Freshwater and Anadromous Fishes of Sakhalin
Island and Adjacent Regions



Based on Pietsch, T.W., K. Amaoka, D. E. Stevenson, E. L. MacDonald, B. K. Urbain, and J. Andrés López. Submitted. Freshwater Fishes of the Kuril Islands and Adjacent Regions. Species Diversity, 54 ms pp., 2 figs., 1 table.


1. Family Petromyzontidae


1. Genus Lethenteron Creaser and Hubbs

      1. Lethenteron japonicum (Martens), Arctic lamprey, kawa-yatsume (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Iturup, Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1969; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Iwata, 2000).


      2. Lethenteron kessleri (Anikin), Siberian lamprey, shiberia-yatsume (freshwater): Hokkaido, Iturup, Kunashir southern Sakhalin (Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Iwata, 1990a; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


2. Family Acipenseridae



2. Genus Acipenser Linnaeus

      3. Acipenser medirostris Ayres, green sturgeon, chôzame (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Amaoka, 2000a).


3. Family Clupeidae


3. Genus Clupea Linnaeus

      4. Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, Pacific herring, nishin (marine, but often entering mouths of rivers; lacustrine forms are also known): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Sato, 2000).


4. Family Anguillidae


4. Genus Anguilla Schrank

      5. Anguilla japonica Temminck and Schlegel, Japanese eel, unagi (catadromous): Hokkaido (Tabeta, 1990).


5. Family Salmonidae


5. Genus Brachymystax Günther

      6. Brachymystax lenok (Pallas), lenok (freshwater): northwestern Sakhalin (Taranetz, 1937; Nikoforov et al., 1989).


6. Genus Hucho Günther

      7. Hucho perryi (Brevoort), Sakhalin taimen, itô (anadromous, freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, southern Kuril Islands (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Kimura, 1966; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Kawamura, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


7. Genus Oncorhynchus Suckley

      8. Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), pink salmon, karafutomasu (anadromous): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Shumshu, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, and Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      9. Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum), chum (dog) salmon, sake, shiro-zake (anadromous): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Paramushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, and Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Lindberg and Legeza, 1959; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      10. Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum), coho (silver) salmon, gin-zake (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Tym River), Shumshu, Paramushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      11. Oncorhynchus masou masou (Brevoort), cherry (masu) salmon, sakura-masu (anadromous, and land-locked in freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kunashir, western Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      12. Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), rainbow trout, Kamchatka steelhead, niji-masu (anadromous, and land-locked in freshwater): northern Kuril Islands (?), Kamchatka (Berg, 1948; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      13 Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum), sockeye salmon, beni-zake (anadromous, and land-locked in freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (rivers Slavnaya, Raidovaya, Gorelaya, Kurilka, and Kuibyshevka; lakes Krasivoye and Sopochnoye), Shumshu, Paramushir, Onekotan, Iturup, Kamchatka (Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1959; Ivankov, 1984; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      14. Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum), king salmon, masunosuke (anadromous, and land-locked in freshwater): Hokkaido, Kamchatka (Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


8. Genus Salvelinus Richardson


      15. Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas), East Siberian charr, ame-masu, kundscha (anadromous, freshwater): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands (Paramushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, Tanfilyeva), and Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


      16. Salvelinus malma (Walbaum), Dolly Varden, oshorokoma (anadromous and freshwater): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands (Shumshu, Paramushir, Onekotan, Shiashkotan, Rasshua, Simushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir), and Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Ida, 2000).


6. Family Coregonidae



9. Genus Coregonus Linnaeus

      17. Coregonus ussuriensis Berg, Ussuri whitefish (euryhaline): northwestern Sakhalin (Taranetz, 1937; Nikoforov et al., 1989).


7. Family Thymallidae


10. Genus Thymallus Linck

      18. Thymallus arcticus (Pallas), Arctic grayling (freshwater): Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


8. Family Osmeridae


11. Genus Hypomesus Gill

      19. Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort), Japanese smelt, chika (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Shikotan (Taranetz, 1937; Klukanov, 1966, 1970b, 1977; Saruwatari et al., 1997; Amaoka, 2000b).


      20. Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister, wakasagi (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, (Klukanov, 1970b; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Saruwatari et al., 1997; Amaoka, 2000b).


      21. Hypomesus olidus (Pallas), pond smelt, ishikari-wakasagi (anadromous, and land-locked freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, northern Kuril Islands, Kamchatka (Berg, 1948; Klukanov, 1966, 1970b, 1977; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Ito, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Saruwatari et al., 1997).


12. Genus Mallotus Cuvier

      22. Mallotus villosus (Müller), Capelin, karafuto-shishamo (marine, but often entering brackish and freshwater): northern coast of Hokkaido, southeastern Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Amaoka, 2000b).


13. Genus Osmerus Linnaeus

      23. Osmerus mordax (Mitchill), rainbow smelt, kyûri-uo (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Kamchatka (Berg, 1948; Schmidt, 1950; Klukanov, 1970a; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Amaoka, 2000b).


9. Family Salangidae


14. Genus Salangichthys Bleeker

      24. Salangichthys microdon (Bleeker), common icefish, shira-uo (marine, but often entering brackish and freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Berg, 1948; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Kinoshita, 2000).


10. Family Esocidae


15. Genus Esox Linnaeus

      25. Esox reichertii Dybowski, Amur pike (freshwater): Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


11. Family Cyprinidae


16. Genus Carassius Jarocki

      26. Carassius auratus (Linnaeus), goldfish, kin-buna (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Taniguchi, 1990).


17. Genus Cyprinus Linnaeus

      27. Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, carp, koi (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Taranetz, 1937; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Hosoya, 1990).


18. Genus Elopichthys Bleeker

      28. Elopichthys bambusa (Richardson) (freshwater): Sakhalin (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


19. Genus Gobio Cuvier

      29. Gobio soldatovi Berg, Pacific gudgeon (freshwater): Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


20. Genus Hemibarbus Bleeker

      30. Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas), Amur barbel, skin-carp (freshwater): Sakhalin (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


21. Genus Leuciscus Cuvier

      31. Leuciscus waleckii (Dybowski), Amur ide (freshwater): Sakhalin (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1949a; Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


22. Genus Phoxinus Agassiz

      32. Phoxinus lagowskii steindachneri Dybowski, Lagowski's minnow, abura-baya (freshwater): Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989; Itai, 1990).


      33. Phoxinus percnurus sachalinensis (Pallas), lake minnow, yachi-ugui (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Taranetz, 1937; Berg, 1949a; Kluchareva, 1964; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Goto, 1990a; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      34. Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus), common minnow (freshwater): Sakhalin (Berg, 1949a; Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


23. Genus Pseudaspius Dybowski


      35. Pseudaspius leptocephalus (Pallas), flathead asp (freshwater): Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989).


24. Genus Rhodeus Agassiz


 

      36. Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas), Amur bitterling (freshwater): Sakhalin (Tym and Poronai rivers) (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


25. Genus Tribolodon Sauvage

      37. Tribolodon brandti (Dybowski), Pacific redfin, maruta-ugui (anadromous): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Iturup, Kunashir (Berg, 1949a; Kluchareva, 1964; Gritsenko, 1974; Sakai, 1990; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      Comments. Tribolodon taczanowskii (Steindachner) is considered to be a junior synonym of Tribolodon brandti, following the conclusions of Sakai (1990).


      38. Tribolodon ezoe Okada and Ikeda, redfin, ezo-ugui (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Iturup, Zelionyi (Berg, 1949a; Gritsenko, 1974; Kurawaka, 1977; Sakai, 1990; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      39. Tribolodon hakonensis (Günther), big-scaled redfin, ugui (anadromous and freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Iturup, Kunashir (Berg, 1949a; Gritsenko, 1974; Kurawaka, 1977; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Sakai, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


12. Family Balitoridae


26. Genus Barbatula Linck

      40. Barbatula toni (Dybowski), Siberian stone loach, fukudojô (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Berg, 1949a; Kluchareva, 1964; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Sawada, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


27. Genus Lefua Herzenstein


      41. Lefua costata (Kessler), eight-whiskered stone loach (freshwater): Sakhalin (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


13. Family Cobitidae


28. Genus Cobitis Linnaeus

      42. Cobitis lutheri Rendahl, Luther's spiny loach (freshwater): Sakhalin (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


29. Genus Misgurnus Lacepède

      43. Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor), Amur mud loach, dojô (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Saito, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


14. Family Siluridae


30. Genus Silurus Linnaeus

      44. Silurus asotus Linnaeus, Amur catfish, namazu (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989; Kobayakawa, 1990).


15. Family Gadidae


31. Genus Eleginus Fischer

      45. Eleginus gracilis (Tilesius), saffron cod, komai (marine, but often entering mouths of rivers and inhabiting freshwater lakes): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Endo, 2000).


16. Family Lotidae


32. Genus Lota Oken

      46. Lota lota (Linnaeus), burbot (freshwater): Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


17. Family Gasterosteidae


33. Genus Gasterosteus Linnaeus

      47. Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Linnaeus, three-spined stickleback, itoyo (euryhaline): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands (Shumshu, Paramushir, Simushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, Zelionyi, Iurii, Tanfilyeva), and Kamchatka (Berg, 1949b; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Hirai, 1990; Zuganov, 1991; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


34. Genus Pungitius Coste

      48. Pungitius pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus), nine-spined stickleback, ibara-tomiyo (euryhaline): everywhere, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands (Shumshu, Paramushir, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, Polonskogo, Zelionyi, Iurii, Anuchina, Tanfilyeva), and Kamchatka (Berg, 1949b; Nikoforov et al., 1989; Takada, 1990; Zuganov, 1991; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      49. Pungitius pungitius sinensis (Guichenot), Chinese stickleback, tomiyo (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands (Shumshu, Paramushir, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan, Polonskogo, Zelionyi, Iurii, Tanfilyeva), western Kamchatka (Berg, 1949b; Nikoforov et al., 1989, 1994; Takada, 1990; Zuganov, 1991; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      50. Pungitius tymensis (Nikolsky), short-spined (Sakhalin) stickleback, ezo-tomiyo (freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands (Kunashir, Shikotan) (Berg, 1949b; Takada, 1990; Zuganov, 1991; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


18. Family Cottidae


35. Genus Cottus Linnaeus

      51. Cottus amblystomopsis Schmidt, Sakhalin sculpin, ezohana-kajika (freshwater, euryhaline): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Lutoga, Aleksandrovka, Poronai, and Tym rivers), Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan (Berg, 1949b; Goto, 1983; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Goto, 1990b; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


36. Genus Megalocottus Gill


      52. Megalocottus platycephalus Pallas, flathead sculpin (marine, but often entering mouths of rivers): Sakhalin, Kamchatka (Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


37. Genus Mesocottus Gracianov


      53. Mesocottus haitei (Dybowski) (freshwater): rivers of northern Sakhalin (Nikolsky, 1956; Nikoforov et al., 1989; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


19. Family Mugilidae


38. Genus Mugil Linnaeus

      54. Mugil cephalus cephalus Linnaeus, striped mullet, bora (marine, euryhaline): Sakhalin (Berg, 1949b; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Seno, 2000).


      55. Mugil soiuy Basilewsky, hearder (marine, euryhaline): southern Sakhalin (Berg, 1949b; Kluchareva, 1964; Lindberg and Legeza, 1965; Nikoforov et al., 1994).


20. Family Eleotridae


39. Genus Perccottus Dybowski

      56. Perccottus glenii Dybowski, Amur sleeper (freshwater): northwestern Sakhalin (Nikoforov et al., 1989).


21. Family Gobiidae


40. Genus Acanthogobius Gill

      57. Acanthogobius lactipes (Hilgendorf), ashishirohaze (euryhaline): Hokkaido, eastern Sakhalin (Lake Tunaicha) (Berg, 1949b; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1975, 1987; Pinchuk, 1978; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Hagihara, 2000).


41. Genus Glossogobius Gill

      58. Glossogobius olivaceus (Temminck and Schlegel), urohaze (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin (Aniva Bay, Lake Chepisani) (Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Iwata, 1990b; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


42. Genus Gymnogobius Gill

      59. Gymnogobius castaneus (O'Shaughnessy), chestnut goby, biringo (euryhaline): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan (Anama and Notoro bays) (Berg, 1949b, Pinchuk, 1978, 1981, 1984; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Sahara, 1990; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      60. Gymnogobius n. sp. Stevenson (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin, Kunashir (Pinchuk, 1992; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Stevenson, 2000, in preparation).


      61. Gymnogobius laevis (Steindachner), juzukakehaze (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin, Polonskogo, Zelionyi, Tanfilyeva (Pinchuk, 1978; Kishi, 1990).


      62. Gymnogobius macrognathos (Bleeker), edohaze (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin (Aniva Bay) (Berg, 1949b, Pinchuk, 1978; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Iwata, 1990b; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      63. Gymnogobius taranetzi Pinchuk (euryhaline): southern Sakhalin (Pinchuk, 1978, 1981; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


      64. Gymnogobius urotaenia (Hilgendorf), ukigori (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin, Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan, Zelionyi, Tanfilyeva (Pinchuk, 1978; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Ishino, 1990; Nikoforov et al., 1994).


43. Genus Rhinogobius Gill

      65. Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck and Schlegel), Amur goby, yoshinobori (usually in freshwater): Hokkaido, Sakhalin (Berg, 1949b; Pinchuk, 1978; Hayashi, 1984; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


44. Genus Tridentiger Gill

      66. Tridentiger brevispinis kuroiwae Katsuyama, Arai, and Nakamura, numa-chichibu (euryhaline): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kunashir, Iturup (Iwata, 1990b; Pinchuk, 1992; Nikoforov et al., 1994).


      67. Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck and Schlegel), threadfin goby, chichibu (euryhaline): southern Sakhalin, Iturup (Zmeika River) (Berg, 1949b; Kluchareva, 1964; Pinchuk, 1978; Lindberg and Krasukova, 1987; Kishi, 1990; Reshetnikov et al., 1997).


22. Family Pleuronectidae


45. Genus Kareius Jordan and Snyder

      68. Kareius bicoloratus (Basilewsky), ishigarei (euryhaline): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands (Sakamoto, 2000).


46. Genus Liopsetta Gill

      69. Liopsetta pinnifasciatus (Kner), Arctic flounder, tôgarei (euryhaline): Hokkaido, southern Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Kamchatka (Lyutoga River) (Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Sakamoto, 2000).


47. Genus Platichthys Girard


      70. Platichthys stellatus (Pallas), starry flounder, numagarei (marine, but often entering mouths of rivers): Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Shumshu, Paramushir, Iturup, Kamchatka (Nikoforov et al., 1994; Reshetnikov et al., 1997; Sakamoto, 2000).



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