History of Cultural Revolution
Right to Rebel
On the Road
PASSING ALONG REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS
After taking control of China in 1949, Mao wished to pass on his revolutionary ideas. He made a large investment in national education, so that new generations could "carry on the flame." For the poorer people of the countryside, this was their first chance ever to attend school beyond the elementary level.
But during the first two years of the Cultural Revolution (196668), many schools and all universities were closed. At that time, Mao believed that the most important education was to be had "in the great classroom" of revolutionary experience, rather than among books. This was the time of "cleaning out the poison elements," when most teachers were under attack.
When schools reopened after 1968, the curriculum was transformed. All school lessons, from math to art, reflected Mao's thought and revolutionary ideas.
This page last updated September 25, 2002