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Reptiles of Washington


Green turtle
(Chelonia mydas)

 

What they look like

  • With a length of 28 to 60 inches and weight of up to 450 pounds, green turtles are some of the largest turtles around.
  • Their smooth upper shell can be gray, green, brown, or black and their lower shell is yellowish white.
  • Males are larger than females and have longer tails.

Where they live

  • Green turtles are found in subtropical and tropical oceans worldwide, including the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans.
  • Their preference for warmer waters, those above 20°C, is due to their sensitivity to cold and heat.
  • Males spend their entire lives out at sea, while females only come out of the water to lay eggs.

What they eat

  • Adult green turtles are strict plant eaters and spend much of their time eating algae in the ocean or grass in shallow waters.
  • However, young green turtles are also able to eat jellyfish, worms, snails, sponges, and crabs.

Breeding

  • Every 2 to 3 years, females travel to the same beach they were born to lay their eggs.
  • She digs a deep nest using her back legs.
  • Lays 100 to 200 eggs, and covers her nest with sand.
  • The young hatch after about 2 months and head straight for sea.

Cool Biology Facts

  • Some female green turtles have been observed digging a fake nest next to their real nest in order to deceive predators who might want to eat the eggs.
  • Green turtles have been known to travel 3,000 miles at speeds of up to 15 miles per hour!

 

Photo

Threats

Green turtles are considered an endangered species. Their main threats include loss of nesting habitat due to coastal development and hunting for their meat, hides, and eggs.