green 
Collection #
08-27 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #2. 
Elevation
15 ft. 
Coordinates
48.76435° N, 122.88798° W 
Site Description
About 15 feet above water. Soil covered knob, connected (north of) #1 by sandy berm. Has a soil knob at west end, with beach separating the two. 0.3 acres (GPS). 
Specimen Notes
Occasional in shallow soils. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
89. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Aleck Rock. South of Lopez Island.
Elev. 0-32 ft. 48° 25.399' N, 122° 51.038' W.
Island includes two islets separated by a gravel berm which probably is submerged at very high tides. Common and widespread, on moist open benches. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 395370
Phil Green 08-66    30 May 2008
89. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168508 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395370 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 26 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Phil Green 
Collection #
08-66 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Aleck Rock. South of Lopez Island. 
Elevation
0-32 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 25.399' N, 122° 51.038' W 
Site Description
Island includes two islets separated by a gravel berm which probably is submerged at very high tides. 
Specimen Notes
Common and widespread, on moist open benches. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
90. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #3. Small, 0.014 acre, island north of East Sucia #2.
Elev. 30 ft. 48.76451° N, 122.88758° W.
Sandstone rock knob with cliffs on all sides. Rises 20 feet above cove. Frequent in shallow soils. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 396318
Peter Dunwiddie PWD 08-78    28 May 2008
90. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
168563 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396318 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 1 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
PWD 08-78 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #3. Small, 0.014 acre, island north of East Sucia #2. 
Elevation
30 ft. 
Coordinates
48.76451° N, 122.88758° W 
Site Description
Sandstone rock knob with cliffs on all sides. Rises 20 feet above cove. 
Specimen Notes
Frequent in shallow soils. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
91. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Small grassy unnamed island just east of the north tip of Charles Island and its dock.
Elev. 3-19 ft. 48° 26.713' N, 122° 54.35' W. Coordinate Source: Specimen label.
Bedrock finely layered shale, with nearly vertical bedding; vegetated surface less than ? acre. Occasional in open areas. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 394457
Carrie Marschner CAM 08-61    30 May 2008
91. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
169761 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
394457 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 1 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Carrie Marschner 
Collection #
CAM 08-61 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
30 May 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Small grassy unnamed island just east of the north tip of Charles Island and its dock. 
Elevation
3-19 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 26.713' N, 122° 54.35' W 
Site Description
Bedrock finely layered shale, with nearly vertical bedding; vegetated surface less than ? acre. 
Specimen Notes
Occasional in open areas. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
92. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
Lopez Island, Iceburg [sic: Iceberg] Point.
T34N R2W S23. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate uncertainty: 805 meters. Georeferenced by Maria Yousoufian. Coordinate Source: Calc. from TRS.
A much altered fescue grassland with snowberry, wild rose and blackerry [sic: blackberry] patches, adjacent to a Douglas fir forest. Phenology: Fertile. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 372911
P. Camp 1689    1 Jun 2003
92. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
170710 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
372911 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
P. Camp 
Collection #
1689 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
1 Jun 2003 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
Lopez Island, Iceburg [sic: Iceberg] Point. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
T34N R2W S23 
Site Description
A much altered fescue grassland with snowberry, wild rose and blackerry [sic: blackberry] patches, adjacent to a Douglas fir forest. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Fertile 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
93. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Flower Island, east of Lopez Island.
Elev. 49 ft. 48.54536° N, 122.8539° W.
Several hectare, 50' high bedrock island. A mix of grassy ledges, shrub thickets, a few trees (Arbutus, Pseudotsuga, low Quercus). Common in open dirt and on rocky ledges. Phenology: Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 396964
Phil Green 08-121    25 Sep 2008
93. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
171668 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396964 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 28 2008. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Phil Green 
Collection #
08-121 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
25 Sep 2008 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Flower Island, east of Lopez Island. 
Elevation
49 ft. 
Coordinates
48.54536° N, 122.8539° W 
Site Description
Several hectare, 50' high bedrock island. A mix of grassy ledges, shrub thickets, a few trees (Arbutus, Pseudotsuga, low Quercus). 
Specimen Notes
Common in open dirt and on rocky ledges. 
Phenology
Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
94. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Willow Island. A large, 100' high rocky island 1/3 mile west of Blakely Island.
Elev. 100 ft. 48.5404° N, 122.82242° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: GPS.
Partially treed with Pseudotsuga and Arbutus. Open understory dominated by Elymus glaucus and Symphoricarpos albus. East side has extensive cliffs and ledges and is particularly rich with ferns. Considerable deer browse. Rock appears to be serpentine. Common on open mossy benches and shallow soils. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 396345
Peter Dunwiddie 09-44    27 May 2009
94. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173115 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396345 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
09-44 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. Willow Island. A large, 100' high rocky island 1/3 mile west of Blakely Island. 
Elevation
100 ft. 
Coordinates
48.5404° N, 122.82242° W 
Site Description
Partially treed with Pseudotsuga and Arbutus. Open understory dominated by Elymus glaucus and Symphoricarpos albus. East side has extensive cliffs and ledges and is particularly rich with ferns. Considerable deer browse. Rock appears to be serpentine. 
Specimen Notes
Common on open mossy benches and shallow soils. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
95. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Cemetery Island.
Elev. 20 ft. 48° 35.857' N, 123° 10.482' W.
Very small bedrock conglomerate island with small stand of oaks at summit. Bedrock is sandstone and conglomerate. Oaks are 2-3 meters tall. Island is heavily grazed and impacted by geese and otter; grasses difficult to find ungrazed; 0.34221 acres. Phenology: Flowers & Fruits. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 394473
Peter Dunwiddie 09-73    28 May 2009
95. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173136 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
394473 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 29 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Peter Dunwiddie 
Collection #
09-73 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
28 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Cemetery Island. 
Elevation
20 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.857' N, 123° 10.482' W 
Site Description
Very small bedrock conglomerate island with small stand of oaks at summit. Bedrock is sandstone and conglomerate. Oaks are 2-3 meters tall. Island is heavily grazed and impacted by geese and otter; grasses difficult to find ungrazed; 0.34221 acres. 
Specimen Notes
 
Phenology
Flowers & Fruits 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
96. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan National Fish and Wildlife Refuge. Low Island.
Elev. 3 ft. 48° 35.354' N, 123° 1.553' W.
Very low rock and gravel island. Lots of Elymus mollis. Uncommon in open soil at center of island. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 394455
Cheryl Lowe 09-13    27 May 2009
96. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173158 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
394455 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cheryl Lowe 
Collection #
09-13 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
27 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan National Fish and Wildlife Refuge. Low Island. 
Elevation
3 ft. 
Coordinates
48° 35.354' N, 123° 1.553' W 
Site Description
Very low rock and gravel island. Lots of Elymus mollis. 
Specimen Notes
Uncommon in open soil at center of island. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
97. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #6.
48.76422° N, 122.88631° W.
A high, cliffy sandstone island, cliffs all around, Juniperus over top of island. 0.55 acres. Island is predominantly old junipers, with dry south east facing slope of Vulpia and Bromus, rich north-facing slope with Plectritis, Sedum spath, Collinsea. Common on south slope with Vulpia bromoides, Aira caryophyllea. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 396995
Cheryl Lowe 09-29    29 May 2009
97. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173174 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
396995 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cheryl Lowe 
Collection #
09-29 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #6. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.76422° N, 122.88631° W 
Site Description
A high, cliffy sandstone island, cliffs all around, Juniperus over top of island. 0.55 acres. Island is predominantly old junipers, with dry south east facing slope of Vulpia and Bromus, rich north-facing slope with Plectritis, Sedum spath, Collinsea. 
Specimen Notes
Common on south slope with Vulpia bromoides, Aira caryophyllea. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
98. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #8. Easternmost island of the cluster.
Elev. 22 ft. 48.763168°, -122.883813°. Datum: WGS 84. Georeferenced by WTU Staff. Coordinate Source: Georeferenced.
A single rock, furthest out in island chain. Full sun, shallow soil, with Grindelia. Phenology: Flowers. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 395196
Cheryl Lowe 09-62    29 May 2009
98. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173202 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
395196 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Cheryl Lowe 
Collection #
09-62 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
29 May 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area. East Sucia #8. Easternmost island of the cluster. 
Elevation
22 ft. 
Coordinates
48.763168°, -122.883813° 
Site Description
A single rock, furthest out in island chain. 
Specimen Notes
Full sun, shallow soil, with Grindelia. 
Phenology
Flowers 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
99. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. West Matia #1. Large island at north side of harbor, west end of Matia Island.
48.74946° N, 122.84378° W. Datum: WGS 84. Coordinate Source: Digital map.
Cliffy sandstone island rising steeply out of cove at west end of Matia Island. Approximately 50 feet high, with Pseudotsuga menziesii and Arbutus menziesii forest across top. Locally common at edge of bedrock. Phenology: Remnants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 398208
Brianne Cohen 09-96    24 Sep 2009
99. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173534 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
398208 
Barcode
 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 30 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Brianne Cohen 
Collection #
09-96 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
24 Sep 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. West Matia #1. Large island at north side of harbor, west end of Matia Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48.74946° N, 122.84378° W 
Site Description
Cliffy sandstone island rising steeply out of cove at west end of Matia Island. Approximately 50 feet high, with Pseudotsuga menziesii and Arbutus menziesii forest across top. 
Specimen Notes
Locally common at edge of bedrock. 
Phenology
Remnants 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
No 

Poaceae
100. Aira praecox L.
U.S.A., Washington, San Juan County:
San Juan Islands. Ripple Island.
48° 39.415' N, 123° 7.896' W.
Oblong (north-south) island with extensive shrub cover and a stand of mostly dead Populus tremuloides. Large shell and gravel beach on west side, with broad shelving bedrock bench draped with seaweed. Local, in shallow soils. Phenology: Remnants. Origin: Introduced.
WTU 403613; Barcode: WTU-V-012876
Amy Dearborn 09-14    23 Sep 2009
100. Aira praecox L.
Database ID
173576 
Herbarium
WTU 
Collection
Vascular Plants 
Dataset
 
Accession
403613 
Barcode
WTU-V-012876 
Other Numbers
 
Family
Poaceae 
Name on Specimen
Aira praecox L. 
Accepted Name
Aira praecox L. 
Annotation History
1. Aira praecox L.
    Annotated by David Giblin, 2 2009. Sources: FNA.  
Type Notes
 
Collector
Amy Dearborn 
Collection #
09-14 
Other Collectors
 
Date Collected
23 Sep 2009 
Verbatim Date
 
Country
U.S.A. 
State or Province
Washington 
County
San Juan 
Locality
San Juan Islands. Ripple Island. 
Elevation
 
Coordinates
48° 39.415' N, 123° 7.896' W 
Site Description
Oblong (north-south) island with extensive shrub cover and a stand of mostly dead Populus tremuloides. Large shell and gravel beach on west side, with broad shelving bedrock bench draped with seaweed. 
Specimen Notes
Local, in shallow soils. 
Phenology
Remnants 
Origin
Introduced 
Cultivated?
No 
Imaged?
Yes 

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Database Field Descriptions:
Database ID
Each of our backend databases assigns a unique and persistent integer ID to each specimen record. A GUID (globally unique identifier) can be formed from this by combining it with the herbarium and collection acronyms (example: WTU-VP-12733).
Herbarium
Every herbarium is referred to by a unique acronym. Ours is WTU, which stands for Washington Territorial University. Our database also includes some specimens housed at NOCA (North Cascades National Park Herbarium) and MORA (Mount Rainier National Park Herbarium). For a complete listing of herbarium acronyms, see Index Herbariorum.
Collection
WTU's specimens are physically housed in separate collections according to taxonomic groups: Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Algae, Lichens, and Fungi.
Dataset
Some specimens are grouped into "Datasets," representing such things as incorporated herbaria or major collecting projects.
Accession
Each of WTU's Vascular Plant specimens is assigned an accession number. Our other collections lack accession numbers (see Barcode instead). Ideally, each specimen would have a unique accession number, but this fails in practice. Some accession numbers include "JWT" after the number; these indicate specimens originating from the herbarium of J. William Thompson that were integrated into WTU's collections but not re-accessioned with WTU numbers. Accession numbers followed by an "A", "B", or other single letter represent sheets with multiple collections mounted on them, all using the same accession number.
Barcode
Our Bryophyte, Algae, Lichen, Fungi, and some Vascular Plant specimens are assigned pre-printed barcode stickers. These follow the format "WTU-C-######", where C represents a code for the collection (one of: V, B, A, L, F) and ###### represents a zero-padded, six-digit number.
Other Numbers
Specimens collected from North Cascades and Mount Rainier National Parks are assigned National Park Service accession and catalog numbers. These numbers are listed here.
Family
The scientific name of the family. Our database generally uses AGPIII and other current sources for vascular plant family names. However, our physical Vascular Plant collection is organized by the older Englerian sequence.
Accepted Name
For Vascular Plants, this gives the accepted name by which the specimen is currently known. The accepted name is derived by looking up the most recent annotation name in a synonymy table and finding its corresponding accepted name.
Annotation History
The sequence of annotations and scientific names given on the physical specimen is listed here, in order from the first to most recent. We treat the name on the original label as the first annotation.
Type Notes
If this is a type specimen, then information about its type status (holotype, isotype, etc.) and the name(s) for which it is a type is provided here.
Collector
The person who collected this specimen, as given on the label, and whose name is associated with the collection number on the label. If no collector name is given, we enter "unknown" into this field.
Collection #
A unique number assigned to the specimen by the collector. Different collectors use different numbering schemes; these may include the addition of prefixes (such as their initials or the year) or suffixes (such as an A or B). In the database, any prefixes and suffixes are included in the Collector's Number field exactly as they appear on the specimen label. When no collector number is given, we type "s.n." in this field.
Other Collectors
Other collectors that are listed on the label along with the primary collector, but whose collection number was not assigned to this specimen.
Date Collected
The date on which the specimen was collected, split up between day, month, and year in the database. Months are stored as nubmers (1-12) but displayed as three-letter abbreviations. Years are alway 4-digits long. Occasionally the label may give a range of dates. In such cases, the first date in the range is used as the collection date, and the entire collection date is entered into the Verbatim Date field as it appears on the label. If no date is given, then the date fields are left blank and a note is made in the Verbatim Date field.
Verbatim Date
The literal date string as displayed on the label; only used for dates that cannot be represented by a single day, month, and year.
Country
Name of the country from which the specimen was collected. Specimens from the United States of America are entered as "U.S.A."
State or Province
Name of the state or province from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. U.S. states are spelled out in full.
County
Name of the county, municipality, borough, parish, or equivalent political unit from which the specimen was collected, if given on the label. The designation (such as "county") is not included in the field value.
Locality
A text description of the location where the specimen was collected, as given on the specimen label. May include national park, national forest, and other land use designations. Older collections often have short and imprecise locality data. Detailed locality data for rare species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, watch, ...) is included in our database but omitted from the search results.
Elevation
Elevations may be given either in feet or meters, and may include a minimum and maximum elevation, representing a range.
Coordinates
May include TRS/PLSS (township, range, section, quarter, etc.), latitude/longitude, and UTM. Coordinates for arare species are included in our database but omittedfrom the search results.
Site Description
This field includes all label information characterizing the site, such habitat, vegetation zone/association, substrate, slope, moisture, associated species, and so on - as the information appears on the specimen label.
Specimen Notes
Includes any characteristics pertaining to the plant specimen itself, such as flower color, fruit length, and plant height, along with information about the species, such as abundance and the precise location and micro-habitat where collected. Also includes any notes or text on the specimen that does not better fit into another field.
Phenology
Specifies the sexual maturity/condition of the specimen, such as flowering, fruiting, cone-bearing, spore-bearing, fertile, or sterile. Phenology is generally not given on the label; instead the person entering the record examines the specimen and selects the appropriate value.
Origin
Specifies whether the specimen is native or introduced to the state or country where it was collected. Origin data is rarely found on the specimen label; instead, it is entered during data entry either from a lookup table or from the date entry personnel's own knowledge. Origin data should be considered supplemental information, and should not be relied on as authoritative.
Cultivated
A Yes/No flag indicating if this is a cultivated specimen. Cultivated specimens generally do not represent valid distribution records and should be excluded from range maps or other geographic analyses.


Disclaimer:

WTU makes a reasonable effort to prevent and correct data entry errors; however, we cannot guarantee that our database is free from typos, misidentifications, or inaccurate label data. Please use the information at your own discretion. Error corrections and comments can be sent to Ben Legler or David Giblin.