Floral Communities of the Kuril Islands


Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok

I. Woody-shrub vegetation

    A. Broad-leaved forests

      1. Oak forests
        a. Forests of Quercus dentata (Kunashir)
        b. Forests of Quercus crispula (Kunashir, Iturup)

      2. Maple forests
        a. Forests of Acer tschonoskii (Iturup)
        b. Forests of Acer pictum (Kunashir, Iturup)

      3. White elm forests

        a. Forests of Ulmus laciniata (Kunashir, Iturup)
        b. Forests of Ulmus propinqua (Kunashir, Iturup)

    B. Small-leaved forests and schrub

      1. Birch forests
        a. Forests of Betula ermanii (Kunashir, Iturup, Urup)
        b. Forests of Betula tauschii (Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup)

      2. Alder forests

        a. Forests of Alnus hirsuta (Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup)
        b. Scrub of Alnus maximoviczii (Iturup)

      3. Poplar stands

        a. Forests of Populus maximovizcii (Iturup)
        b. Small plots of Populus davidiana (Iturup)

      4. Forest of Salix sp. (Shikotan, Iturup, Kunashir, Urup)

      5. Scrub of Dasiphora fruticosa (Shikotan, Paramushir)

      6. Scrub of Lonicera sachalinensis (Shikotan)

      7. Scrub of Ilex crenata (Shikotan)

      8. Heath, scrub of Rhododendron aureum (northern islands)

    C. Coniferous forests and elfin wood

      1. Spruce forests
        a. Forests of Picea ajanensis (Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup)
        b. Forests of Picea glehnii (Kunashir)

      2. Fir forests

        a. Forests of Ables sachalinensis (Kunashir, Shikotan, Iturup)
        b. Forests of Ables mayriana (Kunashir, Iturup)

      3. Forests of Lalix kurilensis (Shikotan, Iturup)

      4. Scrub of Pinus pumila (everywhere except Habomai)

      5. Scrub of Juniperus sargentii (Shikotan)

II. Herb-shrub vegetation

    A. Tall herbaceous vegetation

    B. Meadows

      1. Forb meadow (Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup)

      2. Readgrass meadow (Calamagrostis landstorffii)

III. Bamboo scrub, Sasa kurilensis (Shikotan, Kunashir, Iturup)

IV. Mires

    A. Moss-grass mires

    B. Swamp, open woodland


IVLEV, A. M. 1967. [Vegetation, in] Atlas Sakhalinskoi oblasti. Moscow: Glabnoe Upravlenie Geodezii i Kartografii pri Sovete Ministrov SSSR, 135 pp. [in Russian].

LASHKOV, A. N. 1947. Forests of the Kuril Islands and their significance. Izv. USSR Geographic Society, Vol. 79, No 4 [in Russian].

POPOV, N. A. 1963. Forests of the southern part of the Kuril Islands and outlook of their utilisation. In: Studies of Forests in Siberia and the Far East. Krasnoyarsk [in Russian].

ROZENBERG, V. A., Yu. I. MANKO, and N. C. VASILIEV. 1970. Results and problems of investigation of the forest vegetation in the Kuril Islands. In: Biological Recources of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands. Vladivostok [in Russian].

VASILIEV, V. N. 1944. Vegetation of the nothern part of the Pacific volcanic ring. Izv. USSR Geographic Society, Vol. 76, ser. 5 [in Russian].

VOROBIEV, D. P. 1947. Vegetation of the Kurile Islands. Izv. USSR Geographic Society, Vol. 79, ser. 4 [in Russian].

VOROBIEV, D. P. 1963. Vegetation of the Kurile Islands. Moscow and Leningrad, Acad. Sci. USSR [in Russian].

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